Locomotive Magazine & Railway & Carriage Review
Volume 22 (1916)

Key file

Number 281 (15 January 1916)

Rebuilt four-cylinder six-coupled express engine, London & South Western Railway. 1. illus., diagram (side elevation)
Urie rebuild of Drummond Paddlebox 4-6-0

Midland Ry. 1.
4-2-2 singles being used to pilot goods trains: Nos. 601, 630, 633 and 647.

2-8-0-0-8-2 locomotive, Serbian Government Rys. 4. illus.
American Locomotive Co. Mallet compound for 2ft 6in gauge with 3ft diameter coupled wheels; 13 x 20in high pressure and 20½ x 20in low pressure cylinders; 1331.5ft2 total heating surface and 23.2ft2 grate area.

Caledonian Ry. 4.
Several Great Central Railway 0-6-0 type were working on the Caledonian Railway, including Nos. 801, 809, 826 and 830.

The Snowdon Mountain Tramroad. 5-7. 4 illus.

The use of white metal in bearings. 7-8.

Notes on the working of superheater locomotives. 9-10.
Use of dampers and proper type of oil for lubrication with superheted steam.

The Rhymney Railway and its engines. 10-12.
Figures 8-13.

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 12-13.

Anti-collision buffers and fenders Great Central Ry. 13-14.

Retirement of Mr. J.J. Richardson, L.B.&S.C.R. locomotive department. ??
John James Richardson retired on 29 December 1915. He was son of Albany Richardson who worked for the London & Croydon Atmospheric Railway. He was District Locomotive Superintendent at Battersea from 1860 to 1898. He was associated with working the Royal Trains and the fast run to Brighton in 48 minutes.

Number 282 (15 February 1916)

Rebuilt 0-6-2 tank loco., Gt. Central Ry. 17. illus.

Rebuilt 2-4-0 passenger engines, North British Ry. 19. diagram (side elevation)
Wheatley Nos. 141 and 164, rebuilt by Holmes and by Reid and then running as Nos. 1158 and 1160.

E.L. Ahrons. Early Great Western standard gauge engines. 23-5.
Figs. 130-4.

No. 1001 claass engine, North Eastern Ry. 25. illus.

Number 283 (15 March 1916)

The last of the Great Northern 8ft bogie singles. 41. illustration
Miserable vision on scrap road.

Electric battery locomotive, Midland Railway. 45. illustration

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 46-8.

The old locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Ry. 48-52. 7 illus.
Following renumbering in 1850 early 2-2-2 with 14 x 18in inside cylinders, double frames and 5ft 6in driving wheels:

17, 18, 24, 25 Rothwell 1840
19, 26 Laird & Kitson 1840
20, 21 Sharp, Roberts 1840
22, 23 Nasmyth, Gaskell 1840
27 W. Fairbairn & Sons 1840
28, 29, 30, 32 Sharp, Roberts 1841
31 W. Fairbairn & Sons 1841
33, 34, 35 Stephenson 1842
36 Laird & Kitson 1842

The East Lancashire Railway, amlgamated with the LYR in 1859 contributed some 2-2-2. The following were Hawkshaw singles rebuilt as 2-4-0s (LYR numbers): 610 Diomed, 665 Giraffe, 666 Antelope, 676 Theseus and 677 Ariadne. All passenger locomotives were painted dark green with black bands with numbers in brass figures on buffer plank.
The 0-4-2 tender engme illustrated in Fig. 4 shows one of the Hawkshaw goods engines of 1849 to 1856, which, during the late 1870s, were almost exclusively used for local passenger trains. They had 4-.ft. 9-in. coupled wheels, increased later to 4-ft. 10-in., with 15-in. by 24-in. cylinders. Hirst subsequently increased the diameter of the cylinders of several ,of them to 16-in, These engines were as follows:-

W. Fairbairn & Sons 1849 164, 165, 167
W. Fairbairn & Sons 1850 168 to 174.
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1849 163, 166.
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1850 175 to 182
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1852 128, 132
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1853 126, 133, 136, 137, 138.
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1854 122, 123*, 140, 222
L. & Y.R.(Miles Platting) 1856 124.

*123 and 176 were later converted to 0-6-0 engmes.
These engines had the early standard copper domes over raised fireboxes, and were painted dead black unrelieved by any lining out. Most of them had plain splashers, without the holes shown in the illustration. The coupling rods were of circular section. Hirst rebuilt many of them between 1869 and 1873 with domeless boilers, and one of them, No. 171, was rebuilt by Barton W right in 1877 with a domed boiler and Ramsbottom safety valves. They disappeared between 1880 and 1885.

There had been a large number of 0-4-0 goods engines by Fairbairn and Bury, built 1845-9, also with 4-ft; 9-in. wheels and 15in. by 24-in. cylinders. Of these Bury built Nos. l47-149, 153, 160, 183 to 185, 188 to 196 and 216. W. Fairbairn & Sons constructed Nos. 161, 162, 186, 187, and 197 to 215. Most of these were broken up by Hirst before 1875, but Nos. 148, 149, 194, 196, 197, 204 and 207 were rebuilt by , him in 1869-70 as 0-4-2 engines almost similar to the rebuilt 164 class with domeless boilers. The cylinders were, however, lower down and the motion was inclined upwards.
The classes previously described performed the whole .of the passenger work until Jenkins built his passenger engines of 1861-7. These were 2-4-0 engines with inside cylinders and frames (Fig. 5), and large polished brass domes and safety valve covers. The coupled wheels had a diameter of 5-ft. 9-in., and the cylinders were 15-in. by 22-in.. The wheelbase was 14-ft. 4-in., the total heating surface, 893 ft2., and the weight in working order just over 27 tons. There were twenty-two of the class, all built at the L & Y. Ry.Miles Platting Works as under:-

286 Marshall 1861 290 Atkinson 1861
287 Audus 1861 291 Wilson 1861
288 Stuart 1861 300 Wickham 1861
289 Anderton 1861 301 Barnes 1861
302 Hare 1861 334 Pilkington 1865
321 Hatton 1864
325 to 341 1865 had no names
13, 15, 16 and 21 1867 .

