Brief Biographies of Major Mechanical Engineers (Part 2)
The arrangement is alphabetical (surnames beginning):
See also Civil Engineers
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Personal name index
Akroyd, Harold Arthur
Death occurred 24 February 1966 at the age of 82 years, had been a Member of Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1918. He received his early training with Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd., Manchester, and after a short period as Locomotive Draughtsman, R. Stephenson & Co. Ltd., Darlington, he was appointed in 1907 as Chief Draughtsman, Yorkshire Engine Co. Ltd., Sheffield, rising to the position of Managing Director of the Company. He retired in 1948. He was responsible for the designs of many locomotives built for overseas as well as the home market and his design variations involved oil firing, articulated locomotives, rack railways and a wide range of colliery locomotive types including an Akroyd Patent underground rope haulage engine which was compressed air driven. Among his other designs were the 15 in. locomotives Dr. Syn and Black Prince, bar frame locomotives which were supplied to the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway and drew much publicity at the time. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1966, 56, 314.. .
Responsible for locomotive stock on Neath & Brecon Railway from 1900 until his death in 1920. Previously had served on Cardiff Railway. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .
Post of Locomotive Superintendent created in 1870 by Cardiff Railway when he came from Parfitt & Jenkins which built locomotives for the Marquis of Bute. Post lapsed in 1881 when he retired (role fulfilled by chief engineers). RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .
Anderson, Cuthbert William
Born in 1891, was elected a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1922 (obit. Journal, 1944, 34, 342. He was educated at George Watson College, Edinburgh. At the age of 16 he entered the works of Kitson and Co., Ltd., Leeds, as a pupil. On completion of his time he returned to Edinburgh to spend a year at Heriot Watt College, and then joined the North British Railway Company, working at the St. Margarets Repair Shops. Four months, later he went to sea as 4th Engineer on the S.S. Emerald Wings, but after six months returned to the North British Railway's Running Shed at Haymarket. In 1913 he was transferred to the Drawing Office in Glasgow, where he remained until he was appointed an Assistant Locomotive Superintendent on the G.I.P. Railway in India in 1914. From 1916 to 1919 he was Acting District Locomotive Superintendtnt and again from 1921 to 1922. He left India in 1928 and joined his father-in-laws firm, Messrs. Gale Lister and Co., as director, and in 1934 he retired to Devon on account of ill health. During 1937-1939 he took an active interest in A.R.P. work and became Superintendent of St. Johns Ambulance. In June, 1939, he joined the Royal Engineers and on the outbreak of WW2 was sent to Longmoor Railway Training Camp, where he became instructor. He was transferred in August, 1943, to S.M.E., Ripon, where he died very suddenly from a heart attack on 9 January 1944, in his 54th year.
For thirty-three years he had been connected with dock appliances, but when he entered the railway company's works at Gateshead in 1887 his first job as an apprentice was in connexion with a compound locomotive at that time being built. Discussion on Gresley's High pressure locomotives, Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1931, 120, 178-9.
Attock, Frederick William
Born in Stratford, London on 15 November1875. Son of Frederick Attock, carriage & wagon engineer. Educated at Manchester Technical School and pupilage at W.J. Galloway & Sons of Manchester. Locomotive fitter on the L&YR from 1896, assistant foremna at Wakefield in 1897 and foreman at Normanton in 1898. Divisional Superintendent of the Central Division of the LMS. Retired to Uckfield in November 1934. Died 1 February 1951.
Locomotive shed lay-out. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1924, 14, 147-61. Disc.: 162-74. (Paper No. 156)
Shepherd, Ernie. The Atock/Attock family: a worldwide railway engineering dynasty. 2009. 264pp. (Oakwood Library of Railway History No. 150)
Atwell, John William
Born 24 November 1911. Educated Hyndland Seconary School, Glasgow, Royal Technical College, Glasgow and Cambridge University. Died 5 July 1999. Other than mentioning membership of the Scottish British Raiways Board between 1975 and 1981 the Who Was Who entry gives no indication of his youthful work given in his Presidential Addreess to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. "Unlike some of my predecessors, I had no special desire during schooldays to become an engineer. It happened, however, that straight from school I joined Yarrow & Co. at Scotstoun as an apprentice engineer and remained with them for eight years. The first three years were spent in the workshops and on sea trials; for the remainder of my apprenticeship and for a further three years, I trained in the Engine Drawing Office. Yarrow were, and still are, shipbuilders of high repute specializing in warships and shallow-draught vessels. On the engineering side, they built water-tube boilers for ships and power stations and steam turbines for ship propulsion. The company had a fine reputation for standards of workmanship and performance and it is hard to imagine a better environment in which to serve an apprenticeship. Yarrow were always active in trying out new ideas. I recall, for example, a development programme lasting several years devoted to pulverized-coal burning. As a member of the small team involved in that work, I learned a lot about boiler operation, apart altogether from the problems of using pulverized coal. Another interesting project in the 1930s was a high-pressure water-tube bailer designed in collaboration with a former President of this Institution, Sir Nigel Gresley, who at that time was Chief Engineer of the LNER. The object of the exercise was to develop a water-tube boiler capable of operating under the special conditions of railway service and I recall being a member of the trials squad when the boiler was steam-tested on the locomotive outside the boiler shop at Scotstoun. I look back on my apprenticeship as a period of great interest, both in the workshops and the drawing office. There was always something new happening, and although I doubt whether Yarrow would have claimed they were running a highly geared training scheme, they certainly knew how to handle young men. The time spent with Yarrow gave me a good start to my career and I continue to be grateful for the experience I gained. During these years, I attended evening classes at the Royal Technical College, Glasgow, gained a Higher National Certificate in Mechanical Engineering, and had my first introduction to the Institution through the Scottish Branch, which this year is celebrating its 50th anniversary. It so happened that the Branch Chairman and the Branch Secretary were members of the College staff, and since the Chairman was also the Professor of Mechanical Engineering evening meetings of the Branch, which were held in the College, were well attended. This was achieved by the simple device of cancelling some of the evening lectures to enable students to attend the Institution meetings. These meetings were my first introduction to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in the early 1930s. In 1935 I made the somewhat unusual decision, at least for those days, to leave Yarrow and, with the support of scholarships, go off to the Royal Technical College for full-time studies leading to the College Associateship. In 1937 I was accepted as a research student at the University of Cambridge where I had the good fortune to work under Professor Sir Charles Inglis, studying railtrack behaviour, which was one of his many interests. I like to think that the research work, done at Cambridge just before the war, made a significant contribution to the improved track now in use on our main-line railways." The remainder of his career was spent with Stewarts and Lloyds and G. & J. Weir. He served on a great many academic and professional committees..
Began his railway career on Metropolitan District Railway at Lillie Bridge Works under the Hon. S.A. Cecil, and then moved to LSWR at Nine Elms. In 1895 he became chief inspector of locomotive building in Glasgow for Sir Alex Rendel & Sons, Consulting Engineers. In 1897 appointed Works Manager at Jamalpur, East Indian Railway. From 1904 until 1912 he was chief mechanical engineer of the Bengal Nagpur Railway. In 1912 he joined Cammell, Laird & Co. as London Manager and in 1915 was appointed general manager of the National Projectile Factory Nottingham equipped by Cammell, Laird for the government. In 1921 he became a director of Cammell, Laird. He retired in 1933.Locomotive Mag., 1940, 46, 74..
Ex-North British Locomotive Co. draughtsman (redundant with end of B17 order): recruited by Coleman: Langridge p. 159
Patent: GB 12862/1849. Axles and axleboxes of locomotive engines and other railway carriages 24 November 1849. Paper: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 1851, 2, 3.
Barratt, Samuel Harry Hill
Born 29 March 1869; died 1 August 1940 (obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1940, 30, 365), after a long and painful illness. He was educated at Merchant Taylors School, and graduated at Kings College, London. Pupil of William Adams, Chief Mechanical Engineer, London and South Western Railway. At Nine Elms Works, he passed through all departments,including the drawing office and running. Later he went to Ferranti Ltd., Manchester, as a designer of electric machinery and afterwards was engineer in charge of St. Lukes Electric Light Station, City Road, Manchester. Barratt had been works manager of the former Bells United Asbestos Co., Ltd., which with J.W. Roberts, Ltd., was taken over by Turner and Newall, Ltd., when he became a director of J.W. Roberts, Ltd. His friends remembered him for his expert knowledge in the application of asbestos in its many forms to the railway industry, particularly locomotives and rolling stock. He was also active in his advocacy of the lining of railway tunnels to deaden noise. Barratt had been a member of the Institution since April, 1919, and was also a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 164..
Chief Mechanical Engineer New Zealand Government Railways: retired in 1913: succeeded by H.H. Jackson (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203).
Bell, A. Morton
Died 10 February 1936 at home in Hampstead when aged 72 years. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1936, 26, 123. He was Chairman of the Finance and General Purposes Committee, and had served his time at GER Stratford Works under Bromley. He took a leading part in the installation and working of Holdens oil-burning locomotives, and, as a result, was granted leave to carry out trials with oil-burning locomotives on the Koursk, Kharkoff and Sebastopol Railway, the Austrian State Railways, the railways of Sicily, and, in the United States, on the Pennsylvania RR, the Southern California RR, and the Los Angeles Terminal Line. In 1897 he was appointed Manager of the then new wagon shops at Temple Mills. In 1900 he joined the Shell Transport Company, for whom he visited Russia, Turkey, Egypt and Italy in connection with oil storage and burning. In 1903 he was appointed Carriage and Wagon Superintendent of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway at Matunga, near Bombay, which post he held up to the time of his resignation in 1924. For his services during WW1, when his works were employed on munitions, he was awarded the O.B.E. He was elected a Member of the ILocoE Council in 1924, and, later, made a Vice-president. He had the interests of the Institution very much at heart and was a regular attendant at meetings. He was a frequent contributor to the Locomotive Magazine, and was author of Locomotives: their construction, maintenance and operation, published by Virtue and Co., Ltd., only a few months before his death. See also V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582. .
Bell, John George
Died at Melton Constable on 18 March 1926, aged 69. He was the grandson of Thomas Bell. Started on North Eastern Railway. For 44 years worked with M&GNJR and its predecesors: he became an inspector in 1904 and a foreman in 1917 when he was responsible for the running depots at Melton Constable and Cromer. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1926, 32, 127
Bell, Walter John
Died 18 September 1938 at Malden. Partner in Locomotive Publishing Company with his brothers A.R. Bell and A. Morton Bell and with A.C.W. Lowe. For fifty years he was associated with the enginecring firm of Taike and Carlton, Ltd., of Victoria Street London, and was Author of several hooks on locomotive engineering, besides being Consulting Editor of The Locomotive. He wrote, in conjunction with A.. C.W. Lowe, several histories of railways and locomotives which appeared in 'The Locomotive.including the Bristol and Excter, Highland, West Lancashire, Malines-Terneuzen and many lesser-known lines. He was one of the Foundation Members of the Institution of Locomotive Engineersx: see obituary in Journal, Volume 28, page 608 and See V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582. Portrait in latter
Betts, Thomas George
Locomotive superintendent Stockholm-Vasteras-Bergslagens Railway in 1907. See Locomotive Mag., 1907, 13, 205-6.
Former chief designer (draughtsman) North Britsh Locomotive Co.: entertained Coleman and Langridge to a meal whilst 10800 project being executed. Langridge Under ten CMEs 2 p. 63. see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note states was Chief Designer.
Locomotive designer for Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583. Participated in discussion sessions at meetings of Newcastle centre of Institution of Lovomotive Engineers..
Appointed Acting Mechanical Engineer, LNER Scotland, in succession to J F. Harrison. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67..
Boocock, Colin Peter
Born on 12 December 1938. Educated at Bournemouth Grammar School. Trained as locomotive engineer at Eastleigh. Associated mainly with non-steam traction, working at Derby and Easleigh, Sometime Rolling Stock Engineer Scottish Region. Writes extensively:
The rebuilt Bulleid Pacifics: were they value for money? Steam Wld., 1994 (79) 6-
Bouhon, Louis Julien Raymond
Belgian inventor, who appears to have settled in Britain. Invented heat recovery systems as shown in following British patents:,
104,362 Improvements in or relating to the heating of railway trains, by recovered waste heat. Applied 25 February 1916. Published 26 February 1917..
119,494. Improvements in or relating to apparatus for the recovery of waste heat in engines. Applied. 25 September 1917. Published 25 September 1918.
See also paper: Carlier, S. Heating of trains and the problem of coal saving. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1918, 8, 255-67. Disc.: 267-92. (Paper No. 63)
According to J.I.C. Boyd. Glimpses of the narrow gauge. Rly Wld, 1954, 15, 158. was Locomotive Superintendent and introduced the Kitson 4-4-2T type not used elsewhere on the Irish narrow gauge.
Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway from 17 April 1912. (still there in 1926 when Mannin added to stock) Bradshaw was formerly Locomotive Superintendent. of the East & West Junction Railway (SMJR). Previously to this he was on the LNWR at Crewe. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 94.
Loocmotive inspector on GCR: lubricant trimmings for bogie: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.
Worked for LNER: within party of LNER and LMS engineers which visited USA in 1945: photograph taken on Queen Elizabeth by Cox (Locomotive panorama V. 2): party included Pugson of LMS: was Bramworth a carriage & wagon man?
First works manager at Tuxford Works of the Lancashire Derbyshire & East Coast Railway. Had been trained at Bow Works of the North London Railway. Atkins Backtrack, 2013, 27, 218.
Broadbent, William Benedict
See Backtrack, 2011, 25, 454 for autobiographical article written by Edward Talbot. Bill Broadbent was interviewed by Roland Bond and started his engineering apprenticeship at Crewe Works in early 1942. He came from Huddersfield and had been educated at public school and he and his brother Basil had steam garden model railways.
Brown, Derrick Charles
Chief Mechanical Engineer, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, elected President of the ILocoE for Session 1960-61. He served apprenticeship at the Stratford Works of the Great Eastern Railway from 1917 to 1922. After graduating from Queen Mary College (then East London College), University of London, Brown was appointed in 1924 Personal Assistant to the late W.A. Lelean, Chief of the Locomotive Department of Messrs. Rendel, Palmer and Tritton, Consulting Engineers. He joined the Crown Agents for the Colonies in 1930 as an Engineering Assistant in the Department dealing with the design of locomotives, carriages and wagons. In 1940 he was seconded to the Ministry of Supply as a Senior Design Officer in the Department of Tank Design, Chobham, where he remained until 1945. Shortly after his return to the Crown Agents he was appointed Deputy Chief Engineer, Engineering Inspection Department, and in 1950, was appointed Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer. In 1956 he succeeded Mr. A. Campbell as Chief Mechanical Engineer. During the course of his duties he visited in 1950 Hong Kong, Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo, Brunei, Sarawak and Ceylon. In 1955 he visited Iraq, Persia and Jordan, and during the years 1956 to 1959 he again visited Iraq and Persia and has also made extensive tours in East and West Africa. Mr. Brown was elected an Associate Member in 1924 and transferred to full membership in 1933. He was elected a Member of Council in 1949 and became a Vice-president in 1958.
Chief of Materials Inspection Bureau on Post-War LMS with fascilities at Crewe, Derby, Horwich and St. Rollox and in charge of Inspectors of raw materials and components. Cox Chronicles of steam.
Broxup, Charles Eric
Began his training with the Great Eastern Railway at Stratford in 1908 (presumably son of Charles Thomas below), after which he served in the Drawing Office. In 1914 Broxup joined the Metropolitan Carriage, Wagon & Finance Co. Ltd., Birmingham, and from there joined the Royal Engineers. His war service included service in France wiih that Corps. After demobilisation he joined Stones of Deptford and in 1920 was appointed to the Inspection Staff of the Crown Agents for the Colonies, where he remained some 13 years. Later he joined the staff of Messrs. Sandberg (Consulting and Inspecting Engineers) and for the last 15 years he acted as Consulting and Inspecting Engineer to the Egyptian and Sudan Governments. He had been a Member since 1940. His death occurred in his 62nd year. J. Instn. Loco. Engrs., 1954, 44, 541.
Broxup, Charles Thomas
Born 27 January 1859. Died: 16 December 1923, Falmouth, Cornwall. Entered railway service 1874, probably at Stratford on Great Eastern Railway. First locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway appointed on 1 July 1896, having served as temporary locomotive inspector from May 1895. Like most of his successors, his term of office was short, since he resigned in May 1897. Subsequently locomotive superintendent of the Manila Railway (Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 204). Succeeded on LDECR by Grierson. He was Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, Argentine North Eastern Railway, and ended his railway service in 1913. (National Archives)
Born Glasgow on 25 May 1881. Educated Albert Public School and Glasgow Technical College. Apprenticed at Atlas Locomotive Works of Sharp Stewart. Draughtsman successively at G. & J. Weir of Cathcart, the Vulcan Foundry and North British Locomotive Co. Briefly Assistant Chief Draughtsman on the LBSCR before joining Dearborn Chemical Co. in 1922 becoming their European Manager in 1926. Died on 19 May 1946. Obit. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 458..
Burge, Rodon Ludford
He was born in 1882 and educated at Cheltenham and Malvern Colleges and served his engineering apprenticeship at Swindon as a pupil of William Dean from 1900 to 1903. After taking a course at University College, London he returned to the Drawing Office at Swindon. In 1911 he went to Canada and then to the USA where he was employed as a draughtsman in the Signal Engineer's Office of the Chicago and Western Indiana RR. During WW1 he was injured at the Battle of the Somme and then served in Palestine on the Aleppo-Haifa Railway. After WW1 he joined the Locomotive Publishing Co. until ill health forced his retirement. He died on 22 April 1937. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 580-1
Burrell, Frederick John
Member of family who owned Charles Burrell & Sons of St Nicholas Works in Thetford, Norfolk. Patented an improved condenser (14872/1887) for tramway locomotives. See R.H. Clark Chronicles of a country works and Steam engine builders of Norfolk.
Who was he? Contributed to discussaion on Dewrance paper when either retired or in senior managerial position, author of Mechanical appliances for handling freight traffic, 1921 (Ottley 3382) and Railway and seaport freight movement. 1930 (Ottley 3823)
Burrows, Maurice G.
Author of Paper No. 584. Assistant to Bond when at Crewe: Bond Lifetime. Langridge Under ten CMEs V.2 p. 107 has an infuriating reference to "Burrows, a young man brought by Stanier from Swindon to the LMS, went to Brighton as assistant ME". Also encountered at Llandudno Junctiion by J.M. Dunn who complained about lack of standardisation in Class 5 and Burrows countered that they had been puchased very cheaply.
Chief Brake Engineer, to be Deputy Works Manager.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181
Callendar, Hugh Longbourne
Born on 18 April 1863 at Hatherop, Gloucestershire. Educated at Marlborough College, where he ranked top in classics and mathematics and excelled at sports. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1882, obtaining a first class in the classical tripos in his second year and graduating as sixteenth wrangler in 1885. Later in 1885 he joined the Cavendish Laboratory, then under J.J. Thomson, having done no serious reading in physics and lacking practical laboratory experience. He was appointed professor of physics at Royal Holloway College, Englefield Green, in 1893 but stayed there only two terms before moving to Canada to take up the chair of physics at McGill University, Montreal, where he was in charge of the new Macdonald physics building. There Callendar found suitable apparatus on which he could pursue his plans for high-precision work based on electrical measures. He also studied engineering problems connected with steam turbines, and with John Thomas Nicolson determined the temperature of steam expansion behind a piston. In June 1894 he was elected fellow of the Royal Society. On leaving McGill his place was taken by Ernest Rutherford. Callendar returned to England in 1898 as Quain professor of physics at University College, London. In 1902 he succeeded Sir Arthur Rücker as professor of physics at the Royal College of Science, London, incorporated into the Imperial College of Science and Technology in 1907, where he remained until his death.
