Railway Magazine

This is a very long term project, although simpler than some of the other sub-projects as the Railway Magazine is widely available, unlike The Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers which is absurdly rare, or even British Railway Journal. Certain items will not be indexed in depth, notably locomotive practice and performance, and short paragraphs, unless "they catch the eye". This is very much work in progress. Volumes 1-11 are, or were, in Norfolk County Library: they are, or were, in good condition. Semmens produced a strange coffee-table book which combines an excellent history of the Magazine, and its editorship with pictures by the Guild of Railway Artists which fail to mesh. On the endpapers there are reproductions of most of the cover types. See also Campbell's Index to The Railway Magazine.

Volume Numbers

Home 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10 on 20 on 40 on

Home page

Volume 1 (1897)

Illustrated Interviews. – No. 1.–Mr. Joseph Lofthouse Wilkinson, General Manager, Great Western Railway. R.A.Sekon. 1-9.
With Frontispiece Portrait. See biographical section.

Fifty years of railway engineering: the career of Mr Richard Johnson. Charles H. Grinling. 10-19.
See biographical section. This gives an extensive account of the Welwyn Tunnel accident which was attended by Johnson and by Seymour Clarke, General Manager, who lived in Hatfield. He arrived home, in Barnet, as black as a sweep, but the brickwork to the tunnel was only slightly damaged.

Recent work by British express locomotives. Charles Rous-Marten. 20-9.

The slip coach mystery: a railway adventure. Victor L. Whitechurch. 30-8.

Some "racing runs" and trial trips. 1. The race to Edinburgh, 1888 on the last day. W.J. Scott. 39-44.

"The Flying Welshman". Herbert Russell. 45-53.
Footplate trip non-stop from Newport to Paddington via Bristol with 4-2-2 No. 3006 Courier (illustrated). Includes passage of Severn Tunnel

The new "Great Central" railway extension to London. B. Fletcher-Robinson. 54-61.
Map: rather naive.

The Royal Jubilee Train. Herbert Russell. 62-6.
GWR: six coaches. Plan, elevation and illus.

Railway literature. 67.
Home railways as investments. W.J. Stevens. Effingham Wilson. 67.
Noted that the MR wagon stock was 116,000. In 1896 the charge for renewals was £2.12 per wagon per annum, yet a few years before this had been £5. The writer considered that the GWR had great potential for increasing traffic on existing lines. The GNR was catigated for increasing capital expenditure by 10% over 10 years and forecast that the GNR would be absorbed by the NER.

The vacuum automatic brake. R.R. Dodds. 68-71.
Gresham & Craven, Salford. 6 diagrs.

The "independent" rail joint. 72-6.
Patented system invented in Germany

Railway finance. W.J. Stevens. 77-86.

What the Railways are doing. 87-91.
Caledonian Rly Chairmen. 87.
Lists: J.J. Hope-Johnstone, MP, 6 August 1845; Captain Hon. E. Plunket, RN, 13 February 1850; John Duncan, 28 December 1850; William Baird, 30 September 1852; William Johnstone, 26 September 1854; Lieut. Col. Salkeld, 20 September 1859; Thomas Hill, 7 April 1868; J.C. Bolton MP, 9 November 1880 and J.C. Bunten 18 May 1897.

Pertinent paragraphs. 92-5.

Railway patents: the inventor's opportunity. 96

Illustrated Interviews. No. 2.–.Mr George H. Turner, General Manager, Midland Railway. Frank Cornwall. 97-107.
With frontispiece portrait: used for biography. Also includes a portrait of S.W. Johnson and gives a general statistical overview of company's activities.

Racing runs and trial trips. II. Great Northern "vestibule" trains. W.J. Scott. 108-112.
First and third class, twelve-wheel dining cars with Gould vestibules and automatic couplers, Howlden non-corridor kitchen car blocked route.

Engine drivers and their duties. C.J. Bowen Cooke. 113-22.
Training, learning the road, signals, promotion, weekly notices, booking on, examination of engines, duties at station (spelt out for drivers and firemen), starting, notching up, advantages of left hand drive (LNWR), good firing pactice, taking on water from troughs, stopping, climbing to Camden.

The Transvaal Railway System: the Netherlands South Africa Railway. James Paton. 123-7.

Railroad travel in England and America: a comparison. D.T. Timins. 128-40.
Primitive railway systems in USA, especially beyond Chicago: high numbers of deaths at level crossings; trestle bridges; train robberies; but appreciated vestibuled trains, but not overheating and crying babies.

A few methods of train protection. Edward Morris Floyd. 141-7.
Portrait of William Robert Sykes: material used in biography.

The escape of Koravitch. Victor L. Whitechurch. 148-54.

Some railway myths. Charles Rous-Marten. 155-64.
Examined the 78 mile/h recorded by Charles Sacré on a 4-2-2 broad gauge locomotive down Wootton Bassett bank; the very fast run to Didcot on 11 May 1848; the 81.8 mile/h achieved by a Pearson 4-2-4T down Wellington bank; debunks the Bloomer London to Birmingham exploit in "two hours"; the Jenny Lind Brighton to London journey at 60 mile/h and the Stirling Single's "12 miles in eight minutes". CR 123 did live up to its myths however. Illus. road gauge 4-2-2 Great Britain with 8ft driving wheels; 4-2-4T by Pearson with 9ft driving wheels and rubber suspension and as rbuilt as 2002 and as a 4-2-2 as 2001.

Petroleum fuel for locomotives. A. Morton-Bell. 164-71.
The author worked for GER.  The 2-2-2 used for the prestigeous Cromer expresses were fitted with Serve tubes and oil firing and burned 16 lb of oil per mile as against 35 lb of coal. Includes drawings from James Holden's patents of 1886 and 1897. Illus. include one of a cab with flooring removed to show piping and refuelling site at Stratford and of an Aspinall L&YR 0-4-0ST and a Webb 0-4-0T fitted with oil fuel for working in Liverpool Docks, Malcolm BNCR 2-4-0.

Railway finance. W.J. Stevens. 173-8.
Under the heading The Great Central it is noted that a dividend of only ½% was paid on Ordinary Stock and "we warn our readers not to be tempted into their stocks, even by the present low prices."

What the railways are doing. 179-85.
Great Northern. 180-1.
New road and railway swing bridge at Sutton across Nene. Took three years to build and cost £80,000 (2003: still in use for main trunk road)
Great Western. 181-2.
Doubling of Henley branch to accommodate Regatta traffic and reconstruction of Twyford station to handle through trains.

Railway literature. 191.
The London, Chatham and Dover Railway. J. Pearson Pattison. Cassell.
Indicates some errors in the tables and complains about the high cost of half a crown for 38pp pamphlet.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 3.–Mr. Frederick Harrison: General Manager, London and North Western Railway). 193-206.
With frontispiece portrait (see biographical section). Also gives a picture of LNWR activities including an account of the escape to the Highlands: "I can assure you that Euston Station on one of our heavy nights early in August is a sight worth seeing. But you wanted some figures. Well, during one week in July this year upwards of 33,000 people left Euston, and on one day alone we took over £7,600 over the counter at Euston. I believe that was a record for one day's bookings. The quantity of luggage people take with them is enormous, and this greatly adds to our difficulties. Last week, for instance, we had one party of fifteen people, who took four and a half tons of luggage between them, and this is not a solitary case by any means. Then the bicycles are a new trouble which we have to contend with at busy times, and it may interest your readers to hear that in three days during July we carried from Euston no less than 2,400 of these. Then great numbers of people take their horses and carriages with them; and during one week in July we had to load up nearly 600 horse-boxes and carriage trucks at Euston. Our busiest time at night in the tourist season is between eight and nine, and during that one hour we had last night to despatch from Euston no less than nine heavy express trains for the North"

The East Coast Route to Scotland: an historical retrospect. Charles H. Grinling. 207-13.
Notes the Special Commission established by the Board of Trade to investigate Anglo-Scottish railway route, established in August 1839, and reported in 1841. By this time the Great North of England Railway was on the verge of completing its line from York to Darlington and a conference held at Newcastle in September 1841 provided impetus for the extension of this line to Gateshead. The NBR linked Berwick with Edinburgh in 1844. Thus the East Coast route's problems were those of bridging, whilst the West Coast route had to climb.

The new Midland North to West dining expresses. Horace Weir. 214.-17.
New clerestory rolling stock, including dining cars with six-wheel bogies which incorporated india-rubber springs to minimize vibration on the Bradford to Bristol service.

In the guard's van. Herbert Russell. 218-24.
Account of journey with passenger guard, William Bishop, on the GWR evening mail train from Paddington to New Milford, as far as Gloucester. Includes notes on how the guard's journal was maintained and the late departure due to the late arrival of luggage.

Frustrated on the frontier: a tale of the Nord Belge Railway. V.L. Whitechurch. 225-32.

How a railway assists sentiment, or Scrooby - the cradle of the American Republic. E. Thomas. 233-9..
Small wayside station between Ranskill and Bawtry on GNR mainline. Former posting station on Great North Road where William Brewster, the postmaster, was one of the Pilgrim Founders. Illus., including description of signal box.

The highest railway in the world. Herbert E. Bassett. 240-4.
Jungfrau Railway, electric railway in Switzerland.

The Euston audit office. John Partington. 245-51.
Includes details of ticket systems used by LNWR for passengers and parcels. RCH - care in the construction of agreements. Author was head of audit office.

Messrs Gresham and Craven's works. 252-5.
Injectors and vacuum brake ejectors - general survey.

Some modern labour-saving devices. James W. Cross. 256-62.
Pneumatic hammers, electric milling machines: very general: not railway specific.

Twenty-four hours at a railway junction, Victor L. Whitechurch. 263-74.
Wilesden Junction: includes statistics of 270 traffic department staff employed there.

Railway finance. W.J. Stevens. 272-7.

What the railways are doing. 278-83.
Great Eastern. 278-9.
Fire on Somerleyton swing bridge – note on pilotmen
Great North of Scotland Railway. 279-80.
Cruden Bay branch about to be opened – general description.

Pertinent paragraphs. 284-6.
Includes obituary notice for Samuel Lang.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 4.–Sir James Thompson, General Manager, Caledonian Railway. 289-301.
Frontispiece portrait: see biographies of managers. Also justifies the high capital outlay (£2m) on the Glasgow Central Railway and on the Lanarkshire & Dumbartonshire Railway.

The Newhaven-Dieppe Boat Service. F. L. Hollandsche. 302-13.
Ferry service was inaugurated in 1792 with sailing ships from Brighton, followed by steam ships in 1824. The General Steam Navigation company became involved in 1825 whilst the Brighton and Continental Steam Packet Co. operated the service from Brighton. From 22 May 1849 the LBSCR subsidized the GSNC Newhaven to Dieppe service. Describes vessels used and their eventual transfer to other routes. Paddle and later screw vessels were employed. Several ships were lost on the run including the Seaford on 20 August 1895 in a collision.

A carnival of the rail: how the Great Northern Railway works the Doncaster race traffic. Charles H. Grinling. 314-20.
St Leger traffic began in September 1849. 50,000-60,000 travelled by rail in the 1890s. Illus. include four L&YR specials hauled by 0-6-0s and 4-4-0s.

Some railway marvels. No. 1. Charles Rous-Marten. 321-7.
Fast journeys, or fast journeys with heavy loads or bad weather; the races to Aberdeen: analysis noting discrepancies.

How I saved a French brigade. R. Weatherburn. 328-31.

A trip on the Darjeeling - Himilayan Railway. D.T. Timins. 338-44.

Signalmen and their duties. Herbert Russell. 353-61.
Experiences at Stonehouse signal cabin (GWR) with William Sayce, signalman (portrait).

The state and railway travellers: notes on the Belgian Railways. Victor L. Whitechurch. 345-52.
Notes that spiral springs resting on rubber plates were used between the body and the frame to isolate railway passengers from vibration.

The Westinghouse brake. R.R. Dodds. 362-9.
Diagrams show the arrangement in locomotive cab, on rolling stock and within cylinders.

Railway literature. 370-1
The application of electricity to railway working. W.H. Langdon. Spon.
The author was superintendent and engineer in Electrical Department of the Midland Railway, but was mainly concerned with telegraphy.

Railway finance. W.J. Stevens. 372-6.

What the railways are doing. 377
New design of horsebox interior to minimize risk of injury to horses.
Special corridor train run for Institute of Journalists from Cardiff to Rhayader to inspect Birmingham Waterworks in Elan Valley on 6 September 1897.
South Eastern
Description of American-style vestibule train with electric lighting and automatic couplers constructed by Meropolitan & Carriage Wagon Co.
Taff Vale
Description of Pwllrhebog incline and the method of working employed.

