Locomotive Magazine and Railway Carriage and Wagon Review
Volume 28 (1922)

Key index to all volumes

Number 353 (14 January 1922)

Recent American built locomotives for France and Spain. 1-3. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams (side elevations)
American Locomotive Company Mikado 2-8-2 type supplied to the Northern Railway of Spain and Pacific 4-6-2 type supplied to Paris Orleans Railway. The French locomotives had Cole-Scoville trailing trucks.

Electric locomotives for the Paulista Ry, Brazil. 4-6. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams (side & end  elevations)
3000V dc system with steep gradients: eight B + B freight locomotives and four 2-B + B-2 passenger locomotives supplied by General Electric Co.

London and South Western Railway 4-6-2 tank locomotive for heavy goods traffic. 6-7.
Notes many components standard with other classes, especially 4-8-0T. Urie design intended for haulage of short distance freight to Willesden London & North Western Railway and Brent sidings, Midland Railway. Nos. 516-520.

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. Chapter XII. Engines from the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. 7-9. 2 diagrams (side elevation drawings)

The introduction of automatic couplers on New South Wales Railways. 9-12. 5 illustrations, 4 diagrams
E.E. Lucy, chief mechanical engineer introduced Laycock couplers initially in place of side buffers, but then in traditional central position with arrangements to take link couplings during the transition period and the retention of side buffers

E.L. Ahrons. Notes on safety valves. 12-14. 3 diagrams.
Ross pop type and position of safety valves on domes (as adopted by Johnson, Struoudley and Drummond), use of Naylor safety valve by Fletcher and location on coned boilers

The Peking-Suiyuan Railway. 14-17. 10 illustrations, map

London & North Western and Lancashire & Yorkshire  Rys. amalgamation. 17
New appointments on the mechanical engineering and mootive power sides, for instance George Hughes as Chief Mechanical & Electrical Engineer.

Great Western Railway appintment of new Chief Mechanical Engineer. 18. 2 illustrations (portraits)
Following Churchward's retirement C.B. Collett appointed.

Rebuilt 4-4-0 locomotives for the South Eastern & Chatham Rly.  18-20. illustration, 2 diagrams (side elevations)
Wainwright D class rebuilt by Maunsell as D1 class

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs Section III. Manufacture of the spring. Sub-Section E. Centre fastenings, hoops and hooping. 21-3. 3 illustrations, 4 diagrams

New Mail trains, Great Indian Peninsula Railway. 24-5. 3 illustrations
Built at the Matunga Carriage Shops in Bombay

Sligo, Leitrim and Northern Counties Ry. 25.
Purchase of two 4-4-0s from Great Northern Railway (Ireland); also notes purchase of 0-6-4T from Beyer Peacock & Co. in 1917

Great Central Ry. 25
4-4-0 No. 429 was named Sir Douglas Haig during WW1 had been renamed Sir Henry

Number 354 (15 February 1922)

New 4-6-4 tank locomotive, L. B. & S. C. Ry. 27

Spanish three-cylinder 4-6-0. 29

The Great Northern Railway. 35. illustration, diagram
Gresley J23 0-6-0T

P.C.D. The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway and its locomotives. 48

Old Bury locomotive. 50-1.
Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Railway. Purchase made by Colonel Stephens in May 1911 from R. Hartley of 0-4-2ST which had worked at Griff Colliery in Nuneaton where it had been named Crewe. On S&MR named Hecate, later Severn.

Reviews. 58

Lubrication of locomotives. E.L. Ahrons. Locomotive Publishing Co.

Number 355 (15 March 1922)

Mallet locomotive Peking-Suiyuan Ry. of China. 60

Decapod locomotive for Russia. 60

Great Western Ry four-cylinder express locomotive. 61. illus.
No. 4048 renamed Princess Mary for use on the Royal Train which ran on 22 February 1922 which left Paddington at 16.15 and arrived at Shifnal at 19.06.

Three-cylinder locomotive for service in Spain. 61-4 + folding plate and 2 other diagrams

Presentation to Sir Hugh Reid, Bart by his employees. 64. 2 illustrations
Silver-gilt casket presented on 25 February in the Board-room of the North British Locomotive Co.

Piston valves. 65-9. 8 diagrams.