Callendar devised in 1887 an extremely accurate compensation bridge; the original, constructed in 1893, was used throughout his researches on steam. An important paper, Thermodynamic properties of gases and vapours deduced from a modified form of the Joule-Thomson equation (Proc. R. Soc., 1900, 67, 26686) formed the basis of his subsequent work on steam, for in it he stated all the thermodynamic properties of steam by means of consistent thermodynamic formulae, leading to the formulation of his steam equation and the publication of his Callendar Steam Tables (1915, 1922, 1927), giving the properties of steam up to and beyond the critical pressure. He also published The Properties of Steam (1920). Callendar took part in the first International Steam Tables Conference, held in London in 1929 to co-ordinate research work in various countries. In 1899 Lord Rayleigh's committee of electrical standards accepted Callendar's proposals for a standard scale of temperature based on the platinum thermometer, and it continues to be relied on for temperatures between the boiling point of liquid oxygen (-182.97 °C) and the melting point of antimony (630.5 °C). He was an excellent teacher and his dignified kindliness endeared him to his students. Instn Civ. Engrs. paper on superheating. He died at 11 Grange Park, Ealing, London, on 21 January 1930. Anita McConnell in ODNB
Looked after locomotives on Rhymney Railway fromdeath of John Kendall in 1869 until 1884, under Cornelius Lundie, . RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .
F.W. Carr, formerly works manager Darlington moved to be works manager Gorton in succession to J.W. Smith. Locomotive Mag, 1933, 39, 1. Moved to Mechanical Engineer, Stratford: Locomotive Mag, 1941, 47, 140
Works Manager Gorton until 1947: see Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 31.
Served apprenticeship on Somerset & Dorset Railway at Highbridge Works. Subsequently worked in Midland Railway drawing office, then at North British Locomotive Company and at the Doncaster Works drawing office of the Great Northern Railway, before being recruited by Urie for Eastleigh. Langridge Under ten SMEs..
Clark, George Thomas
Born in London on 26 May 1809; died Tal-y-garn, near Llantrisant, Glamorgan on 31 January 1898 aged 88 Civil engr, historian and archaeologist. Eldest son of George C. chaplain to the Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea. Educated Charterhouse. After training as engineer he was entrusted by Brunel with constructing two divisions of the GWR, the main works being Paddington station and bridges at Basildon and Moulsford. During this period he compiled the first offidal guide to the GWR, pub in 1839 without his name and dedicated to Brunel. In 1846 he published a more detailed account, The History and Description of the GWR, again anonymous [Ottley 6026], in connection with a series of prints by J C Bourne. About 1843 Clark went to India and reported on prospects for the first railway in India, Bombay to Tannah, later GIPR, and also on the feasibility of extn through the Western Ghats. He was offered the post of chief engr but preferred to return to England where he exerted himself in the improvement of public health work and sanitation. In 1852 he became trustee of Dowlais estate and ironworks. He was one of the first iron-masters to assist Henry Bessemer perfect his process for making malleable iron direct from ore. Experiments at Dowlais resulted in the first rails ever to be rolled without the intervention of a puddling furnace. The difficulty of finding adequate British ore of suitable quality led him, in conjunction with the Consett Iron Co and Krupp of Essen, to acquire an extensive tract of iron ore deposits near Bilbao in Spain. He also purchased large coal measures in Glamorganshire. To avoid transport, in 1888-91 he established furnaces and mills by the sea at Cardiff. Under Clark Dowlais became a great training school for engineers and rnanagers. On the formation of the British Iron Trade Association in 1876 Clark was elected its first president He was Sheriff of Glamorganshire in 1868. As an archaeologist Clark achieved great renown and was recognized as the leading authority on mediaeval fortifications for half a century. He was also an authority on heraldry and genealogy. Clark married Ann Price, second daughter of Henry Lewis of Greenmeadow near Cardiff, on 3 April 1850. She died on 6 April 1885 leaving a son, Godfrey Lewis Clark and a daughter. John Marshall Biographical dictionary... and Chrimes in Chrimes.
Engineer in charge of outdoor machinery on Port Talbot Railway and Dock Co. Loco Mag., 1905, 11, 75.
In charge of locomotives on Rhymeny Railway between 1858 and 1862. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .
Congleton, 6th Baron (John Brooke Molesworth Parnell)
Born 16 May 1892, died 21 December 1932. Educated RN College, Osborne and Dartmouth; BSc (McGill). Obituary Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 29: Lord Congleton was a director of G.D. Peters & Co. Ltd., the Consolidated Brake and Engineering Co. Ltd., the British Power Railway Signal Co. Ltd., and the British Air Brake Co. Ltd. He was a B.Sc. of McGill University, Montreal, and a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Lord Congleton was a vice-president of the Railway Students' Association.
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway on 11 September 1900, but resigned with effect from 31 December 1901. Wikipedia. May have been the James Conner who from 1885 was Resident Engineer, Locomotive Superintendent, and General Manager simultaneously of the Isle of Wight Railway. Note there is also a James Connor who allegedly designed 4-8-0 type for Burton Extension Railway.
Crane, Maurice Arthur
London Director of the Hunslet Group of Companies: President of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers for the Session 1966-67. He servcd an apprenticeship with the Great Western Railway, at Swindon, and received his technical training at the Swindon Technical College. He obtained further experience in the Testing Department and Drawing Office at Swindon, before taking up an appointment in the Colonial Service. In 1928 he joined the Nigerian Railway as Draughtsman and Technical Instructor in charge of the Technical Training Institute. He subsequcntly held the positions of Chief Draughtsman, Research Officer, Works Superintendent, and District Running Superintendent with that railway system. He later became Senior Locomotive Superintendent of the former Gold Coast Railway, in which capacity he was responsible for the running department and the mechanical operation of Takoradi Harbour. In 1942, he joined Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd., as Assistant to the Sales Director, and in the course of his duties, visited railways all over the world. He subsequently became London Manager for the Company, and finally, their Technical Sales Manager until relinquishing his appointment at the rnd of 1965. He was a Membcr of the Board of Beyer Peacock Gorton Limited, and was Chairman of several subsidiary Companies. Apart from his early travels, during which he explored the \Vest to East route across the Sahara by road, he has visited most countries in Europe anti also Africa, the Far East, Australasia and North and South America. He was not only responsible for Technical Sales, but also was closely connected with the production of films and books for his Company. including the production and editing of the L.M.A. Handbook. He was, for many years, a Member of the Publicity Committee of the Locomotive and Allied Manufacturers' Association, and is at present a Member of the Export Committee of the Association. Mr. Crane was a life member of the Swindon Engineering Society, and joined the Institution of Locomotive Engineers as an Associate Member in 1933 and transferred to Member in 1943. He was elected to thc Council in 1952 and Vice-President in 1960.
John Sagar. Just what the doctor ordered; experience with the Giesl Ejector on City of Wells. Rly Wld., 1992, 53 (629), 46-9.
Includes photograph taken on 14 September 1986 at Haworth of No. 34092 with John Click and Adolph Giesl-Gieslingen
Or Crosby: locomotive draughtsman at North Britsh Locomotive Co.: see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note states that he was in charge of Royal Scot boiler design and used Lord Nelson boiler drawings to assist!.
Born 14 January 1829 in Boulogne. After studying in the engineering department of Kings College, London, was engaged under Sir William Cubitt upon the Great Northern Railway. In 1849 entered the works of R. and W. Hawthorn, Newcastle-on-Tyne, and in 1852 was engaged in the workshops of the Great Northern Railway at Boston, and afterwards in the drawing office of the Eastern Counties Railway at Stratford. During 1854 and 1855 he was in the works of Messrs. Fox, Henderson and Co. at Smethwick, and Messrs. Cochrane and Co. at Woodside. In 1856 he succeeded John Head as Engineer to the Warsaw Water Works, where he remained till 1862, and then returned to England. In 1864 he became the Engineer to the Tees Side Iron Works, Middlesbrough, of Hopkins, Gilkes and Co., with whom he remained until his death on 20 December 1873 after a short illness. Latterly he had been engaged-in striving to overcome the difficulties of mechanical puddling. He was also concerned in the establishment in 1870 of the Imperial Iron Works, Middlesbrough, of Jackson, Gill and Co., in which he became a partner. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 16-17..
Began his railway career at Doncaster Works in 1923. Seconded to Drawing Office in 1934 and in 1936 was transferred to the Carriage & Wagon Central Drawing Office. During WW2 he became Assistant to the Carriage & Wagon Works Manager at Gorton. In 1944 he was transferred to York Works as Assistant to the Works Manager: latterly as C. & W. Repairs. He died aged 45 on 25 December 1952. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1952, 42, 604.
Patent GB 13,602/1851 Railroads. 26 April 1851\ (Woodcroft)
Dance, Sir Charles Webb
1787-1845. Military engineer. Promoter of steam carriages for roads. See J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2010, 36, 88. and Forward Gurneys's railway locomotives. Trans Newcomen Soc, 1921, 2, 127
Patent: GB 6262/1832. Steam boilers. 8 April 1832
GB 6465/1833 Boilers and other apparatus for locomotive carriages. 20 August 1833
Born Stony Stratford on 8 August 1841. Apprenticed at Wolverton, In 1865 moved to the Worcester Engine Works and in 1871 to Sharp Stewart. In 1883 became Works Manager at Nsmyth Wilson. Died in Manchester on 6 March 1900. Obit. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1900, 58, 328 .
Darley, George Harold
Died 19 January 1963 aged 61. Served apprenticeship at Doncaster from 1918 to 1922; appointed Running Foreman at New England during 1929 and subsequently filled such posts at Bradford and Hitchin on LNER. In 1936 he became Depot Superintendent and then Shed Master at Trafford Park, being transferred to a similar position at Lincoln in 1947, a position he held until being made Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent at that depot in 1948. He continued as Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent until the setting up of the Running & Maintenance Organisation in January 1961 when he was appointed Technical Assistant to the District Running & Maintenance Engineer. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 53, 134..
Initial engineer in charge of locomotives on the Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .
Probably associated with the Albion Foundry Tipton. Woodcroft patents
GB 12347/1848. Steam-engines. 2 December 1848.
GB 12880/1849. Engines worked by steam, air, water. an other fluids, and whether locomotive, marine or stationary; boilers; applicable to blowing air and pumping water. 10 December 1849
GB 10161/1844. Steam-engines; partly applicable to impelling carriages. 27 April 1844.
GB 12145/1848. Steam-engines and locomotive-carriages; in partly applicable to other motive machinery. 2 May 1848.
Probably associated with the Albion Foundry Tipton. Woodcroft patents
GB 12347/1848. Steam-engines. 2 December 1848.
GB 12880/1849. Engines worked by steam, air, water. an other fluids, and whether locomotive, marine or stationary; boilers; applicable to blowing air and pumping water. 10 December 1849
Dawson, John Somers
Patents (via Woodcroft)
GB 11318/1846 Railway-carriages; machinery for working railways;- partly applicable to other carriages and to the bearings of other machinery. 30 July 1846
Ahrons British steam railway locomotive (pp. 62-3) citing Zerah Colburn states that the Day wheel patented in 1835 eventually became the standard wheel from about 1847 and were made by John Dewrance for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway.
Patents (via Woodcroft)
GB 6750/1835 Construction of railways. 22 January 1835.
GB 6880/1835 Wheel for carriages. 14 August 1835
De Charlieu, André Drouet
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 10115/1844. Rails for railways, and wheels for locomotive carriages. 20 March 1844.
Delcroix, Florimond, junior
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 9817/1843 Furnaces for locomotive and other engines; appartus for regulating the escape of steam and passage of air, in chimneys of furnaces.6 July 1843
Detmold, Julian Adolph
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 10775/1845. Applying steam as a motive power. 21 July 1845.
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 7563/1838. Railroads; and carriages used thereon 8 February 1838.
GB 7852/1838. Railroads; and carriages used thereon 3 November 1838.
Died in 1861: father of Sir John Dewrance (below) (Ahrons British steam railway locomotive ). On the Liverpool & Manchester Railway John Dewrance was responsibe for erecting the Rocket (IMechE website) and new locomotives of the Bird class: 2-2-2 with 12in x 18in cylinders with a freight version (2-4-0) with 13in x 20in cylinders: No. 69 Swallow (2-2-2) entered service on 8 September 1841. He experimented with coal buring on Condor.(Sekon). See R.H.G. Thomas.. When he left the Liverpool & Manchester he moved to Ireland to the GS&W, then in 1846 to the MGWR as locomotive superintendent being appointed at a salary of £300 per annum plus a company house on Cabra Road free of rent.
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 10,594/1845. Steam-boilers; construction, composition, and manufacture of bearings, steps, and other rubbing surfaces of steam-engines and other machinery; lubricating the same. 7 April 1845.
Dewrance, Sir John
Son of above, head of Dewrance & Co. engineers. Born London 13 March 1858. Educated Charterhouse and King's College, London. In 1882 he married Isabella Ann (died 1922), second daughter of Francis Trevithick, of Penzance, and granddaughter of Richard Trevithick, the father of the locomotive; they had a son and a daughter.. Died aged 79 on 7 October 1937. Dewrance was a prolific inventor who took out more than a hundred patents, mainly relating to steam fittings and boiler mountings. In 1899 he became chairman of Babcock & Wilcox Ltd. and of the pioneering companies in the Kent coalfield. During WW1 he was a member of the Advisory Committee of the Treasury, the Ministry of Munitions, the Ministry of Labour and the Department of Overseas Trade. He was made a K.B.E. in 1920. High Sheriff of Kent in 1925. ODNB entry by H.M. Ross, revised Anita McConnell According to Who Was Who resided at Wretham Hall, Thetford at time of death. Obituary Loco, Rly Carr. Rev., 1937, 43, 325.
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe.
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe.
Formerly Assistant Locomotive Superintendent Barry Railway appointed Locomotive Superintendent Londonderry & Lough Swilly Railway in late 1905. See Locomotive Mag. 1905, 11, 204.
Born in Tichwell in 1832 son of a corn merchant. Apprenticed to Clayton & Shuttleworth of Lincoln. Established an engine works in King's Lynn. He built up a thriving business Alfred Dodman & Co. Ltd., which survived beyond his death on 13 December 1908 at Swaffham. Built a solitary small 2-2-2. R.H. Clark Steam engine builders of Norfolk...
Donisthorpe, George Edmund
Born in 1809: died 18 January 1875. a worsted manufacturer, wool merchant, and later colliery proprietor, who in the 1840s had invented a wool combing machine, and his wife, Elizabeth Wordsworth (18211881). Father of Wordsworth Donisthorpe inventor of form of cinematography. Woodcroft lists two patents (by father) of relevance to railways. Other material ODNB.
GB 12849/1849. Apparatus for stopping steam-engines and other first movers. 17 November 1849
GB 12877/1849. Wheels of locomotive carriages. 3 December 1849.
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway on 1 January 1902 until 31 July 1902, during which time the job was downgraded to Locomotive Inspector: replaced by Thom..
Ex Works Manager at Oswestry: Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Railway from 1909 until 26 February 1922 when he died. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55. and RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Durnford, Ernest Robert
Possibly born West Ashford in 1885 and died Derby in 1968. Chairman Midland Centre of Institution of Locomotive Engineers at Derby. Probably trained in Glasgow as refers to practical experience at Eastfield: see response to Carling paper 1950, 40, 572. and in response to Paper No. 489 on 1949, 39, page 572. Durnford was recruited by Stanier as he had lost his job (and his pension) in the Argentine. Stanier had taken compassion on him "for reasons we did not know but could guess". Langridge p. 127..
Durnford, Thomas Joy
Born Ashford, Kent, in 1879; died Buenos Ayres on 21 January 1949 just after his 70th birthday. He received his early education at St. Augustine's College, Ashford and the Grammar School, Ashford. His engineering experience was gained at the Ashford works of' the South Eastern Railway from 1885 to 1890. At the same time he attended the Railway Institute at Ashford. To gain further experience he spent two years as a draughtsrnan with the Hyde Park Locomotive Works, Glasgow, six months with R. Stephenson and Co., Darlington, nine months at the Atlas Works, Glasgow, and two years with the Midland Railway Co. at Derby. He returned to Glasgow in February 1906 to take up the appointment of leading draughtsman with the North British Locomotive Co., but decided a year later to emigrate to South America where he was employed as assistant chief draughtsman with the Buenos Ayres Great Southern Railway in Buenos Ayres. In 1911 he became chief draughtsman and in 1916 was appointed works manager. Later he became works general manager at Remidios de Escalada, which appointment he held until his retirement in 1946. For some time previous to his retirement he also acted as technical adviser to the director of development. Of a kindly and genial nature, he had a profound knowledge of locomotive engineering and was held in high esteem by a large circle of engineers in South America. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 112.
Edleston, Arthur Hamilton
Became Member Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1938 as a locomotive draughtsman, LMS. Contributor to discussion on J. Instn Loco. Engrs, Paper 447 where he asked about axleboxes for Q1 and mentioned that he had seen Turbomotive's roller bearing axleboxes in Crewe Works.
Edwards, Henry Charles Lewis
Killed by enemy action in London aged 36. Edwards entered the service of the GNR in November, 1920, at Doncaster, where he was a premium apprentice and pupil in the locomotive works. In July 1925, he was appointed Running Shed Foreman at Gateshead and later filled a similar position at Darlington, being transferred to Kings Cross as a Carriage and Wagon Assistant in May 1927. Returning north in 1928 he became Assistant in the York Carriage and Wagon Works. In March, 1932, he was posted to London again as Assistant Manager at the Stratford Carriage and Wagon Works, where he remained until January, 1937, when he returned to Doncaster as Assistant to the Locomotive Works Manager for a few months. In August, 1937, he was appointed Manager of the Carriage and Wagon Works, Stratford, which position he held at the time of his death.
Edwards, Herbert Newton Southley
Born in 1894 into a railway family, both his father and grandfather having been officers of the former Taff Vale Railway. Died 17 March 1953. Joined Taff Vale Railway as an apprentice in the locomotive department in 1910, but this was interrupted during WW1 when he served in the Royal Engineers (T.A.). On return to railway service he held several appointments and at the time of the amalgamation of 1923 he was inspector at Barry. In 1924 he went to the Cardiff Valley division in the same grade and later that year to a similar position at Newport. In 1929 he was appointed assistant to the divisional locomotive carriage and wagon superintendent at Newport and in 1933 to a similar position at Bristol. In July 1941 he transferred to Swindon as assistant to the running superintendent and outdoor assistant to the CME. Early in 1942 he was appointed divisional locomotive carriage and wagon superintendent, Cardiff Valleys, and in 1945 to a similar post at Bristol. This was redesignated district motive power superintendent in 1949 and was the appointment he held at the time of death. He had been a Member of Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1947. Obituary; J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1953, 43, 336.
Edwards, William Sydney
Born in 1882, was elected a Member Instn Loco. Engrs in 1916 and served on the Council from 1926 to 1946, being a Vice-President since 1946. He was educated at Hanley High School and served his engineering apprenticeship with Kerr Stuart under the Hartley, a celebrated North Staffordshire engineer. In 1902 he joined Bagnall & Co. (Stafford) as a leading draughtsman. In 1910 he became chief draughtsman and works manager and five years later was made general manager. In 1932 he was made managing director (see Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 195) and remained in that capacity until his death on 28 December 1946. He was also joint managing director of Cowlishaw, Walker and Co., Ltd., Railway Engineering Works, Beddulph, Stoke-on-Trent. He was a prominent figure in engineering circles in Staffordshire; a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers since 1916. From 1938 he had been President of the North Staffordshire Engineering Employers Association, a Vice-president of the Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Staffordshire District Engineering and Allied Employers Association, a member of the Midland Regional Committee and member of Council of the E. & A.E.s National Federation. He was also a member of the General Council of the Staffordshire Chamber of Commerce and chairman of the Stafford County and District Building Society, and a member of the Locomotive Manufacturers Association from its inception. Apprentice training see ILocoE Paper 144. Porttrait: Group photograph at Swiss Locomotive Works, Winterthur on 2 June 1930. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1930, 20, Plate (between pp 466-7). Also present in group photograph taken at Railway Centenary in Darlington: J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1925, 15, 576
Ellison, John Harold
Born Manchester in 1922. He received his early education at Chorlton High School, where he gained his School Certificate, and then, at the age of 17, commenced his engineering apprenticeship at the Crewe Works of the LMS. During this period he attended the Crewe Technical College and obtained the Ordinary National Certificate. This was followed up by the Higher National Certificate, which he passed at the Manchester College of Technology. On completion of his apprenticeship he spent four months in the drawing office at Crewe prior to volunteering for National Service, which took place in June 1944. After twelve months training at the R.E. Railway Depot at Longmoor he was granted a Commission at Newark and was sent to India as a lieutenant (locomotive officer) and posted to a Workshop Coy. in July 1945. It was here that he died of enteric fever on 5th May 1947 at the age of 24 years. He served in Rangoon and other places in Burma and, for a time in Siarn, being sent on to Jullundur in the Punjab early this year. He was a Graduate of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and a student of the Institution of Civil Engineers.