These engines performed a lot of work on the various sections of the L&YR  and they were broken up .only after Aspinall took charge of the locomotive department.
No. 289 Anderton was rebuilt in 1875 (by Hirst) with 16-in. by 22-in. cylinders. In outward appearance it was then almost the same as Hirsts' No. 4 class, to be described later. Several of the others were rebuilt by Barton Wright with domed flush boilers, Ramsbottom valves, and
Illustrations (photographs): 2-4-0 passwenger engine of 1861 286 class; 2-4-0 passwenger engine as rebuilt by Barton Wright 286 class; 2-4-0 passenger engine 286 class as rebuilt in 1887.

Rebuilt four-wheeled goods engine No. 1010 N.B. Ry. 52-3. illus.
Reid rebuild of Wheatley locomotive: 4ft 3in coupled wheels; 15 x 24jn cylinders; 13.6ft2 grate area and 858.4ft2 total heating surface.

The Rhymney Railway and its engines. 53-4.

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 60-2. plan.

The Pekin Kalgan Ry. 59-63.
Locomotives included Mallet and Shay types to cope with 1 in 30 gradients through Nankow Pass. Map.

Number 284 (15 April 1916)

Narrow gauge locomotives for the Russian War Department. 63. illustration.
15 750mm gauge 2-6-0 tender locomotives order from Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Peter the Great Fortress at Reval.

The "Balkan Express". 63.
International Sleeping Car Co. name and coat of arms obliterated from rolling stock

Great Central Ry. 63.
No. 1134 fitted with  a smoke consumer (J.G. Robinson invention). Nos. 200, 521, 530, 771, 861, 963, 964, 969, 973, 1010, 1019, 1030, 1044, 1045 and 1174 fitted with superheaters. No. 340 (2-6-4T) fitted with Wakefield mechanical lubricator.

Canton-Kowloon Ry. 63
Ingham Sutcliffe had been appointed Assistant Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Superintendent; formerly Locomotive Superintendent of the Londonderry and Lough Swilly Ry.

Canadian Decapod locomotives for the Russian State Rys. 64. illustration.
First locomotives exported from Canada; 50 built by Canadian Locomotive Works. Exported via Vladivostock.

Six-coupled raadial tank locomotive, Glasgow and South Western Ry. 65-6. illustration.
No. 45 illustrated.

E.L. Ahrons. Early Great Western standard gauge engines. 67.

Central Provinces Railways (India). 68-9; 70. illustration, 3 diagrams (side elevations), 2 plans
2ft 6in gauge linking Murtajapur with Yeotmal and Ellichpur. Four Hudswell, Clarke & Co. 2-8-4T locomotives with Belpaire boilers. Passenger rolling stock built at Jhansi

The lubrication of locomotives. 70-2. 3 diagrams

Superheater tank locos. Matropolitan Ry. 73-5. illustration, diagram (side elevation, section)
Lord Aberconway

High speed electric locomotive, Italian State Rys. 75-8. 2 illustrations, diagram (side elevation) 
1-C-1 with Zara trucks

Dust shields for axleboxes. 78-0. illustration, 5 diagrams

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 79-80.
Carriage trimming

Small workshop appliances. 81-2. 2 diagrams

Number 285 (15 May 1916)

New express passenger locomotive, Caledonian Ry. 85. illustration
No. 144 illustrated: Pickersgill 4-4-0 with 20 x 26in cylinders and 9in diameter piston valves

Midland Railway. 85.
All 4-4-0 locomotives being fitted with tender cabs to protect enginemen and as an air raid precaution. 4-2-2 No. 691 also so fitted

Rebuilt express locomotive, Great Central Ry. 86. illustration
Robinson 4-4-0 No. 1021 Queen Mary rebuilt with larger boiler and cylinders

Caledonian Railway. 86
Yorkshire Engine Co. of Sheffield repairing two 4-4-0; two 0-4-4T and one 0-6-0T

Passenger locomotives, Buenos Ayres Great Southern Ry. 86-7. illustration
Built by Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd.: 4-6-0 with 6ft coupled wheels, 22 x 26in outside cylinders, Belpaire boiler with 1339.5ft2 total heating surface plus superheater; 25ft2 grate area and 160 psi boiler pressure. Specification and inspection Livesey, Son & Henderson.

Tank locomotive, Central Uruguay Eastern Extension Ry. 87. illustration
Small 0-4-0T to inspection Livesey, Son & Henderson

The Rhymney Railway and its engines. 88.
Figures 18-19.

The old locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Ry. 97-9. 5 illustrations
Figs. 8-11

Great Northern Ry. 97

The Southern locomotive valve gear.  99-102. illustration, 3 diagrams

The effect of the War on electric train lighting. 106-7.
Reduced lighting

The effect of the War on electric train lighting. 106-7.
Dimunition of light

Number 286 (15 June 1916)

New 4-6-2 locomotives, New Zealand Government Ry. 107-8. illustration.
Baldwin Locomotive Co.