The "Duplex" Mechanical Stoker. 69-71. illustration, 2 diagrams

Improved exhaust steam injector. 72-3.

Albert Jacquet. "Engerth" locomotives on French and Belgian Railways. 74-6.

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. 78,

The Chronicles of Boulton's Siding. 81-2

The locomotive boiler explosion on the London and North Western Railway at Buxton. 83-5.
On 11 November 1911: based on Ministry of Transport report by Major Hall on explosion which destroyed four-cylinder compound 0-8-0 No. 134 which carried a boiler constructed in 1905 working at 200 psi. The cause was badly fitted safety valves and failures to check replacement pressure gauges.

New wagons, Great Southern and Western Ry. 85. 2 illustrations
Manufactured by Metropolitan Carriage Wagon & Finance Co. Ltd at its Oldbury Works: 10 ton open wagon and covered wagon (van) types

A spring frame bogie. 86-7. illustration, diagram
Gibbins' patent manufactured Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Co. Ltd.

Nottingham Works of Messrs. Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. 87. illustration
Visit by engineers and railway officials to the works on 3 March 1922 witha special train provided from St. Pancras to see new suburban rolling stock being supplied to the Great Indian Peninsula Railway; hosted by A.S. Bailey and W.L. Hichens

Number 356 (15 April 1922)

Great Northern Railway three cylinder 4-6-2 express engine. 91-2. illustration
No. 1470 Great Northern

Ramsay condensing turbo-electric locomotive. 92-3. 2 illustrations

G.W. Ry. locomotives on the Cambrian Rys. 93-5. 3 diagrams (side elevations)
Two 2-4-0 type, original Nos. 212 and 213 were sold to the West Somerset Mineral Railway in 1911 and pssed from there to the Bute Works Supply Co. and thence to the Cambrian. A further 2-4-0 No. 10 took a more direct route as did 4-4-0 type Nos. 82 and 95 which were acquired to replace those lost in the Abermule disater: these were former GWR Nos. 3521 and 3546.  

0-6-4 superheater tank engines, Midland Railway. 95-6. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
No. 2035 with Belpaire firebox

Recent electric locomotives for industrial purposes. 96-8. 3 illustrations
English Electric products for narrow gauge (illustrated one for working in confined spaces); another for Blackburn Corporation Electricity Works and a battery-powered locomotive fort Birmingham Corporation Electricity Works.

2-8-4 tank locomotive, Palestine Railways. 99 + Supplement (plate: illustration)
Kitson & Co. Ltd of Leeds

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding: Chapter XIV, Engines by George England and Co.. 100-2. illustration, 2 diagrams (side elevations)
Bristol and are both illustrated by line drawings and in a photograph

The lubrication of a modern locomotive, 102-3.

Cronite steel for locomotive details. 103. 2 diagrams
Firebars and firebox doors.

Albert Jacquet. "Engerth" locomotives on French and Belgian Railways. 104-6. 6 diagrams (side elevations)

T.H. Sanders. Section VI. Spring suspension. Sub-section A. Locomotives and tenders. 111-13. 3 diagrams
Suspension systems for electric locomotives

North Eastern Ry. 113
4-6-2 under construction at Darlington Works weighing abot 100 tons and capable of hauling any load between Newcastle and Berwick

G. Willans. Locomotive feed water heating and boiler feeding. Secion 2. Boiler feeding. 113-14

P.C.D. The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway and its locomotives. 115-16. 2 illustrations

Retirement of Mr. C. Cumming, Loco. Supt. Highland Ry. 116. illustration (portrait)
Commenced his railway career at Ladybank on the North British Railway and completed his apprenticeship in the drawing office at Cowlairs. He then became assistant locomotive foreman and afterwards was in charge at Hawick, Thornton, Parkhead and Burntisland. He was then made district superintendent for Fife and the northernb section of the NBR. He was appointed to the post at Inverness in October 1915 and retired due to ill heath.

Ahrons, E.L. The early locomotives of the Glasgow and South Western Ry. 117-18. illustration, table

Railway wagon hand brakes. 118-20. 4 illustrations

High-sided wagons for tge New Zealand Government Rys. 121. illustration
Order for 2500 12-ton all-steel wagons being supplied by Cammell, Laird at its Nottingham Works under the supervision of Sir J. Duncan Elliot.

