Backtrack 2002 Volume 16

Part 1 (January)

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Blue Peter heads Glasgow-Aberdeen train near Stonehaven. front cover.
col. illus.: 60532 in 1966, by Derek Penney

Forward retrospectively... Trevor Ridley. 3.
The publisher's view of the excellence of his product with a hint that his heart was really elsewhere.

On shed. . 4-5.
Colour photo-feature::Alan Tyson collection: 9F No 92093 having a smokebox clear out at Carnforth on 1 April 1967, Horwich 2-6-0 No 42727 coaling at Stockport on 5 March 1966, Royal Scot No 46144 Honourable Artillery Company and 3P No 40202 at Llandudno Jn. shed on 18 March 1962, NER Q6 No 63381 emerging from the gloom of North Blyth shed on 19 May 1965, unrebuilt West Country No 34038 Lynton with class 2 2-6-2T No 41314 at Bournemouth on 6 August 1964.

The last real tube stock?. .David Jenkinson. 6-9.
Panangeric for the 1959 stock used on the Northern Line, with illus of 1936 experimental set and 1938 stock. Illus.:A four car set of mostly 1938 stock on the Bakerloo, One of three experimental streamlined twin car sets of 1936, The interior of 1938 stock, 1959 all-silver LT livery at Epping, 1959 all-silver LT livery at West Finchley, A red 1959 3-car set at Edgware preparing to leave for Tooting, 1959 all-silver LT livery on the Northern line after service on the Piccadilly line, 1959 stock in an experimental red, white and blue livery in 1997 at High Barnet, 1959 with a pre-war livery to commemorate 100 years from the first deep-level London line. See letters by Bob Farmer page 174 and Graham Smith page 294.

A Century of Pacific Locomotives. Part One. (Railway Reflections No. 85). Michael Rutherford. 10-17.
Suggests that first true Pacific design (that is rather than extended 4-6-0 designs) was the Q class supplied by Baldwins to New Zealand. Similar locomotives were supplied to Queensland, Western Australia, Tasmania and the Cape Government Railways in South Africa. Earlier the Lehigh Valley Railroad had constructed an experimental Pacific in 1886 which had aimed at eliminating firebox stays through the use or corrugated construction. The first US Pacifics were built by Alco for the Missouri Pacific Railroad, which is possibly how the type received its name. This was in 1902, and this was closely followed by the Salt Lake City Convention where the railroads under the control of Edward H. Harriman developed standard designs, including Pacifics introduced in 18903/04. By 1907 the "modern" Pacific emerged in the USA, the same year in which the type emerged in Europe.  See letter on page 174 concerning origin of 3' 6" gauge. Illus.:LMS No 46225 climbing Beattock Bank in the late 1950s, A 4-6-2 exhibited at the Colombian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, An experimental Pacific design for the Lehigh Valley Railroad, New Zealand Q class pacific, New Zealand Q class pacific diagram supplied with the initial specification, Diagrams of locos used in South Africa round the turn of the century, A 1903 pacific of the Chicago and Alton line in the USA, Diagrams of various trailing trucks, Line diagrams of two US Pacifics, The Erie 'Big Liz' No 2509, Bassett-Lowe class 60 now on the Ravenglass & Eskdale Rly. and called 'Colossus', Pacific No 111 The Great Bear leaving Paddington in almost as built condition. Parts 2 begin on page 64; part 3 on page 166 and part 4 on page 275.

Northward Bound - A railway adventure in 1946. Part 3.  Stanford Jacobs. 18-20.
Return journey from Scotland. Compares the Carlisle to Leeds journey (behind class 5 4-6-0 No. 4912) with a classical symphony (this was certainly true in the days of the A3 Pacifics when the locomotives soared to Ais Gill with effortless ease). Onward from Leeds via the Calder Valley route behind a class 5, across Manchester to Central an on to Derby behind Jubilee 5577 Bengal. Illus.:LMS 4F leaves Shotlock Hill tunnel and plods towards Ais Gill Summit, Rebuilt Royal Scot No 6109 Royal Engineer passing 8F No 8177 in the up loop at Blea Moor, Jubilee No 5573 Newfoundland north of Skipton (Eric Treacy)  (see letter on page 234  from Knight who asserts that the locomotive may have been painted in blue-grey livery), Manchester Central station exterior in early 1950s; MR compound No 1020 on stopping train at Miller's Dale connecting with No 1366 on Buxton train,

The railwayman as philosopher: Herbert Spencer. R.A.S. Hennessey. 21-6.
Herbert Spencer regarded as philosopher and founder of social science, was employed as early railway engineer. He worked under Charles Fox on the southrn section of the London & Birmingham Railway performing parctical work on embankments and cuttings. At one stage he "improvised" a slip truck to take him back to Harrow behind the mail, but he had neglected to allow for the falling gradient from thence towards Willesden. He moved to the Birmingham & Gloucester to work under Captain Moorsom. Here he designed skew bridges, and published his method for calcualting their structures, and tested locomotives supplied by Nasmyth of Patricroft in 1841. He was involved in surveying the course of the Oxford Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway, and several of the railway mania lines. He was involved with a feud with Brunel over the South Wales Railway in which an uncle had a financial stake. For a time he worked for The Economist where he castigated the behaviour of railway directors. Railway analogies pepper his philosophical studies.  See letter page 175 by Probert on Hennessey's interpretation of Spencer's criticism of broad gauge. Illus.:Portrait of Herbert Spencer 1820-1903, An engraving of Tring cutting under construction 1837, The bridge at Defford, Pittsburg Locomotive and Car works, Wash drawing of Norris type 4-2-0, Spencer's velocimeter, The Baldwin locomotive works Philadelphia in 1885, Break of gauge Illustrated London News 1846, How to construct skew brickwork,

Through the Culm Valley to Hemyock. 27-9.
Colour photo-feature:See letter on page 174 concerning the architect of the line. 14xx No 1462 at Tiverton Junction on 9 June 1962 (Peter W, Gray) (excellent view of ex-Barry Railway coach W268W)., No 1451 pulls away from Culmstock on 2 December 1961 (PWG), arriving at Cold Harbour Halt on 13 April 1963 (PWG), No 1421 approaching Whitehall Halt with five milk tanks on 3 November 1962 (PWG), The terminus at Hemyock with No 1470 just arrived in June 1961, No 1451 waiting at Culmstock for the fireman to open the gates on 2 Decemeber 1961 (PWG), No 1468 arriving at Uffculme with passengers waiting tom board.

J.G.Robinson's Great Central Survivors. Derek Penney (phot.). 30-4.
Colour photo-feature: A pair of Improved Directors Nos 62660 Butler-Henderson and 62665 Mons at Sheffield, An 8K freight loco No 63702 built for the Railway Operating Division and seen at Retford, An 'Improved Director' No 62662 Prince of Wales at Sheffield Victoria, A 'Pom-pom' class 9J no 64451 at Retford, Robinson's suburban tank class 9K No 67424 at Sheffield Victoria.

The Midland Line over the Fells - Part Two. 32-4.
Colour photo-feature: Settle & Carlisle line: 8F 48283 at Helwith Bridge in 1966, (Bruce Oliver); 9F 92058 near Ais Gill Summit in 1967; 9F at Dent, (Derek Penney); Ribblehead Viaduct (David Sutcliffe); Smardale Viaduct by Derek Penney; 45697 with a CTC special near Cumwhinton in 1966 by Les Elsey; 44852 crossing Arten Gill viaduct in 1967, by Bruce Oliver, and 70045 at Selside, with coal-pusher working, in 1967, by M. Chapman

All change on the Taff Bargoed Joint - Part One. Edward A. Evans. 35-40.
Rhymney Railway/Great Western Railway joint line from Nelson & Llancaiach to Dowlais Cae Harris. Illus. show 5653 at Cwmbargoed in 1950, by Ian L. Wright; Dowlais Cae Harris shed in 1963, by R.H. Marrows; Dowlais Junction in 1964, by Marrows; Ffaldcaiach Sidings signal box in 1962, by R. Roper; turntable at Cae Harris shed, by Roper; Dowlais Cae Harris station in 1963, by Marrows; vehicles: DW137 and W9958W at Cae Harris in 1958, by E.V. Richards; Bedlinog Station and Natwen Colliery, Bedlinog, both pre-1923

Caledonian Railway's Continental Ambulance Train. Niall Ferguson. 41-6.
Construction of train and its operation of train in France during World War I. Illus.:Ambulance train no 23 at Calais, List of Rolling stock of ambulance train, Map of Chemin de Fer du Nord, Railways in the Somme battlefield, Caledonian 50ft side corridor third, Layout of Ambulance train, Doullens Exchange sidings the CAT base at the start of the battle of the Somme, Exhibition Itinerary, Interior of Ward Car from a contemporary postcard, Infectious Ward Car, Staff Car Mess room, The pharmacy car, Treatment room in the pharmacy car,

Arrow of Desire. Keith Hill. 47-53.
The White Pullman was introduced on 17 November 1924 to link London with Dover, and in 1926 La Fléche d'Or connected Paris with Calais. Thus, the Golden Arrow Pullman service was born with its own special ship the Canterbury. The global financial collapse of 1931 forced ordinary passengers to be conveyed by the service. and in 1935 one of the two French sets had to be withdrawn leading to less favourable departure times and overall journey times became extended. Following WW2 the service restored on 15 April 1946 and special arrangements were made during the Festival of Britain.. The luxury service ended on 30 September 1972 by which time electric locomotives were being used. . and Invicta: Merchant Navy class; Britannia class: Festival of Britain: Fleche d'Or. Locomotives illustrated: LN 855 Lord Blake passing Chelsfield on 9 March 1930; MN 21C1 Channel Packet passing Bickley en route for Dover on 22 April 1946; WC 21C119 leaving Victoria in 1946; 21C157 passing Brixton; 35027 nearing Dove in 1951; 70014 leaving Victoria; E5015 in charge at Victoria. Colour illus.: 35027 Port Line (blue) with arrow at Victoria in 1952; 70014 Iron Duke at Herne Hill on 20 October 1957 and unrebuilt 34085 501 Squadron at Petts Wood Junction on 16 May 1959: last two by R.C. Riley.

Book Reviews. 54.
Power of the V2s. Gavin Morrison. Oxford Publishing, MB ***
Camp coach holidays on the GWR. Mike Fenton. Wild Swan. MB *****
"author's enthusiam for his subject is evident throughout"
Railway Clearing House atlas of London
. Ian Allan. MB *****
The Ashton and Stalybridge Branch
[of the LYR], Robert F. Hartley. MB ****
"fine local study"
A pictorial tribute to Crewe Works in the age of steam
, Edward Talbot. SDW ****
well recommended

Readers' Forum. 54.
Behind the scenes. C.P. Atkins.
Flowerpot chimneys were designed at Gorton, probably by Alec Tothill, who signed drawings.
Todmorden. D.K. Horne.
See Vol. 15 page 627: Gauxholme skew bridge: use of cast iron structures
The post-war years at Reading South shed. Bill Brophy.
See Vol. 15 page 568: caption error 31860 was N class not U class; the 5.25 pm ex London Bridge was once rostered for a Pacific, but locomotive could not be coaled at Reading; B1 and F1 were in very poor state; legend concerning one of these which was lit up with empty boiler, but discovered in time, and was then found to steam well, times of Western Region workings, different driving techniques by staff from major SR constituent companies.
Working from Plodder Lane. Bert Holland.
See Vol. 15 page 592: Addenda to captions.
Counsels of perfection. Keith R. Chester.
See page 445 (Vol. 15): queries suggestion that ROD O4 class were to have been converted to broad gauge for operation in Eastern Europe, as track gauge was converetd on many lines post WW1.

Signalling Spotlight: Great Western signal box miscellany. Richard D. Foster. 55.
Colour photo-feature: Hayle in 1978 with class 50053 by  A.B. Jeffery; St. Mary's Crossing on Swindon-Gloucester line in 1985, by Paul Joyce; Hele & Bradninch in 1985, by Ian Beckey; Long Marston in 1970, by J.S. Gilks.

Signalling Spotlight Great Western Miscellany. 56-7.
Illus.:Hayle signal box with No 50 035 just passing, St Mary's Crossing signal box, Hele and Bradninch signal box, Long Marston signal box.,

Frosty morning at Stockport Brian Magilton. back cover.
col. illus.: 45596 Bahamas crossing Stockport Viaduct, with freight, in 1965

Number 2

LSWR O2 4-4-0T no W24 at Wroxall on 5 August 1964. Alan Tyson . front cover.

The day before yesterday. Michael Blakemore. 63.
As Backtrack matures there is a need to extend the definition of what defines "historical" forwards.

A Century of Pacific Locomotives. Part 2. (Railway Reflections No. 86). Michael Rutherford. 64-73.
Part 1: page 10. Part 3 page 166. The development of the true Pacific, rather than 4-6-0 with extra trailing axle, on WAGR, and the eventual adoption of the wide firebox for it. In Argentina narrow firebox continued in use for oil-burning Pacifics. Evolution of large boilers on GWR by Dean/Churchward. Speculates on possible intended uses for Great Bear: comment and additional information by Johnson page 295. The installation of water troughs at Restormel in Cornwall was considered and might have enabled non-stop running to Truro from Paddington. The full development of Fishguard and its approach lines was never completed, but if it had been commercially successful then non-stop running would have been needed. Ocean liner traffic from Plymouth might have become heavier. The proposed 4-cylinder McIntosh Pacific, Ivatt's 2-6-2 design of 1907, Gresley's 4-cylinder application to an Ivatt Atlantic, and the proposed Hughes Pacific, as well as the actual GNR and NER designs are all considered somehat concisely. Useful tabulated data for early narrow gauge Pacifics, with and without wide fireboxes, and early European Pacific designs (up to GNR/NER designs). See letter by Gottfried Wild on page 535 concerning proposed Austrian design for Kaiser Ferdinand Nordbahn. Illus.:LNER A3 no 2528 Sir Hugo at Grantham, A commercial version of The Great Bear on the Cornish Riviera Express, An F.Moore painting of The Great Bear, Midland Railway of Western Australia C class, Western Australia Government Ec class, 4501 Pacific of the Paris - Orleans Railway, Pacific built for the Western Railway of France in 1908, A cardboard cut-out model of 'Princess Royal', Publicity material featuring the Stanier pacific no 6201 Princess Elizabeth, A cigarette card of the 'Princess Elizabeth', A 'Princess Royal' on the cover of a magazine, Layout of a proposed pacific, drawing 17168, Layout of cylinders etc. of the Atlantic no 279 rebuilt as a test bed by Gresley for a 4-cyl pacific, Narrow fire bed version of a new Gresley pacific proposal, No 6200 Princess Royal very brand new and not yet named, Pioneer NER pacific later named City of Newcastle and seen here at King's Cross at Kings Cross,

A turbulent decade: the railway and road motors in North East Scotland. John Emslie. 74-9.
The GNoSR had been an early bus and truck (road) operator, and this posthumus article describes the continuing activity within the Northern Scottish Area of the LNER, until the bus services were taken over by Scottish General (Northern) Omnibus Co in 1931 and transfered to Alexander's. Illus. from Great North of Scotland Railway Association: :Profit and loss account, SA 304 eighteen seater bus in 1908 at Castle Newe, SA 1726 or SA 1733 a Coventry-Daimler 20hp chassis with 20 seat charabanc body, SA 2212, SA 2208 and SA 2211 all buses on Thorneycroft 40hp chassis, SA 312 22 seat double decker bus at Cluny, Analysis of traffic 1928/9, XX 1458 a fourteen seat bus on a Karrier chassis, YK 1143 a fourteen seat bus on a Karrier chassis , YW 5460 a fourteen seat bus on a Thorneycroft chassis,

Early days at Eastbourne. Hubert Hobden; edited by Anthony P. Vent. 80-6.
Joined the LBSCR in March 1913 as engine cleaner and retired in 1961. Illus.:Vulcan C2 no 543 near Balham, Class B4 no 68 pictured as SR no 2068, No 246 Bramber, No 88 receiving attention at Eastbourne, No 346 seen under the wires at Streatham Common, No A 792 River Arun the only SECR build of the class, the rest built by the Southern, No 2333 Remembrance, No 597 at Lewes c. 1910,

North Eastern Railway 4-4-0s. 87-9.
Colour photo-feature:(but all in LNER black): D17/2 No 1873 on a local service at Harrogate in 1937, D20 No 724 in the snow at York in 1938, D20 No 1207 in the Clifton sidings at York, D21 No 1246 at Wakefield Westgate in 1938, D17/2 No 1879 giving the impression it had seen better days seen at York, D21 No 1242 at Starbeck shed in 1937, D20/2 No 2020 preparing to leave Harrogate in 1938 (all Colour-Rail),

Border Line - Steam on the Waverley route 2. . 90-1.
Colour photo-feature:A3 no 60093 Coronach on stopping train at Hawick in 1958 (Derek Penney), A4 No 60031 Golden Plover at Galashiels on special on 18 April 1965 (Roy Hobbs), V2 no 60824 forging toward Whitrope summit with freight on 8 July 1965 (Roy Hobbs), B1 No 61308 having just arrived at Hawick on stopping train in 1958 (Derek Penney), V2 on top link duty No 60955 calls at St Boswells on express in 1965 (K.M. Falconer),

The Southern Railway's N and N1 class Moguls. . 92-3.
Colour photo-feature: Caption is erroneous as attributes design to Wainwright and fails to mention Maunsell and his team: see letter page 355. Illus.:N class no 31831 at Eastleigh in April 1963 (Bruce Oliver*), No 31408 seen in Wimbledon yard on 2 December 1962 (R.C. Riley), No 31851 near Gomshall bound for Reading on 28 July 1963 (*), No 31827 heading a Sea Cadet's special near St. Mary Cray on 18 May 1959, N1 No 31876 passing St. Mary Cray on empty stock on 16 May 1959 (both RCR).