Pertinent paragraphs. 382-4.
Note from Lord Masham stating that his Patent 12,029 Railway breaks (Samuel Cunliffe Lister of Bradford of 18 January 1848 pre-dated the Westinghouse brake by many years.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 5. – Sir Charles Scotter, General Manager, London and South Western Railway. 385-400.
Frontispiece portrait: material used for biography

Railway tickets: their origin and development. John Partington.  401-10.
Author was Chief of Audit Dept on LNWR. Describes development since invention of card ticket by Thomas Edmondson of the Newcastle & Carlisle Railway. Notes that James Carson of Manchester brught in several developments at Edmondson's works. Notes on platform tickets and child tickets. Illus. of tickets and of printing and counting machinery.

The Jubilee of the Caledonian Railway (the career of Mr G. Graham, M.I.C.E.). J. Hastings. 411-16.
Includes a useful summary of the Government Commission into communication between London and Dublin, Edinburgh and Glasgow.; the activities of Sir Frederick Smith and D. Barlow; the competitive claims of the East Coast, Nithdale and Annandale routes. Notes the opening of the line from Carlisle to Beattock on 10 September 1847. First train started by George Graham as a young man on Locke's staff. Had been Engineer of CR since 1853. See biography. Illus.: portrait of Graham, timber Glenury viaduct during reconstruction; new steel Clyde viaduct on Douglas branch, Gourock station.

The evolution of the third class carriage. Francis J. Wayman. 417-22.
Vestibuled corridor stock, lavatories: LNWR in lead; MR, GNR and LNWR all provided dining cars.

The Cape Colony Railways. F. Reginald Statham. 423-30.

A chapter of railway accidents. A.B. Berry. 431-8.
Staplehurst 9 June 1865 in which Charles Dickens was involved. Tidal mail derailed as bridge under repair; Abergele 20 August 1868 - Irish Mail ran into detached goods wagons loaded with paraffin; Thorpe accident 10 September 1874 head-on Newcastle to York train; 28 Decemeber 1874 tyre failure on locomotive north of Oxford on GWR. Heroism of Driver Samuel Westlake who reversed westbound Mail back to Par when confronted with runaway china-clay train which had run through St Austell on 10 November 1880: [KPJ: this date is probably incorrect].

Mail-bag catching. Reginald H. Cocks. 439-42.
Apparatus at Moulsford on GWR and Bletchley Junction on LNWR: casually mentions decapitations of GPO staff.

The Wolverton Carriage Works. Victor L. Whitechurch. 443-53.
See biographical section for information about the Superintendent, Charles A. Park. This article covered all aspects of the works which at that time had a huge timber yard and consumed vast amounts of teak. There were forges for the manufacture of steel carriage springs. Axleboxes were cast. Notes the use of Mansel wheels with teak tabs instead of spokes. Polished varnished teak was used on the rolling stock for the Broad Street to Mansion House service. Description of Queen Victoria's carriage.

Forced from the footplate. Herbert Russell. 454-9.

Some "racing runs" and trial trips. III. Memories of the race to Aberdeen. W.J. Scott. 460-5.
Analysis of the running, especially that on the ECR.

Railway Finance. W.J. Stevens. 466-70.

What the railways are doing. 471-4.
Great Northern
Modifications to level crossings to assist cyclists.
Great North of Scotland. 472.
New bogie stock for Inveness services. Electric lighting for Aberdeen suburban services and new stock for Inverness services.
Great Western
Plans to build parallel tunnels on Dawlish to Teignmouth section
Lancashire and Yorkshire
Nine locations of water troughs.
London and North Western Railway.
Reconstructed Llandudno Junction station scheduled to reopen 1 November.
Midland. 473-4.
Roystone [sic], Crigglestone, Thornhill Junction, Heckmondwike, Liversedge & Cleckheaton, Low Moor, Bowling and Forster Square Low Level to be added to list of stations.
North British. 474.
Complaint of reluctance by CR to install junction at Crianlarich.
North Eastern
experimental fog signaling apparatus.

Railway literature. 479.
Railway engineering: mechanical and electrical. J.W.C. Haldane. Spon.
Author worked for NBR and Neilson & Co. "chatty narrative form" for popular market. Illus. criticised

Illustrated Interviews. No. 6. – Mr. George Stegmann Gibb, General Manager, North Eastern Railway. G.A. Sekon. 481-96.
With frontispiece portrait. The following words are attributed to Gibb: "Main distinctive feature of the North Eastern are perhaps these: That it possesses the monopoly of a great district extending from the Humber to the Tweed; that it is the largest carrier of minerals in the United Kingdom; that though itself a monopoly it serves several compeing ports, that it owns extensive docks at many of the ports served by the railways; that it has an exceptionally high proportion of short distance traffic." Notes improvements to Anglo-Scottish service. Advertising through service from King's Cross to the Lake District via Bowes Summit. Tyne Dock handled the largest coal shipments in the world. Mentions the large use of self-acting inclines, the new demand from cyclists which had led to a special counterfoil for bicycles, but noted problems of oil spillage from bicycle lamps and difficults of stowage.

Nationalisation of railways. C.S. Dennis. 497-506.
Difficulty of getting government officials with correct management skills - at that time railway managers began at the bottom and worked their way upwards. Relationship with traders. Supporters of nationalization quoted Post Office for its then excellence. Condemns Belgium for its State patronage (Tony's Cronies). Shows advantages of competition.

The General Manager. J.L. Wilkinson. 508-12.
Management chart: GWR.

The Locomotive Superintendent's Department. J.F. McIntosh. 513-18.
"A locomotive engine is simply a combined fireplace and kettle, mounted on a trolley...". "The ingenuit of the locomotive engineer is 'cribbed, cabined and confined' by the limited space at his disposal,"

The Engineer's Department. J.C. Inglis. 519-26.
A biography is included for Inglis under managers as he rose to be General Manager of the GWR. When Chief Engineer he characterized his duties: "First, and most important, the maintenance of the permanent way, of the bridges and other structures, and of the stations and property of the Company". Mentions reconstruction of Liskeard Viaduct, replacement of timber viaducts, subsidence of railway tunnel and Swan Village canal basin, testing quality of rails. Compares maintenance expenditure in 1896 of GWR, GCR, GER, GNR, LNWR, LSWR and MR (in cost per mile). Diagram of rail types.

The Electrical Department of a railway. W.E. Langdon. 527-37.
Mainly telegraphy: copper wire for telephones, telegraph instruments and signalling. Author was Electrical Engineer for MR.

To sunny Italy by the Rome Express. 538-44.

The aesthetical development of the locomotive. R. Weatherburn. 545-55.
The "uncouth chimney" of early locomotives. "Todd, of the Sun Foundry, Leeds, made solid cast-iron wheels, the rumbling sound of which could be heard far off." Mainly locomotive development in terms of appearance, notably domes, chimneys and cabs. Mentions Jenny Lind.

The Snowdon Mountain Railway. John Partington. 556-9.
Started regular running in April 1898. Engineers: Sir Douglas and Francis Fox. Contractors: Messrs Holme and King. Locomotives: Winterthur: Abt system and 2ft 7½ gauge.

Belfast and Northern Counties Railway. D.T. Timins. 560-70.
Stranraer to Larne service onwards to Belfast, Portrush and Londondeery, and by narrow gauge boat train to Ballymena (25 miles). Tourism. Golf. Giant's Causeway.

Lord Salisbury: a forgotten character. Scott Damant. 571-4.
Viscount Cranbourne was Chairman of the GER from January 1868 during a time in which the Company's finances were put into order. He was co-arbitrator, with Lord Cairns, on the finances of the LCDR and an award was made on 24 February 1871.

The comfort of the passenger: a visit to Mr W.S. Laycock's works. Tom Meech. 575-80.
Patent blinds, American buffers, torpedo ventilators, patent window lift, steam heaters: used specially designed machinery.

Married in haste: a tale of a Christmas Eve express. Victor L. Whitechurch. 581-90.

Viâ Folkestone and Boulogne (specially communicated by the South Eastern Railway). 591-600.
Table summarizes reduction in London to Paris journey time from 12½ to 7½ between 1845/51 and 1890; improvements to paddle steamers; rolling stock; connections across the UK (to Liverpool via GWR) and across Europe.

What the railways are doing. 601-
London and South Western. 603
Hint at tunnel under Exe as part of Budleigh Salterton to Exmouth line to give LSWR access to Torbay.
London and North Western Railway. 603.
Purchase of property at Preston to ease curve and reduce risk of accident.
North Eastern. 604.
Train heating using Gould's and Howard's systems. Installation of water troughs at Lucker.
North British. 604.
Obituary of D. M'Dougall, General Goods Manager. Died 9 November. Born in about 1835. Joined Goods Department of E&GR

Volume 2 (1898 Jan-June)

Illustrated interviews. No. 7. Sir Allen Sarle, General Manager, London Brighton and South Coast Railway. 1-16.
See biography with Managers. Article acts as a concise history of the Company with its complex origins. Also includes J.F.S. Gooday, General Manager, and notes that Mr John Jennings Brewer was the new Secretary. Illus.: Inspector 2-4-2T for Engineer's Department, built Sharp Stewart in 1869 converted at Brighton in 1886.

Little and good (the Great North of Scotland Railway). W.J. Scott. 17-25.
Pp 20-2 describe the Manson tablet exchange apparatus. Article describes the routes, the Spey bridge, the through train to Inverness, the magnificent company offices inn Aberdeen, developmet of the Craigellachie route as mainline to Inverness. W. Moffat was the General Manager. P.M. Barnett were the Engineers for the Spey bridge.

A trip on the London and North Western 'American Special'. V.L. Whitechurch. 26-32.
Euston to Liverpool non-stop. 3¾ hours to Edge Hill. White Star and Cunard ships to New York twice per week. Riverside station opened 29 February 1896. 11.30 departure from Euston. 60-100 first class; 20 second and 20 third. Included saloons and reserved compartments. Gave composition of train (nine vehicles). Includes account of actual trip which arrived 2½ minutes late: log reproduced. Includes some details of up specials.

Some railway marvels. II. Charles Rous-Marten. 33-7.

Masters and men: the Workman's Compensation Act, 1897. S.M. Phillp. 38-45.
Notes provisions of Act, also benevolent moves by railway companies, such as Provident Funds and Mechanics Institutes, especially those financed by railway companies.

George Hudson: the prophet of the iron road. T.F. Uttley. 46-9.
Very superficial.

Train indicators at Waterloo. N. Wilson. 50-7.
Departure and arrival indicators.

Railway chemistry. George E. Brown. 58-63.
GWR Chemistry Laboratory at Swindon: analysis of steel and copper, lubricants for free fatty acids; flash points of oils and of water.

The railway system of Natal. F. Reginald Statham. 64-9.

A run for the doctor. W.R. Walker. 70-7.
Romantic story concerning young lady who drives injured construction worker across line of new "Highland" railway.

The Ashbury Carriage and Iron Company Limited, Manchester. WTC. 78-84.
Founded by John Ashbury in first year of Victoria's reign at Knott Mill in Manchester, near original L&MR terminus. Moved to Openshaw in 1841 and became a limited company "35 years ago". Chairman: John William Maclure, MP. Employs 1600-1800. Mr William Charlton, General Manager. Illus.: six-wheel open third, Manchester & Leeds Railway, 1840; four-wheel first class for East Lancashire Railway; four-wheel enclosed third of 1854; passenger brake van 1848; carriage & wagon turntable 1897; horsebox, Furness railway, 1897; coal wagon (5 plank, end-door), GCR, 1897; Metropolitan Railway 3-plank open wagon, 1897; six-wheel third, FR, 1897; saloon for BCDR, 1897, including interior, for Duke & Duchess of York; GCR composite corridor first..

Railway literature. 94-5.
Railway nationalisation. Clement Edwards. Methuen.
Fiercely antagonistic "review".

Illustrated interview. No. 8. Mr John Herman Stafford, General Manager, Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. Arthur G. Symonds. 97-111.
General description of railway plus biography of Stafford.

Some engine head codes. H. Grote Lewin. 112-116.
SER head boards: 5 boards and 3 discs; LBSCR 5 types; LSWR lamp positions.

Great Northern Railway (Ireland). D.T. Timms. 117-26.
Statistics relating to main routes. Main train services. Gradient profile: Dublin to Belfast. Services via Greenore. Note on Rostrevor class locomotives. Dining cars. Scenery passed through.

Railways and patents. 127-8.
Just states the obvious: notes extension to Joy's patent; history back to Trevithick and Brunel.

Types of railway steel bridge floors. J.F. Conradi. 129-32.
Engineer's Dept, GCR: Options available in Britain at that time: four cross-sections shown.

Told in a first-class carriage: the adventures of Plantagenet Smith. T.F. Ridgwell. 133-42.
Fiction based on GER

A railway through two republics. H.D. Greville. 143-7.
Antofagasta (Chili) and Bolivia Railway Co. Antofagasta to Oruro 574 miles of 2ft 6in gauge. Took 3 days to traverse line and there were three passenger trains per week. Steep gradients. Summit: 12,500 feet above sea level. Chile.