Consolidation locomotive, Trans-Continental Ry. of Australia. 108-9. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
2-8-0 built North British Locomotive Co. to inspection of John Coates & Co., Consulting Engineers

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 111-13. 3 illustrations
William Barclay period on Inverness & Nairn and Irnverness & Aberdeen Junction Railways. Crewe type 2-2-2 with outside cylindeers and straight link motion. Two separate safety valves: one above firebox, other on the boiler barrel. Explanation of locomotive names, many of which were domains of the directors. The majority were convereted to 2-4-0.

List of Continental locomotive builders. 113-14.
France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Russia, Sweden and Austria Hungary

The Summer Time Act. 114
On 21 May 1914 at 02.00 al clocks in Great Britain were advanced by one hour: care had to be taken to make arrangemnts for connecting trains

Old locomotives, Western Ry. of France. 114; 115-16. 2 illustrations, diagram (side elevation)
2-4-0 freight engine built by Allcard, Buddicom et Cie at Chartreux Works. Modified "Crewe" layout in that rear coupled wheels driven and slide valves above cylinders driven through rocking shafts, Also La Petite, a very small 2-2-2 illustrated

The lubrication of locomotives. 116-20. 2 illustrations,  2 diagrams

Great Western Ry. 120
Latest 43XX No. 4381; latest 42XX Nos. 4249, 4250 and 4251. All locomotives leaving Swindon Works ditted with a steam cockn outsigr the smokebox for blowing tubes with a stea m jet.

The engines of the Southwold Ry. 120-1. 5 illoustrations
3 foot gauge line opened in 1879 with three Sharp Stewart & Co. 2-4-0T locomotives: 1 Southwold WN 2848; 2 Halesworth WN 2849 and 3 Blyth WN 2850.  As traffic failed to materialise No. 1 was returned to the makers, but in 1893 a third locomotive was acquired with generally similar dimensions, but a 2-4-2T WN 3913 and took the number 1 and its name Southwold. Number 4 Wenhaston, an 0-6-2T  was acquired from Manning Wardle (1845/1916). The final acquistion, the extension to the harbour and the picture of the swing bridge were strange inclusions during a period of war and when the noted Scottish architect was hounded out of the area for being a "spy". J.R. Belcher was in charge of motive power in 1916. The carriages and wagons had the Cleminson six-wheel arrangement. The locomotives were painted dark blue.

Great Northern Ry. 121.
Several locomotives painted slate colour including 2-4-0 Nos. 998 and 1068

Notes on setting locomotive slide valves. 122-3. 5 diagrams.

Number 287 (15 July 1916)

The old locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Ry. 133-6.
Figs. 12-13

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 141-3. diagram (facsimile form)

E.L. Ahrons. Early Great Western standard gauge engines. 143

Number 288 (15 August 1916)

2-4-0+0-4-2 Garratt locomotive, Sao Paulo Ry. 151-2. illustration
Beyer Peacock & Co. Ltd. locomotive for 5ft 3in gauge in Brazil

North London Railway electrification. 152.
Broad Street to Richmond services to start on 1 October

4-6-0 type 4-cylinder express engine, Great Southern & Western Ry. 152; 153. illustration
E.A. Watson design built at Inchicore Works for Dublin to Cork services.

2-8-2 locomotive, Gwalior Light Rys. 153-4. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Kerr Stuart & Co. locomotive for 2ft gauge

London & North Western Ry. 154
Five new Claughton class 4-6-0: Nos. 511 George Macpherson; 695 Sir Arthur Lawley; 968 Lord Kenyon; 1093 Guy Calthrop and 1345 James Bishop. One of the four remaing 5ft compound goods No. 1407 had been under repair at Crewe: at that time stationed at Nuneaton.

Early South Eastern tank engines for suburban service. 155-6. illustration.
Cudworth coke-burning 0-4-2 tank engines with various arrangements for the trailing axle: Nos. 14 and 15 had radial axles; 40 and 41 two-wheeled bogies and 10 and 73 a fixed arrangement with limited amount of play. Used on Charing Cross to Greenwich services; and once tunnel under Greenwich Park completed on London to Woolwich servces.

The Rhymney Railway and its engines. 156-7. 3 diagrams (side elevations)
Figures 20-2. 0-6-2ST designs built by Vulcan Foundry (WN 1284-8/1890; 1329-34/1891): Sharp Stewart (WN 4037-43/1894; 4257-66/1897: Hudswell Clarke 510-15/1899; 547-9/1900: Neilson WN 5711-20/1900)

Great Eastern Ry. 157
Superheated goods locomotives Nos. 1140 and 1141 completed. Fitted with vacuum brake, but lacked tail rods.

The lubrication of locomotives. 158-62. 8 diagrams
Belgian State Railways lubricator, Great Western locomotive driving axlebox, Midland Railway llocomotive axlebox, Geach's patent syphon lubrication, Midland Railway sight feed lubricator, Iracier axlebox.

Shrinking tyres. 162-3. diagram
Apparatus for heating tyres by burning gas

The Government Railways of North China. The Pekin-Mukden Ry. 163-6.  3 illustrations, 4 diagrams (side elevations), map

Modern systems of welding and metal cutting.  167-8. 2 illustrations
Photographs of plate frames being prepared at works of Andrew Barclay & Co. Ltd

Electrification of the Rocky Mountain Section of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry. 169-70. illustration.