Former assistant to Sinclair, District Locomotive Superintendent at Peterborough, GNR: promoted to DLS Grantham in 1913 (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203): still in post in 1923 (Dawn Smith)
Ewing, Sir (James) Alfred
Born Dundee on 27 March 1855, died 7 January 1935. Eminent engineer, scientist and cryptographer, Chairman of Committee on Locomotive Testing Station (not listed in main biographical sources, but in Bond's Lifetime with locomotives). Remainder from Who Was Who and ODNB (E.I. Carlyle rev. W.H. Brock). Educated High School, Dundee and University of Edinburgh. Engaged in engineering work until 1878; was Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Imperial University, Tokyo, Japan, 187883; Professor of Engineering at University College Dundee, 188390; Professor of Mechanism and Applied Mechanics in the University of Cambridge 18901903; Director of Naval Education, 190316; Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, 191629; President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 192429; Member of Vibration Committee (chaired Lord Rayleigh: see Hennessey, Backtrack, 2013, 27, 394); Member of Explosives Committee, 190306; Member of Ordnance Research Board, 190608; awarded Royal Medal for researches in Magnetism, 1895; Albert Medal, 1929; Freedom of the City of Edinburgh, was in charge of Department of the Admiralty dealing with enemy cipher, 191417; Chairman of Bridge Stress Committee, 192428; of Committee on Mechanical Testing of Timber, 192934. Publications (relating in anyway to railways) The Steam Engine and other Heat Engines, 1894 (4th ed., 1926); The Strength of Materials, 1899;
Trained on Midland Railway at Kentish Town: contributed to Dewhurst IMechE Paper of 1922
Farquharson, James R.
Born 1 November 1903 at Cortachy, Angus and.died 17 February. 2005. Educated Royal Technical College, Glasgow and Glasgow University. Assistant Engineer: LMS Railway, 192325; Kenya and Uganda Railway, 192533; Senior Assistant Engineer, Kenya and Uganda Railway, 193337; Tanganyika Railways: Assistant to General. Manager, 193741; Chief Engineer, 194145; General. Manager, 194548; Deputy General Manager, East African Railways, 194852; General Manager: Sudan Railways, 195257; East African Railways and Harbours, 195761; Assistant Crown Agent and Engineer-in-Chief of Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, 196165. Fellow, Scottish Council for Development and Industry, Sir James Farquharson, K.B.E., was Engineer-in-Chief, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations. It was undoubtedly a reflection of the great esteem in which he was held throughout Africa that he was invited by the Chairman of the Nigerian Railways Corporation to the First African Railway Congress in Lagos to address delegates from fifteen African nations. KBE 1960.
Paper: The future of railways in Tropical Africa [Sir Seymour Biscoe Tritton Lecture]. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 52, 14-32,.
Represented Beardmore at Inaugural Meeting of I. Loco. E. Scottish Centre
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell. Helped to solve draughting problems on Ivatt Class 2 and Class 4 2-6-0s. Also took an interest in Reidinger rotary cam valve gear and Caprotti-fitted class 5 locomotives.
Forrest, William John
Born Annan, Dumfriesshire, on 18 July 1828. Served apprenticeship with Messrs. McCallum and Dundas, civil engineers of Edinburgh, by whom he was employed on the survey of the Ayrshire and Galloway Railway and on the construction of the Edinburgh branch of the Caledonian Railway. In January 1852 he went to Canada, where he was appointed one of the assistant engineers of the Great Western Railway of Canada, then iu course of construction. In 1853 he was appointed chief assistant to James C. Street, who superintended the construction of the Hamilton and Toronto Railway. On the completion of this railway in 1856, for which Mr. Forrest had prepared all the working plans, he was employed for upwards of two years as chief assistant on the surveys and plans of the projected Niagara and Detroit Rivers Railway, of which Street was Chief Engineer. Towards the end of 1859 he returned to England, and in 1863 became chief assistant to Messrs. Street and Marmont in London, with whom he continued until the death of Street in April 1867. He then established himself in practice on his own account until the summer of 1869, when he returned to Canada, and was engaged as chief assistant to Sandford Fleming, the Engineer-in-Chief of the Intercolonial Railway, his principal duties being to superintend under Fleming the designs and working plans of the stone and iron structures for that railway: a situation held until his death on 9 September 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 19..
Forward, Ernest Alfred
Born on 5 September 1877. Died 14 October 1959. Keeper of rhe Engineering Division, Science Museum: retirement on 5 September 1937. Educated at East London Technical College and Royal Scoolege of Science. Trained at Bow Works of North London Railway. Joined Museum in 1901. Author of Science Museum handbooks:
Handbook of the collections illustrating land transport. [Part] 3. Railway locomotives and rolling stock, by E.A. Forward. Part I. A historical review. London, H.M.S.O., 1931. 100 p. + front. + 24 plates. 48 illus.
9 pp. describe the 1920-1930 period.
Handbook of the collections illustrating land transport. [Part] 3. Railway locomotives and rolling stock, by E.A. Forward. Part 2. Descriptive catalogue. London, H.M.S.O., 1931. 119 p. + 12 plates. 24 illus.
Major contributor, both as author and contributor to discussion, to the Transactions of the Newcomen Society: his name is difficult to trace in the crude search engine offered by the Society: the one in Steamindex is superior.
John Fowler was born at Melksham in Wiltshire on 11 July 1826 and died following a hunting accident on 4 December 1864. He was born into a wealthy Quaker family and after initially following his fathers wishes in becoming a corn merchant he soon decided to go his own way and become an engineer. Fowler joined railway manufacturers Gilkes Wilson & Co of Middlesbrough, a firm that produced 351 locomotives between 1847 and 1875, including over 100 for the Stockton & Darlington Railway.
On a visit to Ireland in 1849 John Fowler witnessed the aftermath of the potato famine. In his capacity as an engineer with a background in agriculture it was hoped that Fowler might find engineering solutions to farming problems. On his return to England he left Gilkes Wilson & Co and began working on machines for improving drainage, thus allowing wasted bog land to be cultivated. A year later his machine was demonstrated to the Royal Agricultural Society. It worked using horses for power and geared capstans which allowed more substantial channels to be dug. The early experiments did not run smoothly and Fowler decided eventually that a steam engine was needed to work the machinery. It was soon realised that there were many other applications for a steam engine in farming, particularly in the work of ploughing so a number of ways of putting steam engines to use for these purposes were devised. Some firms tried hauling ploughing equipment across the field directly at the back of the engine, though generally the weight of the engine would cause it to get bogged down and it would not produce good results. Several experiments were carried out using a steam engine with an attached winding drum that could haul a plough back and forth across the field. A number of arrangements were devised using an engine moving along the headland at one side of the field and a rope anchor set up at other side of the field to keep the plough in a straight line. In the end the most efficient method was found to be to use ploughing engines at both sides of the field, hauling the plough back and forth between each other. The ideal method of working often varied according to the conditions of the field to be worked. Fowler developed a range of equipment that could be used in whatever manner was most appropriate.
Much of the early equipment was made in Bristol in partnership with fellow Quaker Albert Fry of the famous chocolate making family (Frys incidentally had been using a Watt engine to grind cocoa at their works as far back as 1795) though this partnership only lasted until 1855. The Fowler-Fry works continued as the Bristol Carriage & Wagon Works until it was taken over by Leeds Forge in 1920. The factory was sold to Bristol Tramways and Carriage Co, a forerunner of Bristol Commercial Vehicles. After several attempts in competitions, Fowler eventually won the Royal Agricultural Societys £500 prize in 1858 with an engine made for him by Robert Stephenson & Co. This led to many orders for his machinery, built for him then by various firms until in 1860 Kitson & Hewitson took on all the orders. With business booming it was soon decided that Fowler needed a works of his own and in partnership with Hewitson as Hewitson & Fowler the Steam Plough Works was established on land adjacent to Kitsons works in Hunslet, Leeds. Off Internet especially Frank Jux Fowler's century of locomotive building. Ind. Rly. Rec., 1970 (29) 208-13..
Foxlee, Richard William
Born 29 May 1885; son of William T. Foxlee, Civil Engineer; died 27 November 1961. Educated Westminster School. Engineering Pupllage under Alexander Ross. Worked in the Engineering Department, Great Northern Railway, 190609; Great Central Railway, 190915; Port of London Authority, 191521; Deputy Head, Engineering Designs Dept, Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, 1921; Deputy Chief Engineer (Civil), 1928; Chief Civil Engineer, 194549; Engineer-in-Chief, Crown Agents. Engineering Adviser to Secretary of State for Colonies, 194954. Consulting Engineer (on own account); also Consultant to Coode and Partners, Consulting Engineers. Publication: Hammer blow impact on the main girders of railway bridges. Proc. Instn Civ.Engrs, 1934 Paper 4896) for which the Trevithic Premium was awarded. Who Was Who. News item: Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1950, 56, 68.
Crewe trained: (1895-7) see Reed. Locomotive Superintendent Chinese Government Rys (Canton-Hankow section); (Locomotive Mag, 1912, 18, 179) where he introduced the Atlantic type.
Born on 20 August 1861, educated Sydney Grammar School, died 28 July 1936. Chied Commissioner of Railways and Tramways in New South Wales from 1917 to 1929 when he retired. Who Was Who.
Surnames beginning letter "Ga"
Gamon, Vernon Percival
Born 18 March 1884, died in Manchester on 23 November 1937. He received his early education at Marlborough and his technical education at Manchester University. In 1901 he became a pupil at Nasmyth, Wilson and Co.s Locomotive Works, at Patricroft, and at the end of three years joined the Lancashire Dynamo and Motor Co., being 12 months on the test bench and 12 months as Assistant Works Manager. He then joined Edison and Swan for two years, returning to Nasmqth, Wilson and Co. in January, 1909, as personal assistant to the active directors. In 1919 he was appointed a Director. Mr. Gamon was well known in Lancashire Rugby circles in his early days, being a regular player for Manchester, and on several occasions played for his county. In March, 1937, whilst still retaining his directorship of Nasmyth, Wilsons he accepted the appointment as Director of the hfarichester and District Engineering Employers Association. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 814.
1805-1976. Of W.J. & J. Garforth of Dukinfield. Firm noted for constructing one of the iron tubes for Robert Stephenson's Britannia Bridge across the Menai Straits. At least two patents relating to locomotives: 13,756/1851 Locomotive steam engines and 49/1854 Retarding locomotive engines (with William Garforth). Latter acted by forcing a skid onto the rails using a steam cylinder . Glithero in Chrimes.
Garraway, Allan George Weldon
Born 14 Junre 1926. Educated Pearce & Leys School and St. Catharine's Hall, Cambridge. Assistant to Motive Power Superintendent British Railways, Eastern Region, 1949-55. Manager & Engineer Festiniog Railway 1955-83. He retired to Boat of Garten and worked with the Strathspey Railway. Cornwell.
General Manager of Steel Railway Journal Box Co. of Pendleton in Salford. Patented often in association with others many wagon components including buffers:
GB 14536/1894 Improvements in apparatus for heating and welding by electricity with Charles Frederick Parkinson. Applied 28 July 1894. Published 27 July 1895.
GB 27558/1898 Improved lever brake for railway wagons and like vehicles. Applied 31 December 1898. Published 4 November 1899.
GB 26634/1904. Improvements in self contained spring buffers and buffer guides: specially applicable for "converting" dead buffered railway vehicles, into spring buffered vehicles with George Herbert Willans. Applied 7 December 1904. Published 20 April 1905..
GB 6136/1911. Improvements in self-contained spring buffers for railway vehicles and the like with Henry Eoghan O'Brien. Applied 11 March 1911. Published 12 February 1912.
GB 139,372. Improvements in spring buffers for railway and like vehicles Published 4 March 1920
GB 239,719 Improvements in side door fasteners for railway wagons with Steel Railway Journal Box Co. Applied 6 October 1924. Published 17 September 1925.
Gaud, Harold Vernon (Engineer Commander)
Died 18 January 1963. Born at Tavistock in 1882, educated at Kelly College, Tavistock and entered the Royal Naval Engineering College, Devonport in 1899. Commander Gaud served with the Royal Navy until 1922 when he retired and joined Sentinel Wagon Works (1920) Limited to run its Railcar Department, subsequently becoming joint Managing Director of that Company. In 1939 he left Sentinel to become London Manager of Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage & Wagon Co. Limited and at the same time he was appointed Director and General Manager of Metropolitan Railcars (Ganz Patents) Limited, which offices he held until his retirement from Metropolitan-Cammell in March 1954, though he retained his Directorship of Metropolitan Railcars in an advisory capacity until December 1958. Commander Gaud had been associated with the design and development of railcars for over 30 years and was acknowledged as an expert on this subject. He often stated that railcars and railcar trains could provide economic solutions to otherwise uneconomic branch line and cross-country services.Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 498.
Former chief draughtsman: acted as Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from death of Dunbar on 26 February 1922 until railway aborbed into GWR. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55
Gibson, John Chad
Born in 1905. Became an apprentice fitter at Cirencester Works of Midland & South Western Railway, but was moved to the Swindon A erecting shop. Left to be ordained as an Anglican priest in 1935. Excellent concise book Great Western locomotive design (1984).
Died 17 October 1932: managing director of W.G. Bagnall Ltd., of Stafford, for the past twenty-four years, aged seventy-two. He served his apprenticeship at the Birkenhead works of Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd., and joined the firm of W.G. Bagnall in 1886 as draughtsman. On the death of Mr. Bagnall he was appointed managing director, Mr. Gifford was of a retiring disposition, and took no active part in public affairs. He was very interested in golf, and presented a cup some years ago to the Engineering and Employers' Association to be played for each year. See Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 413.
Chief Carriage & Wagon Draughtsman during post-1946 period of LMS: Cox Chronicles of steam
See Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 2. chief locomotive draughtsman LBSCR retired at end of 1905 and replaced by D.J. Spidy, his former chief assistant.
Gilling, Arthur Hewitt
Born in 1873, educated at Merchant Taylor's School from 1884 to 1889. He received his engineer.ing training as an apprentice at David Rolls and Sons, Engineers and Shipbuilders, Liverpool (1889-95), at the same time he attended evening classes at Bootle and Liverpool Technical Schools. On completion of his apprenticeship, he joined the Electric Construction Company at Wolverhampton as a Mechanical Draughtsman, but after five years obtained an appointment as Chief Engineer to Mitrovich Bros., Engineers and Contractors, London and South America. His next appointment was that of Assistant General Manager of Morris and Bastert, Ltd., of Loughborough in 1908, but after 12 months he joined W. G. Bagnall, Ltd., Locomotive Builders, Stafford, as General Manager. In 1912 he made a further change, becoming Cbief Mechanical Engineer to the Rio Tinto Co. Ltd., of London and Spain, but returned to locomotive building in 1914, when appointed General Manager and Secretary of the Yorkshire Engine Co. of Sheffield, subsequently being appointed Managing Director, which post he held until 1928. For a time he was London Manager for Brown Bayley's Steel works, and then in 1930 accepted the appointment of Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Dorada Railway Co., of Colombia, South America. After three years, he returned to England and took up consulting work until appointed General Manager in 1935 of R.Y. Pickering and Co., of Wishaw. In 1937 he was made. a Director of the Glasgow Railway Engineering Co. Ltd., and in 1938, joined the Board of R.Y. Pickering and Co., retiring from both these appointment in January 1940. Gilling was an energetic man and introduced many improvements in both works production and managerial control for the various concerns he worked for. He spoke Spanish fluently, and was familar with French, German and Portuguese. He died on 19 September 1940. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1940, 30, 502.
Gobey, Francis Edward
Born Cirencester on 4 November 1873, died Manchester 2 October 1924. Educated Sir Thomas Rich's School, Cirencester. Joined Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Co. and became draughtsman at the LYR carriage works in Newton Heath in 1897, becoming chief draghtsman in 1903 and works manager in 1909 (see Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126). He visited France, Belgium, the USA and Canada to study works methods. He lectured on carriage and wagon manufacture at the Manchester Municipal College of Technology from 1900 to 1906 and on railway economics at Manchester University. Awarded Webb Prize for his paper on All-metal passenger cars for British railways. Surprisingly, listed as member of Association of Railway Locomotive Engineers in 1924. LMS moved him to Wolverton to become divisional carriage & wagon superintendent.
Locomotive Superintendent of the Barry Railway from 1905 until November 1909. According to RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 his design contribution to the locomotive stock was minimal.
Goodall, Clarence Noel
Born in 1864 and educated at Bedford School. He served his apprenticeship with the London and South Western Railway and then joined the firm of Willans & Robinson of Glasgow, this firm becoming later a part of North British Locomotive Company, Limited. In 1897 he left to join the inspection staff of Messrs. A. M. Rendel & Sons (later Rendel, Palmer & Tritton), and in 1904 was appointed Manager of the Darlington Works of Robert Stephenson & Company Limited, Shipbuilders and Locomotive Builders of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. On the reconstruction of the Company in 1914 only the Darlington Works was retained, and Goodall was appointed Managing Director, which position he held until his retirement in 1936. At the request of the Board of Directors, he retained his directorship until 1944 and thus gave the Company loyal and valuable service over a period of 40 years. Gooddl was awarded the O.B.E. in 1919 in recognition of the services rendered by him and also Stephensons, during WW1. After his retirement from the Company, Goodall removed to Lee-on-Solent, and during WW2 he took an active part in civil defence in the capacity of a chief air raid warden. Goodall was elected a Member in 1913 and he was one of the eight members who signed the original Memorandum of Association when the Institution was incorporated in 1915. He was also a Member of Council in the early 1920s. He died on 12 March 1957 in his 93rd year.
Goudie, William John
Born 6 November 1868; died 4 October 1945. Educated Girvan Parish School; Kilmarnock Academy and University of Glasgow. Trained as mechanical engineer in works of Glasgow and South-Western Railway, Kilmarnock, then experience in marine consulting engineers service, 18841906. Assistant Professor, then University Reader, University. College, London, 190719; Emeritus James Watt Professor of Theory and Practice of Heat Engines, University of Glasgow (which subsequently became Mechanical Engineering) from 1921 until 1938. In 1936 he founded the Goudie Prize in Music and in 1938 the Goudie Prize in Applied Thermodynamics. He was awarded an LLD in 1939.
Steam Turbines, 2nd edition, 1922;
Rippers Steam Engine Theory and Practice, 8th edition, 1932
See informative review: Locomotive Mag., 1932, 38, 378.
Works Manager at Brighton Works and prior to that in charge of test section thereat: appears to have developed special relationship with Bulleid as troublehooter. Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (pp. 129, 222 and 273) and H.A.V. Bulleid's Bulleid of the Southern
Joined Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1919 (obituary Journal, 1936, 26, 833-4); he received early education at the Royal Academy in Gosport, and his technical training at the Technical High School in Hanover, Germany, where he obtained a 1st class certificate in Science and Machine design. On returning to England in 1884 he commenced his engineering apprenticeship with the South Eastern Railway at Ashford works, and on completion, went to South America and joined the Buenos Ayres Great Southern Railway as a draughtsman in the locomotive and carriage dept. In 1895 he was appointed assistant. Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent, which he held until 1906 when he went into the engineering business, forming the well known firm of Percy Grant & Co. Ltd., of which he was managing director from 1906 to 1917. Returning to England in 1917 he joined Messrs. Vickers Ltd., as the London representative of their Sheffield works, and in 1921, was appointed special director in control of commercial sales. From 1922 to 1926 he was one of the joint and general managers of the London office of the company and in 1928 assumed control of the Train Lighting Dept., which was later formed into Vickers Train Lighting Co. Ltd., of which he was made managing director. He died on 22 Deember 1926 aged 69.