The London & Birmingham Railway. Gilbert J. Stoker. 148-57.
Notes on opposition to the Act, some of its odd clauses; opposition to surveyors; its construction; difficulties at Kilsby Tunnel. Spontaneous combustion of embankment at Wolverton; adventures prior to Coronation Day 28 June 1838 when demand greatly exceeded supply; early signalling; description originated in Birmingham Daily Mail by E. Edwards: based on London to Coventry overnight journey in July 1839.

Art in railway carriages. Scott Damant. 158-64.
GER General Manager's Office: states that idea came from Worsdell, the then Locomotive Superintendent, in 1884. Work of Payne Jennings (some reproduced) placed in compartments to encourage travel to the Broads. Lists three booklets: Sun pictures of the Norfolk Broads; Photo pictures of East Anglia, and Summer Holidays in North East England. Work in 2000 GER coaches. 600 views of East Anglia; 120 views of Belgian Ardennes (introduced in 1890). Also work for GNR (650); NER (300) and LDECR. Mr Wilmott left GER to become General Manager of LDECR and encouraged views of Dukeries and Sherwood Forest.

A chat with a Midland stationmaster. Herbert Russell. 165-70.
At Stonehouse: Mr Watkins began career as an office boy 37 years before interview in North Wales. He had been a booking clerk at St Pancras and a relief clerk at Derby before his twleve years at Stonehouse. Notes that he paid rent for his accommodation, minor incidents including one where passenger shot himself and on fare evsaion. Illus.: new viaduct, station, new branch platform.

A modern forge for Vulcan: the works of the Patent Shaft and Axletree Company Limited. 171-8.
At Wednesbury. Founded 1840. Employed 3000. Manufactured steel wheels and tyres; testing; axle bloom rolling; forging; casting; pressing; marine boiler tubes; bicycle hubs; teak blocks; Mansell wheels; much for export; Brunswick Wheel and Axle Works; Monway Works; Old Park Bridge, Roofing & Engineering Works. Taken over from Messrs Lloyd, Foster & Co. in 1867. wagon turntables; bridges (illustrated) across Ganges at Benares and I-Bi in Japan.

Railway finance. W.J. Stevens. 179-83.
British and foreign railways. "only 8 per cent" for LBSCR dividend. "The report of the Great Central — the first under the new name — is not of a very satisfactory character".

What the railways are doing. 184-8.
Progress on Great Central Railway's London Extension; retirement of Mr Archibald Hillhouse, General Goods Manager, CR; tourism on FR; all-night traisn to Walthamstow, GER; Yelmpton branch opening 15 January 1898 by Countess of Morley; NBR purchase of Waterloo Hotel for offices; electric lighting for SER trains to Maidstone.

Pertinent paragraphs. 189-92.
Fog dentonators; GWR line to proposed new docks at Weymouth from new junction at Radipole. To exploit Sturt of Westbury cut-off.

Illustrated interviews. No. 9. Sir Henry Oakley, General Manager, Great Northern Railway. 193-208.
Article marked his retirement. See biography. Also description of GNR: staff facilities; Superannuation Fund; Savings Bank; sports ground; dining cars; menus, corridor trains; gas lighting; works for new lines in North East Norfolk: Overstrand to Mundesley and Yarmouth to Lowestoft; Deansgate goods depot in Manchester and near Leeds and in Nottingham.

Some Great Western expresses. Charles Rous-Marten. 209-15.

"Bigger and better": some more of the Great North of Scotland Railway. W.J. Scott. 216-22.
Fast trains to Ballater as well as to Elgin. Diagrams of corridor lavatory first and corridor lavatory third.

Railway literature. 223.
The world's rail way. J.G. Pangborn. F. Moore (London). 223.
Gives origins of book in USA?. Notes errors.

The mystery of Abingford intermediate box. Reginald H. Cocks. 225-9.

"By rail in Japan". D.T. Timms. 230-6.
Problems of travel in Japan: need for internal passports only valid for three months which were non-extendable outside Foreign Commission areas. Leisurely progress: Tokio (Tokyo) to Kobé took 19 hours 30 minutes.

How the nations travel: the Metropolitan Railway Carriage and Wagon Company Limited, Saltley Works, Birmingham. Francis J. Wayman. 237-42.
Established by Joseph Wright with his sons in 1835. Business sold in 1862. Occupied 47 acres. Wide range for home railways and for export.

"Bradshaw". John Partington. 243-50.
Brief biography.

The "Iron Horse" on the London and South Western Railway. John Bosham. 251-7.
First locomotive superintendent was Mr Wood [sic according to Ellis was Woods], appointed in 1841. He was followed by J.V. Gooch, Joseph and W.G. Beattie, William Adams and Drummond. "From the years 1840 to 1850 the difficulty, of the writer in obtaining official and reliable information is the excuse for the meagre particulars he is able to disclose". Notes Beattie's patents.

Modern obliviousness as exemplified in the railway lost property office. H.J. Prytherch. 258-65.
GER extraordinary: auctioneering off items left on trains, unclaimed from cloakrooms, statistics from then recent sales: gloves & umbrellas.

A perilous ride: a tale of the "race to the North". V.L. Whitechurch. 266-72.

Railway secretaries and their duties. 273-8.
Duties: financial and legal communications where signature is significant; tenders for insurance; John Morgan, had been Secretary of LCDR since 1862; Fred J. Macaulay (portrait) Secretary of LSWR for eighteen years, had joined LSWR in 1851. Illus. of Secretary's Office and Board Room at Waterloo.

Pertinent paragraphs. 279-83.
p. 282 Death of Lord Sackville, Arthur Cecil; born in 1848, brother of then Prime Minster; whilst at Cambridge had travelled with footplate crews and guards of GER trains; worked in shops at Stratford. Assistant Traffic Manager, GER; Carriage Dept of GNR at Doncaster, and lastly General Manager, Metropolitan District Railway: page 283: enlarged Dunalastair (766 class) performance between Glasgow & Carlisle.

What the railways are doing. 284-8.
page 284: GCR Grimsby Docks: new dock work had started in 1846; on 18 April 1849 Prince Albert had laid foundation stone for coffer dam, opened 27 May 1852; Parliamentary powers for steamers: page 286 Lancashire and Yorkshire: Aspinall address to Instn of Junior Engineers where he stated that electric traction not likely to provide motive power; R.G. Marks patent safety signal lock to be fitted to all levers.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 10. Mr John Conacher, General Manager, North British Railway. G.A. Sekon. 289-306.
See biography: also describes in some detail cable haulage up Cowlairs Incline (illus. of exterior and interior of engine house); old signal cabin at top to be preserved; line drawing of The Hercules used to haul train up incline with special sanding arrangements and jets to keep rail clean. Painting Forth and Tay bridges. Gradient profiles for mainlines. Inspection cab engine No. 879 2-2-2T originally supplied by Neilson. Mentions proposed extensions to Ballachulish from Fort William and to St. Catherine's on Loch Fyne. Also brief biographies of Alexander Rutherford, Chief Goods Manager (who joined E&GR in 1851) and D. Deuchars, Superintendent of the Line, who joined the Dundee & Arbroath in 1861.

Railways in South India. J.T. Lawrence. 307-15.

Waterloo to Exeter and the West. 316-20.
W. Panter tri-composite bogie lavatory coaches; illus. of interiors; had separate ladies lavatory compartments; also describes Bodmin & Wadebridge rolling stock with illus.

How royalty travel. Reginald H. Cocks. 321-6.
Waiting room at Paddington, Retiring room at Perth (CR) (both illustrated); LCDR saloon no longer used as too old; description of saloon for Prince of Wales, GER.

Light railways. E.H. Buckell. 327-9.

A trip on the "H. of M. and S.T.". Victor L. Whitehead. 329-33.
Hundred of Manhood & Selsey Tramway: original livery dark blue: very light Vignoles rails clamped to light sleepers. Selsey and Chichester locomotives. Illus of lift bridge across canal, locomotives being delivered behind traction engines, Hunston station.

Told in a first-class smoker. II. a modern vampire. T.F. Ridgwell. 334-43.

The Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland. Francis J. Wayman. 344-9.
Very superficial account. Illustration, but no description of six-wheel bogie sleeping saloon. Description and illus. of Valentia branch: Cahirciveen intended as mail port for Atlantic.

The late Mr. J.B. Williams of the London and North Western service. C.J. Bowen Cooke. 350-2.
Obituary of Outdoor Superintendent of Carriage Department knocked down during shunting at Euston. Began in 1871, became Inspector in 1874 and took overall charge in 1877. Participated in social life at Wolverton.

More light (Stone's system of electric lighting for railway carriages). 353-9.
Full description. Invented A.B. Gill. Experiments by Prof. Capper at King's College on power consumption. SER opted for. At that time Editor very pro-gas.

My railway tickets. B. Grassdone. 360-5.
Collection of.

The rate war in Canada. Edmund Wragge. 366-9.

For the safety of the passenger (Mark's Patent safety signal lock). 370-6.
Portrait of G.R. Marks. Result of Norton Fitzwarren accident on GWR. Inventor was a signalman on L&YR

What the railways are doing. 377-80.
Great Eastern. 377.
Not possible to slip at North Walsham due to single track. Cromer could be reached in 2¾ hours if line completely doubled.
Highland. 378.
Mr T.A. Wilson new General Manager. Former District Goods Manager at Newcastle on NER. Joined NER as clerk at Milford Junction, NER.

Illustrated interview. No. 11 – Mr Henry Cosmo Orme Bonsor, MP, Chairman, South Eastern Railway. WTP. 385-400.
Director of Bank of England. Considers potential capital projects: noting difficulty of working Charing Cross and Cannon Street; intended widening from St John's to Orpington, improvements at Hither Green for handling Cross-Channel traffic; club cars; rolling stock; improvements at Folkestone Harbour.

The Isle of Wight Railways. Chas L. Conacher. 401-6.
General Manager Isle of Wight Central Railway. Brief history. Freight handled specially coal at Medina Wharf and heavy passenger traffic to Cowes. Seven day runabout tickets for 10/-.

Some summer service suggestions. Charles Rous-Marten. 407-16.
Services were too slow!

Eastleigh Carriage and Wagon Works. Wanderer. 417-24.
Portrait of William Panter. Plan of works. Institute and Club: classes, canteen and cycle track.

How fog signals are made (a visit to the Kynoch Factory, Birmingham). Victor L. Whitechurch. 425-31.
Introduced by the LNWR in 1850/1. Female labour, also used for munitions; made from high quality tin and filled with gunpowder.

The shortest route (viâ Dover and Calais). T.W. Kinsby. 433-43.
Includes Ostend and Boulogne services. History. The Bessemer invented by Sir Henry Bessemer: suspended saloon intended to give passenger comfort but a total failure.

The Tralee and Dingle Light Railway. T.J. Goodlake. 444-7.
Illustrated feature. Desciption of operation in 1891. Curraduff curve.

A tale of the Wootton Tunnel [told at the Junction]. F. Welburn. 448-56.

The Lynton and Barnstaple Railway: interview with Sir George Newnes, Bart. Philip Whitweel Wilson. 457-62.
Portrait of Newnes. Gradient profile. Use of Festiniog Railway gauge. Proposed timetable. Also involved in Matlock Tramway and cliff railways at Clifton, Lynton and Bridgwater?

The railway systems of Liverpool. Liverpudlian. 463-70.
Two of the lines with Liverpool Headquarters are described: the Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) and the Liverpool Overhead Railway. Former mentions extension from Brunswick (goods depot only) to Ranelagh Street.

Oxolin: a substitute for india rubber. 471-4.
A. Montague Haines Chairman of the Oxalin Syndicate: cheaper than natural rubber: waterproof sheeting, packings and flooring.

What the railways are doing. 475-7.
Great Northern. 475.
Messrs A. Handyside & Co. Ltd replacing bridge across Stroud Green Road at north end of Finsbury Park station.
London, Chatham and Dover. 476.
Through carriages off LNWR via Willesden Junction: special arrangements to attach to down morning and evening boat trains to Dover and evening boat train to Queensborough for Flushing. In down direction these were run as specials if the connections were missed: the main train displayed "train following" lights. Special couplings had to be fitted to accept LNWR vehicles.
London and South Western. 476.
War between Spain and USA was affecting traffic through Southampton.
London and North Western. 476.
Carriage lighting.
South Eastern. 477.
Six-wheel horsebox.

Pertinent paragraphs. 478-80.
Connecting line between SER and LCDR at Dover. 478.
Dover and Deal No. 1 Branch: short island platform (20 yards long), several level crossings.
Supply of locomotives to War Office by US firm. 479.
Adverse comment, but lack of information on supply of locomotives to Soudan [Sudan].
Lambourne Valley Light Railway. 480
Opened 2 April 1898. Rolling stock originally intended for a Central Americal railway.