Whisky Galore!.  John Spencer Gilks (phot.). 94.
Colour photo-feature:Dailuaine distillery, Dailuaine distillery locomotive No 1 Dailuaine (Andrew Barclay 2073/1939),

A boy's love affair with the railway. Denis Callender. 95-101.
Faction (that is the events described are fictitious), but the overall environment of a railway station in the days of steam trains, local signal boxes, platform staff, etc is authentic. Illus.:Arundel station in 1949, Cast Iron ticket machines at Exeter Central still lettered LSWR, Yelverton station, The station clock at Southend on Sea still marked LTSR, The coal ramp at Weymouth, A roof mounted destination board Hastings - Birkenhead, An ex-Cambrian four wheeler at Llanymynech (page 100): see letter page 294 which states ex-CLC vehicle), An LNE axle box cover photographed on the Longmoor Military Railway, Motor train leaving Fareham for Gosport,

All change on the Taff Bargoed Joint. Part 2. Edward A. Evans. 102-7.
The line post WW2: the effects of the heavy snowfalls in 1947 as remembered by those involved, major slip on the embankment above Taff Merthyr Colliery which led to singling of line between Ffalcaiach Sidings and Bedlinog station. Alterations at Nelson & Llancaiach in 1956 to ease operation of passenger trains, a typical train journey to Dowlais (Cae Harris) - the lack of other passengers is noted. Diesel traction on the coal traffic, until it ceased with the closure of mining..Illus.:Nelson and Llancaich station, No 5652 at Nelson, No 5696 nearing Bedlinog signal box, Top and tail. An EE type 3 in front and a 56xx behind, A 56xx no 5677 leaving Dowlais, Cwmbargoed station, Dowlais (Cae Harris) signal box, 56xx no 6643 on a special; The rambling 56 at Taff Merthyr Colliery Halt, Desolate moorland round where Cwmbargoed station used to be with a merry-go-round train,

The Deltic revolution - 40 years on. Keith Hill. 108-15.
Concise history of the Deltics in service on the ECML, from their inception in 1961, through the halcyon years of very intensive working, to the final fling on the sem-fast services to York and on The Hull Executive in the late 1970s and very early 1980s. Illus. (b&w by Gavin Morrison): D 9007 Pinza near Beningbrough on 16 June 1962 , D 9019 on up Flying Scotsman leaving Stoke tunnel on 21 July 1962, 55.002 on the Forth Bridge in April 1981, 55.018 leaving Kings Cross as 55.015 arrives from the north on 10 July 1976, 55.022 climbing away from Bradford on 7 July 1976, 55.009 near Mirfield on 12 November 1981, 55.018 ready to leave Liverpool Lime St.on 8 September 1979. Colour: D 9013 The Black Watch waiting for the 10 am departure time for the Scotsman at Kings Cross in May 1963 (A.G. Forsythe), Prototype Deltic leaving Askham tunnel in June 1959 (P.J. Hughes), D 9006 The Fife & Forfar Yeomanry erupts from Edinburgh Waverley in April 1967 (George M. Staddon), D9007  alongside sea at Burnmouth in May 1962 (Michael Mensing): all coloured in original livery.

Readers' Forum. 114-15.
Corrections - Vol. 15 No. 12. T.J. Edgington.
Date of Sentinel railcar should be 1925 (page 696) and GCR mileage in 1901 should be 925 (page 707).
Norton Junction. Bob Watt.
See photofeature by Mensing Vol. 15 page 552: this letter notes that Railtrack has been labelling bridges with historical tags: such as OWW (Old Worse & Worse?). See further letter by Frank Hardy on page 235..
Along the Skye line. Eric Stuart.
Spurred by feature on page 724 (Vol. 15) writer remembers trip to Mallaig in 1960, whilst still steam [KPJ has one or two slides of West Highland jaunt at this time, plus return two years later behind diesel], onto Skye by boat, across Skye by bus and from Kyle of Lochalsh to Inverness behind diesel traction - all in one day. Notes use of posting box on Kyle to Inverness train (Ed. refers to feature on posting boxes on Higland lines (Vol. 13 page 646)
The 'Royal Scots' through Treacy's lens. John Massey.
See Vol. 15 page 587 for attempt by David Jenkinson to date and locate Treacy's photographs: this letter amplifies this information and quotes sources for suggestions.
Behnd the scenes. Peter Davis.
See Vol. 15 page 507. Writer argues, with support from Tuplin, that LNWR locomotives were soundly constructed, and that it is a myth that LNWR smokebox doors were more flimsy than thoes on the MR, and could not accept number plates. During BR days smokebox number plates were fitted to Wainwright designs which had light smokebox doors. For a time such plates were fitted to LNWR doors by the LMS, but this was eventually abandoned.
A tale of two goods depots. J.P. Summers.
See feature in Vol. 15 page 523: writer had worked at Broad Street in the Parcels Accounts and at Wilson Street as a parcels clerk where the method of working is described. Following bomb damage on 29/30 December 1940 he was sent to work at Whitecross Street. He also comments upon horse working (but motorized transport was used for inter-Company traffic!) and on the huge traffic generated in the City of London.
Frank Pulham and LTS No. 80. S. Summerson.
Reader's picture of Thundersley No 80 in 1956 at Southend with retired Driver Pulham alongside, plus some comments about him and "his" locomotive: see Vol. 15 page 635.
Observations at Carstairs. Jack Kernahan.
See page 616 of Vol. 15: Mainly additional, but trivial, information based on sameday observations on Beattock Bank (notes to caption amended where incorrect). Also in article on GNoS information about Dyce Station is incorrect (Vol. 15 page 660) as did close in 1968, but re-opened in 1984.
Devon & Somerset Railway. Tim Edmonds.
See Vol. 15 page 618. Parts of the A361 North Devon Link Road, including the supports of Filleigh Viaduct, make use of the former railway line.

Postcards from the past. Andrew Swift. 116-17.
Colour photo-feature: of coloured postcards: Midland Railway (Edwardian period): Killybegs Northern Ireland, Postcard of the Ouse at Bedford, The Wye at Monsal Dale, Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway (WW1 periiod): directors special behind Sanspareil at Eskdale, Bridge over the line at Muncaster at Eskdale, The first 15" loco Sanspareil at Eskdale.

Journey's End at King's Cross: Deltic 55 002 arrives at Kings Cross. Joe Richardson. rear cover
23 April 1977

Number 3 (March)

GWR 'Manor' No 7823 Hook Norton Manor on the Cambrian Coast Express in 1962. J.G. Dewing. front cover.
Illus.:

Tracking railway archives. Grahame Boyes. 123.
Guest editorial: access to archives via online catalogue. Writer associated with RC&HS.

Welsh Chocolate with Cream. John Reohorn. 124-33.
See letter page 354: use of Abbey Forgate Loop post WW2; booking tickets to Bala Junction, and date of photographn of 45xx with CCE. See marvellous letter on page 595 recalling school trip from Ruabon to Bala Junction thence over the mountains on foot to board Tanat Valley train. Illus.:GWR 'Manor' No. 7823 Hook Norton Manor on the Cambrian Coast Express in 1962, GWR 43xx No. 4377 leaving Berwyn station, GWR Dukedog No. 9015 near Llandre, GWR 'Manor' No. 7817 Garslington Manor calls at Morfa Mawddach, Dolgelly station in 1952, Double-headed on Talerddig Bank. No. 4599 pilots BR class 4 No. 75006, The fireman of No. 2255 taking the single line token at Talerddig, Dukedog No. 9018 in the cutting at Commins Coch, No. 7800 Torquay Manor in black livery calling at Llangollen station in 1953, Bala Junction in 1963, Barmouth bridge in 1965, No. 7800 again but this time in BR green in 1962 climbing the bank toward Llandre, BR No. 75026 passing through Drws-y-Nant station, Cambrian Railways No. 894 at Dovey Junction, Penmaenpool station, GWR No. 7821 Ditcheat Manor arriving at the passing loop at Garneddwen, A 45xx hauls the Cambrian Coast Express along the Dovey shore south of Aberdovey, Another double-header on Talerddig Bank. BR No. 82031 pilots GWR No. 7819 Hinton Manor, No. 7818 Granville Manor passing Ynyslas station, Dovey junction and GWR No. 5322 arriving with the through train from Birmingham at Dovey Junction,

Britain's Edwardian railways: a Golden Age?. Geoffrey Williams. 134-8.
Not so much a golden age, more a lost opportunity. Shows that the railways were becoming decreasingly profitable, and still placing too much emphasis on competition with each other. Williams fails to note the folly of not electrifying the main routes whilst the capital was still available: the technology was there, the potential advantages were known: only the LBSCR wandered into this arena. Illus.:A P14 no 452 leaving Waterloo, A Bulldog no 3743, A GNR K1 no 401 on a mineral freight working, Dunalistair IV class no 146 near Beattock summit, George the V class no 1294 F.S.P. Wolferstan at Kenton with down "Afternoon Corridor": see David Jenkinson letter page 294 and 306.

Liverpool and Manchester Centenary Exhibition at Manchester Victoria, September 1930. Jeffrey Wells. 140-1.
Photo-feature:The Lord Mayor of Manchester stepping from the confines of a white painted smokebox of No 6161, LNER experimental locomotive No 10000 which alas was not the success that Gresley hoped for at Manchester, Manchester Victoria station showing platform 10 with no 6161 centre stage.,

Great Eastern Railway rolling stock on the Isle of Wight. Peter Paye. 142-6.
The railways on the Isle of Wight, like the GER, had adopted the Westinghouse brake: hence, old GER rolling stock, both passenger and freight, found further use on the even greater tranquility of the island. Extensive tabulated data. Illus.: SR Terrier No W11 posed near Ventnor with train of former GER five compartment thirds in 1924 or 1925 {caption incorrectly states 1935}, SR no 53385 cattle wagon (ex IWCR No. 43) c1928 [see letter from N. Ridge (page 295) concerning brake gear on this vehicle], Ex GER horse box as IWCR no 16 (with L&BR vehicle as IWCR tool-van No. 6 and IWCR 19 (former LSWR saloon) also in picture), Ex IWR 2-4-0T as SR no W13 leaving Sandown c 1925 with former GER four-wheeled leading coach.

North Eastern Electric. (phot.). 147.
Colour photo-feature: LNER electric articulated set arriving at Manors station on 21 May 1962 (Michael Mensing), Two Bo-Bo electric locomotives in NE livery in 1963 at South Gosforth in September 1963 (T.J. Edgington). See letter from W. Donald (page 294) concerning date of Soth Tyneside electrification (should be 1938)and incorrect fitting of shoegear on preserved locomotive at NRM.

A 'Ragtime' band. . 148-9.
Colour photo-feature: K2 No 61766 at Boston shed in 1958. In LNER days they were known as 'ragtimers', K2 no 61779 leaving Aberdeen in 1954, K2 no 61764 at Fort William in 1959. K2s in Scotland had extra windows in the cab, K2 no 61771 at Boston in 1958., K2 no 61787 at Fort William on a blustery August day.,

Snow had fallen, snow on snow.. 150-1.
Colour photo-feature: Class 5 no 45376 on a fitted freight at Penrith, LNER A3 no 60095 scurries from Kilnknowe Junction on a day for a blazing fire, Setley Plain Brockenhurst with Merchant Navy no 35016 Elders Fyffes going well, A class EM1 no E26057 ready to leave Huddersfield Junction with a train of steel girders. at Penistone, No 80105 heading for Aberystwyth on a day cold enough to take your breath away,

'Royal Scots' on parade. . 152-4.
Colour photo-feature::No 46148 at speed north of Lancaster, The last Royal Scot to be rebuilt no 46137 speeding through Brinklow in 1958, A very new looking no 46140 at Crewe, No 46105 leaving Carlisle (Citadel), No 46111 preparing to leave Nuneaton, No 43136 making its way out of London as it passes Harlesden, No 46104 passing Beattock north box, No 46158 moving out of Carnforth shed,

Happy End; the Birmingham West Suburban Railway and the Redditch branch. Part 1. Geoffrey Skelsey. 155-61.
Illus.:A DMU arriving at Redditch, No 42421 arriving at Redditch, Table 1 Date of station opening, Map of the Redditch branch and Birmingham Western Suburban railway, The junction at Broom North with LMS no 43033 passing by., Map of Redditch to Ashchurch, LMS no 46527 calls at Hinton, Table 2 Trains v Trams, An oil lamp at Salford Priors in front of Midland fencing, Table 3 Local trains in one direction at various stations, A Park Royal DMU at Selly Oak,

A day in the life of the Coaching Plant. .John Macnab 162-5.
Activity within the Coaching Rolling Stock Section of the Glasgow (North) District Operating Superintendent's office during the Glasgow Fair holiday period in the 1960s. Illus.:Stanier class 5 no 44908 at Ardlui, BR Std no 80051 runs into Barassie station, LNER V3 no 67613 acting as Stepps carriage sidings pilot, BR Std no 80002 at Cowlairs in use heating carriages. See appreciative letter page 295,

A Century of Pacific Locomotives. Part 3. Railway Reflections No. 87. Michael Rutherford. 166-73.
Part 1 page 10. Part 2 page 64.  Part 4 : page 275. The primary themes are the Gresley Pacifics on the LNER and early Pacific locomotive development on the LMS (Fowler's activities were fruitless), including the improved Great Bear design from Stanier, but this is concluded in mid-stream see Part 4. Illus.:Gresley Pacific no 1471N on the turntable at King's Cross, No 4079 Pendennis Castle at King's Cross at Kings Cross, Gresley's right hand man at King's Cross drawing office. Mr Bert Spencer at Kings Cross, No 4475 Flying Fox at King's Cross at Kings Cross, Originally an A1, no 2580 was rebuilt as an A3 and used on the first 'Scotsman' non-stop run, The first A3 no 4480 which was rebuilt with a higher boiler pressure in July 1927, A 387 class Pacific of the Czech Railways, An S class Pacific of the Victoria State Railways of Australia, The last order for an A3 built as an A4 no 2509 Silver Link, Drawing of the Belgian State Railways 10 class of 1910, LMS no 6200 The Princess Royal in original condition on Bushey troughs, LMS no 6200 The Princess Royal having a bigger superheater fitted in 1936 at Crewe, The CF du Nord no 231E.7 Pacific in 1963, The German Reichsbahn no 03.094 Pacific at Cologne, King's Cross looking toward Gasworks Tunnel with A1 no 2550 ready to leave for Leeds at Kings Cross, LMS no 6201 Princess Elizabeth at Crewe, État 231.501 Pacific at Le Harve in 1966, Merchant Navy no 21C12 United States Lines at Nine Elms.

Readers' Forum. 174-5.
Through the Culm Valley to Hemyock. Simon Pain
Original article page 27. Most of this letter is reproduced in the section on Civil Engineers under the Pain family.
A century of Pacific locomotives. Richard Chown.
See page 10: Rutherford speculated on origin of 3ft 6in gauge. Writer understands was advocated by Carl Pihl who persuaded the Norwegian Storting (parliament) as to its economy and practicality in opening up undeveloped country. The first locomotive, Robert, was purchased from Robert Stephenson & Co. in 1860, presumably for construction work, and the first route, Hamar-Grundsett, opened in 1862.  It must be of significance that throughout the world the standard chopper coupling used on the 3ft 6in gauge is called the 'Norwegian'. Biography and contemporary references.
The last real tube stock? Bob Farmer.
See page 6: caption states four-car train of 1959 stock bound for Ongar. Power for Epping to Ongar section was supplied by a single sub-station at Epping and was insufficient to drive a four-car train and branch was limited to three cars. See also letter by Graham Smith on page 294.
An Edwardian Ozymandias. Martin Bloxsom
Whilst appreciating Robert Emblin's article (Volume 15 page 707) on Henderson's expansive policies on the GCR, he cites his own (with Robert Hendry) Money Sunk and Lost (Volume 10 page 266) to show that the "Money, Sunk and Lost" notion had some basis, but it did not lie in the performance of either the MSLR, as Gourvish showed in the performance of the Watitin and Forbes lines (Business History 1978), or the GCR, as we and Robert Emblin showed: 9 page 129; 10 424 and 617; 11 190 and 13 186. The problems lay else where, which few seem so doubt, but the article does not address this. The author's statistics show the money was well spent but not likely to be profitable save really long term, all hit by war and unforeseen post-1918 events. Short-term profits, or the hopes of them, existed way back in business history. In railways it was accepted this would take longer. The article ignores one of the prerequisites for successful capitalist business namely an abliity to pay dividends to all shareholders which the GCR failed to do, the hapless ordinary ones losing badly. By 1923 even preferred ordinary stock payments were out. GCR proprietors did badly when their stocks were put into the LNER. Also omitted are proposed mergers and takeovers before 1915 - the best-known being that of 1907/8. Nor is the remainder of the article very convincing taking what happened to the GC lines as part of the LNER and BR. Bonavia, who worked on both, was aware of the problems inherited from the 1930s (Railway policy between the Wars, 1981). The enormous pressures of social change, the 1953 and 1955 strikes, the de-nationisation of road transport, the coming of the family car for all, changes to mineral traffic and manu facturing, Government attitudes and the rest all combined to make the GC London Extension of less and less value to the national transport network. Traffic fell on the Extension before 1960 as Working Timetables show; the motive power transfer to the LMR was in 1958 with some administration areas before that and passenger services were not well patronised - all sad but true.
Bitten by 'The Bug'. T.H.J. Dethridge
See Volume 15 page 686: writer saw vehicle on visits to Eastleigh Works on open days: article implies that 'The Bug' had its own headcode, but evidence suggests that appropriate route code would be used in conjunction with the Special Train disc.
Bitten by 'The Bug'. John Barnacle.
Regarding fictitious sketch of the locomotive signed ONW referred to on p.690 (See Volume 15 page 686) writer assumes to have been 'ANW', the artist A.N. Wolstenholme who did work for Ian Allan.
Bitten by 'The Bug'. Paul Joyce.
The two 0-6-0 tanks Nos.0332 and 0334 were not cut up during the war as implied by David Thrower (See Volume 15 page 686). They were still to be seen at Eastleigh on she 'dump lines' in 1948. 'The Bug's' rolling chassis was used for moving boiler plates until as late as 1958.
Railcars on the LMS. R.C. Wright
See page 696 (Vol. 15) where Edgington stated that there are no reports of the services worked by them whilst allocated to Lower Darwen shed.Writer lived in Darwen from 1967 to 1976. During that time he encountered enthusiasts who remembered the Leyland railcars well and had travelled on them regularly. They worked on the Bolton-Blackhum-Hellifield line, between Spring Vale and Gisburn, but most turned back at Clitheroe or Chatburn. Services were identifiable from the David & Charles reprint of the July 1938 Bradshaw (pp584/5), being those marked "one class only". Response from Edgington page 295.
Herbert Spencer. Nigel Probert
See page 21: letter writer argues that Hennessey is unfair to Spencer for criticising Spencer's criticism of Brunel's broad gauge (and gives an excellent critique of the broad gauge folly).
LYR special saloons. John Macnab
45038 (see page 728 Volume 15): Macnab was unaware (he worked in what he called the Coaching Plant - the Scottish Region's rolling stock commissariat page 162) that this vehicle was at Wick on 15 June 1962.