Reviews. 122

A register of all the locomotives now in use on the London and North Western Ry, C. Williams.
Williams' previous lists of L. & N. W. Ry. locomotives have been noted for their completeness and accuracy, but the present publication, which brings the enumeration down to 31 December 1921, is in many ways larger and better than any of its predecessors. A different arrangement has been adopted, the names of the engines being given along with the numbers instead of in an alphabetical list at the end; this allows room for the insertion of new names, a feature which, now that the naming of the many passenger locomotives turned out since 1917 nameless, is being proceeded with, will be appreciated by many. New columns are provided giving the Crewe works numbers of each engine and the dates when converted from one class to another, whilst notes are also added with particulars of renaming, renumbering, etc. A list of the Dundalk, Newryand Greenore engines is given for the first time together with one of those sent overseas in 1916-7. With such a mass of figures the difficulty of avoiding errors must have been very great, but after making a large number of tests we can only congratulate Mr. Williams on the high degree of accuracy he has attained.

Number 357 (15 May 1922)

New locomotives for Portugal. 123. illustration
2-8-0 supplied by the North British Locomotice Co.

4-6-2 express locomotive, Great Northern Railway. (see coloured supplement). 124-6. diagram (side elevation) 

Great Western Railway, combined engine and crane, 127-8. illustration, diagram (side elelvation)
No. 16 Hercules; credited to Collett: 0-6-4CT

Swindon Marlborough and Andover Ry. 0-6-0 tank engine. 130

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. 131-3. 6 diagrams

2-8-4 tank locomotive, Palestine Ry. 135-9. 3 diagrams (including side & front elevations and sections)
Six locomotives supplied by Kitson & Co. Ltd. of Leeds for the steeply graded line from Ludd to Jerusalem

Inspection saloon, Gold Coast Railway. 149-50. 3 illustrations

Contractors' side tipping wagon. 153. illustration
Ship Canal type with Ruston on side  

Number 358 (15 June 1922)

2 Cylinder Compound Locomotives of the Buenos Ayres Railway. 155-6

NSWGR Turbo Generators. 156

Three-cylinder express locomotives, Caledonian Railway. 157-8 + supplement (plate)
Plate: Works official photograph

Dewrance's Bronze Injector Clack box, 158

G. Willans. Feed water heating & boiler Feeding, 159-60

Oil Fired Bell Industrial Locomotive. 162

The Chronicles of Boulton's Siding, 163

The Treffry Viaduct. 167-9

Metallic asbestos packing. 169

High Production Work in Railway Shops.

Albert Jacquet. "Engerth" locomotives on French and Belgian Railways. 173-4

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. 175

P.C.D. The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway and its locomotives. 177-8.
Ivatt 0-6-0 and No. 9 4-4-2T

New 'Baltic' Tank for Glasgow & South Western. 178.

Palestine Railway rolling stock. 179.
First class carriage

70-ton trolley wagon, North Eastern Railway. 182-3

A new locomotive sandbox. 183-4

Correspondence. 184

East and West Junction Railway. J. Bradshaw. 184
Referring to your article of April 15th, 1922, on the old East and West Junction Railway, there was an engine hired from the late Mr. Isaac Boulton, a tank engine named Wellington. The driver, who came with her. was a John Whitehead, who has long since been dead.
There was also an engine from the Somerset and Dorset Railway which only ran one trip, and to the best of my recollection, this was a six-wheeled coupled goods engine, with outside frames and built by Messrs. Fox, Walker & Co., Bristol. After this engine ran one trip, and while shunting in Stratford-on-Avon goods yard, the leading tyre came off. It was then sent back. No other engine was supplied to this company beyond the one already mentioned from Mr.Isaac Boulton.
I do not remember reading the article which appeared in your magazine some years back, but I have a good recollection of the first lot of engines which were delivered by Messrs. Beyer, Peacock & Co. in 1873, at which time my father was in charge of the locomotive department there. Douglas. Loco. Supt., Isle of Man Ry.

[George England & Co.] R.R. Burgess?