Illustrated Interview. No. 12. Mr John Morgan, Secretary, London Chatham and Dover Railway. WTP. 481-95.
Portrait of Morgan. Biography of James Staats Forbes. Also notes that the LCDR was predominantly a passenger line serving London suburbs, Kent Coast and Continent. Freight was mainly agricultural and coal (but not yet from Kent) handed over from MR, GNR, LNWR and GWR. Differences with Dover Harbour Board on financing improvements to harbour. Closure of Crosswall level crossing on approach from LCDR to harbour. illus. and notes on special hydraulic buffers at St Pauls Station. Improvements to station at Herne Hill to cope with suburban development. Excursion traffic to Herne Bay. Development of Queensborough to Flushing. Own printing works. Athletic club.

Told in a 1st class smoker. III – the scientist, the organ and the communication cord. T.F. Ridgwell. 496-504.

Cromer: the goal of the Great Eastern crack express. V.L. Whitechurch. 505-12.
Notes that original East Norfolk Railway had been absorbed by GER in 1881. Clement Scott of the Daily Telegraph had created Poppyland in 1888; the Garden of Sleep, a ballad by Isidone de Lara, the Grand Hotel Métropole. Notes on industry, Wroxham viaduct, main express service; impending branch to Mundesley; delights of town and surrounding area including Overstrand and centre of universe West Runton.

Was Brunel's 7ft gauge a mistake? Lancaster Owen. 513-22.
Written by former Chief Engineer, Bristol. There were misgivings about broad gauge as soon as Great Western opened to Maidenhead, notably by Sir John Hawkshaw who noted the problems associated with exchange of vehicles between companies. At thattime the conversion cost would have been £124,000. The problem was greatest at Wolverhampton where the GWR had absorbed standard gauge railways to Chester and Birkenhead. Mixed gauge led to damage to vehicles during shunting, and highly expensive and complicated junctions. Extra locomotives were required. In 1870 the decision was taken to narrow the line between Hereford and Grange Court to act as a prototype for greater changes. Horse-drawn buses were used to replace passenger trains. Difficulties were experienced on curves. The former longitudinal (baulk) road is described as is bridge rail.  Illus.: broad gauge on longitudinal sleepers near Neath; Chepstow station with pontsman; 4-4-0 Robin Hood; conversion of gauge at Hereford; accident to Vale of Neath coal train in Swansea dock - drawbridge had been left open; derailment of express train near Carmarthen to spreading of track.

Railway progress in Western Australia. Herbert H. Bassett. 523-6.

Breakdown vans. R. Weatherburn. 527-35.
District Locomotive Superintendent, Midland Railway. Several illustrations including 15 ton steam crane No. 27; interior of vans showing hydraulic jacks; canteen van; NLR 0-4-2CT; accient at St Pancras where locomotive had fallen off line onto highway. Very full details of "how to manage" breakdown operations.

Sunny Southport – the Cheshire Lines holiday resort. W. Hartley-Bracewell. 536-44.
Mainly and its pleasures. Interior and exterior views of Lord Street Station.

The Furness Railway and its tours through Lakeland. S.S. Lord. 545-53.
Furness Abbey Hotel.

Killarney's Lakes – the paradise of the Emerald Isle, Great Southern and Western Railway. Macdonald Mackay. 554-9.
Great Southern Hotel at Killarney: travelogue: jaunting cars, etc

Tenby's golden strand: the Great Western's latest acquisition. B.H. Thomas. 560-6.
Acquistion of Pembroke and Tenby. Incorporated in 1859 as Pembroke Dock and Tenby; an Act of 1864 enabled extension to Whitland, and in 2866 line extended to Carmarthen and to Milford Haven.

Freshwater, Ventnor, and the Isle of White Central Railway. Charles Rous-Marten. 567-76.
Smart running. Freight handles at Medina Wharf.

Blackpool – the Brighton of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. Thos. J. Matthews. 577-82.

The attractions of the North Devon Coast: a district served by the L.&S.W.R. Wanderer. 584-92.

Pertinent paragraphs. 593.
Acquisition of East Cornwall Mineral Railway by PD&SWJR from 31 December. Had been authorised in 1869 and opened on 7 May 1872 from Callington to Calstock.

Volume 3 (1898 July-December)

Illustrated Interviews: No. 13.- Mr. Ammon Beasley, General Manager, Taft Vale Railway. G.A. Sekon. 1-17.
Frontispiece portrait. Incorporated 21 June 1836 for railway between Merthyr Tydfil and Cardiff Docks. Other portraits: Arthur Edward Guest, Chairman, George Thomas Sibbering, Chief Engineer, James Tilley, Goods Manager, Thomas Edward Harland, Goods Superintendent, Samuel Thomas Dock Master. Other illus.: share certificate, Ely (2-4-0), #75 (0-6-0 of 1860, map, gradient profile, General Offices, Queen Street Station, road over-bridge near Quaker's Yard, Pontypridd Viaduct, #175 (4-4-2T) Royal Engine, Penarth Junction, #143 (0-6-0T) for Pwllyrhebog incline.

The European Time Table Conference. L.E.K. Thomas 18-30.
Half-yearly: table gives locations from summer 1891 to summer 1898. Grew out of German organization originally established on 18 January 1847 to co-ordinate national activity (Railway Union) and gradually extended across frontiers. Structure of British delegation. Anecdotes of London meeting in June 1893. Illus.: station exterior in Frankfurt am Main; Cologne, Gare de l'Est, Gare du Ouest, St Lazare and Gare du Nord in Paris; Gare du Nord in Brussels; wincutter PLM locomotive and delegates on board ship for Christiana meeting on 16 June 1897.

Some phases of railway working – the absolute block system. 32.
Passengers blocking way to booking office, boarding train with parcels and asleep blocking exit from compartment.

Was Brunel's 7ft. gauge a mistake? Part 2. Lancaster Owen,. 33-9.
Engineer who participated in the conversion of the South Wales mainline; advantages of former broad gauge; conversion of West of England mainline, including diversion of trains over LSWR and Cornish traffic by sea during changeover. Illus.: Chepstow bridge; Lydney derailment; carriages at New Milford station; pay day during railway conversion; New Milford derailment; Steropes derailed near Llanwern.

Cook's Tours — their origin and progress. Henry J. Temple. 40-8.
Thomas Cook organized a special train (excursion) from Leicester to Loughborough to run on 5 July 1841 for those wishing to attend a temperance meeting. In 1842 an excursion to Edinburgh was organized. His son, John Mason (born in Market Harborough in January 1834 joined his father in the business which grew rapidly during the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Parish Exhibtion of 1855 encouraged foreign travel: over 100,000 travelled with Thomas Cook. In 1865 his son became a Partner in the business. Offices were established in Fleet Street, London. In 1865 America was visited to encourage travel to Europe including the British Isles. Tours to the Holy Land and to Egypt were started in 1869.

A Royal corner of Norfolk. Scott Damant. 49-56.
Travelogue: King's Lynn, Hunstanton, where Sandringham Hotel (illustrated), owned by GER was located, (hotel is described - facilities note that it was "favoured with ozone" through its plentiful windows); golf coures in area, and notes on Sandringham House and Wolferton station.

"Wild Wales": from Whitchurch to Pwllheli on the Cambrain Railways. T. Booth. 57-65.
Illus.: composite bogie corridor coach (Metropolitan Carriage & Wagon); 0-4-4T No. 5; Barmouth bridge, Aberdovey with railway.

"Poppyland," and one way to it. Alfred Hanson. 66-72.
M&GNJR route to Cromer: includes notes on journey from King's Cross (KPJ: those who consider this to have been an odd route may consider that fastest (easiest) current way from North Norfolk to London is now by road to King's Lynn and WAGN to King's Cross). Mentions new Norfolk & Suffolk Joint lines under development. Illus.: M&GNJR express hauled by MR-type 4-4-0; Knapton and Mundesley-on-Sea stations on new line and new bridge across canal at North Walsham. Also illus. of cliffs at Sheringham and Cromer which show loss since by erosion.

Grimsby and Cleethorpes: the Great Central's port and seaside resort. T. Booth. 73-82.
"Loyalty characterised it citizens, eleven ships being sent to aid Edward III, in his attack on Calais" typifies the literary style, although there are some notes on excursion traffic and on the bar at Cleethorpes station. Illus.: bonded warehouse and granary at Great Central's Royal Docks at Grimsby; general warehouses at same location; Royal Hotel (GCR).

By rail and sea to Jersey: the Great Western Railway's short sea route. W.F. Nokes. 83-91.
Includes a gradient profile of the steeply graded route from Thingley Junction to Weymouth, notes on train and steamer services, and notes on the island railways: Jersey Eastern Railway (standard gauge, four Kitson locomotives) and 3ft 6in Jersey Railways & Tramways (locomotives from Manning Wardle and Bagnalls - two each). Illus, Dean 4-4-0 3258? King Arthur and GWR twin-screw steamer The Reindeer (both external and interior views)

Attractions of the  North Cornwall Coast: a district served by the L&SWR. Wanderer. 92-101.
Map which records that lines to Padstow and Bude were under construction. Notes that coach service provided to Newquay but hoped that railway would be extended to there. Illus.: interiors of 2nd and 3rd class compartments, Holsworthy viaduct (constructed of concrete), Padstow showing line under construction (view from Monument towards terminus).

Attractions of the Kent Coast, London, Chatham and Dover Railway. W.T.P. 102-111.
Places described include. Illus.: Whitstable-on-Sea; Herne Bay; Westgate; Margate; Broadstairs; Ramsgate; St Margaret's Bay and Dover. Illus. 4-4-0 No. 20 on express consisting of what looked like cattle trucks.

Bicycle Brake-van Competition—the result. 112-13.
Notes names of winners, judges' comments and some unsatisfactory designs (proposed carriage of bicycles upside down was unlikely to appeal to anyone). See also 177.

What the railways are doing.
Great Eastern. 114.
Loop line and new station for Felixstowe (notes elegant refreshment room).
Great North of Scotland. 115
Fare reductions.
Great Western. 115
Non-stop services to Birmingham [via Oxford] and to Exeter. Late train at 1.20 pm to Penzance.
Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast. 115-16.
Opening of first part of Dukeries route.
London, Chatham and Dover. 116.
Improvements to Margate station.
North British.  116.
Through trains: Craigendoran to/from Airdrie and Coatbridge and to Hamilton.

Pertinent paragraphs.
[Circulation statistics]. 117.
20,000 for #12 (June 1898)

Illustrated Interviews. No. 14.—Mr. Alfred Aslett, Secretary and General Manager, Furness Railway. G.A. Sekon. 121-37.
With frontispiece portrait. See biographical section. Also brief "portrait" of railway's activities and notes on some of chief officers, including its Chairman the Duke of Devonshire, Frank Stileman its Chief Engineer, and W.F. Pettigrew, Locomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent.

The Cornwall Minerals Railway. Victor L. Whitechurch. 138-44.
Includes a gradient profile. Sir Morton Peto was the contractor and Thomas was engineer. Opened for minerals traffic on 1 June 1874. Gradients as steep as 1 in 34. "Mainline" was single track standard gauge from port of Fowey to Newquay. Works situated at St Blazey. Passenger traffic started on 20 June 1876. Locomotives: Sharpe Stewart 0-6-0Ts with 3 ft 6 in driving wheels; 16¼ x 20 in outside cylinders weighing 32 tons in working order. There were 18 locomotives which had been rebuilt with saddle tanks and cabs by GWR which took over working the line in July 1877. Guard Rice gave details of how the railway used to be worked. On 1 January 1879 the Par to St Blazey loop was opened but freight had to be transferred until the change of gauge in 1892. The final takeover by the GWR took place on 1 July 1896. Lists branches. Describes route and notes through trains from London.

An August holiday in Guernsey. Wanderer. 145-51.
Notes extent of greeenhouses and traffic of tomatoes and grapes. Daylight sailing at Whitsun weekend. Illus.: LSWR Lydia leaving Southampton (also interior of vessel)

New express engines (South-Eastern Railway). 152.
Stirling 4-4-0 #440?

The St. Gothard Railway. Charles King. 153-62.
Locomotives mentioned in the text include the A3T (4-cylinder compounds), C3T, D4T classes and shunting locomotives. Illus.: Kerstelen viaduct, avalanche being cleared on 30 March 1888, plan of loops, north portal of tunnel, corridor 2nd class coach interior, 4-6-0 on express passing Schwyz.

Railways and the Parliamentary Bar. W.T. Perkins. 163-71.
Parliamentary Committees. Former notable mebers included: Mr John Chetwynd Talbot QC, Mr Serjeant Wrangham and Mr Hope Scott. Note on fees. Anecdote about Mr Mereweather. Rather more extensive coverage of Mr Samuel Pope QC including portrait and anecdotes. Pope had handled his first brief for the L&YR in1861 and held retainers for the GNR, LNWR and L&YR. His country home was Hafod-y-Bryn where his hobbies included horses and dogs, and the collection of portraits.

Steam-tight locomotive cylinders. 172-6.
United States Metalic Packing Co. Ltd. with works in Bradford: products illustrated with diagrams.