No. 289 (15 September 1916)

British-built locomotives, French State Rys. 173-5. 2 illustrations.
North British Locomotive Co. four-cylinder compound 4-6-2 andc 2-8-0 simple locomotives wirh Zara truck

0-6-0 goods locomotive, Great Eastern Railway. 175. illustration.
No. 1140 illustrated

British built industrial loccomotives for Russia. 175-6. illustration.
Hunslet Engine Co. narrow gauge 0-6-4T

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 177-80. 3 illustrations, diagram (side elevation).
Departure of Stroudley and appointment of David Jones as Locomotive Superintendents. Names given to locomotives tended to reflect the directorate's domains. Shows accident whih occurred at Killiecrankie on 28 November 1893 when a freight double-headed by Nos. 68 and 71 hit an ash tree and became completely derailed.

The locomotive drawing office. 180-4. 2 illustrations, 3 diagrams (forms)
Photographs of draughtsmen and lady tracers in North British Locomotive Company's Works

Great Eastern Ry. 184.
Caledonian Railway 0-6-0 locomotives repaired at Stratford (Nos. 561, 713, 736 and 755 painted grey instaed of blue)

Russian 2-10-0 locomotives. 185.
Built by American Locomotive Co. and imported into Russia via Vladivostock and assembled in Harbin, Manchuria.

The Governm,ment Rys. of North China. The Pekin-Mukden Ry. 185-8. 3 illustrations, 7 diagrams (side elevations).
Mainly 2-6-0, but also 4-6-0 and 2-8-0 and 2-6-2T: suppliers included North British Locomotive Co. and Baldwin

The old locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Ry. 188
Addenda from George Bradshaw of Manchester

Presentation to Mr. William Forsyth. 189. illustration (portrait)
Retirement of NBL foreman erector

Midland Ry. 189.
In connection with the recent appointment of Mr. Robert W. Reid as Manager of the Carriage and Wagon Works of the Midland Ry. at Derby, it is interesting to note that he represents the third generation of his family in this sphere of railway work. His father is Mr. W.P. Reid, Locomotive and Carriage Superintendent of the North British Ry., while his uncle, Mr. G.W. Reid, was Locomotive and Carriage Superintendent of the Natal Govern- ment Rys., and his grandfather, Mr. Robert Reid, was the Carriage and Wagon Superintendent of the Edinburgh and Glasgow Ry.(now N.B.R.) It was Mr. Robert Reid who introduced the centre cradle continuous drawgear for wagons. This originated through the trouble experienced on the Cowlairs incline with the loaded brake wagons, which were fitted with draw hooks acting on the head stocks. On several occasions a wagon was actually pulled asunder. To avoid this, the centre cradle arrangement, with 'long drawbars, was designed to take the stress off the body. Mr. Stroudley took the idea with him when he left the Edinburgh and Glasgow Ry. to join the Highland Ry., and thereafter the design became standard practice for British Rys

Kowloon Canton Ry., British Section. 189.
Ingham Sutcliffe, M.I.M.E. was Acting Loco., Carriage and Wagon Supt. of this line in the absence of the Loco. Supt., C.D. Lambert, who had obtained a commission in the .Army.

Locomotive exports. 189.
The value of the locomotives shipped in June was £59,209, as compared with £227,372 in June, 1915, and £308,349 in June, 1914. The value of the engines exported in the first half of this year was only £586,598, as compared with £1,226,970 in the first half of 1915 and £2,083,751 in the first half of 1914.

Swiss Federal Rys. 189.
At the Olten workshops of the Swiss Federal Rys. an electric shunting locomotive, driven by secondary batteries, is provided with electro-magnetic side buffers, controlled from the footplate, no couplings being needed. The motor is only 5 h.p., and a load up to 45 tons can be moved.

Sao Paulo Ry. Garratt locomotive. 189.
When describing this locomotive in our last month's issue, we omitted to mention the lubricating apparatus employed. This, we learn, is effected by mechanical lubricators supplied by Messrs. C.C. Wakeheld & Co., Ltd.

Narrow gauge high capacity wagon, Public Works Department Ry., Delhi. 190. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams (including side elevation)
Built by Kerr Stuart & Co. to design and specification of Rendel, Palmer & Tritton. See letter on page 216 from G.H. Sheffield

New hopper wagons for coal traffic, Bengal Nagpur Ry. 191. illustration
To serve Tata Steel Works at Kalimate

Car for heating apparatus, Bulgarian State Rys. 191. illustration
Boiler cars located at front and rear of trains

Radial drilling machine, Horwich Works, Lancashire & Yorkshire Ry. 192. illustration
William Asquith was supplier

Caledonian Ry. 192-3
4-4-0 Nos. 928-937 completed at Atlas Works of North British Locomotive Co. WN 21442-31.  Same type built at St. Rollox Nos. 113-16; 121; 123-5. No. 121 was replacement for locomotive lost in the Gretna accident. Nos. 938 and 940 were working fast freight services between Glasgow and Carlisle

Number 290 (14 October 1916)

Articulated locomotives. 195-6. 2 illustrations
Proposes that Horatio Allen's South Carolina built in 1831 at the West Point Foundry for the Charleston Railway in 1831 was probably the earliest articulated locomotive. In 1871 Cail & Co. of Fives-Lille constructed an 0-4-0+0-4-0 for the Luxemburg Railway. It was named L'Avenir. In 1872 a larger 0-6-0+0-6-0 was constructed by Société St. Léonard of Liège for the Grand Central Raiway of Belgium and exhbited at the Vienna Exposition of 1873. This and the next to be described are illustrated. A 2-6-6-2T Kitson Meyer was supplied to the 3ft 6in gauge Manila Railway in the Phillipine Islands. This was to the specification of R.D. Deacon, the Locomotiuve Superintendent under the supervision of D.M. Fox & Son, Consulting Engineers.