Number 359 (15 July 1922)

Great Central Railway locomotives for burning pulverized coal and colloidal fuel. 187-91. 2 illustrations, 3 diagrams
J.G. Robinson paper presented at Institute of Transport Congress

"Mogul" locomotive for the Central Uruguay Ry. 191-2. illustration
Beyer Peacock Co. Ltd oil-buring locomotive with Belpaire firebox and Willans feed water heating appartus

"Pacific" type locomotives for the North Eastern Ry. 192. diagram (side and front elevations)
Suggests enlarged S3 class 4-6-0: no mention of Raven

Floating stuffing box and gland for "asbestos metallic" packing. 193. 2 diagrams

London & North Western Ry. 193
The last ten of the order for ninety 4-6-0 passenger engines (Prince of Wales class) have now been delivered by Beardmore & Co., as follows : Nos. 53, 197, 433, 614, 1083, 1320, 1323, 1344, 1742 and 2043.
At Crewe, a new series of 0-8-0 superheater goods engines (G2 class) had been completed, and would be in service, Nos. 134, 869, 2047, 2050, 2171, 2226, 2255, 2367, 2371 and 2372. Work was also in hand on a further series of similar engines, the first five of which to bear Nos. 344, 872, 2182, 895 and 994.
Additional 4-6-0 passenger engines have been named, as follows: Prince of Wales class; No. 1290 Lucknow, 1694 Premier, 522 Stentor and 2516 Dalton; Claughton class: No. 2230 Clio and No. — Vindictive. No. 2051 Delamere (Precursor class) had been simplified and superheated and is now similar to the George V class. Nos. 1917 Inflexible and 1924 Powerful (Jubilee class) had been converted to two-cylinder simple, Renown class. The following four-cylinder compound mineral engines had been converted to 0-8-0 superheater, G1 class: Nos. 640 and 1278, 0-8-0 B class, and No. 2114, 2-8-0 F class.

New passenger tank locomotives, Glasgow and South Western Railway. 194-8 + folding plate (detailed walking drawing). illustration, 2 diagrams (including front & side elevations)
Robert H. Whitelegg Baltic 4-6-4T including a trial run from St. Enoch to Carlisle and return with a load in excess of 300 tons (greater on some of less steeply graded sections. Includes a gradient profile.

Berliet motor car for French light railways. 198. illustration
Petrol-engine four-wheel rail bus capable of hauling a four-wheel coach demonstrated between Lyons and Cremieu on 22 May 1922.

Electric locomotives. 199-202.

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. 211-13. illustration (diagram (side elevation)

Number 360 (15 August 1922)

[Lynton and Barnstaple Ry.]. 219
Absorption by the London & South Western Railway (was outside grouping Act of 1921)

Narrow-gauge locomotives Larkhana Jacobabad Ry. of India. 221-2. illustration

Australian 3ft 6in gauge locomotives. 222. illustration
4-6-0 for Queensland Government Railways

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. 229-31

New Baltic type locomotive engine, Glasgow & South Western Railway. 236-7. 2 diagrams
Further detailed working drawings (cross sections)

G. Willans. Locomotive feed water heating and boiler feeding. 237-8. 2 diagrams

Saloon for H.E. the Governor of Bombay. 242. 2 illustrations

No. 361 (15 September 1922)

Three-cylinder express locomotive, Danish State Rys., 251-3. illustration, 5 diagrams
Three independent sets of Walschaerts valve gear, built by Borsig to specication of A. Floor, chief mecanical engineer

Ten-coupled tank locomotive Bombay Port Trust Railway. 255. illustration
2-10-2T supplied by Nasmyth, Wilson & Co

Rail motor car, Weston Clevedon and Portishead Light Ry. 255-6. illustration

Electric passenger locomotive, North Eastern Railway. 256; 257. illustration, diagram (side & front elevations & plan)

British and American locomotives. 258-9
Abstract of Dewrance IMechE paper

"Clacton-Pullman" express. 260. illustration

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. 260-2.