Book reviews. 175.
Sir William Stanier. J.E. Chacksfield. Oakwood. MR *****
Has nothing but praise: alternative view (failure to note Stanier's papers)
From the air, British railways then and now. Ian Allan. CPA *****
Aerofilms material: "Highly recommended".
The railways of Wales circa 1900. Gwyn Briwnant Jones and Denis Dunstone. Gomer. MR *****
Commends the excellence of the illustrations (many in colour - Clearing House maps and posters, and recent)
London & North Western Railway thirty foot one inch carriages. Philip A. Millard. LNWR Soc.. DJ *****
Six-wheelers

Signs of the times. 176-7.
Colour photo-feature: Appleby West (LMR platform totem) on 28 June 1965 (J.S. Gilks*); SECR bridge weight limits at Blackheath Station on 6 March 1997 (Paul Joyce); Southern Electric - Deptford Station (banner on bridge) on 31 July 1960 (*); gradient post alongside Lake Bala (David Sutcliffe) caption gives incorrect direction for track (should be north eastward) see page 295; Ais Gill Summit (LMR enamel)(Cliff Woodhead); Mersey Docks & Harbour Board Riverside (*), and GNR "trespass" and "beware of trains" at Ryhall & Belmisthorpe on 25 April 1958 (R.C. Riley).

A Worcester Vista. Michael Mensing. rear cover.
Panorama of Worcester with Peak D30 picking its way over the points.

Number 4 (April)

Preserved HR Jones goods No. 103 at Achnasheen in May 1959. front cover.

"If men could learn from history, what lessons it might teach us". Michael Blakemore. 183.
Quotation from Samuel Coleridge Taylor: comments on high quality of some television programmes on historical topics, such as those by Simon Scharma.

A visit to Fords of Dagenham. Dick Riley (phot.) and John Scholes of the Industrail Railway Society (captions). 184-5.
Colour photo-feature::Ford No 7 (Peckett 0-6-0ST), Ford wagon No. 641 fresh from the shop and a broken plank already!, Ford Diesel no 1 at Dagenham, Ford No 6 (Peckett 0-4-0ST)all on 16 May 1961.

A Centenary of Saints. Keith Farr. 186-95.
Written to celebrate the centenary of the inception of what the author regards as the first "true twentieth century express passenger lcomotives" with their taper boilers, high running plates, long-lap/long-travel valve gear and generous steam ports". They also formed the basis for the "Hall" class. Includes the various series, such as the "Courts", the evaluation of the Atlantic form, one experiment with rotary cam valve gear on 2935. There is also description of performance, mainly in general terms, including the alleged 120 mile/h with Collett on the footplate. Their final demise is also covered.. See page 354 for possible plans to preserve two of class withdrawn in 1951 and "late" high speed exploit by another member of class. See letter by Barker (page 415) stating that 115 mile/h was achieved by Star in bridge testing [KPJ: pity Horne did not sound] Illus.:The second Saint and true prototype no 98 at Paddington, No 100 at Old Oak Common, A postcard of No 2949 Stanford Court near Ruislip, A post card of No 2977 passing Twyford, No 2934 at Swindon, No 178 Kirkland, No 186 as an Atlantic at Bristol, No 186 in its later form as a Pacific, No 100 William Dean leaving Paddington, No 2902 Lady of the Lake at Paddington, No 2907 Lady Distain in original condition at Paddington, No 2930 St Vincent with a very mixed train, No 2949 Stanford Court passing West Drayton, No 2902 Lady of the Lake in its later form in 1930 at Paddington, No 2917 St Bernard passing Langley, No 2935 Caynham Court with a mixed train leaving Bristol, Table 1 Saints Nos 100, 98, 171 principle dimensions as built, Table 2 Saints Nos 172/79-90 principle dimensions as built as Atlantics and as Pacifics, Table 3 Saints/Ladies/Courts principle dimensions as built, No 2977 Robertson passing Dawlish, Table 4 The naming of the 'Saints',

Happy End; the decline and rise of the Redditch branch and the Birmingham West Suburban Railway. Part 2. Geoffrey Skelsey. 196-200.
This part covers the period when the future of the line was in gravest danger, and was subject to several traffic censuses (data from which are reproduced). The creation of Redditch as a new town helped it to survive. Includes details of competing bus services. Illus.:Northfield in the snow in 1961 with the hourly DMU, Table 4 Redditch branch bookings by station, Table 5 Passengers boarding at Northfield, Table 6 Boardings at intermediate stations per train, Broom Junction with a DMU about to leave, Northfield with Ivatt class 4 no 43017, Kings Norton station, The new Redditch station,

Mr Arkwrights Railway. David Gilks. 202-6.
The Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway had ambitions to connect Warrington with Sutton-on-Sea which would have involved massive engineering works on the Pennine section. In fact the railway ran from Chesterfield to Lincoln with a branch towards Sheffield. William Arkwright (educ. Eton and Oxford), was the owner of extensive coal and iron reserves and wished to exploit them to the full, hence the need for a railway. The line was opened by Lord Claud Hamilton - the GER perceived the line as a means of access to coal. The GCR acquired the line in 1907. Difficulties with the maintenance of Bolsover Tunnel led to the end of services west of Langwith Junction. Remains extant in 2002 are enumerated. Illus.:. Class A at Chesterfield Market Place, Class C no 18 at Edwinstowe with a Midland loco in the background, The route of the Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Rly., Chesterfield Market Place station frontage, Chesterfield Market Place station trackside, Royal train at Ollerton, the crew of No 26 wearing white coats, A Punch cartoon of William Arkwright looking worried [or using a mobile phone?], Chesterfield viaduct, The sad remains of Sutton Scarsdale Hall,

Articulated on the LMS. 207.
Illus.:Beyer Garratt No 7987 at York, Beyer Garratt no 7991 ex works at Crewe. Horne takes issue with the captions comment on axle load limitations see page 354.

Steam on the Micklehurst loop. Brian Magilton (phot.). 208-9.
Colour photo-feature::LMS class 5 No 44943 passing the cooling towers of Hartshead power station in August 1963, WD No 90611 at Millbrook in August 1963, LMS 8F No 48608 passing Friezland in July 1965 (Greenfield station visible in background), Stanier class 5 No 42974 in charge of a coal train at Millbrook in July 1965, WD Austerity No 90699 at Millbrook in August 1966.

Gresley classics at Grantham. Derek Penney. (phot.). 210-11.
Colour photo-feature:: magnificent photographs taken in spring of 1959: A3 class Nos 60056 Centenary, 60065 Knight of Thistle (double chimney no deflectors), 60039 Sandwich, and 60059 Tracery on the turning triangle (double chimney no defelectors). Origin of racehorse names explained in captions.

To Brecon via Torpantau. Paul Strong. 212-14.
Colour photo-feature: On 7 July 1962: At Dowlais Top, GWR 57xx class No 3747 set to leave Newport High Street at Newport Mon., GWR 57xx class No 3747 with the fireman looking for the guard's right away at Torpantau, Approaching Groesfford Halt, GWR 57XX class no 3747 at Talyllyn Junction, Arrival at Brecon for No 3747, No 3747 takes water after climbing the 1:38 from Talybont at Torpantau, Turning No 3747 at Brecon on the manual turntable,

Vibrations. Part 1. Keith Horne. 215-19.
The analysis of vibrations in bridges. Includes the contribution of Francis Wolley-Dod through bridge design for the railways of India.Further information page 355. Illus.:Midland 2F no 2526 at Cudworth, 19th Century Impact Formulae, Robinson test diagram of 1884, Francis Wolley Dod, Chenab River Bridge, Nerbudda Bridge: Corrections to captions to these bridges see page 355. North Western Railway 2-4-0,

Samuel Morton Peto. Adrian Gray. 220-1.
See precis under civil engineers. Illustrations: Portrait, LCDR Metropolitan extension to Farringdon (Illustrated London News),

The Blackpool Central disaster August 1941. B.W.L. Brooksbank. 222-7.
On 27 August 1941 two military aircraft collided above Blackpool and one plane crashed into Blackpool Central Station killing five people and injuring twelve. Other WW2 incidents (few in total) are also described. Excessive use is made of contemporary accounts to fill the pages. Illus.:Blackpool central station from the tower in 1956, The main hall of Central station after the plane crash at Blackpool, The main hall of Central station as it was in the 1950s at Blackpool,

Working from Patricroft. George W. Glover as told by Anthony P. Vent. 228-33.
Memories of working at Patricroft from 1954 (he had previously been at Plodder Lane see Vol. 15 page 592). Duties included working though Standedge Tunnel where the act of picking up water from the underground troughs (see Vol. 10 page 20) is vividly described. He describes a hair-raising trip over the rough trackwork at Greenfield on a double-headed express and a violent lurch on leaving Gomersall tunnel, and an actual derailment which led to injuries. Bitter comment about the ASLEF strike in 1955 which achieved nothing for him, nor for anybody else. Illus.:A fireman's view from the train engine of a pair of Black Fives nearing Tyldesley with a coal train, No 45056 leaving Manchester Exchange, No 45642 burst from Standedge Tunnel, Nos 46144 and 46163 at Patricroft shed, Royal Scot no 46156 passing Eccles water troughs, Standard class 5 with Conway Castle as a background, Black five no 45299 leads Jubilee no 45558 out of Leeds City, Class 5 no 44808 and 8F no 48456 draw a coal train out of Speakman's sidings Leigh, Royal Scot no 46154 on the Patricroft turntable, Colour: Patricroft depot and sidings (Alan Tyson), 8F no 48720 near Worsley (Jim Carter), Class 5 no 45282 in Patricroft yard (Jim Carter),

Readers' Forum. 234-5.
An Edwardian Ozymandias. Reg Davies.
Strongly refutes Emblin's letter (Volume 15, page 707): argues that Henderson took over an impoverished company and attempted to improve its financial position  through investment. Nevertheless, dividends were not paid.
Northward bound. G.A. Knight.
Claims that illustration (page 18) of No. 5573 is in LMS blue-grey livery.
Norton Junction. Frank Hardy
Letter by Bob Watt (page 114) refered to letter codes for bridges: writer states that these are Engineers' Line References. Whilst many used old names, some use new abbreviations, such as AHG for the Eurostar approach lines to Waterloo (the initials of the Site Engineer).
Railcars on the LMS. David Lord.
Workings of the Leyland railcars whilst based at Lower Darwen. See article in Volume 15 page 696.

Book reviews. 234-5.
Derail: why trains crash. Nicholas Faith. Channel 4 Books. MR *
"Not recommended... Errors of historical fact are legion." [KPJ: star rating appears to fall over in these (rare cases): a star implies something good: it would be possible to state that Backtrack gave this book a star rating!!]
Middle East movers: Royal Engineer Transportation in the Suez canal Zone, 1947-1956. Hugh Mackintosh. North Kent Books. JW ****
"this little memoir is a very worthwhile read"
Track. Jim Pike. Sutton. JW ***
"a brave try" - but flawed
Locomotion: two centuries of train travel: an anthology. P.J.G. Ransome. Sutton. JW ****
Railway holiday in Scotland. Michael Paerson. Wayzgoose. RH ***
The Nailsworth and Stroud branch. Colin B. Maggs. Oakwood. MR *****
"Colin Maggs is the doyen of Werst Country railway historians... this book is packed with information"

Scottish Preservation Pioneers. . 236-41.
Colour photo-feature::Caledonian No 123 at Callander, Preserved HR Jones goods No 103 at Achnasheen, GNoS class F No 49 Gordon Highlander at Keith Junction on 14 June 1960 (T.J. Edgington), North British class K in North British Livery as No 256 Glen Douglas at Perth on 28 August 1965 (Derek Penney: remainder Colour-Rail),

Into Newton Dale [Class A8 no 69881 bunker first between Pickering and Levisham on 3 May 1958]. Ian L. Wright. rear cover

Number 5

BR class 3 No. 82021 near Harlech in August 1963. Derek Penney. front cover

Images of the past. Jeffrey Wells. 243.
Guest editorial on photographic and other images.

British Railways Standard Tank Locomotive Liveries. J. Crosse. 244-50.
The class 4 80xxx locomotives displayed the least variety in liveries, whilst the class 3 82xxx, because of its association with the Western Region, displayed the most including both lined and unlined versions of green. The class 2 84xxx is largely ignored. Illus.:No 82018 a Southern Region class 3 at Exeter, No 82021 a Western Region class 3 at Harlech, No 80093 a Scottish Region class 4 at Perth, No 84008 a class 2 at Burton-on-Trent, No 80018 a Southern Region class 4 at Brighton, No 80113 a class 4 at Edinburgh, No 82001 a class 3 at Birmingham, No 82004 at Bath, No 80154 a Southern Region class 4 being the last locomotive built at Brighton at Tunbridge Wells, No 82033 a Western Region class 3 getting a drink at Portmadoc, No 82041 a Western Region allocation at Bath, Nos 82031 and 4 at Ordsall carriage sidings at Salford, No 82006 at Aberystwyth, No 84024 when brand new at Darlington, No 84044 a class 2 at Bath,

Dunham Station. Rod Lock. 251-4.
Dunham was a crossing place and station on the King's Lynn to Dereham line. The author worked there from 1949 until 1959, and was relief station master there from 1956. School children were conveyed to Swaffham and Dereham and the author thought that passenger traffic was quite strong. Freight included sugar beet to South Lynn and Wissington. Some of the careers of the other staff at the station are mentioned. The steam service is set out in full, but diesel took over before closure to all traffic on 9 September 1968. The most serious weather problem appears to have been fog. .See letter by John Lovell (page 355) concerning "quarter" mentioned in caption, and the question of handling sacks at rural stations. Illus.:Dunham station c 1905, Dunham station in 1964. Not a lot has changed!, A view of the station buildings at Dunham, The general and ladies waiting room on the other platform at Dunham,

Westbound from Leeds. Eric Treacy (phot.) and David Jenkinson (captions). 255-9.
More photographs taken by Eric Treacy: mainly on the western exit from Leeds City, plus an attempt to date them and to assign them workings. See letters from Mike Stone, Mike Oglesby and R.C. Wright plus graffiti from KPJ on page 414. Letter page 534 by Hulme gives further notes on Liverpool-Newcastle-Liverpool workings on Leeds to Manchester section. Illus.:Ivatt class 2 no 41265 leaving Leeds, No 46103 Royal Scots Fusilier on the Thames-Clyde Express at Leeds, No 46103 Royal Scots Fusilier putting on a display for the photographer at Leeds, No 46133 The Green Howards on a much nicer day at Leeds, Class 5 no 45079 piloting no 46137 The Prince of Wales Volunteers South Lancashire at Leeds, Class 5 no 45218 piloting an unidentified 'Scot' at Leeds, Class 5 no 44684 piloting an unknown Patriot at Leeds, Jubilee class no 45566 Queensland piloting an unknown rebuilt patriot at Leeds, Class 5 no 44667 at Holbeck at Leeds, Class 5 no 44812 at Apperley Bridge at Leeds, Jubilee class no 45568 Western Australia at Leeds,

Benn & Cronin Train Indicators. Jeffrey Wells. 260-1.
Illus.:Vertical indicators at Bury Knowsley Street (post 1921) and at Manchester Victoria in about 1921 and huge horizintal indicators at Blackpool Central and Talbot Road photographed on 12 August 1922.

The final years of Reading South. Jack Hewett as told to Paul Joyce. 261-6.
The Footplate Career of Jack Hewett part 7. Part 6 was in Volume 15 page 568. Part 1 was in Volume 12 page 312. This concluding part covers working on diesel shunters, the movements to and from Guildford occupied most of the night, other turns which required early starts, an account of a divided train (through the guard's failure to couple up, oon the approach to Deepdene, high speed through Deepdene on through passenger trains, the end of steam and the closure of Reading South. Illus: U class no 31621 at Reading South, Reading General and Reading South stations, Just one loco in the shed S15 no 30837 at Reading, The Reading South replacement. One bay in General occupied by Tadpole unit 1202!, N class no 31862, The last train to leave Reading South,

One is one and all alone. 267.
Colour feature.:BR No 71000 Duke of Gloucester, the replacement for no 46202, was also a one-of. at Marylebone in May 1961(T.J. Edgington), LNER W1 No 10000 the Hush-hush here as BR no 60700 inside Kings Cross shed in 1951 (in garter blue livery) (W.H.G. Boot), Nominally a Princess Royal but actually a singleton no 46202 Princess Anne. (W..H. Foster): all except TJE Colour-Rail.

Return to Lancaster. . 268-9.
Illus.:LMS class 4 at Morecambe south junction at Lancaster, The Royal Scot behind no 46225 Duchess of Gloucester at Lancaster, BR Britannia no 70041 Sir John Moore heading north at Lancaster, Chocahollics bound for Cadbury's behind no 46157 The Royal Artilleryman at Lancaster, Coronation no 46250 with a featherweight train at Lancaster [it is actually adding or removing stock see letter by D. Tyreman page 415 and confirmation from photographer on page 535].