Assistant Locomotive Superintendent Southern Division North Eastern Railway: salary from 1 October 1885 £700 (previously £500). Rly Wld, 1957, 18, 77.
Running Superintendent, North British Railway attended Inaugural Meeting of I. Loco. E. Scottish Centre
Locomotive superintendent of the Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railway between 21 April 1899 and resignation on 15 June 1900 because locomotives for which he was responsible had not been properly maintained. (Wikipedia).
Patent No. 2791 of 1876 was for a locomotive having the axles each driven by a three cylinder engine connected to cranks at 120°. The cylinders were what today would be termed nose-suspended and apparently the whole worked in an oil-bath as it was wholly enclosed. Locomotive Mag, 1947, 53, 32.
Born Norwich 26 December 1819; died Lee, Kent 19 March 1905. Trained under W. Bridges Adarns at Fairfield Works, Bow. In 1860 he was resident engineer on the Tudela & Bilbao Railway. He then became locomotive superintendent on the Madrid & Alicante Railway; next on the Cadiz & Jerez Railway. From 1856-9 he was chief draughtsman at Brown, Marshall & Co, Birmingham. Then to Belgium for four years as inspecting engineer for rolling stock being built for the Vama Railway, Turkey. With his brother NathanieI (below) he designed an 'ice locomotive' which worked in 1861 between St Petersburg and Cronstadt in Russia. A model of this is in the Science Museum, London. 1867 Appointed Assistant Engineer on The Irish Railway Commission to Standardize Gauges and details of Management. Marshall.
Born Norwich 6 October1829; died Lee, Kent, 11 July 1897. Brother of Frederick Grew (above). 1846-9 pupil of W. Bridges Adams at the Fairfield Works, Bow, London. 1849-51 worked on the SER in London and Ashford. 1851-3 worked on survey and setting out of part of the Madrid & Valencia Railway from Albacete to Almansa. 1854-9 chief assistant to Sir William Siemens on engines, furnaces and iron and steel manufacture. 1860 began on his own as a civil engineer in London. With his brother worked on the design of the 'ice locomotive'. He was connected with railway work in Argentina. Central America, Peru and BraziL Marshall.
Surnames beginning letter "Ha"
Holder of Patent GB 4761/1877 with Weathburn: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.
Locomotive Superintendent Newcastle & Carlisle Railway in 1850: see Locomotive Mag., 1908, 14, 146. Dawn Smith adds previously "Engineer" of the railway from 1837.
Assistant for Outdoor Machinery, LMS in 1946. (Cox Chronicles of steam)
Patent: GB 12779/1849. Railway breaks. 20 September 1849. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1851, 3, 19.
Hanna, Charles Deacon
Born on 1 March 1886; educated in Springburn, Glasgow, and received his engineering training at the Atlas Works of Sharp Stewart Co. and the Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College. The whole of his engineering career was spent in the drawing office except for a brief spell as a fitter in Eastfield Running Shed on the former North British Railway. At the time of his death he was Chief Draughtsman of Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. Ltd., Kilmarnock. Hanna was elected a Member in 1920; he served on the Council from 1931 to 1937 and was a Member of Committee and later Chairman of the Scottish Centre for some time and was keenly interested in and enthusiastic about the Institutions activities. He did a great deal for the Scottish Centre as Chairman and his death was very sudden and occurred on 3 March 1952. ILocoE obituary (1952, 42). It is certain that he was the Author of Paper 307, but there is no reference to this in his obituary, nor to his working for Sir W.G. Armstrong Whitworth in 1932..
Chief draughtsman, W.G. Bagnall Ltd (in 1940)
Born Liverpool 4 June 1815; died Kensington, London, 2 June 1875. Apprenticed to Mather, Dixon & Co, Liverpool, and to Jones at Newton-le-Willows. On the opening of the Paris & Rouen Railway in 1843 he was appointed locomotive superintendent. Later he was appointed Carriage & Wagon superintendent on the Orleans & Bordeaux Railway until the revolution of 1848 compelled his return to England. He became locomotive superintendent of the Scottish Central Railway and of associated lines in Scotland. He designed the Perth locomotive depot, In 1853 he was consulted by Peto, Brassey & Betts concerning construction of locomotives for the Grand Trunk Railway in Canada. Following his report on a visit to Canada it was decided to establish works in England for building locomotives and wrought-iron bridges. So Harrison established the Canada Works at Birkenhead and remained connected with it until his death. The works built Robert Stephenson's tubular bridge over the St Lawrence at Montreal and, following completion of the GTR, the works supplied material for railways in Britain, France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, USA, India, Australia and other parts of the world. For a period Harrison was manager of the Millwall lronworks of William Fairbaim near London, and of the Humber Ironworks at Hull. Marshall. Peter Marshall Scottish Central Railway.
Harrison, Hubert Arthur
Secretary of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers, 1931-1949 Major Harrison was educated at Wyggeston High School, Leicester, and served his engineering apprenticeship at Crewe. After a number of years experience in the runnling department of the former London and North Western Railway he was appointed Assistant Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway Co. in 1911 and became Chief Mechanical Engineer of that railway in 1914. During WW1 he served in the Royal Engineers. In 1922, he joined the board of Scholey and Co., Engineers, Westminster, and in 1925 became Managing Director of the Croydon Engineering Co. Ltd. Major Harrison's long link with the Institution of Locomotive Engineers began on 1 May 1931 when he was appointed to be its first whole-time Secretary and shortly afterwards he assumed the editorship of the Institution Joumal as part of his duties. Major Harrison held the office of Secretary and Editor of the Institution for eighteen years, a period of considerable activity except during WW2. He retired in 1949 and died 29 June 1967.
Hart-Davis, Roy Spencer Edward Beauclerk
Appointed Acting Mechanical Engineer (outdoor) LNER Scotland. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 67. See also Roland C. Bond A lifetime with locomotives wherein it was noted that Roy was a personal friend of long standing and had first met in Norwich where he was Assistant DLS. The friendship was reinforced when Bond was appointed Superintending Engineer of the Rugby Testing Station whilst Gresley was still alive. On page 121 Bond recounts a confrontation with a Nazi official. He was an accomplished horseman and was a member of the Metropolitan Mounted Police. He had a distinguished war record in Burma. He was secretary to the Committee on Electrification at the Railway Executive. He was a fastidious batchelor and took his own office furniture with him, which included Gresley's roll-top desk. Bannister, Eric. (Trained by Sir Nigel Gresley. 1984) encountered him but Bannister's amanuensis refers to him as "Rupert. He contributed to the discussion on Bond's paper on locomotive repairs at the Doncaster meeting.*
Heath, Ashton M.
Born 27 May, 1S59 and died in October 1922. He was Chief Inspecting Engineer for the Crown Agents for the Colonies. Obituray J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1923, 13, 464.
Hele-Shaw, Henry Selby
Born at Billericay, Essex, on 29 July 1854, the eldest of the thirteen children of Henry Shaw, a solicitor. He was the first in his family to manifest a scientific and inventive genius, though his younger brother, Philip Egerton Shaw, became professor of physics at Nottingham. Shaw added his mother's maiden name to his own surname in his early twenties. He was privately educated, and at seventeen was apprenticed at the Mardyke engineering works of Rouch and Leaker in Bristol. In 1876 he obtained the first of a number of Whitworth prizes, enabling him to become a student at University College, Bristol. In 1880 he was awarded the Miller scholarship from the Institution of Civil Engineers for a paper entitled Small motive power.On obtaining his degree in 1880, Hele-Shaw was appointed lecturer in mathematics and engineering in his own college at Bristol, and in 1881 he became the first professor of engineering there. In 1885 he became the first occupant of the chair of engineering at the University College of Liverpool. In 1904 Hele-Shaw accepted an invitation to initiate a college of engineering at the Transvaal Technical Institute, of which he became principal within a year. This was at a time when the importance of engineering science as a university subject was becoming recognized and a number of new colleges were coming into existence, but even so, Hele-Shaw's record in founding three such important departments is probably unique. He returned to England in 1906, and never again held an academic appointment, but retained an interest in education to the end of his life. On his own subject of kinematics he was a fine lecturer, making use of frequent demonstrations which his inventiveness suggested to him. His geniality and his undoubted pre-eminence as a practical engineer earned him the affection and respect of his students.It is, however, mainly as an inventor and research worker that Hele-Shaw is remembered. His inventions cover a wide range, beginning in 1881 with several instruments for the measurement and recording of wind velocities, and proceeding next by a logical development to the field of integrating machines. For his paper to the Institution of Civil Engineers Mechanical integrators in 1885 he received the Watt gold medal and Telford premium. Similarly, his main contributions to science arose from the facility with which he designed new apparatus for experiment. A good example of this may be found in his demonstration of the nature of streamline flow, of which a theoretical exposition was provided at the time by Sir George Stokes. The scientific significance of this work was great, since not only were the hydrodynamic equations involved considered to be insoluble, except in a few cases, but hydrodynamics as a whole was regarded as a purely mathematical subject with little application to real fluids. His work drew severe criticism from Osborne Reynolds, who, in Nature, on 15 September 1898, both disputed the conclusions reached and implied that he himself had anticipated many of the results in earlier work of his own. Hele-Shaw defended himself stoutly against his great antagonist, and his election as FRS the next year (1899) in recognition of this work shows that even at the time it was clear that Reynolds had underestimated both the value of the investigation and the extent of Hele-Shaw's contribution. In his whole career Hele-Shaw contributed more than a hundred papers, many of them of great importance, to various learned societies. He was awarded honorary degrees by the universities of St Andrews (LLD, 1897), Bristol (DSc in engineering, 1912), and Liverpool (DEng, 1931). Even when most absorbed in research Hele-Shaw took an interest in practical engineering progress. In 1896 the Locomotives on Highways Act opened an entirely new field to British engineering, and in the early years of the motor industry he was in touch with every problem that arose. He acted as judge in almost every trial, and the famous Liverpool trials on commercial motor vehicles in 1897 were organized by him. He invented a number of important devices, including a friction clutch which at one time was fitted to the majority of motor vehicles. Hele-Shaw drove his own Benz car in the days before the act of 1896, when it was obligatory for motorists to be preceded by someone walking before, carrying a red flag. Among Hele-Shaw's inventions in the field of hydraulics were his streamline filter, his hydraulic transmission gearthe first of a type which has since become very importantand his hydraulic steering gear for ships, together with several pumps and hydraulic motors. For the last thirty years of his life Hele-Shaw was engaged entirely as a consulting engineer, in invention, and in the exploitation of previous inventions. He had a flair for the commercial exploitation of his discoveries, some of which enjoyed a long life. With T. E. Beacham he introduced, in 1924, the first practical automatic variable pitch airscrew. At that time little advantage was obtainable from this device, but twenty years later it was essential for almost all fast aircraft. In later life Hele-Shaw took an increasing interest in the professional engineering institutions. He was president of the Institution of Automobile Engineers in 1909 and of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in 1922. It may well be that his most important service to British engineering was his influence in introducing the national certificate scheme in 1920, which was organized jointly by the Board of Education and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, through which a very large number of engineers were trained. He was a keen sportsman, a first-class player at golf and lacrosse, and a good mountaineer and yachtsman. He was a lively and humorous conversationalist, and an excellent speaker. He grew up in an age of vigorous scientific controversy, and he enjoyed it. In his old age he was sometimes thought to be intolerant of opinions which differed from his own, but he never failed in kindliness towards his juniors. Hele-Shaw retired to Ross-on-Wye in Herefordshire at the age of eighty-five and died there, at the Cottage Hospital, on 30 January 1941. From ODNB entry by D.G. Christopherson. He presented the Royal Institution Christmas lectures in 1902/3 on steam locomotion (Times 2 Janauary 1903).
Moved to Euston as technical assistant in CME's department (Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 72): not mentioned by Cox or Langridge, but probably one of Coleman's contract draughtsmen.
Henson, Henry Henson
Author of : On improvements in the construction of railway wagons. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1851, 2, 3-20 + 3 plates. 10 diagrs. and holder of several Patents. In 1841 Henry Henson Henson was a civil engineer in charge of the Camden workshops of the London and Birmingham Railway. When the L&BR became part of the L&NWR Henson continued to hold that position and in 1847 he was appointed head of the wagon department of the Southern Division. In 1855 he was charged with having sold items from the wagon store to private individuals between 1851 and 1855 but that the sums obtained had not been entered in the Company's accounts. Henson offered to resign but this was not accepted and he was sacked after an investigation found the charges upheld. He then moved to Watford and established 'The Patent Permanent Way and Waggon Company Office' in Westminster and continued to file patents. He became a 'pillar of society' and was heavily involved in planning and building a new parish church, St Andrews, to which he contributed substantial funds. Patent: GB 11361/1846 Railways and railway carriages. 14 June 1846.
Hertz, Albert H
Appointed locomotive superintendent of the Port T'albot Ry. and Dock Co., in 1905 following the resignation of W.J. Hosgood from the joint position of Engineer and Locomotive Superindent. (Loco. Mag., 1905, 11, 75)
Hext, Christopher J.
Son of a Newton Abbot engine driver. Apprenticed at Newton Abbot from October 1952, completed at Swindon in September 1956. Worked on bogie for City of Truro in 1957. See letter in Great Western Rly J., 2013, 11, 240; also article about his father.
Locomotive carriage & wagon superintendent Tralee & Dingle Railway then locomotive superintendent Cyprus Government Railways. Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 88-9
Works Manager at the time of closure in 1963. He had been a premium apprentice on the GER and was at Gorton from 1946. Notes that last locomotives to appear before closure were 92161 (light repair), 48520 (major service) and 27001 (major). The works were used for the development of the linear induction motor by Eric Laithwaite. Letter from son Backtrack, 1995, 9, 166..
Designer of the highly successful chevron rubber-to-metal bonded spring used in railway rolling stock, notably on the London Underground. At least 32 Patents. Friend of E.A. Langridge (Under ten CMEs 2 p.199).
Assistant Brake Engineer to be Brake Equipment Engineer of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181
Works manager, Brightonn Works at time of rebuilding Bulleid Pacifics.
Hogg, John T.
Presumably locomotive superintendent Natal Government Railways in succession to G.W. Reid: assessed Reid's 4-10-2T in paper by John Hogg (Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1905, 68, 369).
Chief draughtsman North British Locomotive Co.: mentioned Langridge Under ten CMEs 2 p. 62
Hooper, George Ferdinand Glass
Died on 5 July at Bridport, aged 68, was Chairman of the Manila Railway and the Barranquilia Railway & Pier Company. For many years he was Chairman of Kerr, Stuart & Co., Ltd., which he established in 1894, he also founded the Peninsular Locomotive Works in India. Loco Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 265..
Hubbard, Edward Parsons
Died 6 June 1962 aged 58. Served apprenticeship at Great Central Railways Gorton Works from 1918 to 1924 and after a year and a half spent in the Works of Beyer Peacock and Co., Gorton, he was appointed a draughtsman at the Trafford Park Works of Metropolitan- Vickers Electrical Co. where he remained until 1937. In 1938 he joined Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Co. Ltd., Saltley, as leading draughtsman, becoming in 1943 technical representative in Turkey. On his return to this country in 1944 he was appointed assistant works manager at Saltley. On leaving Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Co. in 1945, Mr. Hubbard joined the Brush A.B.O.E. Group in London and Loughborough as Chief Mechanical Engineer of their Traction Division, where he remained until 1951. He then was appointed Grade I Engineer in the Ministry of Supply and War Office where he was connected with the design and production of Service equipment. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 317...
Received his early general and technical education at Dollar Academy, and the London, City and Guilds College. A five year apprenticeship from 1892 to 1897 was served with Stephen Clark & Co. , after which he joined the North British Railway as an assistant draughtsman. In 1899 he went to London, being engaged as a draughtsman on the Metropolitan Railway at Neasden, but left that appointment in 1902 to become a Resident Inspector in the Loco. Dept. on the London, Tilbury & Southend Railway, at Plaistow. In 1901, he was engaged by Sir A.M. Rendel, Palmer & Tritton, as an Inspector, and remained in their employ until his decease. Hunter was Resident Inspector in the Leeds district from before 1914 and had charge of the inspection of contracts for locomotive, carriages and wagons, cranes and machine tools, etc., which work was principally on account of the Indian Railways. During WW1 he was responsible for the inspection of very large numbers of locomotive wagons and, other material for the Ministry of Munitions and the War Office. He was esteemed by all those with whom he came in contact, not only for the soundness of the judgment and wide range of engineering kriowledge, but also for his tactful handling of the difficulties which arose from time to time when dealing with large and important contracts. He died in September 1936 aged 60. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1936, 26, 833.
Born 10 May 1835, in Ottawa, Canada, of Scottish parentage, his father having settled in Canada about the year 1825. In 1852 Inglis was apprenticed to Gilbert, of the St. Lawrence Engine Works, Montreal, with whom he remained until 1856, when he came to Britain and joined R. Napier and Sons, Glasgow. Here he remained for two years, and during that time, he attended the Engineering Classes of Professor Rankine, at the Glasgow University. He left Glasgow in 1858 to join the locomotive works of Robert Stephenson and Co, of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and in 1860 he returned to Canada, where he was engaged for two years in designing and erecting machinery, including a walking-beam paddle-engine, fitted with Corliss valves, for the river paddle-steamer Montreal: Inglis superintended the building of the hull of the Montreal, the first iron passenger steamer built in Canada. In 1863 Inglis returned to England, opening an office in Edinburgh as a Consulting Engineer, and during his residence there he patented and erected an inclined water-tube boiler. In 1864 Inglis moved his offices to Manchester, and designed an improved type of Corliss engine, with which his name is closely and deservedly associated. The development of the Corliss valve and gear was mainly due to the Montreal and to Inglis. In 1861 J.F. Spencer, during a visit to Canada, met Inglis in the engine-room of the Montreal and was impressed with the efficiency of the Corliss valves and gear, and on his return to England patented what is known as the 'double-clip gear.' In 1862-64 two pairs of horizontal Corliss mill-engines, of 400 HP. each, and two high-speed Corliss vertical engines, of 100 HP. each, were started by Spencer at Bradford and Blackburn, fitted with the improved gear. This type of engine excited great controversy for many years, and its success, and almost universal adoption for large mill-engines, was greatly due to the energy with which Inglis upheld its advantages. During his residence in Manchester Inglis superintended the construction (on the Clyde), and shipment in plates to Canada, of several large steamers. In December, 1867, he was appointed the engineering manager of, and ultimately a partner in, the Soho Iron-Works, Bolton, Hick, Hargreaves and Co being the first firm to manufacture the Corliss engine in Britain under the Inglis and Spencer patents, and during the twenty-two years of Mr. Ingliss management he perfected many improvements in Corliss engines. Nearly nine hundred Corliss engines were constructed at Soho for mills, etc, ranging in power from 50 to 10,000 HP., the latter for the London Electric Supply Corporation, to indicate 5,000 HP. on each crank. He was an earnest advocate of high piston-speed, and high steam-pressure, and in fact of all the features which mark the most advanced practice in steam engineering. He was equally capable in designing other classes of machinery. His name is also well known in connection with cold-air machinery for the imported fresh-meat trade ; and automatic Barring-engines for starting large engines. Inglis was quiet and self-possessed in manner, kind and considerate, especially to those over whom he had authority. As a technical witness he was invaluable, many a case had been won largely owing to his evidence. Inglis died on 22 April 22 1890, at his residence, Wilton Grange, Bolton. Internet 2012-07-24
Chief Mechanical Engineer New Zealand Government Railways from 1913?: succeeded Beattie (Loco. Mag., 1913, 19, 203)
Jarvis, Christopher Charles
Dynamometer car assistant at Darlington in 1933: I Loco E Paper No. 297
Locomotive Superintendent on Rhymney Railway from 1884, but only formally after retirement of Cornelius Lundie, and then only briefly before predeceasing Lundie. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Jenkinson, Sydney Dennis
Born at Wincobank in 1875, and received his technical training at Frith College and the Technical School, Sheffield. In 1890 he commenced his apprenticeship with the Yorkshire Engine Co., Ltd., with whom his father had been connected for many years as secretary. Through his energy and ability he rose to be Assistant Works Manager, General Manager and Secretary, and in 1921 was appointed to the Board of Directors. He died at his home in Wincobank on 29 August 1936. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1936, 26, 655.