A special vehicle for testing bridges. 263
Swiss Federal Railways

Number 362 (14 October 1922)

Rebuilt express locomotive, London Brighton & South Coast Railway. 287-8. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
L.B. Billinton rebuild with Belpaire boiler of earlier 4-4-0 No. 55

[Bowman Malcolrn retirement]. 288
On the 30 October 1922 Bowman Malcolrn, M.LC.E., M.LM.E., retired from the position of engineer and locomotive superintendent of the northern counties section of the Midland Railway. Malcolm was the oldest locomotive superintendent in the British Isles, and at the time of his appointment, in 1876, as locomotive engineer of the Belfast and N. C. Ry. was the youngest, being only twenty-two years of age. He started with the B. & . C. Ry. in 1870. In 1906 when Berkeley D. Wise retired from the position of chief engineer, the duties were transferred to Malcolm. Malcolm was one of the first engineers to introduce high capacity rolling stock, putting into service a number of 30-ton bogie wagons in 1892. He also used the Worsdell two-cylinder compound system for a number of his express passenger engines, in conjunction with the Walschaert valve gear, and obtained very satisfactory results in practice. William Kelly Wallace has been appointed to succeed Malcolm, with F.W. Crofts as engineering assistant, and H.B. [sic should be "P"] Stewart as mechanical assistant.

Obituary. 288
E. A. Watson, general manager and engineer-in-chief of Beyer, Peacock & Co., Ltd., died on 25 August 1922, after a long illness. Watson was formerly chief mechanical engineer of the Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland, and before going to Inchicore was assistant works manager of the Carriage and Wagon Works at Swindon.

North Eastern Ry. 288
Darlington works had been busy on a series of twenty-five six-coupled superheater coal engines of Class P3, No. 2344 up, and had taken delivery of the 0-6-0 side tanks, Class E1, built by Armstrong, Whitworth & Co., Ltd., No. 2313 up. Most of these were working in the Newcastle area. Hull & Barnsley Ry. locos. have now been taken into the N.E. stock, with the addition of 3000 to the old numbers.

The railways of Tasmania. 288-91. 2 illustrations, map

Old shops engine at Norwich, G.E.Ry. 307-8

P.C.D. The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway and its locomotives. 310

Bombay Baroda and Central India Ry main line composite carriages. 315

Number 363 (15 November 1922)

Past and present locomotives — Great Northern Railway. 319. illustration
Gresley Pacific No. 1471 and Stirling 8ft single No. 1

Clogher Valley Ry. 319
D.N. McClure appointed locomotive, carriage & wagon superintendent in sucession to G.H. Akerlind. Was formerly with Rio Tinto Co. at Huelva in Spain.

George Terrell. 319
Managing director Tyer & Co. MP. Elected President National Union of Manufacturers.

Great India Peninsula Railway. 319.
Automatic train control to be installed on Jubbulpore to Itarsi section.

An American freight locomotive of high efficiency. 320-2. diagram (side, front and cross section elevations)
2-8-2 built by Lima Locomotive Works for Michigan Central Railroad No. 8000 to design of A.H. Smith, President of the New York Central Lines. See also letter in Volume 29 page 156 from Wilkliam Hoecker

The railways of Tasmania. 323-6. 8 illustrations, table
Continued from page 290. Headquarters of Tasmanian Government Railways in Launceston. Almost all locomotives had been suppplied by Beyer Peacock & Co. Locomotives described and illustrated included No. A4 (a class A 4-4-0 reboilered with a  larger locally and fitted with a Pyle National turbo-generator and headlight; No. C8, a 2-6-0; No. D1, a 2-4-2T; and No. E1, a 4-8-0. Two railmotors (steam railcars?) were in operation in the west on the Staverton line and on the Zeehan to Regatta line. There were 175 passenger vehicles and about 1600 freight vehicles. The British Standard screw coupling was used on the 3ft 6in gauge and the semji-automatic centre coupler on the 2ft gauge.The Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Tasmanian Government Rys. was W.R. Deeble, whose offices were at Launceston. The Emu Bay Railway ran from Burnie on the north coast 88 miles southwards to Zeehan, Its chief mechanical engineer was A. Richardson with headquarters at Burnie. It used a railmotor on the Waratah branch.  No. 11, a 4-8-0 supplied by Dubs & Co. is illustrated; later locomotives of this type had been supplied by the North British Locomotive Co. David Jones was conulting engineer. The Mount Lyell Ry. connected Strahan wwith Queenstown and had 123 miles of route, of which 20 were 2ft gauge. Included 4½ miles of Abt rack system where the line rose 850 feet. A Baldwin 0-6-0T with outside cylinders is illustrated. The locomotive superintendent of the was R.C. Eyre, at Queenstown.