"Transgrip": our railway brake van prize competition –description of the "Rgidit and Security" Prize Apparatus. R.R. Dodds. 177-80.
Description of apparatus for securing and identifying bicycles in transit. See also  112.

The Waterloo and City Railway. "Motor". 181-7.
Formal opening by Duke of Cambridge on 11 July 1898. Engineers were W.R. Galbraith, Consulting Engineer to LSWR, J.H. Greathead who was replaced by Prof. Alexander H.W. Kennedy upon former's death. H.H. Dalrymple-Hay was the Resident Engineer. Mowlem was the contractor. Compressed air had to be used for much of the tunnelling. Map. Gradient profile. Illus.: Waterloo station and rolling stock.

An Oriental Tour. Henry J. Temple. 188-96.
Cook's tour to Palestine and Egypt. "The women smoke very much, and also use a great of cosmetics and perfumes" [in Egypt].

The Great Central Railway's steamship services. D.T. Timins. 197-205.
Emigrant traffic (with separate accommodation); cargoes, cattle, horses "exceedingly valuable animals" which were "treated with utmost care", low cost annual season tickets, statistics and details of sailings. Illus.: SS Oldham at Willem's Quay, Rotterdam, and interior; SS Retford, SS Lincoln, GCR Royal Dock offices in Grimsby and hydraulic tower.

Ostend—and how to get there. 206-8.

Railway literature. 209.
Railway management at stations. 3rd ed. E.B. Ivatts. London: McCorquodale.
Vade mecum for stationmasters.
Life of Henry Pease. M.H. Pease. 2nd ed. Headley Bros.
written by his widow.
The beauties of the coasts of North Dvon and North Cornwall. Railway Publishing Co.
Great Western expresses. P.J. Vintner. Railway Publishing Co.

What the railways are doing.
Furness 210
Weekly tickets for holidaymakers.
Great Central. 210.
Appointment of C.W. Neele, Electrical Engineer.
Great Northern. 210-11.
Aterations to King's Cross.
Great Western. 211.
Traffic for Henley Regatta. Accident at Ealing when broken connecting rod pierced boiler and led to fatal scalding of footplate crew who were able to halt their train.
Highland. 211.
Doubling of section between Blair Atholl and Dalnaspidal.
London and North Western. 211-12.
Holiday traffic Friday and Saturday 29/30 July: horse & carriage traffic handled at Maiden Lane and Addison Road rather than at Euston.
London and South Western. 212.
Bude opening announced. Description of concrete viaduct at Holsworth (see illus. page xx), station at Bude and proposed branch to Marhamchurch for Widemouth Bay.

Pertinent paragraphs
[Jubilee of Waterloo Station]. 215
Short descrptive history. Work commenced in July 1846. Messrs Lee were contractors. 2¼ miles long. Inspected 7 July 1848.
[Isle of Wight Railways]. 216.
Statistics of mileages of lines.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 15.—Mr. George Bolland Newton, General Manager, North London Railway. G.A. Sekon. 217-33.
Frontispiece portrait. In 1898 both the passenger and freight traffics were vast. Freight was very varied: Burton beer, mineral oil from Purfleet and many foodstuffs. Traffic was handed over to and/or by the NLR at many points and from many companies. A map assists in establishing these points. The rolling stock was maintained at Bow works. Notes is made of efficacy of Clark & Newell brake and gas lighting. Biography of Newton. Illus. 0-6-0T #80; Broad Street (interior and exterior); warehouses and hydraulic cranes at Poplar Docks; hydraulic wagon tippers for end-door wagons and side discharge at Poplar Docks (former shows Wm Cory & Son wagon #811); interlocking arrangements at Kentish Town signal cabin; gradient profile; 0-4-2CT; #50 4-4-0T on train of modern 4-wheel stock

From cattle truck to vestibule palace car: the South Eastern Railway Company's Carriage and Wagon Works at Ashford. D.T. Timins. 234-44.
Harry S. Wainwright had brought considerable improvements to the works and to the rolling stock, starting in 1894. This included the upholstering of the 3rd class passenger stock and the introduction of a vestibuled stock. 800 were employed in the carriage works and Ashford grew from 3000 to 12,000. The works were divied into separate repair and new construction sections. Great use was made of timber and an automatic fire extinguisher sprinkler system was fited in the sawmill.. Steel underframes had been introduced. A copying lathe working on a timber lathe enables automation to be introduced. White lead was being phased out. Paint testing was conducted. Electric lighting was being adopted. All bearing springs were fitted with rubber suspension auxiliaries.

Pertinent paragraphs.
[Anti-electric traction on Underground]. 245-6.
Sekon was biased against the use of electricity and proposed oil-burning locomotives for the London Underground!
Woolwich Arsenal railways. 246-7
Notes on the 18 inch gauge system (and on standard gauge lines). Gives trafic statistics and notes half-hourly passenger service.
James Watt Boulton of Chester. 247-8.
Illus. of Sharp Bros 1865 locomotive which had been moved from works through streets of Ashton (on plates) to Park Parade Station: also recorded in Rosling Bennett.

State Railways of Denmark. J. Pearson Pattinson. 249-53.

Another chapter of accidents. A.B. Berry. 254-61.
Previous chapter (2): refers to Southall (25 January 1847) when driving wheel flew off and killed two passengers in passing train; Ely in July 1882 when balance weights flew off the locomotive and struck another locomotive which came off the rails with its train injuring passengers; Bourton cutting on 27 July 1876 when GWR Flying Dutchman was dreailed (locomotive and train) - precise cause not ascertained; Abbots Ripton 21 January 1876 double collision where second collision inflicted greater destruction; Clapham Junction 20 August 1892 - collision and fire; Thirsk Novemeber 1892 - collision due to signalman error; Penistone 16 Juky 1884 axle breakage which led to derialment. Illus.: Barassie GSWR; Abbots Ripton (drawings), Clapham Junction (drawings), Penistone (drawings), Penshaw (NER) and Wormit (NBR)

The romance of the "Southern Queen": told by the fireman. Victor L. Whitechurch. 262-9.
Fiction - writer is listed in Ottley.

The Cork and Muskerry Light Railway. J. F. O'Keefe. 270-4.
Application for railway 25 April 1884, opened 8 August 1887 and extended May 1893. Seven locomotives: one from Kitson,2 from Green & Sons, and 4 from Falcon Engine. Illus.: 4-4-0T Peak, Victoria Street station, Cork; Blarney Station, Dripsey station, Portrait of J.R. Wilson, General Manager.

Under the British Flag: a glimpse of the Great Eastern Railway's Mail and other Continental routes. H.M. Oddie. 275-81.
Table of fleet ranked by tonnage/ihp. Illus.: Parkestone Quay, Liverpool Street Station,  The Zealous, SS Dresden, 2-4-0 at Parkestone Quay on York boat train

Types of steel bridge floors. Part II: timber and modern trough floors. J.F. Conradi. 282-6.
Author was from Engineer's Dept., GCR. Requirement for timber to be protected against fire in Britain. Limits on cross girders. Modern trough girder patented by Barlow of MR in 1856; Taurte and Troovey Z plate girder patented 1860; Crompton iinvented in 1865 based on Lindsay section; Kennard 1871 patent (incorporated stiffened angle frames); Westwood, Baillie & Co 1875 (increased bearing and riveting surfaces; Lindsay reversible trough sections (Longitudinal trough) patents in 1882 and 1884; Braithwaite & Kirk patented 1887 (flanged rolled); Rammage rolled section arched plates; stiffened Tee iron (1887); Maxam Ende & Buchanan broad trough 1888; Homson arched plat (1889) used LOR.

Methods employed by the locomotive, carriage and wagon departments for testing metals. J.B. Corrie. 287-92.
100 ton testing machine at Horwich and 50 ton machine at Stratford: both machines supplied by Buckton & Co.

Humours of the General Railway Classification. C. Chauncy. 293-8.
Author was GER Agent at Leicester. RCH Classification was on a single sheet in 1854 and included between 300 and 400 items. By 1856 it had grown to 20 pages and 750 items. In 1881 it had reached 138 pages and 3,500 items. In 1887 it had grown to 4,000 items and by 1898 had reached 160 pages and 5,000 items. It included acorns as well as acids, the latter arranged in an alphabetico-classified manner.

The engine-driver (and others). T. Houghton Wright. 299.

Notes on the Summer Trains of 1898. W.J. Scott. 300-5.

The Great Station, W.M. Robertson. 306.

What the railways are doing.
Caledonian. 307.
Board of Trade confirmation of Light Railway Order for Elvanfoot to Wanlockhead railway
Cambrian. 307
Improvements to way and works.
Great Eastern. 307-8.
Breakfast cars. Station master's house rent allowance considered as salary for purpose of superannuation. Mr Joseph Matson, station master at Ware, negotiated this arrangement with the Board.
Great Northern. 308
New bridge across Stroud Green Road constructed by Handyside & Co. of Derby. Supervision of Kings Cross Goods Yard: appointment of E.C.J. Savidge as good agent
Great Western. 308-9.
Ran special train to convey Prince of Wales from Paddington to Portsmouth via Basingstoke.
Highland. 309.
Death of Murdo Paterson, Engineer, on 9 August 1898 at Culloden: Aviemore line was his greatest achievement.
London and North Western. 310-11.
F. Stevenson, Chief Constructive Engineer: new warehouse at Broad Street. Loop lines at Camden, Kilburn, Willesden, Shilton and Winsford. Additional lines between Milford and Stafford. Work advanced on enlargement of Crewe station and freight avoiding tunnels. Work on new line from Ashbourne to Parsley Hay and from Heaton Lodge to Wortlet well advanced and in case of latter included long Gildersome tunnel. Other work included extra lines over Dee at Chester; reconstruction of Dudley Port passenger station; a goods warehouse at Dewsbury and the widening of the Ribble Viaduct.
North British. 311.
Consideration of doubling approach to Queen Street Station, Glasgow, or new branch from near Sighthill.
South Eastern. 312.
New stations at New Beckenham and Lower Sydenham.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 16.—Mr. Charles Sherwood Denniss, General Manager, Cambrian Railways. G.A. Sekon. 313-28.
Frontispiece Portrait. See biographical section. Mainly a survey of the Cambrian Railways and the railways from which it was created; the financial difficulties of the Oswestry & Newtown Railway; the involvement of Savin; how George Owen, former Chief Engineer, achieved the crossing of Whixall Moss on the Whitchurch & Ellesmere line; the effcet of the construction of the Rhayader dam and reservoir for Birmingham Waterworks and the financial failure of Aberdovey Docks and the steamer service to Wexford. Illus.: Locomotive #59 Gladys which became Seaham (a 2-4-0T rebuilt under Aston; Oswestry Station and General Offices; 4-4-0 and train either #65 or #68; Twlwych station; General Manager's Office; bogie coach and six-wheel family saloon built by Ashbury and Talerddig cutting.

Communication between passengers and guards. W.E. Langdon. 329-36.
Cites paper by W.H.H. Preece presented at Instn Civ. Engrs on 11 Decemebr 1866 on the best means of communication between passengers, guards and drivers of trains. Henry Tyler Report to Board of Trade in April 1868. In 1868 Parliament directed that all trains travelling non-stop in excess of 20 miles must provide communication between passengers and guards. Various cord systems were invented by Preece (fitted LSWR, MR and LNWR), Walker (SER) and by Varley. Notes doubts expressed by railway companies on wisdom of systems whereby passengers can stop train directly. Varley instigated a two wire system. At that time there was great variety.

Notes on the Summer Trains of 1898. W.J. Scott. 337-43.
NER; NBR (notably West Highland Railway), Southern lines and ECR and WCR compared.

"The Poet and the Railway". A.C. Chauncy. 344.

In the Days of Gooch. T. Houghton Wright. 345-52.
Author started at Swindon Works in August 1852 as an articled pupil of Daniel Gooch. He lost the top of his little finger whilst sharpening a chisel. The Manager of the Works was Minard Christian Rea, an Irish gentleman "of the highest order" who died when only 36.

Geology, as it concerns the railway engineer. H.C. Johnson. 353-5.
Very general: dip of rocks affects stability of earthworks.

Winter resorts on the East Coast. Scott Damant. 356-63.
The exotic resorts of Clacton (sunshine and warmth are supported by data); Walton-on-the-Naze and Felixstowe. The last claimed to be a spa and boasted a low rainfall. The illus include one of a 2-4-0T supplied by the Yorkshire Engine Co in 1877 to the Felixstowe Railway Co.

Through Russia. F. Wilkinson. 364-7.
Illus include an outside-cylinder 0-8-0 supplied by Sharp Stewart and an inside cylinder 0-6-0 supplied by the same firm and by a French builder.

Engine Whistling. H. I. Prytherch. 368-75.
Author worked for GER but examples of whistle codes used at junctions include those used on TVR, NER, as well as those used on approach to Liverpool Street. Clear example with illustration and diagrams of East Branch Junction, Cardiff (Taff Vale Railway). Illustrations from McKenzie & Holland's Catalogue of railway signals.