Born 13 November 1873; died 28 May 1928. He was educated at the Friends' School, Rawdon , Yorkshire and served his apprenticeship at Tangye's Ltd., Soho Works, Birmingham, during which time he received a technical education at Tangye's Technical School. Leaving Birmingham he entered the Midland Railway Works, Derby, as a journeyman in 1897, and two years later became Assistant Foreman at the MR shops at Sheffield. In 1905 he went to South America and entered the Traction Dept. of the Argentine Great Southern Railway. In 1916 he became manager of the South American branch of Messrs. C.C. Wakefield & Co., Ltd., and eventually occupied a similar position with the same firm in Johannesburg, South Africa. ILocoE obituary Vol. 18.
Jones, John Thomas
Elected ILE Member in 1931; born Crewe in 1888; served apprenticeship at Crewe North Shed, LNWR between 1903 and 1909. He attended the Mechanics Institute, gaining a number of certificates and prizes. For a few years he carried on as a fitter at the North Shed and, in 1915, was sent to the South Shed as Foreman Fitter. A year later he was transferred to the Works Drawing Office and put in charge of loco. experimental fittings. In 1922 he was made Chief Foreman of the Loco. Stores at Crewe Works and, five years later, transferred to Derby as Asst. Controller of Loco. Stores. In 1931 the control of the Carriage and Wagon Stores was put under the same organisation. Mr. Jones had a further change in 1934, when he was placed in charge of the Outdoor Section, L.M.S. Stores, stationed at Euston, and, in 1942, was appointed Head of Outdoor and General Stores Section, LMS, at Watford. He was a vice-president of the Crewe Engineering Society. Died 16 December 1943. Obit. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1944, 34, 208.
Kembrey, Peter [Frederick Daniel Peter]
Died 25 August 2011 in a Nottingham hospital and had lived at Horsley Woodhouse. Had a degree and trained as an engineer at Swindon where he was encountered by A.E. Durrant. Remained at Swindon until 1967 when he moved to Derby.
To be Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer.(Brakes) of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181
Kilduff, Joseph Ward
Born in Salford, Lancs., on 4 November 1923. His early education was obtained at Da La Salle College, Pendleton, Salford, and Manchester University, where he obtained his Engineering B.Sc. in December 1943. Called up in 1944, he became an air engineer officer, R.N. Demobilised in 1946, he served two years as a pupil in the LMS works at Horwich. He unfortunately met with a rnotor accident at Chester on 3 October 1948 and died the following day, aged 24. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 112..
Commenced railway service as a Pupil Apprentice in the North Eastern Railway, and subsequently appointed as a Locomotive Inspector. Prior to joining the service of the Great Central Railway as a Locomotive Inspector on 23 October, 1905, he had served with the Midland Railway in a similar capacity. He was appointed in charge of the Locomotive Running Shed at Northwich in December 1909, and subsequently occupied similar appointments at Leicester. and Wrexham. In 1923 he was appointed District Locomotive Superintendent of the Cheshire District of the LNER, with Headquarters at Wrexham. He was subsequently transferred in 1924 to Norwich, and in 1928 was transferred to a similar position in charge of the Manchester District. He retired on 30 June 1943 and died on 18 April 1950. I. Loco. E. obituary.
Surnames beginning letter "L"
Lambert, Charles Douglas
Chief Mechanical Engineer Kowloon Canton Railway (British Section): see Loco. Mag., 1916, 22, 189 and I Loco. E. records 1925.
Appointed locomotive superintendent Zafra-Huelva Ry., Spain in 1913 (Locomotive Mag., 1913, 19, 1). Langdon had been apprenticed toWeatherburn at Kentish Town, and in 1903 went to Venezuela as locomotive superintendent of the Bolivar Railway, from which he had resigned to move to Spain.
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell. Interested in poppet valves.
E. Lawton, who joined the the Superheater Company in 1928, succeeded F.D. Playford as Sales Engineer of Locomotive Department at the end of 1949. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55. 191..
Leclair, Louis Jean
Member Instn Loco. Engrs. Worked for Westinghouse. Porttrait: Group photograph at Swiss Locomotive Works, Winterthur on 2 June 1930. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1930, 20, Plate (between pp 466-7) also in group photograph taken at Railway Centenary in Darlington: J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1925, 15, 576 .
Leech, Kenneth H.
Chief Design Engineer, to be Chief Mechanical Engineer.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181 Lived to be over one hundred and notable railway enthusiast who photographed several significant events. See Rogers: Rly Wld, 1978, 39, 431.
Patent: GB 2658/1913 Improvements in blast pipes or appartus for inducing draught for locomotives and similar built boilers
Langridge Under ten CMEs: locomotive draughtsman at Crewe Works who worked with Beames, until Beames was moved to Derby under Lemon. Lightburn introduced to Langridge by Chambers who took Langridge to Crewe: Lightburn had been responsible for some of the work on the Tishy Prince of Wales.
Mechanical Inspector at Derby. Worked with John Powell.
One of Bulleid's samll design team at Brighton: worked with or for C.S. Cocks: see Langridge V. 2 p. 111. Eventually in charge of Brighton drawing office according to Bulleid and responsible for Jarvis rebuilds.
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1873 until 1888. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55 RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
See V.R. Webster Rly Wld., 1984, 45, 582 and text extracted from: graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, with home at Gosfield Hall, Halstead, Essex. Joint founder of Locomotive Publishing Company with Bell brothers: also Norman Harvey Rly Wld, 1860, 21, 291: became a pupil of Holden at Stratford Works in June 1889. After three years in the works he entered the drawing office; became Assistant to the District Locomotive Superintendent at Stratford in August 1898 and District Locomotive Superintendent at Norwich in July 1900. Left raiulway service in June 1914. Contributed to MacDermot's History of the Great Western Railway and a Railway Club paper on the Great Eastern Railway (Ottley 5774).
Born Manchester in 1889; died 24 March 1953. Educated at Manchester Grammar School. Joined London and North Western Railway in 1906 completing his apprenticeship at the Crewe Works in 1910. He gained further experience in locomotive design as a draughtsman with Nasmyth, Wilson & Co., the North British Locomotive Co. and Beyer, Peacock & Co. and for the last-named firm he became a leading. draughtsman. In 1933 he joined Caprotti Valve Gears and subsequently became their senior draughtsman and designer. In 1944 he joined Messrs Rendel, Palmer & Tritton as an engineer in their railway department and remained with them until his sudden death. Remembered for his kindly friendship no less than the steady and reliable advice which he always gave on the technical side. Had been a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1921. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1953, 43, 336..
Lynde, Gilbert Somerville
Born in 1891?; died 14 August 1954 (in his sixty-fifth year): educated at Sedbergh and received his engineering training in the Gorton works of the former Great Central Railway from 1906 to 1909. He joined the Public School Battalion of the City of London Royal Fusiliers in 1914 and in 1916 transferred to the Royal Engineers. By 1918 he had risen to the rank of Lt.-Col, RE, and was appointed to command the Railway Operating Division in France and Belgium, he later became Assistant Controller, Transportation (Maintenance) and was three times mentioned in Sir Douglas Haigs Dispatches. He was demobilised with the Honorary rank of Lt.-Colonel in 1919 and was appointed as General Manager, The Superheater Corporation Ltd. He later became Chief Mechanical Engineer of the New Zealand Government Railway and subsequently returned to England to join Armstrong Siddeley & Co, Coventry. During WW2 he served with the forces rejoining the Royal Engineers and transferred to REME on its formation. After the war he was engaged in the planning department of British Thomson-Houston & Co, Rugby where he remained until his last illness. Awarded OBE. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1954, 44, 448. David Jackson calls him one of Robinson's brightest young men and Brian Reed states may have been influential in making the 8K class the ROD statndard
Surnames beginning letter "M"
MacArthur, William White
Manager of the Scotswood Works of Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583. Chaired meeting of Newcastle centre of Institution of Lovomotive Engineers in 1936.
518,507 Improvements in ejecting means for ashes and like materials from enclosed spaces such as smoke boxes. Thomas Wright Royle and Percy McCallum. Applied 27 August 1938. Published 28 February 1940.
1788-1846. Soldier and inventor born in Birmingham. See J. Rly Canal Hist. Soc., 2010, 36, 88.
Chief draughtsman at Armstrong Whitworth . David Burke. When Armstrong Whitworth built for Australia. Rly Wld, 1987, 48, 583.
Locomotive draughtsman at North Britsh Locomotive Co.: see Langridge Under ten CMEs. Vol. 1 p. 106 where note states that he was about 18 when Royal Scot being designed.
MacLeod, Alistair Balmain
Born in Harley Street, London in 1900: died in August 1990: son of a medical physician. Apprenticed under Lawson Billinton at Brighton Works from 1919. Between 1928 and 1934 he became Assistant Isle of Wight in charge of overall operations thereon. He became known by some enthusiasts as Uncle Mac. Later became Stores Controller of the London Midland Region (Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181 notes his transfer from Southern to London midland Region). During WW2 he assisted Ian Allan to start his publishing business and was the author of the McIntosh locomotives of the Caledonian Railway. See review of Macleod's other Island by Terry Hastings and Roger Silsbury by Phil Atkins in Backtrack, 2013, 27, 61. Appreciation by Ian Allan. Rly Wld, 1990, 51, 588.
550,411 An improved device for removing ash from the smoke box of a locomotive boiler. Dominic McNulty. Applied 12 January 1942. Published 6 January 1943.
Marks, George Croydon
Born in Eltham, Greater London on 9 June 1858; died at Poole on 24 September 1938. He was one of the first Whitworth Scholars, he was educated at a private day-school in Eltham and at the Royal Arsenal School; his father William Marks had worked at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich. He completed his education at King's College London. Noted by many as a disciple of Brunel, he joined Tangyes, whose works were closely associated with funicular lifts. Marks was appointed head of the lift department, in which role he was in charge of the installation of the Saltburn Cliff Lift. In 1880, he set up a private practice in Birmingham and in 1887 he formed a partnership with Dugald Clerk, forming the international intellectual property firm Marks and Clerk.The firm became big enough to move its headquarters to London in 1893, with branches in Birmingham and Manchester. Developing a number of cliff railways and steep-incline tramcar systems. Marks continued his engineering practise alongside his patent interests. This included a partnership from 1890 with Sir George Newnes, which also concentrated on cliff railways, including an early stage development of Babbacombe Cliff Railway. In 1911 he set up an office in New York in conjunction with Thomas Edison. Marks was a member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and an Associate Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. In 1906, Marks was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the North-Eastern or Launceston Division of Cornwall in the Liberal landslide general election victory. He received a knighthood in 1911, served at the Ministry of Munitions during the First World War, and was awarded the CBE for work as a commissioner for the dilution of labour. He held his Parliamentary seat until it was abolished at the 1918 general election, when he was returned for the new Northern Division of Cornwall. He held that seat until his defeat at the 1924 general election. In 1929, he left the Liberals and joined Ramsay Macdonald's Labour Party. His almost immediate reward came when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Marks, of Woolwich in the County of Kent, becoming one of the first two Labour peers to be created. Marks continued his engineering and business activities. Grace's Guide
Marten, Ernest William
Patents: (all with Associated Locomotive Equipment)
GB 747,865 Improvements in valve gear for fluid pressure engines Applied 16 March. 1953. Published 18 April 1956.
GB 683,424 Improvements in transmission gearing for use on locomotive engines Applied 26 April 1950. Published 26 November 1952.
GB 631,895 Improvements in valve gear for reversible steam engines. Applied 19 May 1947. Published 11 November 1949.
GB 619,287 Improvements relating to the cylinders of locomotive engines. Applied:: 29 November 1946. Published 7 March 1949.
Martin, Peter John
Death occurred 7 November 1968 at age of fifty years. He served his apprenticeship at Eastleigh Works, Southern Railway, from 1935 to 1939 and on the outbreak of the Second World War joined the Royal Engineers Transportation Branch and served in France, the Middle East and Greece. At the end of WW2 he became Deputy Assistant Director of Transportation in Greece and was later appointed Railway Mechanical Engineer of the Anglo-American Economic Mission to Greece. In 1946 he was seconded to the Foreign Office as the Railway Member of the British Economic Mission to Greece and a year later became Senior Mechanical and Operating Officer, Military Railways. During his career in the services, which ended in 1948, Mr. Martin was mentioned in despatches and attained the rank of Major. In 1948 Mr. Martin was appointed Trading Sales Manager, Brush Electrical Engineering Co. Ltd. and of the subsidiary Brush Bagnall Traction Ltd. and assumed responsibility for all diesel electric locomotive sales and contracts. In 1952 Mr. Martin was appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer, Jamaica Government Railway which position he held until 1957 when he joined the English Electric Companys Traction Division becoming the Home Sales and Contracts Manager in 1963. During his service with English Electric he was responsible for that Companys motive power contribution to the Modernisation Programme of British Railways. Martin was elected an Associate Member in 1947 and transferred to Member in 1952. Obit. J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1968, 58, 298-9..
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1869 until 1873 (RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10 states resigned November 1871 and was also ex-Furness Railway. . D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55
Medley, John E.
In charge of Neath & Brecon Railway locomotives between 1879 and 1882. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .
In charge of locomotives on Rhymeny Railway from early 1862, but his powers seem to have been limited as first proper Locomotive Superintendent was John Kendall. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 . .
Morgan, Henry John
Born in 1880, was elected an Associate Member in 1922. He served his engineering apprenticeship as a shipbuilder at Milford Haven and also Glasgow, with J. Binnie and Co., Clyde Engine Works. For a time he was with Vickers, Sons and Maxims, but in 1900 decided to go in for locomotive work and joined the Lancashire and Yorkshire Rly. Co., at Lostock Hall Shed, as a fitter. He became leading fitter and was later moved to Hellefield (L&YR) as Locomotive Foreman. In 1927 he was Running Foreman, LMS, at Hellefield, and two years later was transferred to Toton, where he remained until he retired in September, 1941. Mr. Morgan was a very good mechanic and a good railwayman. He died on 17 January, 1942. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1942, 32, 46.
Morris, Norman Huson
Died 2 February 1963, aged 76. Until his retirement he had served the J. Stone Group for 50 years, having joined J. Stone & Co. Ltd in 1907. He was made a Director in 1930. On the formation of J. Stone & Co. (Holdings) Ltd in 1951 he was appointed to the Board of the Holdings Company and also to the Board of J. Stone & Co. (Deptford) Ltd, which positions he held until he retired. Educated at Charterhouse, he subsequently served an apprenticeship for five years at the Stratford Works of the Great Eastern Railway. After joining J. Stone & Company Limited he travelled extensively to South America where his efforts met with considerable success and led to his being in charge of the Companys sales activities in this area, as well as, at a later date, the Middle East and ex-Colonial Africa. During WW1 he served with the Wiltshire Regiment in India. He was a man of outstanding integrity and character, He was always particularly interested in the careers of the junior members of his staff, as well as in the welfare schemes, of which he was an active committee member, for the Companys employees. He devoted much time to voluntary work and for 20 years was associated with the Royal Hospital and Home for Incurables, Putney, first as a Member of the Committee and latterly as Chairman of the Governing Body. He had been a Member of the ILocoE since 1935. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 656..
Mountford, Eric R.
Born in Swindon into a family which worked in the carriage works, but was apprenticed in locomotive shops (see Swindon GWR reminiscences). During apprentice days he enjoyed many footplate trips on trial running. On completion of apprenticeship he was sent to South Wales to work in the drawing office in Newport Docks. Contributed to Railway World
Mulvany, Patrick (Paddy)
Chief draughtsman at Inchicore see Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (page.273)
Surnames beginning letter "N"
Nash, Albert Henry
Commenced apprenticeship at the Great Western Railway works, Swindon, in May, 1892. He was appointed Assistant Analytical Chemist in June, 1899, and was subsequently transferred to the Drawing Office in 1904. He became assistant locomotive works manager (Metallurgical) in 1910. In June, 1912 he was appointed deputy locomotive superintendent of the Federated Malay States Railways and later obtained a post as superintendent engineer at a Portland Cement works in British Malaya. Early in 1916 he joined the Royal Navy, and upon demobilisation he was for a period in Sheffield with J.J. Saville, Ltd., at Triumph Steel works. In 1920 he joined the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway company, and in 1924 was appointed chief wagon foreman at their Newton Heath works. In June 1928 he became leading draughtsman. On the closing of Newton Heath Carriage and Wagon works in 1932, he was appointed resident mechanical engineer on the M. & G. N. Joint Railway, with headquarters at Melton Constable, and on the transfer of this line to the LNER in 1937 he was appointed first assistant to the works superintendent at Derby Locomotive works, and in July, 1942 he was appointed assistant works superintendent, from which post he retired on 30th June, 1945. He devoted most of his spare time to social services connected with the "railway." The Sports Club, the Ambulance Corps, the Foreman Association, etc., as well as lecturing at the Derby Technical College and being an active member of the Derby and District Supervisors Discussion Group. He died on 28 February 1948? in his 70th year. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 548,
Probably born in 1904 (aged 16 in 1920) when apprenticed as a fitter at Doncaster Works, but became a draughtsman and studied at Doncaster Technical College. working under Frank Day on Gresley's carriage & wagon work, from 1927 at King's Cross. He worked on the rolling stock for the streamlined trains and was present on the 126 mile/h record run. Thompson moved him to Stratford as Assistant Works Manager of the Carriage & Wagon Works, then moved to York, then to Doncaster as Thmpson's C&W Assistant, then to Stratford as Works Manager which involved the acceptance of the 1500V dc multiple units. He retired from BR as Mechanical Engineer for Carriages & Wagons. Paper:
The development of L.N.E.R. carriage and wagon design, 1923-1941. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1948, 38, 420-73. Disc.: 473-85 + 8 folding plates. (Paper No. 477)
Michael Harris: 'I worked with Gresley and Bulleid'. Steam Days, 1996, 304.
Interview with Normsn Newsome
Newsum, Edgar Alan
Died 25 April 1963. Joined LNER on 23 April 1923, at Doncaster Locomotive Works, where served an apprenticeship. In December 1931, became Progressman in the Carriage & Wagon Department at Doncaster, and later became an Assistant to the Works Manager. In March, 1933 he was transferred to position of Assistant Foreman at Kings Cross, and in 1934 was appointed foreman there. In November 1936 was promoted to District Carriage & Wagon Foreman at Neasden, and continued in that capacity until March 1961, when he was appointed Assistant District C. & W. Foreman at Kentish Town. In September 1961, he was transferred to the position of Assistant District C. & W. Foreman at Manchester Victoria, and remained in that post until his death. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1963, 53, 135.. .
Nicholson, Sir John Rumney
Born in Langwathby, Cumbria, on 25 March 1866 and died in Keswick on 22 November 1939. Educated at St Bees School and trained with Black, Hawthorn & Co, Gateshead. In 1888-9 was in charge of erection of Pangdon Dene power station, Newcastle. In 1889 appointed assistant engineer of the Quebrada railway and copper mines, Venezuela; in 1891 became CME, also CME of the South Western Railway of Venezuela. In 1895-9 designed locomotives and rolling stock for the Port Talbot Railway & Docks and was resident engineer of the graving docks at Port Talbot. After work on docks at Singapore he returned to England in 1919, having been awarded the CMG in 1913. and KB in 1919. He was then chief engineer for docks on the NER and, following the grouping on he held the same position on the LNER until he retired in 1927. Marshall..