Great Western Ry. 326
The following appointments have been made in the Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Department; C. Crump, London Divisional Superintendent, to be Locomotive Running Superintendent and Outdoor Assistant to the Chief Mechanical Engineer, Swindon. Mr. J. W. A. Kislingbury, Divisional Superintendent, Neatb, to be Divisional Superintendent, London. Mr. F.C. Hall, Assistant Divisional Superintendent, London, to be Divisional Superintendent, Neath. Mr. H. ]. Roberts, Mechanical Engineer, Port Talbot, to be Mechanical Engineer, Barry Docks .. Mr. T. R. Herbert to be Mechanical Engineer, Port Talbot Docks, and Mr. E. W. Green to be Mechanical Engineer, Newport Docks.

London, Brighton & South Coast Ry. 326
Another of the 4-4-0 express engines had been rebuilt at Brighton similar to No. 55, illustrated in last issue. This is No. 60. Ten of these engines were to be reconstructed.

Obituary. 326
Death of Prof. E. E. Foxwell, at St. John's College, Cambridge, on the 18 October 1922, after a very brief attack of bronchitis. He was aged seventy-one. Prof. Foxwell will be remembered as author of English Express Trains, published in 1884, probably the first work published on the timing of trains; and also joint author of Express Trains, English and Foreign (1889.)

Four-coupled superheater express engine, with top feed water heater. Great Eastern Ry. 327. illustration
D 56 class 4-4-0 No. 1794 fitted.

Great Central Ry. 327
Announced that new Director class to receive numbers 501-5 annd 511. No. 501 named Mons and 502 Zeebrugge. Nos. 473 and 474 were the last two of a series of express freight locomotives: Nos. 31-5 were new series of 4 -6-0 freight locomotives being supplied by Beyer Peacock. 2-4-2T No. 586 had been equipped for motor train (push & pull) working

The Glyn Valley Tramway. 328-9. 2 illustrations.
Tabulates locomotive stock.

W.B. Paley. Centenary of the Hetton Railway. 329-32. 3 illustrations, 2 diagrams
One illustration is taken from William Strickland's Reports on canals, railways roads and other subjects, architectv and engineer for the Pennsylvania Society for the Promotion of Internal Improvement, 1826. The two others show the left and right hand sides of one of these running in the twentieth century. Diagrams show the arrangement of the valve gear..

[William Burchell Paley]. 332
We are very sorry to have to record the sudden death of William Burchell Paley, the well-known writer on locomotive history, which took place on the 22 October, at Bramerton Street, Chelsea. Mr. Paley was in his 68th year. He was the eldest son of Professor F. A. Paley, LL.D., and grandson of Archdeacon Paley, of Carlisle, who wrote the well-known Evidences of Christianity and other works. He was educated at the Oratory School, Edgbaston, Birmingham, under the late Cardinal Newman. After he left school he took up brewing and was for some eight or ten years with a firm at Sheffield. Then he obtained a post as clerk to the Lord Great Chamberlain and this he held for some twenty-five years or more,, until he retired on pension two years ago. Mr. Paley was a most industrious contributor of articles on early locomotives and railways to the engineering papers. Apart from their literary merit these have considerable value, owing to the accuracy with which he gathered his facts, which were taken not so much from books as from personal investigation. The article we print above was completed only a few days before his death.

Accidents at Cheadle Hulme and Furness Vale, L. & N.W. Ry. broken connecting rods. 332-5
Both of the accidents involved locomotives fitted with Joy's valve gear. On 28 April 1922, the left-hand connecting rod of Prince of Wales 4-6-0 No. 877 broke near Cheadle Hulme when running at about 60 mile/h, and pierced the firebox: the fireman fell from the engine and was killed. The other involved a 4-6-2T No. 1710 when working the 17.40 Manchester to Buxton commuter train when fracture of the connecting rod led to the boiler being pierced and the driver being scalded. The reports by the Ministry of Transport found that the design of the valve gear was faulty andthat annealing of the connecting rods was essential.