Arthurian Legends. . 270-1.
Illus.:SR N15 no 30453 King Arthur at Nine Elms, SR N15 no 30793 Sir Ontzlake at Eastleigh, SR N15 no 30765 Sir Gareth at Nine Elms, SR N15 no 30779 Sir Colgrevance at Nine Elms,

The LNER's 0-6-0 tanks. . 272-4.
Illus.:Ex GE J69 no 8619 in LNER green as the station pilot at Liverpool Street, Ex NBR J83 no 68454 at Edinburgh, Ex NE J71 no 495 at York, Ex NE J72 no 68736 at Newcastle, Ex NE J77 no 68423 at Darlington, Ex NE J71 no 8286 in LNER green as the station pilot at York, Ex NE J72 no 68682 at Berwick, Ex NE J73s nos 68364 and 58 at West Hartlepool,

A Century of Pacific Locomotives. Part 4. Railway Reflections No. 88. Michael Rutherford. 275-82.
Part 3 page 166. Part 1 page 10. Pacific locomotive development is sketched for North America and India, the development of the later LMS Pacifics, the Bulleid Pacifics and the Duke of Gloucester is also lightly covered, and the whole is intended as a trailer for a book by the same author on the same subject which was still "fortcoming" at the end of 2002. See letter by Brian Orrell (page 415) on Vulcan/NBL contribution to output for Indian State Railways. Illus.:No 6229 Duchess of Hamilton with no 5304 Royal Blue at Baltimore in the USA, No 1101 for the Central Argentine Railway, South Australia Railway 600 class, Outline drawings of Indian railways standard pacifics types XA, XB and XC., No 2509 Silver Link on the Silver Jubilee at Ganwick, No 6208 Princess Helena Victoria at Crewe, No 2001 Cock o' the North a rebuild of Gresley's P2, No 6220 Coronation on the Coronation Scot at Shap, No 6231 Duchess of Atholl at Oxenholme, A Peppercorn A1 no 60129 Guy Mannering, Merchant Navy no 21C10 [later 35010] Blue Star, Thompson A2/1 no 508 Duke of Rothesay, Britannia no 70020 Mercury, No 34064 [formerly 21C164] Fighter Command at Cannon Street, Rebuilt Merchant Navy no 35009 Shaw Savill at Andover, No 71000 Duke of Gloucester at Swindon [see also page 267],

Vibrations Part 2. .Keith Horne 283-7.
See biographical section for information about Norman La Touche who invented a strain gauge for small span bridges whilst in India. H.S. Sales, also in India used a Frankel extensometer for similar measurements. In 1917 the Indian Railways Board set up a Bridge Sub-Committee on Impact and in 1919 the new British Ministry of Transport commissioned Rendel Palmer and Tritton to examine the problem of hammer blow - a term which the consultancy did not like. In March 1923 DSIR set up a Bridge Stress Committee, whose intellectual leader was Prof. C.E. Inglis of Cambridge. The Committee published its Report in 1928 which included tables to show the effects of hammer blow on single and double track bridges of up to 300 ft span. One casulaty of this episode appears to have been the rapid withdrawal of the MR 990 class. Illus.:Table of coefficients for short single track spans, Midland Railway 4p no 990, No 5000 George V became LMS no 5348 the no 25348 at Manchester, LYR 7F no 12910 at Liverpool, The Stokesay Huguenots at Craven Arms, Great Indian Peninsular Railway type H4, No 46242 City of Glasgow [like Princess Anne] involved in the Harrow and Wealdstone accident at Shap,

Steam in the Cynon Valley: Mountain Ash in the 1970s. Brian Syddall. 288-92.
Includes a brief history of coal mining in the Cynon Valley, including the Deep Duffryn Colliery and the Phurnacite plant. Illus.:Sir John shunting on the banks of the Afon Cynon at Mountain Ash, Llantanum Abbey in the shed at Mountain Ash, Map of Mountain Ash c 1972, Austerity no 8 at Mountain Ash, Mountain Ash Cardiff Road station, A BR class 37 setting back into what is left of Oxford Road station at Mountain Ash, No identification but actually no 1 at Mountain Ash, Sir Gomer ready to go at Mountain Ash, Sir John at Mountain Ash (colour). Letter by Elis Jones (page 415) refutes suggestion about contemporary coal traffic in Cynon Valley.

Rolling Stock Focus Tar wagons. Paul W. Bartlett. 293.
Col illus.:NCB no 48309 at Ebbw Junction at Ebbw Jn., NCB no 48368 out of use at Caerphilly,

Book Reviews. 294-5.
The Railway King - a biography of George Hudson. Robert Beaumont. Review MR ****
"In the end, Beaumont seeks to persuade us that Hudson's achievements outweigh his business practice failings..."
The travellers' joy: the story of the Morayshire Railway. John Ross. Author. GJH ****
Small company which ran 21 miles from Craigellachie to Lossiemouth: "mine of information".
The landscape trilogy: the autobiography of L.T.C. Rolt. Sutton. CD *****
"Essential - and enjoyable reading"
A historical survey of selected Great Western stations. R.H. Clark. Oxford Publishing. MB ****
includes further refences: over 140 stations (mainly minor) are listed

Readers' Forum. 294-5.
Britain's Edwardian railways. David Jenkinson
Key illustration was not a "mere" corridor express, but was one of the famous WCJS "afetrnoon" Corridor sets. See back to page 138/9 (134) and forward to page 306.
Backtrack index. Bob Farmer.
Complete index in Excel format.
The last real Tube stock. Graham Smith.
Refers to Bob Farmer's letter (page 174) concerning stock for Ongar service (refering back to Jenkinson feature page bbb): Smith argues that four car sets were allowed [KPJ: suspects that such were permitted once operated on basis of one-train only: three car sets were the limit when crossing took place].
A boy's love affair with the railway. Peter Davis.
See feature page 95: illustration of six-wheeled coach page 100: ex-CLC?
North Eastern electrics. W.K. Donald.
Errors in both captions (see page 147): South Gosforth, South Tyneside electrification 1938 (not 1937), and shoe beams incorrectly fitted to preserved locomotive at NRM.
GER stock on the Isle of Wight. N. Ridge.
See page 142: brake gear arrangements on cattle truck
The GWR 'Krugers'. M. Johnson.
See page 64: writer questions whether the Krugers were an exercise in boiler design as he had seen some of these still in use as stationary boilers, and inspection showed them to be highly simple in construction. Suggests that the design may have been chosen for ease in the development of piston valves and their associated valve gear: this includes the design and location of the boiler which gave ample space for examining the valves.
LMS Leyland diesel railcars. T.J. Edgington.
See letter page 174 and original feature by writer Volume 15 page 696: argues that two cars were at Lower Darwen, where there were workings for two such vehicles, and one at Hamilton in the period up to 1939 [quotes Central Division Working Timetable of 1 January 1940 as evidence]. Argues that Hamilton cars ended service on 10 November 1945.
A day in the life of the coaching plant. David Fairgrieve.
See page 162: largely appreciative, and requesting a book fom John Macnab: Chronicles of Stepps, perhaps?
Signs of the times. Peter Davis.
Caption states going westwards, when going north eastwards (see page 176)

The 'Titanic' connection. Sitwell D. Williams. 296-7.
Photo-feature which links the locomotives illustrated to the sinking of the Titanic in April 1912. J. Bruce Ismay owned the White Star Line and was a Director of the LNWR/LMS. He managed not to go down with ship. In the aftermath his brother's horse was disqualified at the 1913 Derby and the outsider Aboyeur was declared the winner, hence the presence of 60148. Author notes the use of the Titanic name on some Irish locomotives. Illus.:No 209 J. Bruce Ismay, No 5914 passing Colwich Jn., No 35044 Cunard White Star at Fleet, No 60148 Aboyeur at Doncaster (last two in colour),

High summer in the Howgills. Robert Leslie. rear cover.
BR Brush type 4 in the Howgills west of Grayrigg on 25 July 1967.

Number 6

LNER V2 no 60862 on express freight near Retford. Derek Penney. front cover.
In about 1960

All aboard time's winged chariot... Michael Blakemore. 303.
Old photographs provide a means of recapturing what railway travel may have been like in 1910, especially at Carlisle, during the 1930s and when steam was still king in the 1950s.

Six coupled on the Eastern. Derek Penney (phot.). 304-5.
Illus.:Great Central J11 no 64397 at Grantham, LNER J39 no 64737 at Retford, A GC designed LNER A5 No 69814 at Grantham, LNER V2 no 60862 also on cover at Retford,

The West Coast 'Corridor' - a significant train. David Jenkinson. 306-14.
Evolution of carriage design from 1892 until the late 1920s on the LNWR for the Euston to Scotland day services, including the West Coast Joint Stock. The stock introduced in 1908 was so good that it was still in service on its original duties in the late 1920s, and this design was to influence the design of stock used for its supplementation and replacement. Tortorella refers to CR minutes of 1880 requesting Pullman sleeping cars (page 475). Illus.:2-2-2-0 no 1304 Jeannie Deans with a posed photo for the 'West Coast', Exterior of the first 65' 6" x 8' 6" clerestory dining cars introduced in 1897 for WCJS, Interior of a third class dining car, Five colour views of the interior of the Scotch Express coaches, The 2p.m. in late 1890s form with the locomotive no 5000 Coronation faked on later, Coach no 395 a four compartment brake third used on the Edinburgh part of the train, Coach no 531 of the 1905 rolling stock, The Glasgow four coach section about to leave Glasgow Central, LMS class 5 no 44729 starting the assault with the suggestion that he has assistance from a banker at Shap, the 1908 2pm service with a Prince of Wales class 4-6-0 at front: writer questions reason for 50ft coaches at front & rear (Keith Fenwick suggests front coaches may be TC for Knutsford and Altringham (letter page 475) ), brake first of 1927 stock, A semi-open first of 1928, A WCJS coach no 398 of the 1913 57' stock, An interior of a four seat compartment of a semi-open first, Coach no 1324 a 42 seat open third. See illustration page 138/9 (134), and letter concerning this on page 294.

The Jedburgh railway. Part 1. Alistair F. Nisbet. 315-21.
Jedburgh was served by a branch off a secondary cross-country route from Berwick to Kelso opened by the NER in 1849 and from St Boswells to Kelso by the NBR in 1850/1. The Jedburgh line began at Roxburgh on the NBR line in July 1856. Part 2 page 463. Letter concerning this part by McCartney on page 534. Illus.:Jedburgh station with NBR no 62471 Glen Falloch running round a rail tour train, Jedburgh station in 1963, fifteen years after the ending of passenger services, Track diagram at Jedburgh, Jedfoot station in 1961, Railways to Jedburgh, Nisbet station, No 62471 in charge of a 'Scott Country' rail tour at Jedfoot, Kirkbank station, No 62471 in charge of a 'Scott Country' rail tour at Nisbet, Ivatt class 4 no 43138 and BR class 2 at Roxborough, Roxborough junction, D34 no 62440 Wandering Willie at Kelso, NBR J36 no 64463 crossing the river Teviot at Jedfoot,

To the Exhibition by train. Michael J. Smith. 322-6.
Exhibitions were a major source of income to the Metropolitan District Railway. Traffic began with that to the South Kensington Exhibition Grounds which were eventually linked to South Kensington Station by a tunnel where pedestrians had to pay one penny (in many cases the toll was incorporated within the ticket charge). It opened on 4 May 1885. The District increased this traffic by developing its own land at what became Earl's Court which opened on 9 May 1887 when the South Kensington site was redeveloped. In 1886 the Olympia exhibtiion halls opened adjacent to Kensington Addison Road station. The last exhbition fascilities to involve the District were those at the Royal Agricultural Society's showground at Park Royal opened in 1903. This site was also served by the Great Western, but the site was not correct for agricultuarl shows and failed after three years, following which industry moved in. The Franco-British Exhibition for 1908 was located at Wood Lane and services to the site were provided by the Central London Railway and by a station on the Hammersmith & City line. Wembley Park on the Metropolitan Railway had been the site for a failed Watkin Tower, but became the venue for the British Empire Exhibition in 1924, the FA Cup Final and the 1948 Olympic Games. The LNER opened a special Loop to serve the Exhibition and Cup Finals. Illus.:A Hammersmith and City train at Kensington Addison Road now simply Olympia, Park Royal and Twyford Abbey station, Park Royal with a steam railmotor calling, The Big Wheel at Earl's Court with Baron's Court station in the foreground, Finchley Road station, Wood Lane station at White City, A motor car of the Metropolitan Railways Ashbury stock on display at the BEM at Wembley, Platform 1 on the old Central line terminus at Wood Lane at White City, LNER N7 no 997E at Wembley, Wembley Park station showing the new bridge and stairways built for the 1948 Olympic Games,

25 years of High Speed trains. .Bruce Oliver (phot.). 327.
Illus.:HST set 253 034 passing Clink Road junction at Frome, HST set 254 016 at Welwyn North,

Down to Tiverton Junction. . 328-9.
Illus.:A trio of 14xxs line up at Tiverton, Tiverton Junction station, 14xx no 1461 arriving at Halberton Halt, 14xx no 1466on an auto train near Halberton coming toward us, 14xx no 1466on an auto train near Halberton heading away,

Hills of the North, Rejoice!. Alan Tyson (phot.). 330-3.
Illus.:BR 9F no 92015 waiting for its banker at Tebay at Shap, BR Britannia no 70025 heading north nearing Scotsman's Bridge at Shap, LMS class 5 toiling with a northbound freight with help from a banker far out of sight at Shap, One of the last Shap bankers; Class 4 no 75037 scuttling back to Tebay, Royal Scot no 46115 Scots Guardsman near Dillicar troughs at Shap, LMS Fairburn no 42299 near Tebay. stated in caption to be near Milnthorpe, but R.A. Parker identifies as near Tebay with Workington portion of The Lakes Express (page 474), LMS no 42095 giving encouragement to a northbound freight at Shap, The exhaust suggests banker no 75039 is not moving much above walking pace as it digs in hard at Shap,

Steam in the Barnsley Area collieries. Barrie Williamson. 334.
Illus.:Andrew Barclay no 2195, Austerity no 3171 and the tail end of Hudswell Clarke no 1858 at Barnsley, Hudswell Clarke 0-4-0ST Standback no 3 at Barnsley, Hunslet 0-6-0ST Newstead at Barnsley,

The Irish railbuses story. Michael J. Collins. 335-41.
The main slant of this feature is restricted to road buses which were converted to run on steel rails rather than specially developed railway vehicles. A few ran on unmodified railway wheels, and some ran on wooden-centred wheels, but the majority were equipped with patent Howden-Meredith wheels which combined the advantage of the pneumatic tyre to act as a shock absorber with steel rims to provide adhesion.. Railbuses which ran on the NCC, GNR (I), SLNCR and by the GSR/CIE are described. Some vehicles operating on the CDJR and the LMS Ro-Railer are also mentioned. The English origins of buses used by NCC are described in letter by Bainton on page 474. Illus.:Ro-railer on test on the Harpenden-Hemel Hempstead branch, LMS [NCC] AEC railbus no 3 complete with steering wheel at Ireland, LMS [NCC] railbus no 42 complete with number plates and rear view mirror at Ireland, County Donegal railway Reo railbus no 9 at Ireland, GNR railbus no 1 at Dundalk at Ireland, DNGR no 1 which became GNR no 3 at Ireland, Former GNR railbus no 4 now engineers dept transport no 8177 at Ireland, Irish Free State army Lancia converted to run on rails at Ireland, SLNCR railbus A at Enniskillen at Ireland, NIR R3 BREL-Leyland National experimental railbus at Ireland,

British railway artillery of the Great War. Niall Ferguson. 342-5.
First use by British forces was at the siege of Alexandria in 1882 when a naval gun was mounted on a railway wagon. During WW1 no application of such technology was made until 1915 when Elswick Ordnance was requested to mount a 9.2 inch gun on a bogie well wagon, probably of GWR origin (Peter Tatlow states that these were NER well trolley wagons: letter page 475). See further information from Niall Ferguson in letter on p. 235 of Vol. 17. Recoil was a major problem which could be met by the wagon travelling backwards, but risked damage to the track. Various mounting arrangements were made in an attempt to reduce track damage. Another problem was that projectories were limited by track alignments. Nevertheless larger (12 in) howitzers and guns were developed and this culminated in the 14 in guns: HM Gun Boche Buster and HM Gun Scene Shifter. See also precursor built at Brighton in 1894 to keep the French at bay (19 page 56). Illus.:40lb Armstrong gun mounted on a 6 wheeled flat wagon at the siege of Alexandria, 14" HM gun Boche Blaster, Rail mounted 9.2" gun on a Mk III mounting, the first to give all round fire, Rail mounted 9.2" gun on what looks like a GWR Crocodile, A French gun possibly a 240mm Gun Mle 1903, Possibly a WW II picture of a Mk V 12" howitzer on a Mk III mounting, Possibly a WW II picture of a Mk XIII 9.2" gun on a Mk III mounting, A 12" howitzer and 9.2" gun a common combination on the Western Front, Mk II 12" gun being fired at Meaulte, Which British Army had what guns..