4-6-0 compound locomotives, Roumanian State Rys. 196-7. 2 diagrams (side elevation & section)
Differed from de Glehn layout in having low pressure cylindders outside the frames. M.M. Wagner reported that No. 8005 worked a 255 ton train from Bucharest to Ploesti, 59 km in 61 minutes with stops about every 8 km.

Caledonian Ry. 197.
Nos. 321 (0-6-0) and three 0-4-4Ts (Nos. 244, 426 and 786 sent to Stratford for repair.

Highland Railway. 197
Locomotives sent to Meadow Hall Works of Yorkshire Engine Co. for repair: 4-6-0 goods engines Nos. 109 and 115; 4-4-0 tender engines Nos. 60 Ben Bhreac Mhor, 89 Sir George, 97 Glenmore, 99 Glentromie and 125 Loch Tay and 0-6-4T No. 69.

Lancashire & Yorkshire Ry, 198.
2-4-2T No. 661 returned to service. It had been standing on Penistone Viaduct in December 1915 when it collapsed and had to be carefully cut up into pieces and loaded onto wagons for trasfer to Horwich Works where it was reassembled using standard parts ex-store where necessary before return to Lowmoor shed.

Women engine cleaners at King's Cross shed, Great Northern Ry. 198. illustration
2-8-0 No.1654 hidden behind large number of suitably clad ladies on running board, on buffer beam, in cab and in front of wheels.

Metropolitan Ry. 198
Former Metropolitan Ry. 4-4-0T employed at North Wales Granite Co. between Conway and Penmaenmawr and named Conway. Locomotive had been purchased from Bradford Corporation which had used it on the Nidd Valley Light Railwaay where it had been No. 2 Milner. It had been No. 34 on the Metropolitan Ry.

A.C. Crighton. 198
A.C. Crighton, Deputy Locomotive Superintendent, North Western State Railway of India granted leave prior to retirement. A.H. Jocelyne to officiate on temporary basis.

H.W. Hanbury. 198
Died in action when serving as Second Lieut in Middlesex Regiment: was only son of J.J.Hanbury, one time locomotive superintendent of the Metropolitan Ry. Son contributed to Locomotive Mag.

Rack-rail locomotives: Mt. Wasington Ry. 199-200. 3 illustrations
Both vertical and horizontal boilered locomotives shown. Track mainly built on wooden trestles.

The old locomotives of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Ry. 200-2.
Figs. 19-23: illustrations of 0-6-0 Nos. 656 Agamemnon (former East Lancashire Railway built by R. Walker & Bros of Bury of long boiler type; No. 660 Sphinx (built for East Lancashire Railway by Stothert, Slaughter & Co. with haystack firebox); No. 668 Bucephalus and No. 252 in rebuilt form with a cab. Continued in Volume 23 p. 5.

The lubrrication of locomotives. 202-5. diagram.
Mechanical lubrication for axleboxes. Taff Vale Railway system designed by T. Hurry Riches (see Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., 1908). Tiilstone system,. Elsdon and Galle patent 16539/1912. Use of graphite: experiments by Goss.

Passenger tank engines, Taff Vale Ry. 205-6.
4-4-0T similar in design to NLR type, built at Cardiff Waorks with 16 x 24in cylinders, 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 956.14ft2 total heating surface and 16ft2 grate area: Nos. 67-9. 4-4-2T built Vulcan Foundry in 1888 WN 1229-31; RN 170-2 and 1891 WN 1312-14; RN 173-5. 5ft 3in coupled wheels, 17½ x 26in cylinders, 1042ft2 total heating surface, 19ft2 grate area and 160 psi boiler pressure.

The effect of the War on electric train lighting. 206-7.
Need to reduce illumination either achieved by reducing number of bulbs or by painting bulbs whivh reduced their life

Military trains in India. 207. illustration
Great Indian Peninsula Ry. corridor trains for officers (with restaurant cars) and men (water, ice and some food from rear of train)

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 207-9.
Carriage and wagon lifters with air hoists. Axlebox cleaning and brass replacement

Simplon Tunnel locomotives. 209
Three phase alternating current 2800 hp

The "Newton" class 2-4-0 passenger engine L&NWR. 210. illustration
No. 1679 Bunsen. See also letter from W.B. Thompson on p. 238

The Government Rys. of North China. The Pekin-Mukden  Ry. 210-13. 8 diagrams (side & end elevations & plans)
Third class corridor coaches, bogie luggage vans, second class corridor coaches, sleeping cars, brake vans with heating boilers and bogie open and covered freight wagons. F.A. Jamieso was Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent; J.C. Anderson was assistant locomotive superintendent at Kaopantzu

Blast pipe nozzles, Pennsylvania RR. 213. diagram

Great Western Ry. 213-14
John Armstrong entered Swindon Works in 1864 and completed his training in 1878. Former district locomotive superintendent at Swindon; then in South Wales, then South Devon; then London Division from 1883. Retired 30 September 1916Entered Swindon Works in 1864 and completed his training in 1878. Former district locomotive superintendent at Swindon; then in South Wales, then South Devon; then London Division from 1883. Retired 30 September 1916