E. Lassueur. Recent locomotives for the Dutch Indies Railways. 335-8. 4 illustrations, 2 diagrams
Includes the Javanic 2-12-2T developed from the 2-12-0T developed by the Hanover Locomotive Co. 2-8-2T also described.

28-inch  rolling mill. Messrs. Hadfield's, Ltd., Sheffield. 338-41. 2 illustrations

A.R. Bennett. The chronicles of Boulton's Siding. Chapter XVIII. Miscellaneous locomotives. 341-4. 4 diagrams

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs. Section VI. Spring suspension. Sub-section A. Locomotives and tenders. 344-7. 3 diagrams

Questions and answers. 347-8.
No. 28 What is the correct formula for obtaining the tractive force of two, three and four-cylinder compound locomotives?

An interesting War relic. 348. illustration
On 31 January 1916 there was a zeppelin raid on a large Midlands railway wheel and axle works: photograph shows shrapnel damage to axles.

New steel carriages for suburban service, Great Indian Peninsula Ry. 349-50. 2 illustrations
Constructed at the Cammell, Laird & Co. works in Nottingham with manual sliding doors, to be operated by compressed air once system electrified and vestibuled throughout

Correspondence. 350

The Chronicles of Boulton's Siding. F.W. Brewer
Mr. Bennett's references to the experiments which were made with fireless locomotives with a view to using such engines on the Metropolitan Railway when the line was first opened in 1863, are very interesting. It is worth while recording that although Sir John Fowler himself was responsible for the "hot-water" engine, both he and Brunel maintained that the line could be worked with ordinary locomotives. Having regard, therefore, to the immediate success of the 4-4-0 condensing tank engines jointly designed by Sir John Fowler and Beyer, Peacock & Co., in 1864, the previous attempts to produce a satisfactory locomotive are not a little remarkable. At one stroke, as it were, a type of engine was evolved that, with but few and comparatively nnimportant modifications, continued in use for underground working for over forty years; until the Metropolitan (and with it the Metropolitan District) changed to electrical operation in 1905. Some thirteen of these Fowler engines are still at work-on the Aylesbury line of the Metropolitan. The District Railway had similar engines, and the L. 8: N.W.Ry., Midland Ry. and L. & S.W.Ry., possessed a number of the type, as readers know.
Apart from the absence of smoke, the only justification for the fireless locomotive notion was the belief that trains consisting of three carriages and weighing 20 tons in all, exclusive of the engine, would suffice for the prospective traffic, if run at intervals of five or ten minutes. In this and other respects, the experts were at fault, for in the first year's working of the Metropolitan Railway no less than 9,455,175 passengers were carried, necessi tatin g trains of 1 20 tons in weight, instead of 20 tons only. In 1884, after the completion of the" circle," the passengers numbered 114,500,000, and the receipts (which, for 1863, were £101,707) amounted to £1,012,000. The" Underground" was consequently popular from its very beginning. Owing, however, to the initially mistaken idea that ordinary coal-burning engines could not be successfully employed, or, at any rate, would not be necessary from the standpoint of power, the provision made for ventilation was never as good as it would have been if the line had originally been planned to be worked by such engines.

British and American locomotives: P.C. Dewrance. Edward M. Gass. 350
Noted that latter writer was making reference to ten-coupled rather than eight-coupled locomotives in relation to bridge stresses.

Review. 350.

Great Western Railway engines, 1922. A. J. L. W. London: The Great Western Railway Magazine.
The publication of yet another edition of this work is unfailing testimony to the popularity which it has achieved. This time the letterpress has been entirely reset and the article on the Standardization of Locomotives enlarged and brought up to date [KPJ italics]. Several new illustrations are given, in some cases supplanting those of older types now obsolete, whilst a half-tone block of the new Mixed Traffic Consolidation, No. 4705, appears for the first time. When reviewing a previous edition we suggested it would add to its interest if the dates and original numbers of the engines were given, and we observe that in this issue the latter have been indicated in the case... [damaged page]