A Royal Progress. Part 1. Robin Barnes. 346-50.
King Friedrich August II of Saxony travelled through Great Britain in 1844 accompanied by his personal physician, Carl Gustav Carus. Portraits of both are published. The latter kept a journal which was published. Barnes used this as his primary source for refernces to jorneys made by rail, or where railway works were inspected, and augments this by what he "might have seen". Journeys include Dover to Tonbridge, Portsmouth to Nine Elms (where Carus marvels at the speed), and in the King's carriage from Woburn to Chesterfield. They were very impressed by the Great Western Railway and may have met Brunel. Part 2 begins on page 406.Letter by Martin Oliver on page 594.Illus. plan of Derby station prepared in connection with a proposal to widen the northern approach, Lithograph of Exeter station [St Davids?], Lithograph of Dover,

Change for North Cornwall. Jeffrey Grayer (phot.). 352-3.
Colour feature: Bodmin General station, Bodmin Road with a Warship running light to Plymouth, Boscarne Exchange station, NBL Type 2 passing Grogley Halt, Nanstallon Halt, Wadebridge station,

Book reviews. 354-5.
Sir Nigel Gresley: the engineer and his family. Geoffrey Hughes. Oakwood. MR *****
"A good, recommended read."
Ravenglass - Roman port to railway junction. Peter van Zeller. Cumbrian Railways Association. MB ***
"A fascinating local history". But why three stars against five for previous review? Can it be that the Editor scores for relevance?
The world's greatest railway journeys. Tom Savio. New Holland. SDW ***
"On production and style this book cannot really be faulted" [but loses stars on value for money basis].
Early limestone railways: how railways developed to feed the furnaces of the Industrial Revolution in South East Wales. Newcomen Society. MR *****
"essential" for anyone wishing to know the full history of railway evolution: KPJ: would seem to be a six star work.
The railway in Whipton. Peter Gentry. Whipton History Group. TJE *
Not recommended: serious errors are listed.
British small mines. 2 vols (North and South). A.J. Booth. Industrial Railway Society. MR *****
"highly recommended"
The Bexhill West branch line. Peter A. Harding. Author. TJE *****
" A bargain at £3"

Readers' Forum. 354-5
Articulated on the LMS. D.K. Horne.
Refers to the caption (page 207) relating to the LMS Beyer-Garratts and their effect upon bridge loadings viz-a-viz such classes as the Fowler 0-8-0 and subsequent 8F designs.
Welsh chocolate and cream. R.H. Darlaston.
See page 124: use of Abbey Foregate Loop post WW2; booking tickets to Bala Junction, and date of photographn of 45xx with CCE.
A centenary of 'Saints'. M. Johnson.
See page 186: 2979 and 2981 were not cut-up when withdrawn, but were held with two Bulldogs in the hope that they might be preserved. Also account of high speed run behind 2934 Butleigh Court following final overhaul.
Dunham station. John Lovell.
See caption page 251: writer assumes "quarter" was measure of weight, but was one of volume. Also problems of handling sacks at country stations.
Vibrations. D.K. Horne.
Refers back to article by author page 215 errors in caption for the Chernab and Nerbudda bridges (page 218/19). Also additional information about the Royal Commission of 1847-9 performed tests on cat iron bridges at Ewell (48 ft span) on the Epsom & Croydon Railway and at Godstone (30 ft span) on the SER
The Southern Railway's N class Moguls. Malcolm Stocker.
Caption (page 92) appears to attribute design to Wainwright [KPJ: writer is correct] wheras design was introduced by Maunsell and his team (including Clayton and Maunsell). Wainwright may have had a 2-6-0 design sketched out (a 4-6-0 certainly was) but these would have had little to do with the N class.

Signalling Spotlight. Richard D. Foster. 356-60.
Col. illus.:Achnasheen signal box (McKenzie type), Lairg signal box (Dunham type) (David Sutcliffe both), Pitlochry signal box (timber 1911) (Les Elsey), Stanley Junction tablet pick up on 11 June 1966 (class 2 diesel locomotive) (David Jenkinson),

Trans-Pennine. J.S. Gilks. rear cover.
A class 47 heads toward Standedge tunnel in 1990 with Mk II carriages in Regional Railways livery at Marsden,

Number 7

BR built 0F No. 47005 shunting at Staveley Ironworks in 1964. Derek Penney. front cover.

Green grow the railways - O!. Michael Blakemore. 363.
Editor contrasts weed-infested Rail (where's the) Track with the orderly railways of his childhood. Today shrubs threaten the passage of trains, even on urban lines.

Great Northern Suburban. Chris Gammell. 364-5.
Illus.:BR Brush class 31 No 5622 at Oakleigh Park on 11 August 1973, Class 47 leaving Hadley Wood tunnel (blowing off steam) on 28 February 1977, A signal gantry at Finsbury Park on 9 December 1973, Deltic 55 010 The King's Own Scottish Borderer at Hadley Wood on 28 February 1977, EMU 313.008 at Hadley Wood (as previous: i.e. when very new).

LYR centralised freight traffic control.  Roger Mellor. 366-70.
Traffic control was introduced from the USA to the MR in 1907, and this was quickly followed by the NER, and by the LYR in 1912. Initially the L&Y system was limited to Wakefield and Wigan, but a central office was established at Manchester Victoria (Hunt's Bank) in August 1915, and the system was completed on 17 November 1916. The LMS system is described by Lacy 10 591. Illus.:Central control at Manchester Victoria, Private wagons at Goole docks, Section controller no 12s desk at Manchester, Section and plan drawings of the Central control office, Card tokens hung on the hourly time pegs at Manchester, Livestock control form at Manchester, The section controllers 'tools', Tin Tab ten ton break! Van,

William Baird & the East of Fife railway. John A. Hurst. 371-7.
Ironmaster of Gartsherrie Ironworks bought Elie Estate for £154,000 from Sir Windham Carmichael Anstruther in 1853. Supported the railway to Leven and from there eastward towards Kilconquhar and Elie.The original intended terminus was Anstruther, but there were insufficient funds.Baird not only supplied funds, but dictated the route. Illus.:B1 class no 61103 entering Kilconquhar station, Estimate for building the line, Map; East of Fife railway 1845 as proposed, Title page of the prospectus, William Baird of Elie, John Lindsay of Balcarres, Kilconquhar station 1963, East of Fife subscription list,

The Swansea & Mumbles railway. Peter Treloar. 378-9.
Postcard selection. 0-4-0ST rounding Swansea Bay, heavily loaded westbound train at Swansea, The Slip otherwise St Helen's at Swansea, 0-4-0ST no 3 and a pair of the new tramcars that replaced it at Swansea, 0-6-0T no 4 at Swansea, The pier at Mumbles. See letters on pages 534 by Michael Smith and on page 654 by Chris James concerning Roman bridge. See letter by C.J. Panther (page 534) concerning manufacturer of locomotives.

The Irishman's Gun. R.A.S. Hennessey. 380-1.
"rebuilt locomotives". Photo feature: Paris - Orleans 4-6-0, Rebuilt Patriot No. 45534 at Stockport, A P-O 2-4-2 of 1882, An original Southern Pacific A3 has become no 3000 an A6, Delaware, Lackawanna & Western no 1152 when more or less new, LNER Atlantic No 3279 (4-cylinder version rebuilt by Gresley) in 1935 at Peterborough,

PEP stock. D.W. Winkworth. 382-6.
The experimental PEP stock, which influenced the 313 and other classes. The stock was the first sliding door stock to be evaluated on the Southern Region, but testing had to be restricted to the South Western section due to clearance problems. There were extensive ergonomic tests. Illus.:4 - PEP stock no 4001 in original condition, Drawing; Driving motor second open, A rapid exit was possible, General view of the interior, Interior of smoking carriage, Cramped seating which gave no support to the upper body, Old and new at Wimbledon. A 4-PEP alongside a 4-EPB and a 4-SUB. Errata see page 534.

Border branches. . 387-9.
Colour feature: NER J25 No 65727 at Long Witton on  freight, The Royal Border Bridge with BR class 2 no 78049 at Berwick on passenger train on 25 May 1962 (Michael Mensing*), Ivatt class 2 no 46479 at Kelso on freight on 30 May 1962 (*), NER J21 no 65033 at Hexham in 1953 with single coach train from Riccarton Junction, NER J27 no 65842 with freight at Woodburn in September 1966 (J.M. Boyes), BR class 2 no 78048 at Berwick on 24 May 1962 (*), LNER D49/2 no 62771 The Rufford at Reedsmouth Jn in 1953., NER J21 no 65110 at Rothbury in 1953 (Colour-Rail).

Putting on the styles. . 390-1.
Colour feature of British Railways experimental liveries: Castle No 4091 Dudley Castle in light green at Chippenham in 1949 (K.H. Leech), Rebuilt Patriot No 45531 Sir Frederick Harrison in what is described in caption as apple green at Derby Works in May 1948 (J.M. Jarvis) [KPJ: having seen the actual locomotive, and LNER apple green locomotives at that time, the shade of slime green on 45531 was unique and was probably developed at Derby to discredit an attractive livery] , Coronation No 46241 City of Edinburgh in blue at Camden in April 1949 (W.H.G. Boot), King George VI No 6000 in blue looking superb at Chippenham in July 1949 (K.H. Leech), LMS class 5 No 45292 in lined black at Marylebone: all except King (which has totem) are lettered "British Railways". Colour-Rail involved in all,

Shunting at Staveley. Derek Penney (phot.). 392-3.
Colour feature: Staveley Ironworks in January 1964: Midland 1F No 41763, 0-4-0ST No 47005 (two pictures - one hauling a long train),, Midland 0F 0-4-0T No 41533, Midland No 41835.

Western Steam Valediction. Bruce Oliver (phot.). 394.
Colour feature.:Two views of modified Hall No 6998 Burton Agnes Hall leaving Oxford on 3 January 1966.

The Experimental spirit. Part 1. Railway Reflections No. 89. Michael Rutherford. 395-403.
Considers advances made by Norfolk & Western Railway in steam traction between 1925 and 1940. Considers N&WR steam turbine electric John Henry, Willans and Robinson central valved high speed steeple compound engines, turbines (with and without electric drive), water tube and flash boilers, the innovations of Kyrle Willans at Kerr Stuart, and the Paget locomotive. Considers how steam traction could be improved in terms of: siz/weight/power, boilers (especially Woolnough), condensing, turbines, and fuel and firing. Part 2 page 455. Illus.:A experimental steam electric on the CF de l'Oest in 1897, Table; How gadgets improved efficiency, Diagram; Willans and Robinson central valved high speed compound engine, Diagram; Old Crewe type 2-2-2, Diagram; Proposed triple-expansion of a Metropolitan type 4-4-0T, A post office van cum railbus of the CF du Nord in 1897, A stem driven light railcar of Ganz (Hungary) design at Loughborough, An unusual high speed gear driven 2-6-2 locomotive, Diagram; Schematic of the workings of the Perkins closed circuit hot water tubes, Diagram of the 2-6-2 on page 399, Diagram of the boiler of the 2-6-2 on page 399, A proposed water tube firebox for an LMS pacific designed for 350 psi working pressure, The boiler for the 'Hush-hush' LNER no 10000, An early sentinel railcar no 4149 at Blackrod, Sentinel 100hp shunter no 47183 at Clee Hill, Graph: progress with steam turbines.

Nine coaches from Swansea High Street. C.J. Thomas. 404-5.
Incident on Swansea to Treherbert line with over-loaded return rugby international excursion through steeply graded approach to Rhondda Tunnel (nearly two miles long) where double heading "in steam" was prohibited. Incident took place in March 1954 without injury, but with significant delay. Illus.:56xx no 6605 at Blaenrhondda, 57xx at Aberavon,

A Royal Progress. Part 2. Robin Barnes. 406-13.
Part 1 began on page 346. Tour of England and Scotland by King of Saxony with his physician Dr Carl Gustav Carus in 1844. This part covers Wales (Merthyr and Dowlais (Dante's blazing city of Dis), Liverpool, to York via Liverpool and Manchester and Manchester & Leeds Railway, to Leeds, the Lake District, by road to Hamilton to stay with the Duke, but no railway journeys were made in Scotland, and departure for Germany was made from Granton. Letter by Martin Oliver on page 594. Illus.:Possibly the first photograph of a railway scene Linlithgow station c1845, Sketch; 0-4-2 Black Diamond of 1857, Coatbridge works no 11 now Alfred Paget on the Chasewater Light Railway, Paintings by Robin Barnes: Dowlais Iron company's Perserverance as it would be between 1832 and 1840 (it had twin chimneys), Painting; GWR Spit Fire (Spitfire in some accounts - Back Track?)of the Fire Fly class with Aeolus at Paddington. Extensive list of sources.

Book reviews. 414.
LMS Journal Special Preview Issue; ed. Bob Essery. Wild Swan. GJH ****
Includes an account of the "Lemon" 0-4-4Ts which were at the cutting edge of technology when introduced in 1932/3.
Historic railway modelling. David Jenkinson. Pendragon. JW *****
"illuminating, invigorating, inspiring"
The Weymouth Harbour Tramway in the steam era. Gerry Beale. Wild Swan. CD ****
"Wild Swan's usual exemplary standards"
Along UTA Lines. Ian McLarnon Sinclair. Colourpoint. SDW ****
"splendid snapshot"
Caley to the Coast or Rothesay by Wemyss Bay. A.J.C. Clark. Oakwood SDW *****
"Oakwood railway history at its best"

Readers' Forum. 414-15.
Westbound from Leeds. Mike Stone.
See feature on page 255: Most Morecambe workings from Leeds were class 2 workings (other than Heysham boat train). Also notes Swansea to York mail trains as source of Crewe involvement. (has anybody got the Railway Observer in machine-readable form?)
Westbound from Leeds. Mike Oglesby.
See feature on page 255:  trains for Morecambe used express or stopping train headlamps depending upon their stopping pattern north of Keighley (quotes Working Timetable).
Westbound from Leeds. R.C. Wright.
See feature on page 255: The 9.0am Liverpool to Newcastle working and afternoon return working were worked by a Crewe North locomotive [only rarely was an Edge Hill locomotive used]. [KPJ: for a time a Britannia was used on this working, probably Tennyson, but nobody has ever noted this brief episode so far as he is aware. The workings on this Trans-Pennine route also involved the York to "Shrewsbury" postals, and this may explain the gaps in Mr Wright's knowledge. KPJ regularly saw return Liverpool to Newcastle working between 1949 and 1954 as it traversed Micklehurst Loop: the stock was an early conversion to BR Mk1 and was invariably double-headed by two class 5s, or with a Jubilee plus class 5 combination. Many of these trains used the steeply graded Spen Valley route and would demand to be double-headed].
Return to Lancaster. D. Tyreman.
46250 (illustration page 269) was adding or removing vehicles from its train: this is confirmed by photographer, Ray Helm on page 535.
Backtrack Index. Bob Farmer.
Super index version
Steam in the Cynon Valley. Elis Jones.
Coal traffic is still quite high, as is passenger traffic: refutes comments by Brain Syddall (page 288).
Help wanted. Brian Macdermott.
Train formations working through Newton Abbot in 1956.
A centenary of 'Saints'. Robert Barker.
See feature on page 186 (where 120 mile/h by Saint is mentioned). This suggests that Star 4050 ran at 115 mile/h and a 43xx at 88 mile/h to test bridge over LMS at Bicester: cites BAN 84C 2D: a short history of Banbury loco shed by M. Hudson (1967).
A century of Pacific locomotives. Brian Orrell.
See page 275: Class WP for Indian State Railways not built at Vulcan as stated. Ten WG class were sub-contracted to Vulcan from NBL in 1949, however.

Rolling Stock Focus: cranes at Chesterfield. Peter Tatlow (captions). 416-17.
Colour feature: photographs taken 22 August 1976 during renewal of deck on underbridge on Midland mainline: Tinsley crane match truck and relieving bogie, Tinsley Crane No DE330102, a Ransomes and Rapier 45 ton steam breakdown crane, Brake van BGZ No 975248, Healey Mills crane No DE 330107 a Cowans Sheldon 45 ton crane, Tinsley crane riding van thought to be DE320286 (Gresley four compartrment corridor brake third (diagram 114) in olive green livery).

Escape from Blaenrhondda. David Sutcliffe. rear cover
Entrance to Blaenrhondda Tunnel on Rhondda & Swansea Bay line with 56xx 0-6-2T on 13 September 1962.

Number 8

Reflections of the Exe Valley branch [1471 on auto-train near Brampford Speke]. L.F. Folkard. front cover.

The pleasant aroma of steam. Edward A. Evans. 423.
Guest editorial: basis for enthusiasm: visit to Exmouth Junction shed with grandfather who was a clerk in the timekeeper's office and day trips from Polsloe Bridge Halt to Exmouth in packed trains hauled by M7 class.

Along the Exe valley. . 424-5.
Colour feature:No 3659 at Thorverton, The Junction at Stoke Canon with a 0-6-0PT no 3659 just leaving, 14xx no 1471 at Brampford Speke, 64xx no 6400 at Cadeleigh station which is actually in the village of Bickleigh!, No 3659 near Burn Halt,

Between Shrewsbury and Hereford. Michael H.C. Baker. 426-33.
Partially reminiscences based on time during writer's National Service at RAF Credenhill (near Hereford) in 1956 and earlier and later memories of trains, locomotives and railcars, See letter from John Bushby (page 654) concerning closure date of Hereford to Three Cocks line: 1962 not 1956. Letter on page 595 from A. Thornycroft highly critical of County class, especially in comparison with Castle class. Illus.:Castle no 5097 Sarum Castle at Shrewsbury, 43xx no 6310 at Shrewsbury, County no 1013 County of Dorset at Shrewsbury, Jubilee no 45554 Ontario at Craven Arms, LMS 8F no 48706 at Craven Arms, Shrewsbury station frontage in 1994, No 6013 King Henry VIII by Severn Bridge signal box at Shrewsbury, Rebuilt Royal Scot no 46106 Gordon Highlander at Wenlock Edge, Britannia no 70025 Western Star at Church Stretton, LNWR G2A no 49028 at Llanvihangel Bank, 42xx no 5243 at Hereford, 4575 class 5564 passing Castle no 4073 Caerphilly Castle at Shrewsbury, Collett 2-8-0 no 2884 at Hereford,

Archibald Sturrock; an alternative perspective. Rob Adamson. 434-8.
Questions whether Sturrock's boiler pressures were as high as he claimed. Questions concerning the GNR Crampton 4-2-0s and their subsequent rebuilding into successful 2-2-2s; notes on hotwater footstools; the unsuccessful No. 215 supplied by Hawthorn's at a cost well in excess of estimate; condensing locomotives for Metropolitan Railway and steam tenders. Lord Vernon questions some of the assertions made in this feature (see page 534). Illus.:Sketch; GNR no 100 as rebuilt in 1856, Details of Sturrock's first passenger design, 0-6-0 Good's engine, Express 2-2-2 of 1952/3,

Railway Paddle steamers. Adrian Vicary (captions). 439-41.
Photographs from the Maritime Photo Library.:LMSR Duchess of Rothesay (J.&G. Thompson for CSP Co. Ltd., 1895) in 1938, LMSR Glen Rosa (J.&G. Thompson for G&SWR, 1893) in 1931, LMSR Mercury (Fairfield, 1934) in 1935, SR Whippingham (Fairfield 1930) in 1935 at Spithead Review, BR Ryde (William Denny for SR, 1937) in 1968, Caledonian Steam Packet Co Waverley (A&J Inglis 1947 for LNER) in 1961, LNER Marmion (A&J Inglis 1906 for NBR) in 1930s.