The History of the Pullman Car. Wanderer. 376-83.
Account of British services with; both as sleeping cars and as day (palace) vehicles. Illus. include portraits of G.M. Pullman, J.S. Marks (Director and European Manager), the strength of Pullman vehicles folloeing collision and Gladiolus (palace car)

"The Railway of Life". Alphonse Courlander. 384.
Sombre verse: "Life is a railway journey - the terminus of it is Death"

The Rutherford Raiders. D.T. Timins. 385-95.
Set on the North Eastern Railway.

What the railways are doing.
Cheshire Lines. 397.
Doubling between Old Trafford and Chorlton-cum-Hardy.
Great Western. 398-9.
Accident at Appleford due to axle fracture on private owner coal wagon. Also Charley Windsor, station dog, a white terrier who collected for the Widow & Orphan's Fund. He died of the ingestion of coins and stones.
London Brighton and South Coast. 399.
Pullman Limited Sunday train down at 11.00 return at 21.00 in one hour. Also new bogie mail carriage.
London Chatham and Dover. 399.
Official announcement of SER/LCDR Joint Committee dated 12 September 1898 and new staff appointments.
London and North Western. 399-400.
Subway between arrival side and booking hall.
London and South Western. 400.
Grovel by editor for implying that LSWR was incapable of conveying Prince of Wales. Prince just loved copper-capped chimneys and wished to use Paddington.

Railway literature. 407-8.
Retrospective lessons on railway strikes. E.J. O'B Croker. Simpkin Marshall.
Writer was General Manager of the Cork, Brandon & South Coast Railway: ... the servants of the line appear to be fairly well paid..." The worst feature of the strike was the "diabolical attempt" to wreck the mail train.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 17.—Mr. Harry Smart, Secretary, Railway Clearing House. 409-21.
Frontispiece portrait. RCH employed 2000 in London plus 500 number takers. In 1842 there ewre four staff. By 1897 £25 million was cleared per annum. The Chairman was Lord Claud Hamilton. There were no bad debts. There were 150 clerks in Merchandise Department. Vast amounts of paper had to be stored, but a hydraulic cutting machine assisted with eventual disposal. Tickets were burned. A fire brigade (illustrated) was available in the event of fire. Staff had access to a free library of 20,000 volumes and to a dining room (illustrated). The Board Room and some offices are also illustrated..

The Furness Coast as a winter resort. S.S. Lord. 422-9.
Arnside, Grange-over-Sands, Silverdale and Furness Abbey.

The First Railway in China. Ernest C. Pulbrook. 430-4.
2ft 6 in gauge railway (Shanghai - Woosung Railway) opened to Kangwan on 30 June 1876. Locomotives supplied by Ransomes & Rapier

The Railway Commission. R.R. Dodds. 435-40.
Regulation and rates of carriage to curb the railway monpoly. In 1836 the Morrison Bill was introduced to regualte dividends but was opposed by Sir Robert Peel and failed. In 1846 an Act was passed to form a Railway Commission with five members, the Chairman was paid £2000 per annum (an early quango?), two others received £1500 p.a. and the other two were MPs. This ceased on 18 October 1851 and its functions were taken over by the Board of Trade. In 1865 a specific Commission was formed under the Duke of Devonshire as Chairman and in 1872 a Standing Committee of the Lords and Commons was formed to investigate railway rates. Lord Salisbury sat on this Committee. The article naively notes "It is not surprising that there should be discontent and suspicion, even though there may be no real ground for it; and if the companies should become rich and prosperous their discontent and suspicion may well be aggravated to such an extent as to become dangerous to them." (pure spin). In 1873 the Railway and Canal Traffic Act led to the appointment of three Railway Commissioners (one legal and one railway) to intercede in inter-railway/canal disputes, and on behalf of individuals with railway or canal companies. It should arrange for through rates to be agreed. Sir Frederick Peel, brother of Sir Robert, served on this Commission for 26 years. In 1885 in an action by Hall against the LBSCR terminal charges were allowed. A new Act of 1888 led to a new Commission with two appointed and three ex-officio (judges from England, Scotland and Ireland).

The Lancashire, Weardale and Hartlepool Union locomotives. W. S. Beeston. 441-4.
Irony. humour.

"To an 'eight-foot Single"' A.B.S. 444

The railway system of Northern India. John T. Lawrence. 445-54.

A ducal railway. A.G. Robins. 455-60.
Eaton Hall Railway (Duke of Westminster's railway): 15 inch gauge: mentions Percival Heywood's involvement: function to link estate with GWR near to Chester at low cost. Map. Illus. of railway and its locomotive.

How the railways deal with special classes of traffic, 1.—Luton straw hats. F. Goodman. 461-7.
Mainly a description of the involvement of the GNR, but also notes that of the LNWR and MR — the latter of which was not connected to the other two railways. The extent of the business was measured by the use of 18 drays by the GNR at the height of the season, and by the departure of three freight trains at 20.40; 21.30 (which offered connections for the north at Hatfield) and at 22.40. There was a considerable traffic in straw plait and empty hat boxes.

The Rutherford Raiders. D.T. Timins. 468-76.
Reads like faction

The song of the engine. Alphonse Courlander. 477.

Railway time tables. J. Pearson Pattinson. 478-82.
European railways compared, including those of Britain, Germany, France, Italy and Switzerland. Includes notes on the working timetables.

The locomotives of the First "Public" Railway. J. Russell.  483-8.
The Stockton & Darlington Railway. Written by NER member of staff . Includes Locomotion No. 1. Line drawings of Royal George and Globe, sketches of Wilberforce and Sunbeam; from photographs of Nunthorpe (built 1856) and Brougham 4-4-0.

A flower-clad signal-box. 495-6.
At Alton, North Staffordshire Railway.

A new mechanical signal indicator for use on railway locomotive engines. J. Crabttree. 502
Patent which described a system to provide a description in the driving cab (by miniature semaphore and by bell) of position of actual signal.

The troubles of a local passenger. 503
Delays to trains through fog: request for improvements to system to reduce pollution and delay.

Illustrated Interviews No. 18.—Lord Claud John Hamilton, Chairman, Great Eastern Railway. 505-22.
Frontispiece portrait.

Self-acting Inclines. Chas. A. Harrison. 523-7.
Author: Chief Civil Engineer, North Eastern Railway. Diagrams, & illus. especially taken to show this method of working. Also mentions inclines in Lancashire and Scotland.

The signal department. H. Raynar Wilson. 528-35.
Signal Engineer Lancvashire & Yorkshire Railway. Diagram compares signal spacing on L&YR, LNWR, MR and GWR. Illus. signal gantry at Talbot Road, Blackpool. Signal boxes at Summit Tunnel East and Walton Junction.

A phantom train. 536.
Posed photograph.

The Emerald Isle, via Holyhead. V. L. Whitechurch. 537-47.
Description of services provided via LNWR to North Wall Dublin and via Greenore. including the trains (Irish Mail) and the vessels including SS Cambria. Illus. 0-4-0ST 2526 used to haul mails onto pier at Holyhead. and facilities at North Wall.

Decorative painting for railways. R.R. Dodds. 548-54.
Docker Brothers paint and varnish works in Birmingham.

How the railways deal with special classes of traffic, 2.—Theatrical touring companies. S.T. O'Brien. 555-61.
Written by officer in Traffic Dept of GNR. The railways welcomed this hectic trade, much of which took place after the last shows on Saturday nights, that is early on Sunday mornings, and involved complex cross-country itineraries which gave spontaneous opportunities for actors to meet their fellows at remote junctions. Illustrated with pictures of special vehicles for conveying scenery.

The Permanent Way. L. Beynon. 561.

What our railways spend. W.J. Stevens. 562-8.
Analysis of working expences

Great Northern Railway engine  No. 990. 569.
large coloured plate for next issue.

Some Cornish winter resorts. A. Bluett. 570-8.
Winter warmth in Cornwall and excellence of train service from Paddington: the latter being equalled by First Great Western sometimes.

"Great Southern" Railway. D.T. Timins. 579-90.
Unfortunately, the SE&CR failed to rise to the suggested title: suggests new junctions and routings, many of which took place, but some are still awaited, although the new CTRL link near Gravesend will provide another. Compulsory reading for virtual railwayacs. Map.

Volume 4 (January-June 1899)

Illustrated Interviews. No. 19. Mr. Thomas Addy Wilson. General Manager, Highland Railway.. 1-17 + plate fp 1 (portrait)
Also includes portraits of George Macpherson-Grant, Chairman; William Gowenlock, Secretary; George Thomson, Goods Manager; W.M. Garrow, Superintendent of the Line; G. Lamond, Accountant, and J.G. Bulmer, Store Superintendent. Includes a map of the system, a gradient profile and illustrations of snow ploughs, both as fitted to locomotives and tackling snow drifts.

Mills, G.K. Social organisations amongst railway employés. 18-21
GWR Mechanics Institute at Swindon: photographs of exterior, the thetre, chess and draughts room and reading rooms for male and female readers.

Whitechurch, Victor L. How the traffic is worked at St. Enoch Station (G. & S. W. R.). 22-8.
C.E. Cockburn, Superintendent of the Line, was formerly with the LCDR and was involved with W.R. Sykes and his innovative signalling which was being introduced at St. Enoch. 

Hollins, F.T. Electricity's contribution to the safety of railway travelling. 41-8.
Author was Telegraph Engineer & Superintendent on the Great Eastern Railway. Concluded page 129

Beeston, W.S. Rumblings of a railway reformer, 49-51.
Author was from te Audit Office of the Great Northern Railway.

Hawley, W.H. The Glasgow Cable Railway. 52-9. Illus., map
Illustrations include the rolling stock; the interior of the power house; the gripper mechanism, St Enoch station and opening day queues.

"Cosmopolitan". To the Sunny South by railway. 60-7.
The exorbitant price for a first class ticket from London to Nice (£22 15 shillings) and the rather poor train service. Suggestion for an improved timetable.

Dodds, R.R. Exhaust steam lnjectors for locomotives. 69-74. illus. (ports.), diagrs.
Portraits of Henri Giffard, Edward Davies, James Metcalfe and A. Slater Saville.

Scott, W.J. The country termini of the (local) London railways.  75-80.
Metropolitan, Metropolitan District and North London Railways. This part describes Wimbledon. Next part. 

Rous-Marten, Charles. Some new Great Northern engines. 81-6.
Rebuilt Stirling 2-2-2; Ivatt new 4-4-0 and 4-2-2 types. Performance log of 1301 class 4-4-0 on 17.30 Leeds to Wakefield and with load increased to 223 tons onward to Doncaster on which 80 mile/h was attained on the downhill stretch, but there was also fast running uphill. Also log of No. 990 Atlantic on up Flying Scotsman from York to Grantham in which the 82.75 miles were run in 94.5 minutes.

A uniquely decorated station. 87-9.
Saltcoats station with garden decorated with sea shells to form station name: created by Gilmour, station master since 1890.

Railway literature. 90.
The railway and commrcial gazetteer of England, Scotland and Wales. McCorquodale.

What the railways are doing,
Rhymney. 96
John Boyle, Chairman since 1858 had retired at age of 78. William Austin, Deputy Chairman since 1880 succeeded him. Franklen George Evans appointed Deputy Chairman and William Vachell joined Board. 

Illustrated Interviews. No. 20.-Mr. William Douglas Phillipps. General Manager, North Staffordshire Railway. 97-109 + plate fp 1 (portrait)
Portraits of Phillipps, Thomas Salt (Chairman), Francis Stanier (Deputy Chairman), G.J. Crosbie-Dawson (Chief Engineer), R.E. Pearce (Secretary), Luke Longbottom (Lococomotive, Carriage & Wagon Superintendent.

First locomotive of the Great Central Railway. 110-11. 2 illus.
Preserved firebox plate of Sheffield Ashton-under-Lyne & Manchester Railway locomotive No. 1. One illustration shows Isaac Watt Boulton with preserved plate .

Damant, Scott. Wisbech and Upwell Tramway. 112-18. illus., diagr., map.
0-4-0T tramway locomotive No. 131 and bogie tramway carriage illustrated. Diagram shows how guard rail joined to running rail.

Scott, W.J. The country termini of the (local) London railways.  120-6
Previous part see page 75. Metropolitan, Metropolitan District and North London Railways. This part describes NLR Richmond line including its juncttions at Kew.. 

Railway Literature. 127-8.
"The Evolution of the Steam Locomotive " [By G. A. Sekon.]
Reviewed by C. Rous-Marten

Hollins, F.T. Electricity's contribution to the safety of railway travelling. 129-35
Began on page 41: author was Telegraph Engineer & Superintendent on the Great Eastern Railway

Gairns, J.F. Tank engine express trains. 142-6.
Even in 1899 the GWR Metro tanks were perceived as being archaic yet they were expected to run from Paddington to Maidenhead (24 miles) in 33 minutes: from Paddington to Slough an average of 45 mile/h was demanded. On the London Tilbury & Southend trains were scheduled to average 43 mile/h. The Great Eastern is also mentioned.