In charge of locomotive stock on Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway between December 1892 and 1895 and again from 1899 until the line was absorbed by the GWR in 1902: RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Served his apprenticeship at York Road works of the NCC. In charge of apprentice training at Crewe. Very good modelmaker of steam locomotives. See Backtrack, 2011, 25, 454 for autobiographical article written by Edward Talbot. .
Onions, Fred (Alfred or Frederick?)
According to Langridge (page 116 not in index!) Onions was Crewe trained draughtsman, Whitworth Scholar and Moon Scholarship winner and worked with Hudd in a little laboratory at Bow on the ATC (AWS) installed on the Tilbury section. He was later moved to Derby. On page 211 it is noted that he dreaw up headlight arrangement for Royal Scot's American visit..
Ormrod, Alfred Smithells
Born on 6 July, 1891, and educated at Boys' Old School, Horwich, and Bolton Secondary School and Horwich Mechanics' Institute. In 1907, he became a premium apprentice in the Lancashire and Yorkshire Locomotive Works at Horwich, and soon after, completing his time, went as assistant locomotive shed foreman, Colne locomotive sheds. For a time he was in the locomotive drawing office at Horwich, and then became an inspector of Physical Tests of purchased material for the Lancashire and Yorkshire and L.N.W. Railways. During WW1 he was attached to the light railway workshops in France, and on the Amalgamation was transferred to Derby in the Central Material Inspection Bureau, which post he held until he left the railway company to enter the family business of Oliver Ormrod Ltd., Birtle Bleachworks, near Bury, as a director in 1929. In that year he was elected a full Member of the Instution of Locomotive Engineers. Whilst at Horwich, he was at one time a teacher of mechanical engineering at the Railway Mechanics Institute. He was also a Member of the Institution. of Engineering Inspection. He died on 11 December, 1947. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1947, 37, 549,.
1858-1927. Latterly Locomomotive Shed Superintendent at Sunderland. Retired 30 November 1923. Had worked at Stockton and Tweedsmouth and in Gateshead Works of the North Eastern Railway. Letter by Peter Willey: Steam Wld, 2010 (280), 50.
Owen, George C.
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway from 1888 until his death on 18 April 1909: his decapitated body was found on the line near his residence.. D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Surnames beginning letter "P"
Pargiter, Gordon M.
Elected an I. Loco. E. Member (from Obituary) in 1924: perhaps best remembered in the north-east as a very efficient honorary secretary of the Newcastle-on-Tyne Centre, a position which he filled successfully from 1938 until the time of his death. It was largely through his untiring efforts that the Newcastle Centre was kept together, a task by no means easy, covering as it did a very large district. He read three Papers to members of the Institution: "Economics of Locomotive Running Shed Organization and Administration" and "Economical Locomotive Running Shed Operation" in 1938; and "Modern Locomotive Running Shed Practice" in 1940. He began his training with the North-Eastern Railway Company in 1910 as a pupil of Sir Vincent Raven, afterwards being appointed Inspector in the Divisional Locomotive Superintendent's Office, Gateshead, and subsequently Mechanical Foreman at Sunderland Depot. From 1915 to 1920 he served with the Forces at Salonika and various other places with the Royal Engineers. On returning to civil hfe in 1920 he was appointed Locomotive Shed Foreman at Sunderland. In 1924 he was appointed Locomotive Shed Foreman at Percy Main which, in those days, controlled the sub sheds of Blyth and North Blyth, his next position being that of Assistant Locomotive Shed Superintendent, Heaton, from which post he passed to that of Shed Foreman, Borough Gardens. In 1942 he was attached to the District Locomotive Superintendent's Office, Darlington, in connection with various locomotive running enquiries, and in 1948 he was appointed Chairman of the Locomotive Depot Analysis Committee for the North-Eastern Region of British RaIlways, which post he held at the time of his death, which occurred very suddenly on 19 February, 1950.
In charge of wind tunnel at the Research Department in Derby: see J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1951, 41, 606- (Paper No. 506). Also contributed to discussion on Cox's papers.
Locomotive Engineer of the Alexandra (Newport & South Wales) Docks and Railway from 1901: control of locomotives formerly under W.S. Smyth. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10.
Pepper, Francis [Frank]
Bond's Lifetime mentions that "During early trial running [with Fury] one of the high pressure water tubes burst, killing the fireman and injuring the inspector in charge of the trials, my friend Frank Pepper who in earlier years had helped me on inspection, and with whom when work was slack at the N.B. Works, I had tramped many happy miles beside the Scottish Lochs. Thorley, W.G.F. A breath of steam. Vol. 1. London, 1975. Page.94] notes the incursion of No 6399 Fury at Wellingborough when trials were conducted on Sundays from Derby on the main line to London. I do not know whether it was the intention to project them beyond Wellingborough, but the first one certainly terminated there when the feed pump which fed the high pressure drum failed in the vicinity. On the following day, Frank S. Pepper visited the depot to examine the offending pump; he was experimental draughtsman in the locomotive drawing office at Derby [had he been nrecruited from NBL?] and seasoned in the wiles of the locomotive, as he had been on the footplate when the fatality occurred at Carstairs. I was scraping a regulator valve at a nearby bench when Pepper, an extremely agile man, jumped from the footframing at the side of the boiler to the floor. In so doing he caught the ring on the third finger of his right hand in a split pin securing one of the joint pins of the indicator gear, stripping the flesh down to the second joint. The coppersmith rendered first aid, but Pepper declined the assistance of the wheeled litter which was the pride of the shed and suitably accompanied made his way to the cottage hospital, where the finger was amputated under a local anaesthetic.
Peppercorne, George Ryder
Patent (via Woodcroft)
GB 7559/1838 Machinery to be employed for locomotion on railroads and other roads;- applicable to other engines for exerting power. 31 January 1838
George Ryder Peppercorne, was probably one of a family of London stockbrokers, business men and engineers, was Secretary to the Vauxhall Water Works until he resigned in 1842 after a merger struggle between competing water companies. He took up the post of magistrate in Natal in 1850 bringing a range of legal and administrative skills and a liberal attitude to the Mpofana location over which he had been appointed. This brought him into conflict first with Natals Diplomatic Agent Theophilus Shepstone, who was in the process of imposing his patriarchal views of colonial government, and then with Benjamin Pine the Lieutenant- Governor, who was attempting to enforce policies that would provide Natals settlers with the African labour they believed was necessary for colonial prosperity. Peppercorne, using arguments in keeping with the demands of political economy, opposed both men, and as a result lost his job and his means of support, but left behind a remarkable record of his struggle against the ideologies that came to dominate colonial Natal (Internet 12 July 2012)
Locomotive Superintendent of East Anglian Railways. See Loco. Mag, 1905, 11, 20
Porter, Stephen Ralph McEwen
Born in Birmingham on 8 March 1881 He was educated at Packwood Preparatory School and Clifton College. From there he went to Kings College, Cambridge, in 1925. In 1928 he passed first class in Mechanical Science Tripos and B.A. Honours Degree in Mechanical Science. In 1932 he received his M.A. Degree. Being keen on his selected profession, he spent all his vacations gaining practical experience at Austin Motor Works, Birmingham Power Station (Summer Lane) and as an extra engineer on SS. Berengaria. From September, 1928, to September, 1929, he was engaged in the drawing office of Messrs. Nydqvist and Holm, A-B Locomotive Builders, Trollhatten, Sweden. On his return to England he became an improver in the L.M.S. locomotive shops at Derby. From January, 1931, until his death he was occupied in the Research Dept. of the L.M.S. under Sir Henry Fowler. He obtained the George Stephenson Prize (Institution of Mechanical Engineers) in 1933. He died at the early age of 28 on 9 June 1934, at Birmingham. author of The mechanics of a locomotive on curved track. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1934, 126. 457-61. Work cited by D.R. Carling (J. Instn Loco Engrs, 1946, 36, 243-4) when Porter was already dead. Contributed to discussion on Loach paper 309 The locomotive and the track. Wise Railway Research.
Second son of Henry Potts, of Glan-yr-Afon, Denbighshire, was born on the 23 June 1814. He was apprenticed to Mather, Dixon & Co., of Liverpool, where he was a contemporary of W.B. Buddicom, and other engineers afterwards destined to rise to note in connection with the establishment of the railway system. He was known to George Stephenson, who was constructing the Liverpool and Manchester Railway when young Potts was serving his time. Mather, Dixon and Co. did a good deal of work for the early lines, and in this way Potts was drawn into contact with Robert Stephenson, Locke, and Errington, and became a personal friends of them. After completing his apprenticeship, Potts joined John Jones at the Viaduct Foundry, near Newton le Willows: Messrs. Jones and Potts employed about eight hundred men, and for several years were fully employed in locomotive manufacture for several railways, notably the Caledonian Railway, which owed much to the forbearance of Jones and Potts during a period of financial difficulty. The firm also executed stationary and marine-engine work. Potts did not take a large share in the practical management of the works: he did nearly all the travelling. Potts was much liked by the men, and more especially by the drawing-office apprentices to whom he had always something pleasant to remark. In those days locomotives were in great demand, at large profits, and Jones and Potts were turning them out at about one per week. A strike, which lasted a considerable time, caused the firm great anxiety, but owing to the confidence that Brassey, Locke, and others had in them, they did not suffer as much as might have been expected. Some of the men eventually gave in, but many of the best mechanics did not, and in many cases their places had to be filled by indifferent workmen who were by no means efficient substitutes. Notwithstanding this, Jones and Potts turned out some excellent work; the quality of the work in their engine Newton was not surpassed by that of any other contemporary firm. In 1852, offers were made by the London and North Western Railway for the purchase of the Viaduct Works (without the machinery), and that company ultimately acquired the property, when Potts retired from business with an ample fortune. Thereafter, until his death on 4 April, 1888, Potts lived at Hoole Hall, Cheshire, and amused himself in horticultural pursuits, growing orchids; he also had a love for Alpine plants, and had collected a good many; he was much esteemed by his friends and neighbours for his frank and simple manner, his warm-hearted generosity, and the liberal views he took of his responsibilities as a county gentleman and Justice of t h e Peace. ICE obituary. Marshall very similar.
Elected Associate in 1930, was educated at the University of Birmingham. He served an apprenticeship with John Hands & Sons, Iron Founders, Birmingham, and, for a time, was in the works of the Bretts Patent Lifter Co., Ltd. In 1904 he become personal assistant to his father, the late E.S. Brett, who was one of the founders of Bretts Stamping Works. He succeeded his father as Chairman of Bretts Stamping Works, was Chairman and General Manager of Bretts Patent Lifter Co., Ltd., and a Director of Messrs. John Hay and Sons, Sheffield. He was a member of the Grand Council of the Federation of British Industries. In I931 he read a paper before the Institution on Modern drop-forging equipment and its services to the railway engineer (Paper 281), which was published in Journal 103. He was a Justice of the Peace for Warwickshire. He was born at Coventry in 1884, and died on 1 July 1937. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 580.
From 1909 Chief Draughsman Carriage Dept., Midland Railway, Derby and ex-officio consulting draughtsman to the Railway Clearing House. Formerly with GER at Stratford. Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126..
Putnam, Sir Thomas
Born 1862; died 2 June 1936. Managing Director and Deputy Chairman of the Darlington Forge, Ltd
According to Dawn Smith was Locomotive Superintendent of the London Chatham & Dover Railway for part of 1860.
Surnames beginning letter "Ra"
Born on 24 August 1895 in Kilmarnock; and died on 24 December 1947. He was educated at the High School in Prestwick and Kilmarnock Academy; then his technical education was at the Technical College, Kilrnarnock, whilst serving an engineering apprenticeship with Andrew Barclay Sons & Co. Ltd., Locomotive Engineers. With the outbreak of the 1914-18 war, and before his apprenticeship was completed, he was mobilised with the Ayrshire Yeomanry and: saw service at Gallipoli. Later in Egypt he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and was trained as a pilot at Heliopolis, and saw further service in Palestine. He was demobilised in January 1919 and after completing his apprenticship he entered the drawing office of the former Midland Railway at Derby, in 1920, being engaged on experimental work. In 1923 he was appointed works inspector at Derby; 1928, assistant to works manager Crewe; 1932, assistant to works superintendent Crewe; 1934, assistant works superintendent, Horwich, and in 1938, assistant works superintendent, Derby. From September 1939, until July, 1940, he acted as works superintendent, Derby, during Colonel Bellamys absence on active service. Mr. Rankin was appointed locomotive works superintendent Derby in May 1941, and locomotive works superintendent Crewe, in February 1946. During WW2 he served on the Ministry of Supply Sub-Committee for the production of 25 pounder and 17 pounder guns. Rankin became the Crewe works superintendent in February 1946, and revived the Charlie Dick tradition in being an 'outsider' In 1928 he became a junior assistant to F. A. Lemon at Crewe, and after periods at Horwich and Derby became works superintendent at the latter place in May 1941 after a time in acting rank. Mainly J. Instn Loco. Engrs. obituary. Langridge called him a likeable fellow full of energy..
Rawlings, Vincent Percival
Born London 21 April 1879; died Stanford-le-Hope on 22 April 1950. Educated in Croydon and received his technical training at the Regent Street Polytechnic. On leaving school he was employed in his father's business of lithographic artists, and in 1900 he joined the firm of Hawkeshaw and Dobson, Consulting Engineers, as a draughtsman. About a year later he went to the USA, where he was employed, in various capacities, by George Corliss Engine Works, International Power Co.; Gorham Manufacturing Co., and Crompton Knowles Weaving Machinery Co. Returning to England in 1904, he re-joined the firm of Hawkeshaw and Dobson, where he remained until 1907, when he accepted a position as Technical Assistant with The Consolidated Brake and Engineering Co. Ltd., manufacturers of Railway Vacuum Brake Equipment, finally becoming Technical Engineer and Manager, from which position he retired in 1937. He read a Paper (No. 89) entitled Brake efficiency, which was published in Journal No. 46 (1920). I. Loco. E. obituary
Read, Charles H.D..
Mechanical inspector "brought by Stanier from Swindon" had "some interesting things to say about the riding of LMS engines": Rogers Rly Wld, 1978, 39, 431. Cox Locomotive Panorama V. 2 note on how he improved performance of Britannia class on Western Region when in charge of Cardiff Canton mpd and used 9F 2-10-0 on express trains.
Article on his Patent valve gear in Loco. Mag... 1918, 24, 118-19.
Cannot trace Redington in Espacenet, nor in Ahrons, nor grotty sage index: see diagrams
Works Manager at Darlington Locomotive Works from 1941. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140. Carriage & Wagon Engineer Eastern Region 1953-8
Foreman at Ashford Works. Accompanied the Invicta to Paris Exhibition in 1900 and involved in display of locomotive in Canterbury: Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 121-2..
Renshaw, William Robert
Born at Handforth, Cheshire on 7 October 1845; died in Stoke-on-Trent on 19 February 1923. Apprenticed to Barker & Cope who owned a foundry at Kidsgrove. By 1880 he had his own Victoria Works at Tunstall manufacturing equipment for collieries, forges and mills. During the 1880s he entered into partnerships with William Owen and Charles Henry Payne, then with Henry Sampson King and Richard Charles Edward Masterman, but from 1890 traded as W.R. Renshaw & Co. In 1894 the workshops of the Phoenix Carriage & Wagon Works in Etruria were acquired. In 1897 Renshaw acquired the contract for the Barnum & Bailey Circus train, but by 1905 the company was in receivership although he subsequently recovered through consultancy work for the mining industry. See Mike Fell Backtrack, 2014, 28, 45-52 who also mentions other members of the Renshaw family who may have been involved in the manufacture of rolling stock. His inventions relating to railways (many other patents are listed on Espacenet including several relating to sewage treatment):
GB 23426/1898 Improvements in brake mechanisms for railway trucks and the like. Applied: 7 November 1898; published 7 October 1899.
GB 9365/1899 Improvements in locomotive or traction engines. Applied: 3 May 1899; published 3 May 1900.
GB 8252/1901 An improved packing for stuffing boxes or glands and the like. Applied: 22 April 1901; published 27 March 1902
Died on 9 October 1932, aged 84. Commenced his engineering training with Scott Sinclair and Co. (Greenock Foundry Co.), in 1862. After completing his time, in 1867, he joined the East Indian Railway as a fitter in charge of two erecting pits, being later promoted to running-shed fitter in charge of 70 engines. In 1871 he was appointed Running Shed Foreman, which post he held until 1877, when he was made Chief Locomotive and Carriage Works Foreman on the Indian State Railways. He later became District Locomotive Superintendent, and then Chief Locomotive and Carriage Superintendent, Eastern Bengal State Railways, retiring in 1902. He was a man of an inventive turn of mind, and, after carrying out many experiments, patented the Riekie locomotive valve gear, which he claimed gave a diagram equal to a Corliss valve gear. He was also responsible for the Riekie system of locomotive compounding. His enthusiasm for the improvement of the locomotive never left him, and he was a regular attendant at the Institution meetings in London up to the last. Obituary J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1932, 22, 757-8. Also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1932, 38, 413.
Compound locomotives. J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1918, 8, 405-29. Disc.: 430-75. (Paper 66)
GB 7009/1902 Improvements in and connected with engine valve gear with John Farquharson McIntosh. Applied 22 March 1902. Published 22 April 1903.
GB 222,257 Improvements in and relating to valve gear for steam and other fluid pressure engines. Applied 27 July 1923. Published 2 October 1924.
GB 356,328 Improvements in steam generators Applied 16 June 1930. Published 10 September 1931>
Superheater: the late date should be noted
GB 19,522/1914 Improvements in shock-absorbing hub devices for vehicle wheels. Applied 8 September 1914. Published 27 May 1915.
and there are several more relating to road vehicles and their engines.
Born on 10 February 1853; died 13 August 1937. Served apprenticeship as a marine engineer in Plymouth and at Stockton-on-Tees; won a Queens Scholarship, and was trained at the Exeter Training College for Teachers; was for some time Science Master of the Central Secondary School at Sheffield; researches on superheated steam, continuous indicators, and machine tool testing. He was appointed to teach mechanical engineering at Sheffield Technical School, becoming professor in 1889 and then Principal. The Technical School became the Department of Technology in the new University in 1905, with Ripper as head. During the First World War when the Vice-Chancellor was called away to a government post Ripper took on the role until 1919. He managed this in addition to his position of professor of Mechanical Engineering, and also coordinator of the University war effort, which included extensive training for industry and allocation of work to local firms for efficient production, as well as research and direct technical support. He was created a Companion of Honour, 1917. He was President of the Sheffield Society of Engineers and Metallurgists; member of the Mosely Educational Commission to the United States of America, 1903; vice-chairman of the Sheffield Committee on Munitions of War; member of Board of Education Departmental Committee on Science Museums, 1910; founder of Sheffield Trades Technical Societies.
Steam engine theory and practice;
Extensive review in Locomotive Mag., 1932, 38, 378.,
Machine drawing and design
Mostly Who was Who and Wikipedia (2012-10-15)
Appointed Carriage and Wagon Works Manager, Swindon in 1947; formerly with LMS. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1947, 53, 107.: moved onto Scottish Region, Chief Mechanical & Electrical Engineer, 1961-5 (Johnson and Long).
In 1868 J. Robertson took out a patent (No. 3416) for a locomotive "to be propelled by the reaction of jets or currents of steam, air and furnace gases." Apparently the locomotive was in its turn expected to propel the train otherwise the plight of the occupants of the first carriage would have been a dire one! Locomotive Mag, 1947, 53, 32..
Robertson, John Jun. (known to his friends as
Born Glasgow in 1897 and educated at Glasgow Academy. He was elected a member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1921, and always showed a keen interest in all its activities. He was connected with the Pather Iron & Steel Co. Ltd., Wishaw, and his firm, Robertson & Fraser (Glasgow) Ltd., acted for many years as agents for Messrs. J. Stone & Co. Ltd., Deptford, London. and Messrs. Howell & Co. Ltd., Sheffield. He held a commission in the 8th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders during the 1914/18 war, ,which time he was severely wounded and gassed, and also served for 4½ years as adjutant with the R.A.F. in WW2. He died on 15 December 1948. Obit J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1949, 39, 388. .