New 70ft electric traverser for railway carriages. 214-15. 2 illustrations, diagram
Manufactured by Ransome & Rapier Ltd. of Ipswich. Photographs of installed on Great Indian Peninsula Rly

Bradshaw's Guide, No. 1000.  215
Oni 1st November will be published No. 1000 of Bradshaw's General Railway and Steam Navigation Guide for Great Britain and Ireland, and the present opportunity is taken briefly to review the long career of this indispensible railway time table.
The first issue of Bradshaw was dated December 1841, thus it has been in existence for 75 years, and has outlived many similar productions, It was preceded in October, 1839, by Bradshaw's Railway Time Tables," issued quarterly. A reprint of- the first number of the latter was made in 1901, and sold at 1/-. Consisting of 24 pages, 3-in. by 4½-in., it contained two railway maps of Yorkshire and Lancashire respectively, and plans of Liverpool, Manchester and Leeds, besides time tables and other in- formation.
Whilst not strictly an official railway publication, "Bradshaw is recognised by the British Rail- way Companies, who regularly send particulars of their train alterations for inclusion in its pages, and its accurate information has made It the universal resource of the railway traveller. Although theN ovember, 1916, issue will be numbered 1,000, actually it will be the 900th num- ber puhlished, as in its early days an error of 100 was made in the numbering and was never rectified.
George Bradshaw was a Quaker, and his Guides were dated in the Quaker style, a practice which survives to this day; the current issue (No. 999) bearing the date "10th Mo. (October) 1916." Contrasted with the first number, which contained but 32 pages, the present day Bradshaw consists of some 1,200 pages, 44 of which are devoted to the index of stations, and 170 to advertisements. Time tables of 112 railways are included, such little known lines as the South Shields, Marsden and Whitburn Colliery, and the Giant's Causeway, Portrush and Bush Valley, finding a place in its pages. A large folding railway map of the British Isles and half a dozen smaller maps of separate railways are also inserted. In the early days of the telegraph, the telegraph and railway lines were shown in different colours in Bradshaw; later, it was the practice to distinguish the former by means of lines with a series of ticks, railways being indicated by plain lines.

Reviews. 216

Electrical tables arid engineerikg data. Horstmann & Tousley. (Fredk. J. Drake Co., Chicago). .
This is an American electrical engineer's and contractor's pocket book, and contains a number of useful data and tables. The sections on conduits, meters, motors and knife switches are good, and that on panels would be so if the diagrams were .larger and more distinct. There are many data dismissed with too little explanation, while much space is expended upon matter which could well be omitted. We may hope that in a future edition this may be rectified, as in this way the utility of the book would be greatly increased.

The indicator handbook. C.N. Pickworth. Manchester: Emmott & Co., Ltd.
The fifth edition of this handbook contains some new matter regarding external spring indicators. To anyone about to purchase an indicator we cannot do better than recommend a perusal of this book, which contains much information of value in making the best choice of instrument. In addition to the indicators, various reducing gears are illustrated and particulars given, regarding their relative accuracy. There is a chapter on the errors of the indicator and another on the errors of indicator connections, The information throughout the book is of a. practical kind, and should be found useful to all in charge of steam, gas or oil , engines.

Correspondence. 216

Narrow gauge high capacity wagon. Public works department, Delhi. G.H. Sheffield
In your September issue, on page 190, under the ahove heading, the body of the wagon illus- trated is that of the Sheffield-Twinberrow patented type and to my design. A number of these wagons have during recent years, been constructed by the Leeds Forge.Company, Ltd., for the Kalka Simla and Kalabagh Bannu Rys. Evidently the wagon body shewn in your Magazine has been built to the original contract drawings.

Old French locomotives. 216
We desire to call the attention of our readers to the list of photographs of old French locomotives appearing on page xxviii. of our advertisements. Manv of these possess great historical interest, the striking differences of type and detail of the older engines being in marked contrast to the .uniformity of modern French practice. In response. to numerous requests we hope in the near future to pubhsh full lists of our extensive collection of French locomotive photographs.

Railway Club. 216
On Saturday 16 September a party of members visited the new G.N.R. line from Langley, near Stevenage, to Hertford. A locomotive and covered van, provided with seats, was used. for the party, stops being made at the intermediate stations of Watton and Stapleford, as well as at the high embankment crossing Waterford Marsh, where a subsidence rendered the temporary track unsafe. The party alizhted at the south end of the Hertford tunnel, 364 yards long. The courtesy.of Mr. Chas. J. Brown, chief engineer of the G.N.R., im allowing the visit to be made, is appreciated by the members of the club. On 10 September A.W. Bartlett, read a paper on the North London Ry. The next meetmg will be held at 92, Victoria Street, S.W., at 7 p.m., on 14 November 14th, when G.W.J. Potter will read paper on Railway Time Table Maps, Summer, 1916.