Locomotives for gas works. Messrs. Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co., Ltd., Caledonia Works, Kilmarnock, Scotland.
The subjects of this excellently produced pamphlet of sIxteen pages are examples of locomotives that have been supplied by Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co., Ltd., to various municipal and private gas companies, some of them the largest and most important undertakings of the kind in Great Britain. The types shown, though all of the 0-4-0 outside-cylinder construction, cover a wide range of capacity and size, from 24 in. to standard gauge, and with cylinders from 4 in. by 8 in. to 15 in. to 22 in. In accordance with the requirements usual in this service, much ingenuity of design is displayed in combining power wIth compact and simple construction. Two of the engines shown, one of the 24-in. gauge for the Gas Light and Coke Company, and the other having 4 in. by 8 in. cylinders for the Manchester Corporation Gas Department, could hardly be surpassed for simplicity, every working part and detail, even to the throttle valve, being fully accessible.
Types of fireless locomotives are also shown, one of which, designed to work under retorts, has a vertical enclosed engine and gear drive, the whole of the working parts being absolutely protected from dust, etc

Number 364 (15 December 1922)

Ernest Lucy. Recent and future locomotive design in New South Wales. 351-7. 3 illustration, diagram (side elevation)
S type 4-6-4T for working steeply graded Sydney suburban routes, NN type 4-6-0 for main line passenger traffic and K class 2-8-0.

Pacific type express locomotive. North-Eastern Railway. 357-8. illustration
Raven design

E. Lassueur. Recent locomotives for the Dutch Indies Railways. 360-4. 5 illustrations
Rack and adhesion locomotives to work from Padang to Panjang and Fort de Kock to convey coal from the Ombilien mines on Sumatra. Locomotives built at Esslingen and at Winterthur. Also illustraates and describes 2-6-2T for working the Deli Railway from Medan to the Pangkalan-Brandan oil field.

The Wilson Welder and Metals Company's system of electric welding in repair work. 364-6. 3 illustrations
Use for welding fireboxes in America

E.L. Ahrons. The locomotives of the Glasgow and South Western Railway. 366-70. 5 illustrations, 1 diagram (side elevation).

T.H. Sanders. Laminated railway springs Section IV. Spring suspension. Sub-section A. Locomotives and tenders. 370-3. 3 diagrams, table.

Correspondence. 372

Old shops engine Norwich. C.S. Allison.
Re an old twin-stationary engine recently withdrawn from service at the G.E.R. shops at Norwich. It is there stated that the makers and exact date of manufacture are unknown. The date of installation mentioned (" early forties [1840s]) is doubtless correct.
As to the builders, I think there cannot be the least doubt but that it was turned out by W. Fairbairn & Sons, of Manchester. It is what that eminent engineer, Sir W. Fairbairn, called a "columnar engine and appears to have been the standard type of that firm for high-pressure (non-condensing) engines. If you will refer to Fairbairn's Mills and Millwork (first issue about the end of the ffties and last edition, I believe, 1878, Longmans), you will find the engine illustrated as in your block (only a single, not a twin), Further, the Norwich engine had a geared connection to the shafting, and this was Fairbairn's invariable practice (he did not believe in belt drives from prime movers and says so in his book), What is more, he had a standard type of built-up rim geared flywheel, which you will find fully illustrated in the several fine mill engines (including the Saltaire engines) of which he gives examples in his book. The Norwich flywheel is an exact Fairbairn wheel of this type.
However, I can hardly accept the statement that the working pressure was "originally" 80 Ib. per sq, in. Of course, this was a loco. shop and they may have used a loco. type boiler (as Nasmyth did for his steam pile driver), but if they relied on a Cornish, or more usually, an externally fired plain cylindrical one, 80 lb would have been a fairly perilous working pressure, knowing the very crude and haphazard methods of boiler-smiths in the "forties". On this point again Fairburn gives tables compiled by Mr. Harman, chief inspector of the Association forv the Prevention of Boiler Explosions, from the returns for the years 1858-1860. As late as this he shows there were twenty engines working above 60 lb, except a few "compounds".

Our Supplement: Baltic type tank locomotives, Glasgow & South Western Ry. 374 + plate

Mechanical couplers on the Indian broad-gauge railways. 374-6. 4 illustrations

Railways in industrial plants. 377-9. 2 illustrations, 3 diagrams
Switches and crossings and tuntables in cast iron or steel manufactured by Robert Hudson & Co. of Gildersome.