Doncaster days. Keith Hill. 442-6.
Personal memories of work at Gresley House, a Divisional Office in Deltic days: making arrangements for additional services and running-in Deltics ex-Plant. Illus.:Class 37 no 37 004 at Doncaster, Deltic no 55 011 The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers at Doncaster, 55 022 Royal Scot's Grey at Doncaster, An HST crossing the Ouse at Goole, Class 50 no 50 036 at Doncaster, Class 56 no 56 118 at Doncaster, No 55 013 The Black Watch at Doncaster,

South Eastern elegance preserved. Dick Riley. 447.
Three colour illustrations of preserved SECR D class no 737 on 20 June 1960 being loaded to be taken to the Museum of British Transport at Clapham,  including in company with Schools no 30901 Winchester at Ashford.

West Riding return. Joe Richardson (phot.). 448-9.
Col. illus.:LMS class 5 no 45133 at Slaithwaite heading east on passenger extra, LNER B1 pilots a Black Five near Farnley, Leeds on Newcastle to Red Bank nespaper empties, BR class 5 no 73157 at Leeds (on football special from Manchester), Jubilee no 45697 Achillies at Copley Hill on all-stations Leeds Central to Doncaster, LMS 8F no 48076 at Keighley on mineral empties.

Non-stop. . 450-1.
Colour photo-feature:: Elizabethan: A4 Pacifics Nos 60012 Commonwealth of Australia at Markham in 1958, 60022 Mallard at Edinburgh, 60022 Mallard at Brookham's Park, 60028 Walter K. Whigham at King's Cross (Derek Penney)(all remainder 1961).

L1 2-6-4 tanks. . 452-3.
Colour photo-feature: 67703 at Ipswich shed on 22 May 1957, 67735 at Stratford on 6 March 1958 (R.C. Riley both), 67704 at Hopton-on-Sea in June 1957 (E. Alger), 67754 at Guisborough on 3 May 1958 (K.H. Cockerill and next), 67754 at Scarborough Central on 3 May 1958,

Lakeland Termini. . 454.
Illus.:Coniston station with LMS No 47317 shunting the local goods on 1 June 1960 Lake Side station at Windermere on 15 August 1964.

The Experimental Spirit. Part 2. Railway Reflections No. 90. Michael Rutherford. 455-62.
Part 1 page 395. Part 3 see page 515. See latter from Harry Liddell (page 535) concerning reason for rapid displacement of steam from Norfolk & Western Railroad. See letter from David Jenkinson (page 594) requesting more information about sounds made by LMS turbine locomotive. Roland Bond did not like Turbomotive name: My Lifetime page 108: "The turbine locomotive, often known as the 'Turbomotive', an abbreviation almost as offensive as 'British Rail', was, I think, the most successful unconventional steam locomotive ever to run in this country." Illus.:The Ramsey-Armstrong Whitworth condensing turbine-electric locomotive at Southport, The Ramsey-Armstrong Whitworth condensing turbine-electric locomotive at Lostock, The Ljungström-Beyer, Peacock turbine, Drawing of three British turbine designs, Fury's cab layout, Schmidt-Henschel no 6399 Fury at Derby, Crewe erecting shop with no 6202 under construction, Fury's smokebox, Schmidt-Henschel built by Alco for the New York Central, The Turbomotive no 6202 at Euston, The Turbomotive no 6202 at Nuneaton, The Turbomotive No 6202 as built at Camden, Table 1; Summary of Schmidt-Henschel high pressure locomotives, Table 2; Selected steam turbine locomotives, The Turbomotive no 46202 in its final form, Pennsylvania Railroad no 6200,

The Jedburgh railway Part 2. Alistair F. Nisbet. 463-8.
This part describes freight conveyed on the branch. The North British Rayon Company output rayon, conveyed in vans, and input low grade coal and sulphuric acid, handled in a manner that would make the H&SE have apoplexy. The manufacture of Glauber salts was a by-product which required the input of bulk salt from Runcorn. Wood pulp was handled in considerable quantities. The author also describes older, more traditional traffic, notably cattle. Motive power is discussed. Signalling is outlines. Special traffic and excursions are examined in a manner worthy of the Wildest of Swans.  Part 1 page 3i5. Part 3 page 551. Illus.:NER G5 no 67270 at Kelso, Kirkbank station, LMS no 43138 at Jedburgh, Jedfoot station, Jubilee no 45696 Arethusa at Jedburgh, Nisbet station, LMS no 43138 at Roxborough Jn., NBR D34 no 62471 Glen Falloch at Nisbet. See letter concerning Spittal specials in Vol. 17 page 54.

The Roundwood runaway. Ray Hobson. 469.
On 21 November 1957 a coal train ran away from Siverwood towards Roundwood. The driver attempted to halt the train and did not abandon his train until the last moments. The tender came to rest at the top of a pit shaft. Illus.:The accident scene at Roundwood, The runaway no 43978 at Roundwood,

Spencer Gore:-'Nearing Euston Station'. John Rimmer. 470-3.
An exceedingly interesting analysis of Spencer Gore's painting. It is to be hoped that the author might be encouraged to consider some of the other paintings of railway subjects for similar treatment. D.K. Horne adds (page 594) information when bridge shown in painting was demolished and states that should be Granby Terrace not Street. Illus.:Royal Scot no 46160 Queen Victoria's Rifleman at Euston, A pair of Black Fives ready to leave platform 14 at Euston, LNWR Ramsbottom Special Tank no 3131, Nearing Euston station painted in 1911, The same scene again but this time in 1993 at Euston,

Book reviews. 474-5.
Locomotives of the LNWR Southern Division: London & Birmingham Railway, London and North Western Railway and Wolverton Works. Harry Jack. RCTS. MR *****
In spite of the five stars Rutherford castigates the author/publisher for failing to identify the sources. Nevertheless, "this is one of the most important locomotive histories published in Britain in recent years."
The London & North Eastern Railway in focus. John Crawley. W.D. Wharton. MB **
Based mainly on LNER Doncaster "official" photographs levened by some others which the reviewer finds to be more interesting (such as A4 Pacifics awaiting their formal naming) and quotations from the company minutes
Steaming into Bedfordshire. David Eatwell. W.D. Wharton. SDW ****
About one third of the illustrations are in colour.
London, Tilbury & Southend Railway and its locomotives. R.J. Essery. Oxford Publishing. CPA *****
Well reviewed as reviewer states that author relates the locomotive stock to its function and performance.
Staying on track. Graham Zeitlin. Scotforth. RH ***
Memoirs of a professional railwayman, who had to watch the decilne in railborne freight whilst the Neros in politics fiddled. Reviewer is critical of structure of book and its excessive use of acronyms..
The Waterloo & City Railway. John C. Gillham. Oakwood. MJS ****
"This is an extraordinary book": (464 pp and £35). Reviewer explains that length is due to extensive verbatim quotations from Acts and company minutes.

Readers' forum. 474-5.
The Irish railbuses. J.P. Bainton.
See article on page  335 mainly on the origin, and correct classification, of the LMS vehicles (buses from England) sent to the NCC.
Hills of the north rejoice! R.A. Parker
See photograph on page 332: not Milnthorpe but near Tebay: The Lakes Express, but Keswick & Workington portion.
British railway artillery of the Great War. Peter Tatlow.
See article on page 342: well trolley wagons supplied to Elswick Ordnance Co. were not GWR vehicles but NER ones. See also later letter from original author Vol. 17 page 235.
The West Coast 'Corridor'. Keith Fenwick.
Caption to photograph on page 312: 50ft corridors may have formed Altringham and Knutsford portion detached at Crewe.
The West Coast 'Corridor'. Arnold Tortorella.
Feature page 306: Caledonian Railway minutes of 14 December 1880 record the need tro communicate with the LNWR to implement Pullman sleeping cars on the overnight service from Glasgow to London. The CR minutes note a negative response from LNWR, but writer suggests that the LNWR minutes should be searched.

Apparitions at Bristol Temple Mills. Ian Beckey. 476-80.
In 2001 some British Railways posters from the 1960s were briefly revealed at Bristol Temple Meads during renovation: colour photographs with excellent captions: Dorset map still showing S&DJR line; "Cut-price travel: Every day to Birmingham 23/-"; "Every day to Paddington 45/-"; Night Trader freight service; £25 Reward for reporting vandalism; Travel bargains reminder at Bristol.

Approaching Shrewsbury. M.H.C. Baker. rear cover.
Looking north past Coton Hill Sidings in August 1975.

Number 9

SR West Country No. 34047 Callington leaves Basingstoke in September 1964. Derek Penney. front cover.

In a class of your own. Michael Blakemore. 483.
Editorial comment on class system as found on railways, which at one time reflected social class, but now (at least on charter trains) reflects what one is willing to pay.

On line for Lyonesse [celebrates 150 years of the West Cornwall Railway]. Keith Hill. 484-92.
A type of "then and now" feature: a small amount of history and a helping of the current meager scene. But Penzance is not most westerly point on railways in Great Britain: see Peter Tatlow (page 654). Illus.: colour: Castle No 5069 Isambard Kingdom Brunel at Penzance in June 1957, 57xx no 7715 at Truro on 13 July 1963, County no 1006 County of Cornwall at Gwinnear Road on 12 July 1961, B&w: Engraving; A West Cornwall railway train passing St. Michael's Mount at Marazion, Bulldog no 3348 Launceston at Penzance, Hall no 5953 Dunley Hall at Truro, colour: 57xx No 3635 at Hayle harbour on 14 July 1961, Castle No 4099 Kilgerran Castle at Penzance in 1956, 45xx No 5552 at Chacewater on 29 August 1959, B&w: County no 1006 County of Cornwall at St Erth on 14 July 1962 (Peter W. Gray), County no 1023 County of Oxford at Chacewater in August 1959, Castle no 4032 Queen Alexandra coming into Penzance station with No 5015 Kingswear Castle about to leave, Grange No 6863 Dolhywel Grange at Truro in April 1962, Castle no 4088 Dartmouth Castle at Marazion on 25 August 1936, County No 1002 County of Berks at Marazion in August 1959.

Signal siteing. Harry Friend. 493-4.
Personal reflection upon expertise as a traction inspector exploited to resite a signal at Heads Nook on the Carlisle to Newcastle line which was too frequently passed at danger due to its poor position.Illus.:Class 26 no 26.010 heading through Wetheral at Carlisle, Class 47 no 47.003 at Newcastle,

Hatfield - July 15th 1946. Jeffrey Wells. 494-5.
Sometimes one suspects that journalists are too tempted to react to an immediate "happening" (the serious derailment to a GNER train at Hatfield) and refer back to one previous event and fail to show that the previous event had much to do with the locomotive and the track at the time (there were two serious derailments in the Hatfield area in 1946, both involved V2s, and further accidents involving the V2 class at the time notably those at Northallerton and Thirsk: see Hughes A Gresley Anthology. See letter by D.K. Horne on page 654. Illus.: Accident recovery at Hatfield,

Through the tunnels at Chester. Jim Carter. 496-7.
Illus (b&w).:LMS No 46240 City of Coventry at Chester, Northgate Street tunnel with LMS no 42889 at Chester, Windmill Lane tunnel with LMS class 5 no 45311 at Chester, GW Modified Hall no 7923 Speke Hall at Chester, Royal Scots nos 46163 Civil Service Rifleman and 46120 Royal Inniskilling Fusilier at Chester, Windmill Lane tunnel with GW Castle no 7025 Sudeley Castle at Chester,

Ghost Pacifics. Bob Mills. 498-503.
This features the two designs of Pacific which were developed by Hughes and Fowler in the first three years of the LMS. Mills makes the interesting point that the boiler for the former appeared to be very similar to that used by Gresley on the A1 which in turn reflected best American practice.  The chassis was based on the Hughes 4-6-0 class, one of which was converted to a four-cylinder compound to act as a prototype. Anderson appears to have requested a three-cylinder version, and a 2-8-2 to be based upon that. Work on the Fowler compound was led by Gass who had come from Horwich. It would have been a 4-cylinder compound, would have had large diameter piston valves, and would have worked at 240 psi as compared with 180 psi for the Hughes version. This locomotive would have had a very large combustion chamber in the boiler, which like those developed for the Princess Royal appeared to represent a step backwards in Pacific boiler design.  Mills describes the Castle test running and suggests that Anderson and Follows persuaded Sir Guy Granet to liaise with Sir Felix Pole to arrange the exchange of locomotives - a compound was sent to do its best on the GWR. Illus.:GW The Great Bear at Paddington, NER no 2400 City of Newcastle at York, NER no 2404 City of Ripon at York, No 1471 but as yet not named Great Northern, Hughes no 10412 at Squires Gate at Blackpool, Hughes no 10456 at Carlisle, Royal Scot no 6100 as built and without its nameplates at Euston, A French compound no 231 K22 at Carnforth, Diagram; Hughes proposed 4-6-2 in 1924, Diagrams; A couple of Cox proposals,

'An all round thoroughly good egg'. Keith Horne. 504-6.
See biographical section for account of Sapper Officer (John Lintorn Arabin Simmons) who rose to rank of Field Marshall, and who was involved in Chester bridge collaspe enquiry: clearly a tactful yet forceful character. Simmons was also mentioned in D.K. Horne's Bending the rules (15, 148). Illus.: Portraits of subject as Field Marshall and as Inspector of Railways, Illustrated London News; Tamworth station in 1947 at Tamworth, Sketch; Rugeley station, Sketch; The tunnel in Shugborough Park, Sketch; Viaduct over the Avon,

Somerset and Dorset summers. Dick Riley (phot.). 507-9.
Colour photo-feature:BR class 4 No 75072 at Templecombe, LMS 2P No 40698 on Midford Viaduct, BR class 4 No 75072 at Midford, BR class 5 No 73047 near Cole at Bruton, BR class 4 No 75071 at Cole at Bruton, BR class 5 No 73051 meets the local held at signals at Midford, Midford station,

South Pacific. Derek Penney (phot.). 510-11.
Colour photo-feature:A Battle of Britian in original form No 34080 74 Squadron , Rebuilt West Country No 34047 Callington, Merchant Navy No 35019 French Line CGT , West Country No. 34037 Clovelly all at Basingstoke on 12 September 1964,

'Patriot' games. . 512-14.
Colour photo-feature: Patriot No 45518 Bradshaw at Bletchley, Patriot No 45529 Stephenson at Rugby, Patriot No 45545 Planet at Crewe, Patriot no 45544 at Willesden, Patriot no 45545 Planet at Euston, Patriot No. 45531 Sir Frederick Harrison at Willesden, Patriot no 45540 Sir Robert Turnbull at Euston,

The experimental spirit. Railway Relections No. 91. Michael Rutherford. 515-23.
This specific series began on page 395; previous part was on page 455 and final part is on page 575. This very complex account digs up many treasures which are liable to remain undetected. Rutherford notes that D.C. Urie, son of the well known CME of the LSWR was "a thorn in Stanier's side" during the Jubilee steaming crisis when they were incapable of keeping time on the two hour expresses to Birmingham. Urie and Byrom put pressure on Stanier via Lemon. The class 5 was successful due to the involvement of Coleman and the Vulcan Foundry. Rutherford suggests that Chambers died prematurely due to the stress caused by the design failings in the Royal Scot, Jubilee and Princess Royal classes. The recruitment of Fairburn, the brilliant electrical engineer, is considered as "something of a catch for the LMSR", but it introduced friction with Hornbuckle. Notes an intension to streamline the turbine locomotive, and considers Stamp's excessive fraternization with Nazi Germany. German ideas were to influence experimentation on the LMS: a the Germans were developing a turbine condensing locomotive with a La Mont boiler and it is probable that the LMS would have rebuilt the turbine locomotive in this form. Rutherford also considers the Bugatti high speed train project both in its eight-cylinder petrol engine version and with an 8-cylinder steam version fueled via a Velox boiler. At this steam time control systems were becoming available which enabled steam engines to operate with far less attention: the Norfolk & Western introduced switchers in 1947/8 which could operate continuously for 24 hours. Stephen Alley, in association with Doble, of the Sentinel Waggon Co. used such engines for road trucks, and in railcars for the SR and LNER, and in an advanced shunter for the LMS. Sentinel railbus No 6 at The Dyke near Brighton, diagram of La Mont boiler, diagram of proposed rebuilding of Turbomotive locomotive with a La Mont boiler and condensing tender, diagram of proposed LMS turbo-electric condensing locomotive, diagram of the Bugatti high-speed train, sectional view of PLM 4-cyl compound rebuild, section view of the Sentinel engine, Sentinel railcar No 29 Rockingham, Cheshire Lines Ccommittee railcar No 600 at Cheadle, Sentinel shunter LMS No 7164, Sentinel shunter LMS No 7192 (Doble type), Stephen Alley's radicl idea for main line steam, A nose mounted Doble steam engine, locomotive engineers, including Gresley, Bulleid, Hawksworth, Clayton and Stanier inspecting a metre gauge Sentinel Co-Co for Colombia in Belgium, proposed standardised one man shunter involving Bulleid, Hornbuckle, Hall (GWR) and Clayton.

The Leeds Northern: a lost main line. J.W. Hague (phot.). 524-6.
Illus (b&w).:An A4 possibly No 2511 Silver King at Ripon in 1935/6, NER B16/1 No 61478, NER D20 class 2105 and D49/2 Hunt class No 375 The South Durham double-head a train of LMS stock on express at Ripon, A3 No 60036 and an unidentified Hunt at Ripon, LNER B16 running wrong line through Baldersby at Thirsk,

The Luftwaffe, the live rail and the lazy. Hubert Hobden. 527-31.
A motorman's memoirs, especially the experience of being machine-gunned and bombed during WW2, and descriptions of some staff took absurd and dangerous shortcuts: one of the most hair raising describes an account of one motorman who sat on th third rail - and survived. Illus.:6-PUL unit at Merstham, 6-PUL unit at Hastings, 2-BIL unit at Hastings, 5-BEL unit at Brighton, 4-COR unit at Eastbourne, Two 6-PULs,

Then and now at Gunton. Ken Nash. 532.
Gunton was the station for Lord Suffield's residence and resort for the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)'s pleasure trips. It is also an intermediate station on the vital rail link to West Runton. See account of Cromer line in 1page 78 and Great Eastern Journal (111) 34. Colour illus.: 6-car DMU calls at Gunton in 1974 , Anglia Railways class 150 DMU calls in July 2000.