The Institution of Locomotive Engineers. 216
The first meeting of the Winter Session took place on 30 September at Caxton Hall, Westminster, when a paper was read on "Smokeboxes and fittings" by V. E. Barnes (graduate), of the locomotive department L. & S. W. R., Eastleigh, this being the first occasion a graduate member of the Institution has presented a paper. The President, R.E.L. Maunsell, took the chair at 14.30, and was supported by Vice-Presidents R.W. Burnett, M.LE.E., and W. A. Lelean, M.LM.E. On the conclusion of the reading, the President opened the discussion, and congratulated the author on his paper, which was also commented on by both Vice-Presidents. Messrs. Rodgers (L.B.S.C.), Clayton (S.E. & C.R.), Gairns, and Fullagar (Birmingham) continued the discussion.
The next meeting will be held at 14.30 p.m. on 28 October z Sth at Caxton Hall, when Mr. A. T. Houldcroft. late carriage superintendent of the North Western Ry. of India and now manager of the steel car department of the Leeds Forge, will read a paper on "Steel carriage design and construction."

Number 291 (15 November 1916)

Highgate Station in 1868, GNR. 217 + colour plate facing page.
F. Moore painting based on photograph supplied by E.R. Notter, Divisional Locomotive Superintendent, GNR whose father W.G.H. Notter was first station master at Highgate until 1869 when he left to become Assistant General Manager of the Ulster Railway.

2-8-2 tank goods locomotive, Uppsala-Gafle Ry., Sweden. 218; illustration p. 217
Built by MotalaVerkstads to design of H. Collberg, Chief Mechanical Engineer

Swedish State Railways. 218
Order for Aga lighting equipment for tenty express locomotives

4-6-2 compound superheater locomotive, Paris, Lyons and Mediterranean Ry. 218-20; 228-9. illustration, diagram (side elevation: centre spread)
Maréchal tests conducted on superheated four-cylinder simple versus compound locomotives: 6201-6285 series

The quadrupling of the Great Indian Peninsula Ry. main line. 221-4. 7 illustrations
Thana to Kalyan Junction: new stations at Parel, Currey Road, Kurla and at Kalyan. New bridge over Thana Creek. Start of works for Paarsik Tunnel

The lubrication of locomotives. 225-7. 7 diagrams
Crank pin journals and connecting rod big ends; needle lubricators introduced on Great Central Railway

The Rhymney Railway and its engines. 230-1. 2 diagrams (side elevations)
0-6-2T with side tanks: Jenkins/ R. Stephenson & Co. design Nos. 106-110 WN 3125-9 and No. 16 (WN 3130): Figure 23 shows No. 108. C.T. Hurry Riches succeeded Jenkins in 1906 designed a larger version, supplied by R. Stephenson & Co. from 1907, Fig, 24 shows No. 2 (WN 3289). Further batches were supplied in 1909..

Train lighting notes. 231-2. diagram (facsimile of form)
Reporting failures in electric lighting

The Pearn-Richards patent combined surfacing, boring, milling, drilling and tapping machine. 232-6. 2 illustrations, 2 diagrams

The design and construction of steel railway coacches. 236-7.

The Locomotive Magazine Souvenir" No. 26: Locomotives fitted with the Robinson .Superheater. London: The Locomotive Publishing Co., Ltd.  237
This  consists 36 collotype photographic reproductions of interesting locomotives in use on railways in all parts of the world, the feature common to all being the provision of the Robinson Superheater. Locomotives of many types and various capacities, adapted to every kind of service. are here. represented; and it is gratifying to note the unequivocal testimony as to the value of this British superheater offered by the ubiquity of its employment. This Souvenir is also issued in French and Spanish editions, the dimensions, etc., in these latter being given in metric units. The book is handsomely bound in an artistic cover, and makes an effective appeal to the general reader as well as to the professional locomotive engineer.

Correspondence. 238

L.N.W.R. "Newton" Class. W.B. Thompson
Referring to your article on p. 210 of the October number of the "Locomotive Magazine," the weight in working which you give (and which totals 32 tons 15 cwt. and not 31 tons 15 cwt. as stated in the article), appears' to be that of the Precedent class, into which these engines were rebuilt. The weight of the Newtons in their original state as shown in your illustration was considerably less.
(The weights in the original state should be leading 9 tons 9 cwt., driving 11 tons, trailing 8 tons 15 cwt. ; total, 29 tons 4 cwt.-Ed., L.M.)

Pekin-Mukden Ry. 238
In describing the special coaches for this line, in our October issue, we omitted to mention that they are "fitted with patent frameless windows, with special silent channels and balances, supplied by Beckett, Laycock & Watkinson, Ltd of Willesden, N.W. This firm also supplied the vestibules complete at each 'end.

The Institution of Locomotive Engineers. 238.
Meeting to be held on 9 December at 14.30 at Caxton . Hall, Westminster, when Smith Mannering, member, Brighton, will read a Paper on  Locomotive Fireboxes..

The Railway Club. 238
C.J. Allen to read a paper on Minimum Gauge Railways at the next meeting of the Club, to held on Tuesday, 12 December.

Number 292 (15 December 1916)

Superheater passenger engine, Midland Great Western Ry. of Ireland. 239. illustration.
Photograph of No. 124 Mercuric built at Broadstone under Morton's supervision.

Tank locomotive, Felixstowe Ry. 240. illustration.
Three outside cylinder 2-4-0T locomotives were obtained by the Felixstowe Railwsay & Dock Company from the Yorkshire Engine Co. in 1877 (WN 328-30). They were named Orwell, Tomline and Felixstowe (last illustrated) and had 4ft 6in cupled wheels, 14 x 20in cylinders, 604ft2 total heating  surface and 8.25ft2 grate area. The line was incorporated on 19 July 1875, opened on 1 May 1877, and taken over by the Great Eastern from 1 September 1879.