Dyke, W.H. A railway in Argentina. 147-55.
Buenos Aires & Rosario Railway: route to Tucuman

Price-Williams, R.  Evolution of the permanent way. 156-61.
Evolution from wooden rails, through cast iron to wrought iron and to the wrought iron sandwich to steel.

What the railways are doing
City and South London. 187-8
Extension to Moorgate; pedestrian connection to Central London Railway at Bank; extension to Clapham Common and proposed extension to Angel.
Great Central. 188
New station for Oldham Clegg Street to cost £25,000
Great Eastern. 188
No. 760 Petrolea fitted with new crank axle which increased its cylinder stroke to 25 inches; No. 759 fitted with cylindrical oil tanks. No. 1007 (7ft single) also fitted with new crank axle which increased its cylinder stroke to 25 inches
Great Northern. 188-9
Death of A. Pigott: joined GWR in 1846; moved to GNR in 1851; became Siganl Superintendent from which he retired in 1893. Introduced block working to GNR.

Sekon, G.A. Illustrated Interviews. No. 21. Mr. Robert Armstrong Dykes. Traffic Manager, Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway. 193-205  + plate fp 1 (portrait)

Chauncy, A.C.  How the railways deal with special classes of traffic.  No. 3. Histon jam traffic. 277-80.  5 illus.
Chiver's jam factory and its traffic.

Pertinent paragraphs.
[Proposal for SER, GWR and GCR to takeover Metropolitan District Railway]. 287-8
Scheme advanced by Willis, General Manager of the SER: advantage to GWR as it would secure faster access to the City.

Sekon, G.A. Illustrated Interviews. No. 22.-Mr. William Pollitt. General Manager, Great Central Railway 289-310 + plate fp 1 (portrait)

Whitcchurch, Victor L. How the railways deal with special classes of traffic. No. 4.-Flowers and vegetables from West Cornwall and the Scilly Isles. 311-18.
Flowers from the Isles of Scilly carried on the SS Lyonnesse to Penzance and forwarded on 16.50 to Paddington due at 04.00 and new potatoes and broccoli conveyed to the north via Crewe and via Didcot: tonnage statistics.

Railway Literature. 319
"A Manual of Locomotive Engineering." [By W. F. Pettigrew, London: Chas. Griffin and Co., Ltd.]. 319-20
This work, upon the preparation of which Mr. Pettigrew, the Locomotive Superintendent of the Furness Railway, has been engaged for some time past, is now issued. To describe the work as "a manual" leads one to expect a handbook rather than the massive tome of over 400 pages, with nearly 300 illustrations, that the author presents to his readers. The volume opens with an historical account of the development of the steam engine, commencing with Cugnot's machine of 1769, and concluding with the Lady of the Lake, of 1862. This portion of the book is but a mere outline—only occupying 25 pages—and is therefore disappointing, as a somewhat fuller account of the evolution of the steam locomotive would doubtless have been greatly appreciated, but as Mr. Pettigrew merely describes the chapter in which the history is contained as an "historical introduction," under the circumstances, we cannot expect greater detail—much as we should like it.
The second chapter treats of "Modern Locomotives—Simple." After explaining the meaning of such technical terms as adhesion, tractive effort, and boiler power, the author proceeds to describe the last type of London and South Western Railway outside cylinder express passenger engine, built under the régime of Mr. W. Adams. Although it is not generally known, and no hint is given in the book that such was the case, we think it right to place on record that Mr. Pettigrew, who was for some years the Works Manager at Nine Elms, was, at the time these engines were built, the locomotive superintendent of the railway in everything but name, and there is no doubt that to Mr. Pettigrew belongs the honour of designing this excellent type of engine. There is a comprehensive plate of this engine, with an exhaustive index thoroughly explaining every part. Eight other similar plates are also given, illustrating other well-known types of locomotives, whilst almost every style of "Simple" modern express (and many tank) engines are also described and illustrated. The third chapter treats of compound locomotives, the various parts of which are' fully detailed. Mr. Pettigrew has also prepared a table from experiments made with compound engines, and the results, as shown, will probably very greatly surprise engineers and others who believe so fully in the efficiency and economy of the compound locomotives. For instance, with an actual boiler pressure of 160lbs., the theoretical mean pressure in the high pressure cylinder is given as 79.5 lbs., whilst the actual pressure is only 42 lbs. In the low-pressure cylinder the discrepancy is still greater, the theoretical being 40.5 and the actual as low as 20 lbs. Then the horse power developed in the high and low pressure cylinders is actually only 169.7 and 166.6 respectively, against the theoretical pressure of 319 and 339. The total actual horse power being but 336.3, when the theoretical is given as 658.
Mr. Pettigrew shows that with a boiler pressure of 175 lbs. the theoretical gain from compounding is only 18 per cent., the actual gain must therefore (upon the basis of the table just quoted) be very considerably less. Unfortunately the author does not give his own opinions upon the various disputed points of locomotive practice; the undoubted value of his "Manual" would be considerably increased had Mr. Pettigrew published his personal views on several interesting points about which controversies frequently arise.
On the other hand, however, the author has prepared several new tables and diagrams from data obtained from personal experiments; they relate to train resistance, due to gravity, velocity, heating surface, etc., and are notable and useful as being dependable conclusions adapted to modern locomotive practice; in several instances the old formulce are shown to be erroneous.
The book, being written for professional locomotive men, is necessarily of a technical nature, such important subjects as balancing, valve gears, the framing, smoke-box, fire-box, lubrication, and other matters that form portions of the curriculum of a locomotive engineer being carefully and minutely discussed; whilst all necessary tables and methods of calculating the various stresses, strains, dimensions, etc., are fully detailed. Chapter XXII. is an important one, dealing as it does with the repairs, running, inspection, and renewals of locomotives; whilst Appendix B—which is a table giving the complete dimensions, 125 in number, of no less than 40 types of present day British locomotives—will not only be of use to the professional reader, but will supply others interested in the railway engine with all necessary particulars concerning most of the existing classes of engines at present in use on our railways. Appendix C .is a condensed comparison of the leading dimensions 01 British or foreign locomotives. Whilst, as previously intimated, "A Manual of Locomotive Engineering" is essentially a work for the professional locornotive engineer and student, the book contains much that is not only of interest, but of use to the great number of our readers who take an intelligent interest in 'the marvels of the railway steam engirie.· Mr. Pettigrew's well-known practical and scientific knowledge of the matters upon which he has. written are sufficient guarantee that the work contains all that can be learnt from a book upon such a subject. Anyone digesting the contents of· the volume would have a perfect theoretical knowledge of locomotive designing, building, and management, and a training under Mr. Pettigrew would give him the practical experience necessary to produce the perfect locomotive engineer. Mr. Pettigrew is to be congratulated upon his book, and we have no doubt it will at once rank as the standard work upon this important subject. The published price is one guinea; not a high price, perhaps, considering the importance of the subject and the amount of matter contained in the book, but, we fear, sufficiently expensive to prevent the extensive sale that such an important work deserves. Two chapters, one on American and another on Continental locomotives, are contributed by Mr. A. F. Ravenshear, B.A., of the Patent Office. G. A. SEKON.

"THE RAILWAY YEAR BOOK, 1899." [London: The Railway Publishing Co., Ltd.]. 320
This monster shillingsworth 'of information on every phase of the railway world is now in the hands of the public. Judging by the eulogistic reviews showered upon the" Railway Year Book" last year, one would have been quite contented had the new volume been merely brought down to date. But the Editor evidently was not satisfied with such a policy, the con- sequence is that the 1899 edition contains many new features. We have not space to refer to the extensive additions and improvements that have been made; but we may say that, despite condensation, the size of the book has increased from 219 to 286 pages, while the price remains one shilling. The publishers tell us that the edition of many thousands is nearly exhausted, so that those readers who have not yet obtained a copy of the "Railway Year Book" for 1899, must purchase quickly if they wish to obtain the volume.

Lushington, P.A. From Cheltenham to Andover by the Midland and South·Western Junction Railway,  321-5. 6 illus.

Cochrane, Robert. Jubilee of the first section of the Waverley Route. 326-35. 7 illus., diagr.
Includes portrait of John Miller, the engineer, and photographs of the old station in Edinburgh and the new station in the course of construction. Gradient profile. Includes rather more than the Waverley Route as it mentions both the railway to Dalkeith, the Innocent Railway and the line to Berwick.

Brunel Redivivus. Some early locomotives of the North Staffordshire Railway. 336-40.
Longbottom, the Locomotive Superintendent claimed that the railway had not kept any official record of its earliest locomotives and the drawings and details included herein had come from a pocket-book kept by one of the officials in the Locomotive Department. In addition the Staffordshire Mercury published details of a trial on 8 March 1848 of six powerful engines one was named Dragon at the behest of Mr C.J. Mason: the locomotive was a Sharp standard 2-2-2 with 15 x 20in cylinders, 5ft 6in driving wheels and 748.2ft2 total heating surface.

Timins, D.T. Via  Queenboro' and Flushing, (The Zeeland Steamship Company). 341-8. 7 illus.

Pulbrook, Ernest C. Notes on the railways of Holland. (Hollandsche Ijeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij]. 349-57. 10 illus.

Booth, T. Sheffield District Railway. 363-8. 3 illus., 3 diagrs., map.
Diagrams of Brightside and Catcliffe Viaducts on Lancashire, Derbyshire & East Coast Railwat extension for which C.J. Wills was contractor.

Rous-Marten , Charles. Some wonderful little engines 370-5.
Performance of Precedent class between London and Rugby.

Pertinent paragraphs. 374-
[Automatic couplers]
The Board of Trade, under its President, Charles Thomson Ritchie had become interested in the fitting of freight vehicles with automatic couplings and was sending a delegation to the USA with Hopwood of the Railway Association.

What the railways are doing.
London and South Western. 383
G.T. White, Superintendent of the Line died on 17 March 1899. On 27 March 1899 the line to Padstow opened which could then be reached in 7½ hours. Fish traffic was important.

Sekon, G.A. Illustrated Interviews. No. 23.-Mr. David Meldrum. Manager, Cheshire Lines Committee. 385-402 + plate fp 1 (portrait)
In addition to the biographical sketch of Meldrum there are further brief biographies of W.G. Scott, Engineer-in-Chief; Glegge Thomas, Secretary Estate Agent and Rating Surveyor; and John Young, Chief Accountant

The latest locomotive giant. 403. illus.
.Aspinall 4-4-2 for LYR: main dimensions and photograph

Damant, Scott. The Southwold Railway. 404-10. illus., plans
2-4-2T Southwold is illustrated. Mentions involvement of Arthur C. Pain and Richard Rapier of Ransomes & Rapier. Original choice of gauge was 2ft 6in, but this was changed to 3ft. Plans of termini. Author uses term "toy railway".

Lawrence, J.T. A railway war in India. 411-13. illus., map
Battle of gauges in India between broad gauge and narrow gauge involving the Southern Mahratta, South Indian and the Great Indian Peninsular, Madras and East Coast Railways.

Boulton, Isaac W. Recollections of early locomotives. 414-16.
Claimed that Booth did not suggest firebox and fire tubes for the Rocket, but that the idea came from France. Portrait of Richard Roberts and account of driving an old Bury locomotive through the streets of Ashton-under-Lyne.

Arrowsmith, M. The first railway in Alaska. 417-19. 4 illus.
White Pass and Yukon Railway.

Stoker, Gilbert J. The Grand Junction Railway. 420-32. 8 illus., 2 diagrs.
Works included the Dutton Viaduct over the River Weaver and the long climb to Whitmore, 390 feet above sea level known as Madeley Bank and Lawley Street Viaduct on the approach to Birmingham Curzon Street. The Author (portrait) had been an Assistant District Superintendent of the LNWR.

Eylot, George Skipton. Is the "single" locomotive doomed? 433-9. 9 diagrs.
Points to similarities between single driving wheel designs on several railways, but considers that further development unlikely due to limitations on boiler size. Includes some outre remarks including the use of pneumatic tyres on rolling stock and air cushions for the track. Article began by examining Planet, Allan and North Star types..

Ronaldson, T. The Imperial Railways of North China. 440-9.
Considers the strategic value of railways especially in relation to Russian and Japanese (and British) ambitions. Includes the Emperor's train.

The death of a veteran guard: a remarkable record on the line. 450-1.
Robert Edge died on 18 March 1899. He served the Great Central Railway and former Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway for forty years: for many years on the services from Manchester to King's Cross. He was born at Audlem in Cheshire on 5 November 1832.

Husband, J.F. The "Royal Oxford Roiute" to Birmingham and North Wales. 452-61. 6 illus., diagr.
Includes a gradient profile for the Didcot to Shrewsbury section.