Rolling stock focus. David Jenkinson. 533.
Illus.:A train containing an LMS coach to diagram 1730 at Worcester Shrub Hill behind Royal Scot on 9 September 1961 (Michael Mensing), A train comprising an LMS coach to diagram 1704A (brake composite) on mixed train headed by 55200 at Aberffeldy on 14 May 1958. (F.W. Shuttleworth): see letter from Totorella on page 654 concerning crime at Aberfeldy station in 1929.

Book reviews. 534-5.
Heart of the Somerset & Dorset Railway. Alan Hammond. Millstream. CD ***
Nine reminiscences plus photographs (some captions receive quibbles)
The power of the A4s. Brian Morrison. Oxford Publishing. SDW **
"[book] has a stale and dated feel to it now"
The Ratty album (Volume one). Stuart Jenkins and David Jenner. Ravenglass & Eskdale Preservation Society. SDW ****
well reviewed
The West Clare Railway - an Irish railway pictorial. Joe Taylor. Midland. DWM *****
"stylish little publication"
Sou'West profile No. 5: G&SWR Largs branch. Stewart J. Clinton. Glasgow & South Western Railway Association. TJE **
"contents of this booklet are very sketchy"
Industrial locomotives of Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire. Robin Waywell. IRS. MB *****
"meticulous research... invalauable reference work"

Readers' Forum. 534-5.
Westbound from Leeds. Brian Hulme.
See page 255. The 9.00am ex-Liverpool and 10.00am ex-Newcastle were mainly 8A Edge Hill workings - quotes observations from 1959. Pilots for the westbound train were mainly Crewe North locomotives and returned on what writer calls 4.12 "stopper" from Manchester Exchange (actually non-stop to Ashton then all stations).
PEP stock. Ed.
See page 382: Errata in coach numbers cited in tables and captions.
Swansea & Mumbles Railway. C.J. Panther.
Nos. 1 and 2 were not Hawthorn Leslie products, but Black Hawthorn's of Gateshead: see page 378.
Swansea & Mumbles Railway. Michael J. Smith.
Location of 'Roman' bridge: see page 378 for original feature and page 654 for further letter by Chris James.
The Jedburgh Railway. Bruce McCartney.
See feature (Part 1) on page 315. More information about Roxburgh Junction signal box and its signalmen.
Return to Lancaster. R. Helm.
Refers to letter by D. Tyreman (page 415): 46250 (page 269) was backing onto or moving away from its train.
The experimental spirit. Harry Liddell.
See Railway Reflections on page 455: alleges that Norfolk & Western switch to diesel power was induced by need to increase the capital value of the railroad to enable it to takeover the Virginian
A century of Pacific locomotives. Gottfried Wild.
See Rutherford page 64: writer adds that the Kaiser Ferdinand Nordbahn in Austria was developing a Pacific design in 1904.
Help wanted.
Logan & Hemingway. Ed
Emblin requires information on the bankruptcy or liquidation of this firm in 1939.
Concrete platform edging. Steve Hargreaves.
Seeks a supplier

Station scenes. S.C. Dent. 536-7.
Colour feature: Eggesford in 1970s with DMU; Rushton exterior after closure; Slaggyford in December 1972; Furness Vale in 1981 and Hooton  in 1970s.

Springtime at Wilmcote.[2251 No. 3217 on Stratford-upon-Avon to Leamington Spa local consisting of Gresley coach on 15 May 1964].  Michael Mensing. rear cover.

October

Isle of Man Railway 2-4-0T No. 5 Mona at Douglas Station c1964. front cover

Summertime - and the living is easy! Michael Blakemore. 543.
Complains about "poor" summer and looks towards "escape" provided in next feature

Southern Railway Chic. Alan Bennett. 544-50.
Promotional material for holidays, both on the South Coast especially in the Bournemouth area and on the Continent during period mainly prior to WW2. "In modeern parlance, the company's publicity work was essentiaaly lean, inventive and economic". Notes the glamour associated with connections into the Blue Train, and the debuts for the Golden Arrow and Night Ferry services.

The Jedburgh Railway. Part Three. Alistair F. Nisbet. 551-9.
Part 2 page 463.  Part 1 page 315. A considerable amount of this part is devoted to the minimal activity which took place at Nisbet and other stations on the line as the traffic books still exist. The passenger services were not reinstated after the 1948 "East Coast" floods.

The Palmer Suspension Railway . Peter Paye. 560-1.
A suspended railway installed near Cheshunt in Herts opened on 25 June 1825 and worked by horses to convey the output from pits to the navigation system.

Great Eastern exiles - before they left home. Peter Paye. 562-3.
B12 class which later went to the Northern Scottish Area (GNoS Section) as illustrated working on Great Eastern section: 8500 passing Shenfield on 16 August 1930 with Ipswich to Liverpool Street stopping train; 8508 (with ACFI feed water heater) on up express approaching Colchester on 4 August 1933; 8528 (still painted grey) at Stratford depot on 24 July 1926, and 8568 near Chadwell Heath on up express from Norwich on 25 May 1929.

National Service. Niall Ferguson (captions). 564-6.
Railway Operating Division locomotives of WW1: photographs from Paul Strong Collection: Belgian Railways 0-6-0 of class 26 with Belpaire chimney, ROD 608 (Kerr Stuart 0-6-0T of 1917), aerial view of Rouxmesnil forced labour camp; Baldwin 0-6-0ST ROD 26; ROD 2316 (Dean goods); ROD 1812 ((Belgian Railways 0-6-0 class 25 bis; ROD 6727 (ex L&Y 0-6-0 1727); Belgian Railways class 25 with Baldwin 0-4-0ST No. 88 at Rouxmesnil' ROD 656 and 672 (Baldwin 0-6-0Ts) and ROD 3411 (ex-LNWR Coal Engine).:

Midland Artisans. 567-9.
Colour feature: Class 2F 58228 at Bakewell in June 1958 (G.H. Hunt); 3F 43803 on Bedford to Hitchin branch, near latter on 5 May 1962 (Malcolm Thompson); 4F 43861 at Coalville East in June 1962 (Tommy Tomalin) (all on freights); 3F 43194 at Bristol Barrow Road shed on 5 July 1959 (R.C. Riley); 2F 58288 on Rugby shed in April 1954 (J. Jarvis); 4F 43940 with express headlights at Stamford on Mablethorpe to Leicester train on 4 August 1962; 3F 43411 near Seaton running hard on freight in July 1959 (G.H. Hunt), and 2F 58163 at Fosse Road (Leicester West Bridge branch) with train including tank wagons in August 1961 (G.D. King)

Tank Locomotives on the Southern. .570-1.
Colour feature: former LBSCR 4-6-2T 2325 in Southern dark green livery with Egyptian lettering at Eastleigh in May 1938 [caption ascribes this to being an H16: editorial confession to derailment page 714], O2 No. 32 Bonchurch in malachite green at Newport shed in May 1952 (T.B. Owen), W class 31922, and S73 lettered "British Railways" in late Southern style lettering in Southampton Docks in 1949 (S.C. Townroe)

Manx memories. Paul Strong (phot.). 572-3.
Colour feature of Isle of Man Railway locomotives and trains taken on 25/26 May 1964: No. 5 Mona waiting to leave Peel; 10 G.H. Wood at Douglas; 5 Mona and 11 Maitland at St Johns; 8 Fenella passing site of Knocksharry Station, and No. 10 at Ballasalla.

Steam's renunciation at Alnwick. Roy Hobbs (phot.). 574.
Colour feature: K1 locomotives 62021 and 62011 running final steam services on 17/18 June 1966.

The Experimental Spirit - Part four. (Railway Reflections No. 92). Michael Rutherford. 575-82.
Part 3 was on page 515 and Part 1 on page 395. This part discusses developments at Sentinel including the development of a Bo-Bo steam locomotive with a Woolnough boiler which attracted both the LNER and the GWR. It was intended for light branch lines and the ordrs appear to have been cancelled fue to financial problems at Sentinel. At this time Doble was involved at the Sentinel Waggon Works in developing advanced steam lorries with mechanical stokers and SMUs (steam multiple units) were manufactured for Egypt. Describes No. 10000, the water-tube boiler for which was patented by Harold Yarrow and Gresley, and was linked to a four-cylinder compound engine. Originally it had been intended to build two of the D49 class as compounds and S.J. Symes brought drawings from Derby to King's Cross to assist with this project. No. 10000 was a very poor steamer, but some (too late) improvement was achieved by fitting it with a Kylchap chimney in 1935. It had been intended to name this locomotive British Enterprise. The two Southern Railway experimental locomotives are described: A629 which burned pulverized fuel and A816 which involved innovation by H.P.A. Anderson in association with the Steam Heat Conservation Co. (both are discussed in Holcroft's Locomotive Adventure). Finally, the extraordinary swan song of steam in the USA was realised in turbine electrics built for the Chesapeake & Ohio to haul streamlined passenger trains, and the less unsuccessful Jawn Henry built for the Norfolk & Western which produced steam in a semi-flash boiler with a chain grate to feed a turbine to produce electricity. Illus of No. 10000 semi-complete at Yarrow's works; the footplate, and with Gresley and daughters, AEG pulverized fuel 2-8-0, A816 showing fan in smokebox, Cheaspaeke & Ohio steam turbine electric in eruption, diagrams (side elevations) of Sentinel Bo-Bo, Sentinel twin-engined shunter with Stephenson boiler, NBL 1-Bo-1 actually built for Egyptian State Railways, two double railcars, and elevation and plan of power bogies for these units..

A lengthman's tale . Thomas (Tommy) Williams as edited by Edward A. Evans. 583-7.
Began working for the GWR on Vale of Neath line in 1936. Worked mainly at Hengoed. Broken rails were very rare. Re-railing was hardest work. Ballast work with a shovel was the commonest. Grass cutting was a seasonal task and they maintained a task list in their hut. Adventures were few: he once had to stop a train using detonators as he did not receive notification by green flag that the line was clear in time, and he witnessed hounds being rub down when the arrogant master of the hounds failed to act on the warning given. The severity of the 1947 winter led to him becoming ill.

Fateful Journey from Crewe. Peter Tatlow. 588-9.
Harrow disaster: 50th anniversary: mainly considers actions of Driver Jones  (shifts worked prior to event and general excellent character) who was driving the Duchess Pacific which ran into the rear of the local train to cause damage sufficiently extensive to be run into by a double-headed Euston to Liverpool express.

LNER (GE Section) Main Line Freight. Peter Paye. 590-2.
Pictorial feature: J15 class 7865 approaching Lea Bridge on express freight on 30 July 1927; 7940 on pick-up goods at Chadwell Heath on 25 May 1929, 7890 at Temple Mills on trip working on 13 July 1929 and 7894 at Shenfield on local goods on 16 August 1930, J17 No. 8199 at Copper Mills Junction in September 1923 and J39 2775 at Bentley on express freight on 4 August 1933.

Signalling Spotlight: Tunbridge Wells West. Paul Joyce (phot.) and Richard D. Foster (captions).593
Signal gantry and B Box.

Book Reviews. 594-5.
The route of The Flying Scotsman. Part 2. Triumph & beyond: the East Coast Main Line, 1939-1959. B.W.L. Brooksbank. Arcturus. PT ***
Part 3 should eventually provide diagrams for the main centres.
Was your grandfather a railwayman? 4th ed. Tom Richards. MB *****
Directory of records available at PRO
The engine's moan: American steam whistles. Edward A. Fagen. Astragal. RH *****
"this fine work is indispensible": all apsects including physics: mainly US [KPJ: an accompanying CD would appear to be essential for such a work]
The last railway journey of William Huskisson. Simon Garfield. Faber. RH ****
"cogent, clear and well researched"

Readers' Forum 594
Archibald Sturrock. Lord Vernon.
Refers back to feature on page 434 when appointed Sturrock was not responsible for carriage and wagons. From 18 April 1850 he was given responsiblity for all rolling stock. Sturrock freely acknowledged that the hot water bottle idea came from France. The potential savings to be made from steam tenders were considerable, but the freight loops were too short. Vernon noted that Sturrock continued to live in Doncaster. [KPJ an A1 was named after Sturrock, and there is nothing really to suggest that he was persona non grata from the GNR/LNER standpoint: he steam tenders might be compared to Stanier's boiler fiasco on the Jubilee class]
A Royal progress. Martin S. Oliver
See feature by Robin Barnes (Part 1 page 346 and Part 2 page 406): letter notes the importance of the Archbishop of Canterbury at the time of visit of King of Saxony. Other comments relate to state of railways in 2002 (lack of Sunday services, absurd behaviour following accidents, ludicrous profits and huge state hand-outs).
Spencer Gore. D.K. Horne.
See page 470. L&BR bridge No. 3 demolished in 1954/5. Should be Granby Terrace not Street.
Bridging the Gaps. S.C. Dent. 596-7.
Hereford (bridge across River Wye on former avoiding line): this photograph led to correspondence from D.K. Horne (page 714) and from McCarthy (Vol. 17 page 114); Wilmslow (viaducts), Victoria Bridge on mothballed Leamside line in July 1966, and Tomatin on Inverness direct route in May 1971.
The experimental spirit. David Jenkinson.
Request for information about the sound made by the Stanier turbine locomotive: refers to Rutherford's comment  (page 455) concerning Gracie Fields nickname.
Railway charities. J.P. Watson
Response to request for information (page bbb): includes information from T.J. Edgington: (1) quarter-scale model LNWR dining car built at Wolverton in 1910?, exhibited at Wembley British Empire Exhibition in 1925 and moved to Nottingham in 1926, and then to Leicester for thirty years. It was protected in situ during WW2. It was repainted in LNWR livery at Wolverton for display at the NRM.  (shown at Edinburgh in Railway Magazine for 1908?) , (2) there were 43 models of the Rocket which were widely distributed over the LMS, and (2) collecting dogs many of which were called Prince, and most of which were black Labradors. Station Jim is stuffed at Slough.
Shrewsbury to Hereford. A. Thornycroft.
Response to feature by M.H.C. Baker (page 426): highly critical of performance by 4-6-0 County class. The date of the photograph attributed to 5097 may be incorrect as should have had a Collett tender at time..
Welsh chocolate and cream. Dennis Tebbutt.
See feature on page 124: writer notes a school excursion made in 1938 where members of Ruabon Grammar School took train to Bala Junction and then yomped over the Berwyn Mountains to Llangynog where they boarded the Tanat Valley train of four-wheelers with wooden seats for Oswestry and thence to Ruabon.

Boat train to Southampton. A.B. Jeffery. rear cover
73155 with train of green stock approaches Mount Pleasant Crossing on 26 June 1966.

November

King's Cross 1959. Trevor Owen. front cover.
Frequently reproduced high quality view looking from above locomotive yard towards signal box and train shed with 60125 Scottish Union departing with express (leading vehicle in carmine & cream), 60067 Ladas in yard, Baby Deltic in between and crowds of spotters on platform end. Rather strange letter Vol. 17 page 114 draws parallels in colours which may owe more to the limitations of colour printing than to what may have been vuisible when the photograph was taken.

Time flies. Peter Erwood. 603.
Guest editorial written around The Railway Magazine for April 1932. See letter by Summers [with doodles by KPJ] in Volume 17 page 55.

King's Cross 150. Keith Farr. 604-15.
Includes a chronology. See addenda on page 714 concerning through services to South Coast. See letter by M.J. Smith (17 page 114) concerning run-back on Hotel Curve which relates to feature by in Volume 11 (page 669). See letter by Paul J. Roethenbough  (17 page 234) whose father worked at station during time of its bombing, another relative was on footplate of derailed prototype Deltic, and yet another who drove Flying Scotsman into King's Cross in 1968. Includes colour photographs of 2511 Silver King in garter blue at King's Cross in 1938; 2557 Blair Atholl heading towards tunnels in 1937 (E. Brightman); the exterior (with remains of African village in 1961 (Cliff Woodhead).

A Boy's Introduction to the LMS. Denis Callender. 616-19
Schoolboy journey to Llandudno in 1939 and a subsequent journey to Holyhead in 1946. Appreciative letter concerning the allegedly comfortable LMS rolling stock by Liddell (Vol. 17 page 114)

King George V and the Railways. Jeffrey Wells. 620-6.
Message from King to troops thanking them for their assistance for maintaining the peace during the national railway strike in 1911; opening of Immingham Docks on 22 July 1912 (including knighthood granted to Sam Fay); visit to Crewe Works on 21 April 1913 (with knighthood for Robert Turnbull); Royal Tour of Lancashire from 7 to 13 July 1913 with a complex itinerary involving both the Royal Train and cars (illustration shows John Aspinall edcorting HM down the stairs at Bolton station; on 26 June 1914 there was an opening of another dock (owned by NER and HBR) in Hull; on 28 April 1924 there was an extensive visit to Swindon Works (where Collett had to be visibile) and on 26 July 1933 he opened a new graving dock at Southampton. The final journeys were from Wolferton on 23 January 1936, and following the Lying in State to Windsor on 28 January from Paddington. See letter from Hart (Vol. 17 page 55) concerning late departure from Paddington).

The Calne Branch. 627.
1458 with auto-train in 1956 (P.M. Alexander) and Class 116 DMU approaching Stanley Bridge Halt in August 1965 (G.H. Hunt)

Through Chinley. Brian Magilton.628-9.
Colour feature: 42856 with coal train approaching Chinley station in 1964; 92093 with empty minerals in March 1965 (snow on ground); 92049 running through station with mineral wagons in April 1964; 61093 approaching turnatble in October 1964, and 48292 climbing towards Paek Forest in January 1966. See letter from E.M. Johnson concerning terminokogy used in captions (Vol. 17 page 54).