Assistant Mechanical Engineer (Scotland) from 1941. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140.
Died 22 September 1962 aged 55. Joined LNER as Apprentice Fitter at Gateshead Shed in January 1926, after earlier experience with firm of marine engine builders on the Tyne. On completion of his apprenticeship, part of which was served in Gateshead Works, Robson became a Locomotive Running Inspector at Leeds, later transferring to York, and during a period of 12 years in this capacity took temporary charge of many of the smaller locomotive depots in the North-Eastern Area for varying periods. In 1941, he was transferred to the Scottish Area, where he became Technical Inspector in the Locomotive Running Superintendents Headquarters in Edinburgh, and two years later was appointed Acting Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent at Burntisland. He returned to the North Eastern Area at the end of 1943 to take charge of the depot at Leeds Neville Hill, became Locomotive Shed Master at Sunderland in April 1946, and Mechanical Foreman at York later the same year. In October 1947, Robson became Senior Technical Assistant to the Locomotive Running Superintendent of the Southern Area of the LNER, and in January 1950 became Locomotive Shed Master at Stratford. He was transferred to Kings Cross as Assistant District Motive Power Superintendent in November 1955, and became Running and Maintenance Assistant at the Great Eastern Line Headquarters at Liverpool Street in January 1961. The post was re-designated Assistant Running and Maintenance Engineer in January 1962, and it was this position which he held at the time of his death. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 317-18...
Robson, Tom [Thomas]
Responsible for fitting NER 4-6-0 with counter pressure brake system for locomotive testing. Contributed to discussion on Diamond's IMechE paper Development of locomotive power at speed in Vol. 156 page 439
Tony Roche was a career railway engineer having spent some 40 years within UK Rail, ultimately becoming the Executive Board Member of British Rail responsible for Engineering, for Support Services and for Safety and played a major role in the privatisation of the industry. Throughout this period he has majored on Train Engineering and his career has spanned design, new construction and ma in ten an ce of locomotives and rolling stock, all against a background of management of change. During his career within British Railways the impact of the various historical engineering initiatives became ever clearer, and none more so than when working as a Works Manager at the Wolverton Works of British Rail Engineering Limited in the early 1980s.One of the most satisfying and challenging appointments was as a Works Manager, working in British Rail Engineering Limited, at its Wolverton Works in the early 1980s. This was an operation with around 2,000 employees, 576 million turnover, on a site of some 50 acres, of which about half were workshop buildings. Wolverton is an old railway town that grew with the establishment of the Works in 1838 as the new construction and maintenance facility for the London and Birmingham Railway Company. In 1846 as the result of amalgamation it became part of the London and North Western Railway. Interestingly it was at this time that the former Locomotive Superintendent of this Company, Mr J McConnell became a major driving force in the formation of our Institution, being the Chairman of the first preliminary meeting in October 1846. Located at Wolverton, he was responsible for the famous Bloomer Class of steam locomotive.
Former chief test inspector locomotive department Midland Railway. Became General Manager Manning Wardle in 1912. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 250.
Rotherham, Thomas Forth
Born in York on 28 June 1850; died Perth, Western Australia, on 11 September 1903. Trained on MSLR at Gorton, Manchester, and NBR at Cowlairs, Glasgow. After some marine experience he returned to the NBR and took charge of erecting indoor and outdoor machinery and plant. Later worked on railway equipment for Ransomes & Rapier. In 1875 he entered the service of the New Zealand Government Railways as general rnanager of the Picton & Blenheim Railway (1875-8); general rnanager Wanganui, Foxton & New Plymouth Railway (1878-85); Locomotive superintendent Herunui-Bluff Railway (1885-8); locomotive superintendent New Zealand Railways 1888 to April 1890. In 1891 he was appointed by the New South Wales Railway Commissioners to enquire into merits of Westinghouse and vacuum brakes on goods trains. Appointed CME of Western Australia Government Railways in 1891 Marshall.
Surnames beginning letter "Sa"
Sams, John George Barwick
Crewe apprentice 1897-1902), locomotive superintendent of the Jamaican Government Railways and running superintendent of the Kenya & Uganda Railways. died 1947. Obituary Proc. Instn Mech Engrs, 1949, 160; Contributor to discussion on ILocoE Paper No. 378
Born Hamburg on 20 July 1827, but when very young was moved to Hull. When aged about fourteen was apprenticed to Messrs. Jones and Potts of Newton-le-Willows, and subsequently completed his apprenticeship with Messrs. Bury, Curtis and Kennedy at Liverpool; he then became draughtsman to Messrs. Nasmyth and Go. of Patricroft, and subsequently to Messrs. Boulton and Watt of Birmingham. He afterwards went for a short time to Tours in France, to assist his eldest brother, Bernhard Samuelson, in the management of some railway works, and in 1852 he joined his brother, Martin Samuelson, in extensive engineering and shipbuilding works at Hull; but in 1861, his health having failed he left and established himself in London as a consulting engineer, at first in partnership and from 1866 on his own account. This branch of the profession he followed successfully until his death on 5 September 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 24
Born in 1916; died Middlesbrough 13 November 1993. After obtaining 1st class hons in engineering at Loughborough College Satow obtained employment at Mather & Platt, Manchester. In 1940 he was appointed to the Dyestuffs Division of Imperial Chemical Industries and worked his way up to become the chief engineer. In 1956 he went to India to become the first chief engineer of ICI there. He established the Indian Railways Museum at Delhi before he retired in 1976, and later he made frequent visits to India to supervise the progress of the museum to its opening in 1977. He took a prominent role in the organization of the Stockton & Darlington 150th anniversary in 1975, for which he designed and constructed a fullsize working replica of Locomotion. For the LMR 150th anniversary celebration in 1980 he built a working reproduction Rocket. For the National Trust he constructed a new engine for the former Furness Railway steam yacht Gondola on Lake Coniston. Marshall..
Shed Superintendent Gateshead in 1930 (William Brown Hush-Hush). Commented on Lelean's Presidential Address when given at Newcaastle in 1932: stated that standardisation is a thing to aim at, and so far as a running shed is concerned would effect considerable economy in the stocks of material kept on hand and which so often come under criticism. There is very little attempt at standardisation to-day and much more cnuld be done in this direction, Take a simple example like the big-end and side rod oil well tops, what a variety of sizes we have, even on engines of about the same capacity. He also commented at length on Selby's paper on compounding when presented at Newcastle when he roundly condemned the two Smith Atlantics under his care at Gateshead and praised the Gresley Pacifics for their haulage capacity coupled with low coal consumption. In a paper on dynamomter cars he queried the procedures for (i) stopping and (ii) coasting at high speed: in reply Jarvis stated that 50% cut-off better than full gear for (i) and in (ii) a little steam but well notched up - full gear with steam off leads to ash and hot gaese being drawn into steam chest and cylinders; .
Scott, E. Kilburn
Represented the Boyne Engine Works at the Matthew Murray centenary memorial service (Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1926, 32, 101): authority on life of Matthew Murray.
Rather unsatisfactory mention in RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 which suggests that had been erecting shop foreman at GCR Gorton Works and in about 1906 or perhaps subsequently works manager at Caerphilly Works and retained this position until his death in 1924.. .
Assistant Design Engineer, to be Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer.of Westinghouse Brake & Signal Co., Ltd., Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1949, 55, 181
Shervington, Joseph Arthur Reginald
Born in Wembley into a large Catholic family in 1904; befriended John Eric Robinson at Harrow County School. Briefly joined Willesden locomotive depot as an apprentice, but left after 2½ years to joinStaplefords, a carriage and wagon builder in Coalville. He then moved on to Stephenson & Clarke, coal factors to complete his dual apprenticeship. The firm owned a large wagon fleet and Joe worked as a traffic supervisor, eventually becoming chief traffic supervisor. After service in the Royal Engineers in WW2 where he was commissioned he returned to Stephenson & Clarke and after nationalisation of the coal industry became Divisonal Transport Officer for the NCB at Chesterfield. He assisted in the development of Merry Go Round (MGR) coal trains. He died at Cumnor in 1993. Robinson Dad had an engine shed
Shipton. James Alfred
Patent: GB 12240/1848 Steam-engines. 14 August 1848; paper: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, 1851, 2, 4-9. Probably only relevant to stationary engines
Shorter, Mervyn W.
Appointed Assistant Sales Manager, Westinghouse Brake & Cylinder Co. (Locomotive Mag, 1940, 46, 292.): managing director 1953 (Internet)
Shuttleworth, John George
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 8539/1840 Railway and other propulsion. 9 June 1840.
Born at Dog Dyke on River Witham in Lincolnshire on 12 July 1819, son of a boat builder and Baptised Joshua. Left school at 14, took up boat building and at 16 was managing a boat yard in Lincoln. Nathaniel Clayton was working in adjoining premises as an iron founder and steam packet operator and in 1842 firm of Clayton, Shuttleworth was established. Mainly manufacturer of agricultural machinery, especially portable steam engines. He acquired directorships of the Metropolitan Railway, the Great Northern Railway and the Sutton Bridge Dock Company. He died at Hartsholme Hall, Skellingthorpe on 25 January 1883. Ronald Birse ODNB.
Born in Lincoln in 1911, parents moved to Derby and in 1927 began as a trade apprentice at Derby Works, but was fortunate in that this upgraded to privilege, on completion of which he was transferred to the motive power department, starting at Camden. Quinn
Simpson, John Thomas
Locomotive Superintendent of Brecon & Merthyr Tydfil Junction Railway: died, along with John Kendall of the Rhymney Railway in an accident at Maesycwmmer in June 1869, when aged 42: he was a Glaswegian according to D.S. Barrie The Brecon & Merthyr Railway.. See also Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 55. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Simpson, Lightly Stapleton
Associated with working and management of railways, both in UK and abroad, during the whole of his distinguished career. Grandson of the Lightly Simpson, a former deputy chairman of the Great Eastern Railway. Educated at Charterhouse and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated in engineering in 1895. After completing three years' apprenticeship in the locomotive, carriage, and wagon shops of the Great Eastern Railway he entered the drawing office and remained in the service of that company until 1907, being successively assistant district locomotive superintendent, manager of the wagon department, and finally in charge of the electrification of the locomotive, carriage, and wagon shops at Stratford. He then went to South America, where he was assistant locomotive superintendent of the Buenos Ayres and Pacific Railway and five years later was made running superintendent of the same department. In 1915 he returned to England and was gazetted captain in the Royal Engineers (T.), operating division. He served in France where he was responsible for the erection and maintenance of wagons. Later, he was appointed chief mechanical engineer in charge of five military railway works, and for his services he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. On his retirement with the rank of colonel in 1919 he became chief mechanical engineer in the Ministry of Transport, (during this time he served on Advisory Committee on the Electrification of Railways [Kennedy Committee]) a position which he occupied until 1922, when he returned to the Argentine to take up the appointment of chief mechanical engineer of the Cordoba Central Railway. His last position was that of general manager of the United Railways of Havana, retiring after some ten years service in December 1939. Mr. Simpson, whose death occurred at Gullane, East Lothian, on 6 September 1942, in his sixty-ninth year. Main source IMechE obituary'
Smart, Leslie Sanderson
Died in Glasgow in his eighty-second year, on 5 October 1942 IMechE obituary). Educated at University College School and served his apprenticeship in the locomotive shops of the Midland Railway at Derby, on the completion of which in 1882 he entered the drawing office. From 1888 until 1900 he held various posts in the locomotive department of that company, his final position being that of district locomotive superintendent at Liverpool. In 1900 he moved to the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway and was works manager at Brighton for five years (also Marx in his biography of Marsh (p. 10). He then went to the Transvaal to take up an appointment as ohief locomotive superintendent of the Central South African Railways, with headquarters at Pretoria. (also noted in Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 75) .In 1910 he was appointed chief mechanical engineer of the Siamese State Railways. After holding this position for four years he returned to England and joined the Metropolitan Carriage and Wagon Company, Birmingham, his first appointment being that of the firm's special representative in Russia. Subsequently he became manager of the wheel department at Wednesbury, and occupied that position until 1928 when he went into business on his own account as representative for various manufacturing concerns.
Smelt, John Dann
18601939: designer of 2-10-0 for Argentine Great Western Railway: Loco. Mag., 1904, 10, 188.
Chief draughtsman at Inverness under Peter Drummond for Drummond's final seven years there and moved to Kilmarnock with Drummond as Chief draughtsman on Glasgow & South Western Railway. Chacksfield. The Drummond brothers.
Smith, James Hopewell
Managing Director Hulburd Patents elected Associate Member Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1952.
See Locomotive Mag., 1906, 12, 2. chief locomotive draughtsman LBSCR from 1 January 1906 formerly chief assistant to Gillies.
Moved to be outdoor assistant, Crewe. from chief inspector in CME's department (Loco. Mag., 1933, 39, 72): not mentioned by Cox or Langridge.
Locomotive Superintendent Isle of Man Railway died 10 March 1912. Locomotive Mag., 1912, 18, 94.
Joint proprietor of Dick & Stevenson, Airdrie Engine Works. Lowe
Retired Royal Navy Commodore (addressed Captain): Diesel Engine Consultant to British Railways Board. Author of Institution of Locomotive Engineers Paper No. 713: Whither motive power which was highly critical of speed of change from steam to diesel traction and favoured gas turbines of the correct type.
Born South Shields in April 1810; died Houghton-le-Skerne, Co. Durham on 6 December 1898. From a delicate boy he became strong enough. to walk fifty miles in a day. Began at age 14 drilling stone block sleepers for the SDR. Later employed on construction of the Stanhope & Tyne Railway and was present at its opening in 1834. In 1836 he was employed on the survey of the Great North of England Railway with Storey. In 1839 became permanent way inspector on the SDR. Later worked with Harris on construction of the Middlesbrough & Guisborough Railway, the work being done with such expedition that Summerson was awarded an honorarium of £1,000 which enabled him to become a partner in the patent brick works at Bank Top, Darlington. The enterprise failed and he lost the £1,000. In 1853 he was appointed manager of Hope Town Foundry, Darlington and, in conjunction with Harris, patented a rail chair with a cushion under the rail; also a special form of chilled cast iron wheel for chaldron wagons. Large numbers of these wheels were made at Hope Town. The Albert Hill Foundry at Darlington was built as a branch and, on the death of Harris in 1869, it was acquired by Summerson and it became Thomas Summerson & Sons. S designed the first wrought iron crossing and made a speciality of its manufacture. Marshall.
Surnames beginning "T"
William Tait was born on 13 January 1810; died of liver disease on 30 April 1868. Partner in firm of Tait and Mirrlees (James Buchanan), Scotland Street, Glasgow was the erector of the 10ft wheel locomotive.Wilson worked mate with him on the same locomotive. Tait was the manager of Neilson's Hyde Park Locomotive Works in Glasgow.in 1845. See John Wilson and Grace's Guide.
Tew, Geoffrey W.G.
Originally a pupil of Collett from 1932 and holder of a Cambridge degree. Then Swindon drawing office; military service in RAOC and REME during WW2. then briefly assistant to Divisional Locomotive Superintendent at Paddington, then Assistant to Carriage & Wagon Superintendent at Swindon. Author of Swindon report on The locomotive in France in which he advocated the adoption of Kylchap blastpipe, larger superheaters and steam chests, and smoother steam passages. See Summers, Backtrack, 2012, 26, 437. Appointed Works Manager at Wolverton Works in 1956.see Loco. Mag.... 1956, 62, 34
Thom, Robert George
Died 25 May 1956 (obit J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1956, 46, 215). Joined GCR at Gorton in 1921 and trained as a locomotive engineer. Served at Cowlairs Works and at Shildon. Served in Royal Engineers during WW2, following which he was in charge of the wagon repair shops at West Hartlepool. Following nationalisation he was technical assistant to the Outdoor C&W Engineer for the Eastern & North Eastern Regions at Doncaster.
Became Lord Carlisle's agent in 1819. About 1820 one of Thompson's first schemes was the sinking of Blacksyke Pit (1,000 feet above sea level), George Stephenson surveyed the route of new line from Brampton via Kirkhouse to Hallbankgate in 1835-36. Construction began on the new line in 1836. The new line opened and first train ran from Kirkhouse to Brampton on 18th July 1836 with 23 wagons hauled by two locomotives Gilsland and Atlas. In April 1837 James Thompson purchased George Stephensons Rocket from the Liverpool and Manchester Railway for £300' James Thompson died at the age of 56 on 14th July 1851 a man never given the recognition he merited as a railway pioneer.
Inventor of pendulum lubricator: see Loco. Mag., 1917, 23, 32-5.
Tonkin, Harold John
Educated at the North Wiltshire Technical and Secondary Schools and afterwards attended the London School of Economics. From 1902-1914 he was engaged in the Locomotive Running and Accounts Department of the Works of the GWR at Swindon, and joined the S.E.& C. Railway in 1914, where he was employed on estimating and costing at Ashford Works, becoming later on Chief Cost Clerk. In 1920 he read a paper before the Insbitution on Workshop Accountancy Practice (Paper 92) which was published in Journal 47. He was born in 1887, and died suddenly on 19 July 1937, at the age of 50. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1937, 27, 581-2.
Topham, William Leslie
Born in 1904; died at Weybridge on 4 March 1963. Educated at Oundle School. Served apprenticeship with Midland Railway at Derby Locomotive Works; then joined the Buenos Aires and Great Southern Railway in 1926, later becoming Assistant Superintendent of Motive Power, BAGS and BAW Railways. On outbreak of WW2 he returned to England, and was commissioned into the Royal Engineers (Transportation Branch), serving in India and Iraq, and was for a year seconded to the Egyptian State Railways as Assistant Chief Mechanical Engineer, and, at the invitation of the Palestine Government, investigated and reported upon the position of the Palestine Railways. In 1944 he was posted to Italy, and became Deputy Director of Transportation (Mechanical) to Central Mediterranean Forces, with the rank of Colonel; during his service in this theatre he was awarded the O.B.E. (Military Division). On his demobilisation he joined The Vulcan Foundry Ltd., in February 1946, as Overseas Representative and Assistant to the General Manager. He moved to London late in 1949, as Manager of the London office of Vulcan and Robert Stephenson & Hawthorns Ltd., continuing to travel widely overseas on the two Companies behalf. In 1960 Mr. Topham was seconded to the London staff of the Traction Division, The English Electric Co. Ltd., transferring to English Electrics staff as a Technical Sales Engineer, Traction Division, on the integration of The Vulcan Foundry Ltd., with the parent company at the beginning of 1963. Topham was a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and joined the Institution of Locomotive Engineers in 1930 becoming a full member in 1937. He served on the Council of the latter Institution from 1960 until his death, and in 1960 received that Institutions Alfred Rosling Bennett Award for his Paper Methods of reducing flangewear on diesel and electric bogie locomotives. J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1959, 40, 771-95. Disc.: 795-825. Paper 603 .He was also a member of the Publicity Committee of the Locomotive and Allied Manufacturers Association, and of various British Standards Institution Committees. Obituary: J. Instn Loco. Engrs., 1962, 52, 656-7...