London & South Western Ry. 240
Electric trains between Waterloo and Claygate started on 20 November 1916 with a half-hourly service taking 29 minutes. Hourly steam rail motor connection to Guildford.

Obituary. 240
W.W. Tomlinson died at Monkseaton on 29 November 1916.

North London Ry electrification. 240.
The rolling stock used on the Ricmond and Kew services had large side windows which could be opened in an emergency by cutting through a narrow leather strap. The coaches were vestibuled like main line corridor trains.

Underground Electric Rys of London. 240
Trial running of Bakerloo Tube trains had taken place between Willesden Junction and Watford: 38 mile/h had been achieved between stations. Closed end platforms were being fitted to some Central London Ry. for working to Ealing.

Our supplement: a road and rail alliance. 241 + colour plate facing page.
GNR 2-6-0 No. 1653 in green livery flanked by Napier War service lorries

Furness Ry tank engine No. 100A. 241. illustration, diagram (side elevation)
Line drawing of Fletcher Jennings 0-6-0ST  No. 4 Keekle for Whitehaven Cleator & Egremont Railway and photograph of what it had become

Great Western Railway. 241-2.
Box Tunnel closed for relining: trains to be diverted either via Badminton route or via Melksham. Bulkldog 4-4-0 No. 3417 named Francis Mildmay. Two 0-6-0STs Nos. 746 and 1282 fitted with large chimneys (similar to Russian wood-burning locomotives) for working at creosoting works at Hayes. New 43XX class: 4382-4399 into service.

An early locomotive. 242. illustration (drawing)
Early George Stephenson design (1820-5) 10 x 24in cylinders set at a steep angle at rear of engine driving leading axle via sun & planet gear. Text notes Theodore West's chart. See also letter from E.A. Forward in 23, p. 61

The Highland Railway and its locomotives. 243-5
Previous part pp- 177-80 2-4-0 No. 1 Raigmore (illustrated), 2-4-0T No. 59 Highlander and 4-4-0T No. 58; 4-4-0 Nos. 88 and 32.

4-6-2 compound superheated express locomotive, Paris, Lyons and Mediterannaen Ry. 245-9. diagrams
Detailed working drawings, plans and sections.

Train lighting notes: N.E.R. train lighting department, York. 250-3. 4 illustrations, plan
At York Carriage Works: shops for servicing accumlators (batteries) and dynamos

Great Northern Ry. 253.
2-6-0 Nos. 1655 and 1656 were new from Doncaster. 2-8-0 No. 459 had been fitted with a top feed arrangement with a large dome cover. 0-6-0 No. 1136 had been fitted with a large boiler.

State saloon for the Rana of Dholpur. 253-6. 5 illustrations, plan.
Built at the Matunga workshops of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway to the design of A.M. Bell, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent: ran on six wheel bogies and was lavishly furnished.

The work and organization of the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments of a small railway. 256-8.
Saw mill and woodworking machine shop

Pressing the bottom arch bars of diamond framed bogies. 258-9. 3 diagrams

Small workshop details. 259. illustration
Hand-screwing machine manufactured by James N. Durie & Co. of Leeds

The "Skatoskalo" pneumatic boiler scaling tool. 259-60
Manufactured by Frank Gilman of Birmingham

Correspondence. 260

Bradshaw's Guide, No. 1,000."  H.T. Thorpe
Re Issue 14 October, 1916: state that the first issue of Bradshaw was dated December, 1841, and also that, that this was preceded in October; 1839, by "Bradshaw's Railway Timetables," issued quarterly. I have in my possession a "Bradshaw's Railway Companion (price 1/-) dated 1840, printed and published by Bradshaw & Blacklock, 27, Brown Street,' Manchester, and sold by Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, London. It is stated on the first inside cover that it contains the times of departure, fares, etc., of the' Railways in England, and also Hackney Coach fares and plans of London, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, and Manchester. There are several interesting notes, such.as the following-" No Smoking is allowed at the Stations or in the Company's Carriages "-" After the doors are closed no passengers can be adimitted."-" A passenger may claim the seat corresponding to the number" on his ticket."-" No gratuity is allowed to be taken by any servant Of the Company."-"'Trains from Manchester at 30 minutes past 3 a.m."-" Trains every half' hour (London & Croydon Railway) from 10 minutes before 2 to 20 minutes after 9 in the afternoon." _"" Fares Inside 4/-, Outside 3/-.'.'-" A market train for passengers and 'cattle," etc.-" Half an hour is allowed at Derby for refreshment." Etc., etc. The book contains 30 pages, and if about 3½-in. by 2½,in., brown cloth and green and gilt label.

Light Railways, Ltd.  260
A new company, "Light Railways, Ltd. " (registered offices, 2, London Wall Buildings, London, E.C.), had been formed to deal with the export of all materials connected with light railways, the special object being to supplant the enormous quantities of light and portable rail way materials of German origin which have reached. the Colonies during recent years,

Canadian Northern Ry. 260
Wm. Phillips, formerly European Railway and Steamship Manager, who recently returned to Canada, has been appointed Freight, Traffic Manager (Eastern Lines), and Mr. Geo. Stephen, hitherto Assistant Freight Traffic Manager, is now Freight Traffic Manager (Western Lines).

Railway Club. 260
Annual General Meeting of the Club to take place at 92,' Victoria Street, Westminster, on 9 January at 7 p.m. B. M. Bazley will afterwards read a paper on "The Cheshire Lines. Committee."