Eastern eight-coupled. Derek Penney (phot.). 630-1.
Colour feature (all locomotives in excellent external condition and on shed): O2/2 63943 at Grantham; O4/8 63688 at Retford; 48067 at York in July 1965, and 90610 at York in October 1964.

Stalwarts of the Great Eastern: the Great Eastern J15 0-6-0s. 632-3.
Colour feature: 65460 at Frinton-on-Sea with officers' inspection saloon on 17 April 1962 (John D. Mann); 65459 at Hadleigh on 9 June 1956 (R.C. Riley); 65389 crossing River Ore at Snape Maltings on 3 April 1958 (R.C. Riley); 65469 (with red coupling rods) at Wymondham on 24 June 1961 (Roy Hobbs), and 65469 at Dereham on 9 September 1961. (Roy Hobbs)

BR Production Type 2 Bo-Bo Diesels. 634
Class 25 D5261 (green but dirty)(D. Lewis), and class 27 103 (blue) with coal hoppers passing througn Ay Station on 4 August 1981 (Scott Cunningham)

Handing on the Baton. Part One. Railway Relections No. 93. Michael Rutherford. 635-43.
Excellent biography of Webb preceded by a very concise account of the merging of the functions of locomotive design and construction at Crewe under Ramsbottom, formerly of Longsight; the cessation of locomotive manufacture at Wolverton, formerly under McConnell, and the translation of Francis Trevithick (who had been responsible for Frank Webb's training at Crewe) to Wolverton. Rutherford emphasises the significance of Moon upon all LNWR activities. Rutherford is also highly critical of Hamilton Ellis's appraisal of Webb, and castigates Vaughan's assessment.. Part 2 page 695. Congratulatory letter Vol. 17 page 114 by Liddell.

Prestatyn Holiday Camp: "Everyman's luxury hotel". Jeffrey Wells. 644-5.
One of the less obvious activities of the LMS (a joint venture with Thomas Cook & Son Ltd) was a holiday camp occupying 58 acres at Prestatyn. This was run by British Holiday Estates Ltd, and Stanley Adams, Managing Director, of Thomas Cook was a leading figure. The camp was inaugurated on 22 June 1939 with a special, train from London headed by streamlined Pacific 6227 Duchess of Devonshire and the camp with its 900 chalets opened two days later. Following WW2 the camp was sold off

Last Steam at Walton-on-the-Naze. John D. Mann. 646-8.
Covers period up to end of December 1960 when steam activity ceased. B&w illus.: N7/5 69651 and N7/3 69690 on shed in December 1960; J15 65473 in Maltings yard at Thorpe-le-Soken; 46468 at Kirby Cross with through carriages from Liverpool St. in June 1960, N7/4 69612 at Thorpe with class 31 D5506 and EMU 302-249 on 13 June 1959.

The 'Crab & Winkle'. Keith Hill. 649-51.
Canterbury & Whitstable Railway: opened on 3 May 1830; closed to passengers on 1 January 1931; closed to all traffic on 1 December 1952. The early Tylers Hill tunnel had restricted dimensions and locomotives had to have cut-down cabs, chimneys and boiler fittings to traverse it. B & w illus: SER 124 (R 0-6-0T) on passenger train on 1 October 1921; 31339 taking water at Whitstable from hose pipe and two views of point where C & W crossed above Thanet mainline with 31069 above and King Arthur class 763 Sir Gareth on up train with guard of C&W freight watching photographer, and 763 Sir Dodinas le Savage on down train: please note the two passenger locomotives retained Southern livery whilst "British Railways" is proclaimed by locomotive above. Photographs from T.J. Edgington collection clearly posed. See letter on page 55 (Volume 17) by Tim Barnard on source for some of material. Highly critical letter by Clive Ellam on page 115 of Vol. 17. Letter from Brian Rumary (Vol. 17 p. 235) notes that the C&WR was in existence long before coal was discovered in Kent.

Sabotaged & Defeated. Jeffery Graver.  652-3.
Col. illus. of Somerset & Dorset line after closure

Book Reviews. 654.
The end of the line. Eric Sawford. Sutton. JW ****
Photographic album of locomotives withdrawn and awaiting the torch.
SR 150 - a century and a half of the Southern Railway. David St. John Thomas and Patrick Whitehouse. JW ****
Paperback edition of up-market coffee-table book: review possibly over-states significance of attractive but not very profound tome.
Atlantic - the well beloved engine. R.A.S. Hennessey. Tempus. CPA ****
"idiosyncratic and unusual" Aims to cover all 4-4-2s output on a global basis. Formed basis for feature Vol. 18 page 70.
Raymond Williams' LMS steam in the thirties. Peter J. Boswell and R.J. Essery. Wild Swan. CPA ****

Readers' Forum 654-5.
On line for Lyonesse. Peter Tatlow.
Both Kyle of Lochalsh and Mallaig are further west than Panzance. See page 484.
Swansea  & Mumbles Railway. Chris James.
'Roman' bridge still exists across River Clyne. See feature page 378 and letter by Michael Smith page 534.
Middle period standard LMS carriages. Arnold Tortorella.
Further information about Aberfeldy station: a serious accounting discrepancy was found at the station after a serious fire on 8 January 1929. The Station Master and a clerk were dismissed, but arson was not proven. See page 533.
Shrewsbury to Hereford. John Bushby.
Hereford to Three Cocks Junction was not closed to passengers until 31 December 1962 (not 1956 as stated in feature on page 426) and freight lasted about another four years.
Hatfield 1946. D.K. Horne.
Notes that accident happened on flat-bottom track. Notes possible deficiency in cant. See feature page 494.

Crossing the Line . John Spencer Gilks. 656-7.
Level crossings at Gilling on 3 May 1964, Wye on 29 August 1980 (see letter by David Preston Vol. 17 page 114), Smithfield (between Maket Rasen and Barnetby on 7 April 1982, and Whitehills on Isle of Whithorn branch on 27 May 1964.

In Princes Street Gardens. Cliff Woodhead. rear cover.
Class 101 DMU on 1 July 1962 with Edinburgh Castle dominating view to left.

Number 12 (December)

LMS type class 5 44795 near Ais Gill. A.E.R. Cope. front cover.
On freight with bulk gypsum vehicle as leading vehicle.

"We have, I think, just time to catch our train from Paddington". Ed. 663.
"buried names of engine sheds": Nine Elms and all that nonsense: answer Vol. 17 page 55

Cambrian diesels. Andrew Wilson (phot.). 664-5.
Class 120 DMU arriving Machynlleth from Shrewsbury with Metro-Cammell DMU forming Pwllheli connection in August 1981; 24 081 and 25 273 on Sheffield to Barmouth excursion near Cemmaes Road on 31 July 1977; Class 120 at Aberystwythin August 1981; Class 120 and Metro-Cammell DMUs \t Fron Goch in August 1984; 25 069 on pick-up freight at Fron Goch on 10 August 1977; 25 120 at Aberystwyth on 10 August 1977.

Storefield Recalled. Brian Syddall. 666-71.
Storefield between Corby and Kettering (ironstone mines): more than a photo-feature as includes a map and tables and notes about rolling stock: illustrations (mainly b&w): No 11 (Barclay 1047/1905), 19 (Barclay 2101/1940), Caerphilly (Kitson 5477/1936) and Enterprise (Bagnall 1739/1907) - all except last also illustrated in colour.

The Old Meldrum Branch. Peter R. Myers. 672-5.
Line (5.75 miles) connnected Old Meldrum with GNoSR at Inverurie. Opened 26 June 1856 and merged with GNoSR on 1 August 1866. Passenger services suffered from severe bus competition (LNER operated its open service from October 1927) and passenger service withdrawn on 31 October 1931. Freight lasted until 30 December 1965. Bibliography. Illus.: passenger train c1910, Old Meldrum station c1920, Lethenty station c1920, staff at Old Meldrum c1920 (including William Donald who was station master and his daughter Isabella who worked in the office, and Driver Dempsey, Fireman Christie, James Grant, guard, signalman Grant and porters Grant and Mutch); and D2420 on freight at Old Medrum on 6 September 1960 (T.J. Edgington).

Glimpses of the South Western. 676-7.
B&w photographers from Rev. St John A. Turner's father's collection taken in about 1920: 700 class No. 691 at Seaton Junction on freight, T9 No. 724 on Sidmouth passenger train at Seaton Junction on 11 July 1921; L12 433 on freight at Seaton Junction, F13 No. 330, T14 No. 444 at Seaton Junction, and N15 No. 736 (738 stated in caption): all locomotives in beautiful condition.

From the Berwyns to the Bering Strait: the "what if?" metaphysics of railway history. R.A.S. Hennessey. 678-83.
Projected railways, both on a small scale (the greater Kent & East Sussex), or mega-scale (Hitler's 3m gauge railway for dominating Eastern Europe), including some lines started but not completed (Dingwall & Cromarty Light Railway), projected locomotives, amalgamations that never were, and so on: Hennessey introduces the terms counterfactual and virtual, and hints at political involvements, such as the windmill atitudes of Governments towards railway amalgamations. He does not cover the flood of paper railways (Thameslink 2000, Crossrail, etc) paraded before a gullible electorate. Article by Helm Volume 11 216 provides many potential scenarios: the rebuilt Euston of 1940; the development of Alexandra Palace instigated by a frequent service on the Northern Line, and through diesel railcars from the Whitesands area of Cornwall via the new Devon Coast route to Paddington! Cites A.E. Durrant's Swindon apprentice (1989) whose drawing board doodles included a 2-14-2T and a 2-10-2.and H.R. Millar's The dreamland express (1927)..

Railway Employees in 1930. Jeffrey Wells. 684-6.
Based on statistics from Ministry of Transport census for week ending 8 March 1930. Quotes data for four mainline companies plus CLC, MGNR, SDJR and London Underground (the LMS employed over 250,000) and by selected grades (ten male) and seven female. At that time there were 61,000 permanent way men. Illus. includes B17 2813 Woodbastwick Hall receiving boiler wash-out at Stratford, and men working on track and highly interesting interior of Johnston signal box (between Carmarthen and Milford Haven) where double wire replaced point rodding for distant locations and was operated by special levers..

East Anglian 'Britannias'. 687.
Colour feature: 70037 Hereward the Wake at Liverpool Street in May 1956 (P. Glenn), 70002 Geoffrey Chaucer at Saxmundham on up express from Yarmouth on 11 May 1960, and 70013 Oliver Cromwell passing Stowmarket on up express on 2 October 1959 (all Colour-Rail)

The North Warwickshire Line. Michael Mensing (phot.). 688-9.
Colour feature: 6312 on up coal train at Spring Road on 22 March 1960; 5318 on empty stock at Shirley on 29 August 1959; 3217 on Stratford to Leamington local with Gresley corridor coach as one of two vehicles at Hatton on 15 May 1964; Class 116 DMU at Tysley on 28 April 1966; and 5658 (green) on parcels train at Hall Green on 5 June 1962.

Into the hills once more. 690-1.
Colour feature: Settle & Carlisle line: class 5 hauled freight on Ribblehead viaduct in April 1967 (D. Smith); 45593 Kolhapur on relief to Thames-Clyde express in 1967 (Derek Penney); 44852 on freight  near Ais Gill in July 1966; Arten Gill viaduct (David Sutcliffe) and 44795 (as front cover

A Round of Bass. R.C. Riley and David Sutcliffe (phots.). 692-4.
Colour feature: brewery lines and their locomotives taken within period 1958 to 1961 in Burton-on-Trent Cliff Shepherd's Brewery railways of Burton on Trent (Industrial Railway Society, 1996) is cited. The captions describe the colour of the Bass locomotives as turkey red, but in copy held by KPJ it looks remarakbly like pink. Bass No. 16 (ex-Worthington No. 5) is described as being in blue, but it looks like black with red lining: No. 1 (Neilson 1900) with directors' saloon outside Middle Brewer and Hop Stores on 12 April 1958 (R.C. Riley); No. 1 shunting in front of Guild Street level crossing on 30 May 1960 (R.C. Riley); No. 11 (Neilson 1899) with No. 4 (NBL 1913) at Guild Street locomotive shed on 14 December 1961 (David Sutcliffe); Bass No. 16 (Bagnall 1923) and No. 9 (Neilson 1901) on 14 December 1961 inside sshed under repair (in darker surrounds looks like turkey red) (David Sutcliffe)

Handing on the Baton: from Frank to George. Part Two. Railway Reflections No. 94. Michael Rutherford. 695-703.
Part 1 page 635: More on Moon's policy which sought to reduce costs and wasteful competition. Small engine policy was dictated by Moon's criteria. The latter led to co-operation with the GWR. Wherever possible the Company manufactured its own materials: thus rails were rolled at Crewe. Rutherford emphasises that the chain brake policy had emerged under Ramsbottom, and that Webb might have been less antagonistic to the air brake had Westinghouse not attempted to offer incentives to Webb. Whereas Moon was parsimonious on the question of brakes, he could perceive the value of signalling in its reduction of accidents and its aid to increasing capacity. Illus.: Dreadnought 2-2-2-0 No. 410 City of Liverpool on Royal Train, Problem class 2-2-2 1117 Tiger piloting Teutonic 2-2-2-0 compound on down Liverpool express near Weedon, 2-4-2T 1446, Cauliflower 0-6-0 541 at Chester, Chemin de Fer de l'Est Crampton 2-4-0, Greater Britain 2-2-2-2 2051 George Findlay at Carlisle on 12 October 1894, Coal Engine 0-6-0 58321 at Crewe on 30 November 1952 (T.J. Edgington), Coal Tank 0-6-2T 58926 at Abercynon on 11 May 1954 (TJE).

Shades of Old Euston. Martin Welch. 704-7.
Black & white photo feature: Duchess alongside departing 46170 British Legion on relief express to Liverpool c1958; Euston Arch; forecourt of Great Hall; Platform 1 c1957 with down West Coast Postal; 46242 City of Glasgow on inaugural down Caledonian awaiting departure on 17 June 1957; departure side in 1959 with Royal Scot locomotive awaiting departure from Platform 13; queue for taxis c1961; Platforms 13 and 12 with 2-6-4T on empty stock, summer 1964 and Princess Royal 46205 Princess Victoria arriving on Shamrock c1959. Those who did not like the old station may be thrilled by feature in next volume on page 165 which shows its destruction. David Jenkinson had a feature on the station in its prime in Railways South East, 1, 50.

Touring Great Britain with General Grant. J.D. Bennett. 708-9.
General Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War hero and ex-President, visited Britain as part of a two-year long world tour. The Midland Railway played a major role in the transport arrangements on this visit: the newly redone Adelphi Hotel in Liverpool and then moved on to Manchester and London by the Midland route travelling in a Pullman car. From London he travelled to Bath and to Windsor (to be entertained by Queen Victoria) and then (following a brief visit to the Continent) he travelled by the Midland route to Edinburgh and returned via Newcastle, Sunderland and Sheffield to London. Eventually he left for the Continent via Charing Cross and Folkestone. Illus. include portraits of General Grant and his wife, and James Allport of the MR. See letter from Charles Long in Vol. 17 page 174 concerning Pullman cars and one from C.W. Awdry on General Grant's inspection of first Tay Bridge.

Westerham - The Last Days. Don Benn. 710-13.
Personal memories of the branch line just before closure when the writer was a schoolboy. Further memories by John Chapman Vol. 17 page 115. Illus (b&w): Westerham Station (exterior) and Brasted Halt on last day (22 October 1961) (author), 31279 with p&p unit on 20 June 1959 at Dunton Green (J.S. Gilks); 31193 with p&p at Westerham on 10 December 1955 (J.S. Gilks): Colour: 31324 leaving Chevning Halt in October 1961 (Bruce Nathan); P&P set 732 at Brasted on 17 September 1960; 31518 on last day near Chevning; 31500 in April 1960 and 31518 with Union flag on final day (all Colour-Rail)

Book Reviews. 714.
The Fawley branch - the story of the Totton, Hythe and Fawley Light Railway. J.R. Fairman. Oakwood. DT ****
"good value for money" "very welcome addition to the Oakwood range"
Irish Sea shipping publicised. R.N. Forsythe. Tempus. MB ***
Criticises the reproduction of colour material in monochrome. Includes some services which are less obvious, such as the Liverpool & North Wales Steamship Co and the Isle of Man Steam Packet Co.
LNER locomotives in colour. Ron White and Norman Johnston. Colourpoint. MB ****
Mainly the work of H.M. Lane: criticised [unfairly] for some fuzziness. See also White.
Working steam — rebuilt 'Royal Scots'. Gavin Morrison. Ian Allan. MB ****

Readers' Forum. 714.
Tank locomotives on the Southern. Ed.
See page 570 for derailment of caption: which stated locomotive was H16.
Bridging the gaps. D.K. Horne.
Hunderton Bridge, Hereford, (page 596):see letter by McCarthy (Vol. 17 page 114) which offers a slightly different reason for bridge. Writer states who engineered this bridge in 1854 and adds some possible red herrings in the requirements of the brewing industry for arsenic-free beer.
King's Cross. Keith Farr.
See page 604: Addenda: services to South Coast: 1905 Weymouth to King's Cross service (via Bournemouth) and return working. 1912: service to Folestone and Deal; 1913 service for Ramsgate
The experimental spirit. Gottfried Wild.
See page mmm: Ljungström turbine locomotive design for US Southern Pacific Railway.
LMS No. 6202. Harry Liddell.
Description of sound of Turbomotive (see letter from David Jenkinson page nnn).
LMS No. 6202. Keith Fenwick.
Cat purring (see Jenkinson letter pagejjj)
Middle period LMS standard carriages. John Macnab.
On mixed trains: vehicles in Scotland.

Tunnel Visions. 717.
Colour feature: Tunnel portals: Disley (LNWR tunnel) in July 1969 (S.C. Dent) see letter from Martin J. O'Shea  (17 235) which gives correct date for tunnel opening (9 June 1857) and Totley Tunnel (western portal) on 25 March 1963 (Alan Tyson)

Coal for Gerrards Cross. Celyn Leigh-Jones. rear cover
5929 Hanham Hall in late October 1961 on pick-up goods.

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Updated: 2008-01-29