Tritton, Sir Seymour Biscoe
Born in 1860, died London 21 November 1937. He was the son of Colonel F.B. Tritton, of the Welsh Fusiliers, was educated at Haileybury and University College, London. His technical training was received at R. & W. Hawthorn's, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. In 1885 he was appointed Assistant Locomotive Supt. on the Bengal and North Western Rly., subsequently entering the service of the Government of India as Assistant Supt. and Works Manager on the Eastern Bengal Rly., at Kanchrapara. Some years later he became Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Supt. on the Northern Bengal Rly., but after a time was sent home on sick leave. The late A.W. Rendell, under whom he worked on the re-building of the workshops at Kanchrapara then offered him the post of chief of the staff of Messrs. Rendell and Palmer, and in 1913 was made a partner, the firm then becoming Rendell, Palmer and Tritton, consulting engineers to the Government of India and many Indian and Colonial railways. Contemprary notice of Tritton joining consulatancy: Loco Mag. 1912, 18, 249.During WW1 the firm acted as advisers to the War Office and the Ministry of Munitions on all matters relating to railway work. He was awarded the K.B.E. in 1918 in recognition of his war services. In 1925 Sir Seymour made an extensive tour of the Indian Railways at the request of the Government of India in connection with the proposed design of standard locomotives. He sat on several committees of the British Standards Institution. He was a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institution of Naval Architects, and an early member of the Instution of Locomotive Engineers. Obit: Journal, 1937, 27, 815-16. Picture of him on his Stanley steam car in about 1906: J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1946, 36. 283: see p. 322.
Born at Torre, Torquay, on 8 January 1829. In 1844 became the pupil of Archibald Sturrock in the locomotive works of the Great Western Railway at Swindon, and afterwards on the Great Northern Railway. He was then appointed to the locomotive works at Boston, and was subsequently moved to Doncaster, where he remained until 1861, when the position he had held of District Locomotive Superintendent terminated in consequence of a change in the working arrangements. He constructed a binocular telescope of his own invention, which was exhibited and received a prize. Died London on 26 November 1873. Obituary: Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1874, 25, 24.
Tulip, Samuel T.
Chief engineer Lambton Collieries 1897-1935. See Archive, 2007 (54) 35-
Son of above: Chief engineer Lambton Collieries from 1935. See Archive, 2007 (54) 35-
Works Manager, Eastleigh. Sean Day-Lewis Bulleid: last giant of steam (pp. 129-30). promoted from Works Manager Eastleigh to Assistant CME in May 1942. Turbett was very good with Labour and Administration and improving manufacturing facilities, but he lacked design experience and had no steadying influence on his Bulleid's designs. He contributed to the Southern's outstanding advances in welding techniques and applications, and when the scale of work suggested switching from traditional oxygen cylinders to a liquid oxygen plant he went with the Stores Superintendent A.B. MacLeod to see the set-up at Crewe and collect all the data from RC. Bond.(Bulleid on Bulleid)
Tyas, George Freeman
Born in Leeds on 10 December 1857. Died 16 June 1937. Apprenticed at Kitson & Co at the Airedale Foundry and then worked in drawing office and estimating departments. In 1892 he moved to London where he brought his skills as a draughtsman to Bradshaw Brown, a firm of auctioneers who specialised in machinery and developed expertise in the valuation of machinery. For a time he worked for E.L. Calthrop and from about 1904 for Sir James Restler at Hampton Court Waterworks. In 1905 Tyas was appointed to the Chief Engineers' Department. The Newcomen Society obituary credits him with designing the narrow gauge locomotives used at the waterworks. See article on Hampton Waterworks and its locomotives in Archive 17. His hobby was model-making. He presented Matthew Murray a centenary appreciation.Trans. Newcomen Soc., 1925, 6, 111. This paper with additional material was incorporated in E.K. Scott's Matthew Murray, pioneer engineer (Leeds 1928): Ottley 2855 (which fails to note the incorporated material).
Died 13 March 1948, aged ninety-four. Locomotive superintendent Midland & South Western Junction Railway between 1903 and 1923. He had been connected with railways since 1867 when he became a clerk at Didcot station. Two years later he entered the locomotive department of the Great Western Railway at Swindon and after working in the shops was registered as fireman in 1873. After a brief period as driver he left the service of tbe Great Westem Railway in 1881 and became locomotive assistant on the Midland and South Western Junction Railway. From 1884 to 1890 he acted as engineman with the same company and then took charge of the locomotive, carriage, and wagon department. ln addition he was placed in charge of the running department under the supervision of the general manager. He was confirmed in the appointment of locomotive, carriage, and wagon superintendent three years later and retained this position until his retirement in 1923. Tyrell had been a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers since 1912. Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1949, 160, 271-2. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Part 10 .
In charge of locomotive stock on Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway between 1895 until 1899: RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10
Unwin, William Cawthorne
Born Great Coggeshall in Essex on 12 December 1838. Educated at the City of London School between 1848 and 1854 and studied science for a year at New College, St. John's Wood and graduated BSc in 1861. In 1856 he became scientific assistant to William Farbairn in Manchester studying steam and boiler behaviour. He took a leading part in the trials of the Fay and Newall continuous brake in 1859. He was involved in Fairbairn's experiments on fatigue in wrought iron girders. In 1890 he joined the commission to investigate hydro-electric power generated at Niagara Falls and as late as 1922 he was involved in examining stresses in the Mersey Tunnel. He died on 17 March 1933. ODNB biography by E.G. Walker revised by John Bosnell.
Surnames beginning letter "W"
Retired 1933 former district locomotive superintendent of the LMS at Bristol.: see Loco. Mag. 1933, 39, 182.
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 9804/1843 Locomotives and carriages, steam-boilers and engines. 27 June 1843.
Ward, Frederick Oldfield
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 10949/1845. Construction of railways; maxhinery and apparatus for working thereon. 18 November 1845.
Chief draughtsman of Robert Stephenson & Co. Designed a bogie which appears to have prefigured the Adams' design: Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1931, 37, 54.
Wart, Henry van
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 7191/1836 Locomotive steam engines and carriages; partly applicable to ordinary steam-engines, and for other purposes. 22 September 1836
GB 7730/1838 Apparatus applicable to locomotion on railroads, and to steam navigation;partly applicable to land or stationary engines. 11 July 1838.
Patents via Woodcroft
GB 11618/1847 Railway-engines and tenders, and other railwey-carriages. 10 March 1847.
Watt, George Ross
Died on 4 September 1954 after a brief illness, joined the firm of Neilson, Reid & Co at their Hydepark Works, Springburn, in 1898, as an apprentice and in 1907 went to Andrew Barclay, Sons & Co in Kilmarnock as a draughtsman. In 1911 he joined the firm of Kerr, Stuart of Stoke-on-Trent, and in 1919 returned to Springburn to take up an appointment as Assistant Chief Draughtsman under the late W.C. Wilson, with the North British Locomotive Co. He held this position until his retirement in 1951. It is of interest to note that Watt had a family connection with locomotive work for over 110 years. His grandfather was with the London & Birmingham Railway in 1840 and joined the Brighton Railway in 1846, later commencing business as an engineer on his own account in Aberdeen. His father commenced his apprenticeship with Neilson & Co when their works were transferred from Finnieston to Springburn in 1863 and served the Company for 51 years, being in his later years charge hand of the cylinder shop. Many prominent locomotive engineers are indebted to Watt for his guidance and help during their early training. He had a wide knowledge of locomotive design and had been responsible for the drawing office work on many important home and overseas contracts. He had a tremendous store of locomotive and general engineering knowledge and a capacity for close attention to the smallest detail. He had been a Member of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers since 1921 (obituray: Journal 1954, 44, 449) and he took an active interest in the proceedings of the Scottish Centre.
Author of ILocoE Paper 378 which raised many contributions to discussion: Stanier, Cantlie, Cox, Holcroft, Sams, Diamond, Fry and O.S. Nock. Introduction notes that theoretical paper on boiler dimensions was written quickly and that he had expertise in boilers and locomotive performance
British Timken Limited. appointed Wheeler, A.M.I.Mech.E., M.I.Loco.E., Head of their Railway Sales Division. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1950, 56, 63.
White, Stuart Ireland
Born in Plymouth and educated locally, entered the service of the Great Western Railway as a premium apprentice at Swindon in 1914. After passing through the shops, he entered the drawing office. Later, after general experience, he was appointed draughtsman on the locomotive section, under third draughtsman F.W. Hawksworth. He was later appointed draughtsman to the Buenos Aires Railway. He held this position for some time and was then appointed Assistant Divisional Locomotive Superintendent at Ameghino. Later, he resigned and returned to England to study at the University of London where he graduated and also became an Associate of the City & Guilds Institute; he also obtained a Diploma of Imperial College. He was then appointed to the Assistant Inspectorate in the Engineering Department of the Crown Agents for the Colonies, ultimately obtaining the position of Deputy Chief Engineer, from which he retired about five years ago. He was awarded the O.B.E. for his services to the Crown Agents. A keen yachtsman, he stationed his twin-engined cruiser at various ports around the English coast from time to time, and finally on the Thames. He had been Vice-Commodore of the Little Ships Club. He was elected an Associate Member of the ILocoE in 1921, becoming a Member in 1935. He served as a Member of Council from 1959 to 1965. He was also a Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. His death occurred very suddenly on 5 June 1968. Obit. J. Instn Loco, Engrs, 1968, 58, 299.
F.W. Brewer's article The invention of the link motion. Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 373-5 when considering the conflicting claims of William Howe and William Williams, both of whom were employed by Robert Stephenson & Co. noted that Williams had the strong support of a man named R. L. Whyte, who eventually went to America, but who was in charge of Stephenson's drawing office at the time when the link motion was evolved there. In Whyte's opinion, Williams was the true inventor. Was this Whyte an ancessor of the notation Whyte?.
In charge of locomotives on Neath & Brecon Railway between 1874 and 1877. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 ..
Willans, George Herbert
Born at Wrexham in 1878; died Gloucester 2 January 1947. Received his technical education at the City and Guilds of London College, South Kensington, where he obtained first class honours in mechanical engineering. After serving his pupilage under F. Willans, locomotive and carriage superintendent of the Wrexham, Mold and Connahs Quay Railway, [KPJ presumably father] from 1894 to 1899, he continued in the service of the company as personal assistant to the locomotive superintendent for a further five years. On the absorption of that undertaking by the Great Central Railway he was transferred to the latter companys Gorton works, where he acted for a brief period as inspector of materials. In 1905 he went to Turkey to take up the appointment of assistant locomotive, carriage and wagon superintendent of the Ottoman Aidan Railway (see Locomotive Mag., 1905, 11, 75). He resigned this position in 1913, and during the remainder of his career was in business on his own account as inspecting engineer. In this capacity he acted as resident engineer for the Union of South Africa Railways and Harbours, and for the Governments of the Sudan and New South Wales. In addition he was representative for several leading firms of consulting engineers in this country. Willans was elected an Associate Member of the IMechE in 1908 and was transferred to Membership in 1912. IMechE obituary. Holder of many patents.
GB 26634/1904. Improvements in self contained spring buffers and buffer guides: specially applicable for "converting" dead buffered railway vehicles, into spring buffered vehicles with Walter Gatwood
GB 103,709 Improvements in or relating to feed water heating apparatus for locomotive and other boilers. with Edward Sydney Luard and John Patrick O'Donnell. Applied 18 February 1916. Published 8 February 1917.
First and probably only Locomotive Superintendent of Burry Port & Gwendraeth Valley Railway: served 1895-9 (thereafter duties performed by Engineer. RCTS Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Part 10 .
Works Manager at Gorton Works from 1941; formerly Chief Inspector of Materials at Doncaster. See Loco. Mag. 1941, 47, 140.
Born at Glencorse, Midlothian on 12 August 1820. Son of John Wilson Engineer to Edinburgh Waterworks. He was recommended by E.B. Wilson (not a relative) for the postion of Engine and Locomotive Superintendent of the York & North Midland Railway which he filled in 1847. In June 1853 the MGWR Board in Ireland resolved that the locomotive and civil engineering of the line should at the earliest possible period be placed under the superintendence of one competent resident engineer, an advertisement to this effect appearing in the Railway Times for 16 July. Edward Wilson met with the approval of the Board and was offered the position at a salary of £400 per annum. An identically worded advertisement appeared in the same journal in August 1856 for his replacement. Wilson left no stamp on the Midland's locomotive department and went to the Oxford, Worcester & Wolverhampton Railway as Engineer, being presented with a service of plate on his departure from Broadstone. He was replaced by Joseph Cabry from the north of England. In 1867 he was appointed Engineer to the Irish Railway Commission. Latterly he was a consulting engineer for new works on the Great Eastern Railway including its new Liverpool Street terminus. He died in London on 26 August 1877. Chrimes in Chrimes.
Wilson, William (1809-1862)
Born in Wallbottle on 18 May 1809: sion of a mechanic. Began professional career with Robert Stephenson and sent with locomotive Der Adler to Nuremburg to work on Ludwigsbahn. He died in Germany on 17 April 1862. See Rly Wld, 1960, 21, 264 (includes portrait)
Wilson, William C.
Born in London in 1851. Chief draughtsman North British Locomotive Company since 1910 and successor to Edward Snowball in 1902. Apprenticed at Hyde Park Works under Neilson. Retired 1927: see Loco. Rly Carr. Wagon Rev., 1927, 33. 47.
Works Manager Horwich locomotive works in 1909 when he became manager Patent Axletree & Shaft Co., Wednesbury: Loco. Mag., 1909, 15, 126...
Wolff, Charles Ernest
Author of Modern locomotive practice originally published in 1903. Cited by Adrian Tester in Backtrack, 2010, 24, 616 who states that worked with Deeley.
Born 16 November 1898; died at work on 18 March 1950 (I. Loco. E. obituary). Joined LNWR on 8 January 1915 as a premium apprentice at Crewe CME Works. During WW1 served with Artists Rifles before transferring to the Royal Flymg Corps, where he attained the rank of Squadron Leader. On return he filled positions as District Inspector and Running Shed Foreman and was appointed Assistant District Locomotive Superintendent at Blackpool in 1928. Following service in the offices of the District Motive Power Superintendents at Manchester and Derby Wood held appointments as District Locomotive Superintendent at Plaistow in 1936, Nottingham, 1940; Kentish Town, 1943; and Leeds in 1946. On 31 January 1950 he became District Motive Power Superintendent at Newport on the Western Region where he died suddenly.
One of the foundation members of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers (Journal, 1933, 23, 315), being elected in 1911. He was educated at Harrow Green School and in May 1881, when aged 14 entered the Stratford works of the Great Eastern Railway as an apprentice. Five years later he was promoted to the Drawing Office and then to the Works Manager's Office. Subsequently he returned to the supplementary drawing office and was engaged in designing and demonstrating the Holden oil-burning arrangement. He was later given charge of the oil gas works at Stratford, and in 1915 was appointed district mechanical engineer for the Ipswich area and subsequently was promoted district locomotive engineer. He retired in March, 1932, and died twelve months later on 13 March 1933. Also Loco. Rly Carr Wagon Rev., 1933, 39, 134..
Wright, Benjamin Frederick
Born in London on 21 March 1845; son of Benjamin Wright from North Shields. Educated Crosby Grammar School; then apprenticed to Joseph Armstrong of the Great Western Railway. Worked with elder brother, T.H. Wright. In 1862 he became a draughtsman under William Martley on the LCDR. He was promoted to be District Locomotive Superintendent at Clapham in 1863, and at Dover in 1867. He then left the LCDR for the South Eastern Railway and was briefly at Tonbridge. He was then recommended by William Pole to the Japanese Government and became the Locomotive Superintendent and Mechanical Engineer for the Southern section of the Imperial Government Railway based at Yokohama and then at Kyoto. He designed the machinery used in constructing the Yanagase Tunnel designed by E.C. Holtham. He died on 13 February 1888. Mike Chrimes in Chrimes.
Born in London (date unknown); died Birmingham 7 July 1859. Wright of Goswell Road, London, was a noted mail coach builder. The opening of the London & Birmingham Railway in 1838 threatened his business. He built the first LBR carriages in 1837-8, and then decided to move to Birmingham. He found a rail-connected site of 6 acres which was assigned to him on 29 October 1845. It was alongside the Birmingham & Derby Junction Railway extension of 1842 which became part of the MR in 1844. It was just North of Saltley station on the E side of the line. Joseph Wright & Sons, unincorporated partnership, began to build R vehicles in 1845 for the LBR (LNWR from 1846); London & Brighton R; SER and I.SWR. The works were extended and a part was leased to the LNWR until that company transferred its entire carriage construction to Wolverton where it had established works in 1838. When he died in 1859 the business was continued by his sons Henry and Joseph. As the railway companies expanded and built their own carriages more overseas work was taken on. By the late 1850s competing firms were being established with more modem equipment, so the firm expanded the Saltley works and the company was registered on 5 Marhch 1862 in the name of Metropolitan Railway Carriage & Wagon Co Ltd. Marshall.
GB 8899/1841 Apparatus used for dragging or skidding wheels of wheeled-carriages. 22 March 1841.
GB 10173/1844 Railway and other carriages. 7 May 1844.
Claimed bogie: see G.H. Bailey J. Instn Loco Engrs., 1934, 24, 655
GB 11101/1846 Propelling vessels. 25 February 1846
Wynn-Williams, Llewellyn George Henry
Educated University College, London, where he obtained his B.Sc. in Engineering. His practical experience was gained at Darlington between 1921 and 1924, when he was for three years a pupil of Sir Vincent Raven, who was at that time the Chief Mechanical Engineer of the North Eastern Railway. He then served in the testing department for one year, and in February, 1925, was appointed Supernumerary Foreman at Newport Locomotive Shed. In November, 1925, he became Shops Assistant to the Works Manager at Faverdale Wagon Works, and then, in 1928, Works Manager of St. Margaret's Works, Edinburgh, and in 1930 was appointed assistant to D.R. Edge at Dukinfield and Gorton Works. For a time he went back to Faverdale Works as Manager, but in 1934 was appointed Edge's successor as Works Manager at Dukinfield and Gorton, which post he held until his decease. Mr. Williams was a man of charming personality, and commanded the respect both of his superiors and of the workpeople under him. He was a brilliant scholar, having obtained his B.Sc. with honours. His early death (on 26 April 1936), at the age of 34, which took place after a brief illness, cut short a very promising career in the railway world. J Instn Loco Engrs., 1936, 26, 303.
Born Walton-le-Dale, Preston, on 28 October 1820; died Brantford, Ontario, 22 July 1894. Locomotive engineer. Apprenticed at Nasmyth, Gaskell & Co, Patricroft. He then went to France to assist in construction of the Paris-Rouen Railway. Returned to England in 1846 and was employed in locomotive works of the LSWR to superintend constuction of locomotives and rolling stock. In 1853 he was engaged for ten years as chief locomotive superintendent on the Great Western Railway of Canada. In 1857 he completed the Buffalo & Lake Huron Railway, becoming chief mechanical superintendent and engineer. In 1862 became chief contractor for maintenance of permanent way and the whole of the works between Buffalo and Goderich. In 1863, when Sir Edward Watkin became president of the Grand Trunk Railway, Yates was appointed chief engineer of the whole railway until 1866. He was engineer and contractor for works for the GTR again in 1880-6. He also surveyed and built the Michigan Air Line Railway. In 1869 he entered into partnership with John H Stratford for supplying railway materials. Marshall..
Young, Smelter Joseph
Born in 1869, educated at Ushaw College, Durham and at Firth College-the forerunner of Sheffield University; subsequently studied at Heidelberg University, Germany. He served his apprenticeship with Cammell-Laird & Co. and then spent some years travelling abroad-mainly in Europe (from Moscow to Lisbon) and throughout South and Central America. In 1899 he bought with his very small savings, the assets of the Tempered Spring Company Limited and founded a new company under the same name. The original firm had been formed in 1895 but was unsuccessful and was in the Liquidators hands at the time Young purchased it. There were then a total of 10 employees; there were over 800 by 1954. He married in 1902 Edith Aspinall, a daughter of the late Sir John Aspinall who was then Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway and subsequently was President of the Institutions of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. There were five children of the marriage of whom one daughter and three sons survive. On the occasion of the firms Jubilee in 1946 the employees persuaded him to sit for and presented him with a portrait in oils by Francis Dodd, R.A. This now hangs in the Entrance Hall of the Company. In 1913 Young joined the Board of The A.B.C. Coupler & Engineering Company Limited and he became Chairman a few years later-a position from which he retired in 1949. He saw that Company through periods of great difficulty which were overcome and replaced by substantial growth and prosperity. Died 4 May 1954. He had been a Member since 1927. J. Instn Loco. Engrs, 1954, 44