Timins, D.T. An escape from an inferno (the Monte-Carlo-La Turbie Railway). 462-8. 4 illus.
Rack & pinion line

Brunel Rdivivus. A new Royal-Train on the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway. 469-71. 2 illus.
For the Prince and Princess of Wales.

What the railways are doing.
Great Northern. 473.
Westinghouse brake fitted to 4-4-2T No. 119.

Illustrated Interviews. No. 24 -Mr. Alfred Powell. Manager Metropolitan District Railway. 481-94 + plate fp 1 (portrait)

Timins, D.T. From roofless pen to corridor coach, (the evolution of the 3rd class carriage un the South-Eastern Railway). 494-504. 3 illus., 9 diagrs.
Begins with Northy Kent 1st class saloons with straight sides supplied by Adams & Co. in 1849 of which 39 were extant in 1899: these were 20ft x 9ft and had 26 seats. It proceeds through a variety of teak bodied vehicles to "recent" six-wheel and bogie coaches; many of which were to form the backbone of Souther Electric stock on the South Eastern.

Pertinent paragraphs.
[J.H. Stafford, General Manager, L&YR to retire]. 510-11.
Joined L&YR c1850 as a junior in the Secretary' Department; in 1875 he succeeded Lawn as Secretary and when Thorley retired he became General Manager.

Rous-Marten, Charles. Great Northern Manchester services— old and new. 513-20. 7 illus.
Established with the summer timetable of 1857; by 1884 the time had been reduced to 4¼ hours. and equalled that of the Midland and London & North Western.

Chauncy, A.C. Invoices and other documents. 521-7. 7 illus.

Stilus, N.E. "That new injun!". 528-33. 3 illus.

Thomas, B.H. From London to  Glengarriff by Great Western Railway, City of Cork Steamship Company, and the Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway. . 534-43. 10 illus.,  diagr., 2 tables.

Booth, T. The Corris Railway. 544-8.
J.R. Dix was General Manager (portrait)

Whitechurch, Victor L. Timber for our railways: a visit to the "Victoria Saw Mills", Bath.. 549-52. 4 illus.
Includes portrait of Oscar Windebank of Windebank & Son.

Scott, W.J. Reading new station — Great Western Railway. 553-61. 3 illus., map, 2 plans.

Burke, T.F. Continental tourists for the British Isles. 562-8. 5 illus.
LNWR office in Paris

Made in America. 569-70.
Moguls for Midland Railway described as "mongrels"

What the railways are doing.
Great Central. 573
Death of Lord Wharncliffe
Great Eastern. 574
Sir William Birt, general manager, retired on 17 May 1899

Volume 5 (July-December)

Illustrated Interview No. 25.— Mr. Thomas Chellew Jenkin, General Manager, City and South London Railway.1-16.
Frontispiece portrait facing page 1. Mainly a description of the underground railway and its construction. At that time the Islington Extension (to Old Street) was under construction in conjuction with the Great Northern and City Railway. Line drawings of some of the main stations including Stockwell and The Oval. Illustrations of interior of electricity generating station, locomotives and rolling stock.

The Changes in the General Managerships. 17-22.
Portrait of Sir William Birt late of GER, but now a member of the Board. Details of the new General Manager of the LBSCR, Mr William Forbes, and of John Aspinall to that of the L&YR.

London and South Western Railway (the coast from Lymington to Bournemouth).  Victor L. Whitchurch. 23-30.
Includes illustrations of Brockenhurst New Milton stations and paddle steamer used on Lymington to Yarmouth Isle of Wight ferry.

Was Stephenson the Father of Railways ? R.R. Dodds 33-42.
Argues that William James had failed to be recognized: James had surveyed a route from Stratford-upon-Avon to London which avoided tunnels.

Some locomotive trials in the south. John Bosham. 43-6.
A Webb compound No. 300 was tested on the LSWR against Adams 4-4-0s Nos. 449 and 454 on the main down and up expresses between Waterloo and Exeter. The trials of the LNWR locomotive took place on 9/10 May and 12/13 May and difficulties with starting were experienced on the down journeys and led to loss of time (16 minutes on the first journey). On both up journeys time could be credited to the locomotive (5½ minutes on the 13th). Driver Hitchen and Inspector John Dyer of the LNWR worked the LNWT locomotive. Coal consumption was 36.3 lb/mile. In 1888 Adams built a solitary 2-cylinder compound of the Worsdell-Von Bories type, but it was unsuccessful. Also describes earlier trial of Beattie 2-4-0 on SER Dover expresses from 23 May to 24 June 1870. The locomotives were St George and Vesuvius. They handled the trains with great success and burned 23lb/mile of fuel..

Should British Railways be owned by the State. E. Thomas. 47-54.
Argues that the management of railways would add to the work of Parliament.

How the railways deal with special classes of  traffic. No. 5. — (Fenit mackerel industry). W. Beddoes 55-8.
At that time the carriage of mackerel was a major business: two illustrations of Waterford, Limerick & Western Railway locomotives: tank engine shunting at Fenit and 0-6-0 about to leave with a fish special. Also huge number of fishing boats at Fenit.

Manx Northern Railway. Brunel Redivivus. 59-68.
General description of the railway (includes map). Portrait of David McDowall, Secretary & General Manager. Illus. 0-6-0T Caledonia and 2-4-0T Thornhill.

Railway Points. James Benson. 68.

Glass roofs for.railway stations. 69.
Halliwell & Co. glazing

Cambrian Railways (Moat Lane Junction to Brecon). T. Booth.70-7.
Notes that Pantydwr, at 947 feet above sea level was the highest point on the Cambrian system and that Rhayader was near to the reservoirs being constructed for Birmingham Corporation. Illus.: 4-4-0 No. 65?; Tylwych station; 1st/3rd bogie composite.

The effect of a Severn tidal wave. 78.
Damage to the track between Woolaston and Lydney following an exceptionally high tide on 12 February 1899.

North Eastern Coaching Stock, . W.J. Scott. 79-85.
At that time the NER had not constructed any vestibuled stock for its internal services, but relied upon semi-corridor lavatory bogi coaches. For East Coast Coast Joint Stock the NER had provided vestibuled sleping carriages and third class cars with a "central" corridor. The text notes that a NER bogie composite formed the last vehicle of the 14.00 up corridor from Glasgow Central, presumably as a TC for Newcastle. Some of the first class sleepers were equipped with a couple of third compartments which could employ blankets and make use of the car attendant's facilities. Illustrated with plans and elevations.

Home of Rest for Railwaymen. 86.
Passmore Edwards Convalescent Home, Herne Bay: laying foundation with Masonic honours by Earl Amhurst. Special train run by SECR on 12 June 1899.

Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway. 87-92.
Includes gradient profiles and map and general description of railway. Illustrations of Southampton to Paddington express at Newbury headed by 4-2-2 and a portrait of W.H.H.M. Gipps, Traffic Manager. Also describes the Lambourn Valley Light Railway and illustrates and gives main dimensions of 0-6-0T Aelfred constructed by Chapman & Fureaux of Gateshead; also illus of Whitchurch station.

Railway progress of the World. 93.
Basic statistics: nearly one million Chinese per mile of railway as against 339 US citizens.

What the railways are doing. 94-6.
Great Western. 95
Intensity of arrival traffic at Paddington during period of summer timetable: arrivals from North Wales at 17.20; South Wales 17.30; Worcester 17.50; Plymouth 18.00; Ilfracombe 18.15; Penzance 18.30; Falmouth 18.50 and Penzance at 19.00.
London and South Western. 96.
Acetylene gas used to illuminate West Byfleet

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Engine, No. 1400. facing page 96.
Colour plate

Illustrated Interview. No. 26 — Mr David Cooper, General Manager, Glasgow and South Western Railway. 97-115.
A  fairly thorough history and description of the railway "by" the General Manager. Map and gradient profiles. Illustrations of 4-4-0 No. 182 with the Directors' saloon (also view of interior of this vehicle); Ballochmyle viaduct; drawing of Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock & Ayr Railway 2-2-2 Lightning built in 1846; paddle steamer Glen Sannox; Manson 4-cylinder compound 4-4-0 No. 11; first class bogie coach. Cooper had been with GSWR for 30 years.

A "signal" success: the new electro-pneumatic signal cabin at Spitalfields, Great Eastern Railway. D.T. Timins. 116-24.
Mackenzie & Holland supplied Westinghouse equipment to power-operate both points and signals.

London, what it spends annually in railway riding. George A. Wade. 129-35.
Comparisons of the commuters placed end to end reaching Australia or Mars type.

Notes on Railways in Ceylon and Burmah. T. Lawrence. 136-44.
Map. Describes lines to Kandy and Nurelia; the coast line to Galle; and the line from Rangoon to Mandalay. At that time all such places were part of the British Empire.

Song of the Driver. Alphonse Courlander. 144.

Railway ambulance work. Tourniquet. 145-8.
First Aid as practiced on the LNWR. Illus. of trophies an First Aid teams and staff at Wolverton

Railway literature. 149.
The working and management of an English railway. S.M. Phillp. Whittaker. G.A. Sekon.
Sixth edition of book originally written by Sir George Findlay: this edition includes separate chapter on new developments on LNWR, notably in electric signalling at Crewe, and on carriage lighting and heating.

"Intercepting the Mails". Reginald H. Cocks. 150-6.
Fiction with real photographs

Chicago and North Western Railroad: a ride on the Fast Mail. H.I. Cleveland. 157-62.
Account of footplate journey

Railway Refreshment Room Sandwich. 162

Battles of the gauges in the South West (Salisbury and Exeter Railway). Herbert Rake. 163-71.
How lethargy on the part of the LSWR nearly led to the GWR, and the broad gauge, taking over the Salisbury to Yeovil and Yeovil to Exeter sections of what became the LSWR mainline. Includes mention of Castleman's Snake.

Richmond Locomotive and Machine Works, Virginia, U.S.A. 172-5.
2-8-0 (Consolidation) with taper boiler for Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St Louis Railroad.

Furness Railway's charming corner of England. S.S. Lord. 176-81.
Tourist arrangements.

Time tables and train running: summer of 1899. W.J. Scott. 182-7.
Map shows competing troutes from Leicester to Scarborough via MR, GCR and GNR.

What the railways are doing. 188
Purchase of land north and east of Buchanan Street station in Glasgow for extension.
Great Central.
Progress in construction of Banbury branch.
Great Western
Henley traffic 7 July 1899.

London and North Western-railway Engine, No. 1502. Facing page 192.
Coloured plate: Webb four-cylinder compound with leading double radial trucks (2-2-4-0)

Illustrated Interview No. 27. Mr. John Crabtree, Manager, Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway. 193-205.
Writer somewhat candidly admits that the Joint Line was a last minute substitution for a greater railway. The stations at Lincoln, Sleaford and Spalding remained the property of the GNR, but the Joint Committee had the right to all facilities. Each company used its own locomotives and rolling stock. Line handled traffic off LD&ECR. MR services conveyed over joint line from Huntingdon. The office was in Lincoln. Illus.: Blankney Station; Nocton & Dunston station; bridge across Trent.

New combination inspection carriage and locomotive, London and South Western Railway. 205.
D. Drummond's "Bug" 4-2-4T: illustration.

Through Scotland by the Caledonian Railway. Brunel Rudivivus. 206-14.
Notes the now unbelievable excellence of the train and ferry services to Dunoon and Rothesay; steamer sailings on Loch Lomond, the romantic scenery en route to Oban, also services to Perth and Aberdeen, and the Falls of Clyde.

Railway literature. 215.
Ajax Loquitur, the autobiography of an old locomotive engine. Robert Weatherburn. Crosby Lockwood.
Written as if by locomotive who had appreciated being lubricated whilst at speed.

To simplify railway travel. W.S. Beeston. 216-20.
Colour coding of tickets and stations suggested. Also special form for blank tickets to enable parties/families to be booked on one ticket.

The lights of the night express. 220

Through Belgium by rail: a Continental journey. Victor L. Whitchurch. 224-31.
Notes the attrocious quality of 3rd class and the excellence of the 2nd which was almost as good as 1st. Smoking tolerated everywhere. Illus. of Dunalastair type 4-4-0.

The result of railway enterprise. No. 1.– Crewe. Gilbert J. Stoker. 232-42.
Includes plan of first station prepared by W.E. Winby, son of the first station master, Captain Wisby (portait included), a former sea captain. The works were opened in 1843 on the site of Oak Farm. History of the construction of the works. Development of schools and churches, baths and sanitation. Role played by Francis Trevithick. The Queen's ad hoc visit en route from Aberdeen to London in September 1848 is mentioned. Various celebrations, with appropriate boot-licking behaviour receive extensive coverage. The Duke of Cambridge opened the public park on 9 June 1888.

To the Brocken by rail. Carl Siewers. 243-6.
Mountain railway in Harz Mountains of Germany. Employed a special adhesion system (not described) and four-cylinder (condensing?) locomotives. Rose to 3500 feet above sea-level. Metre gauge.

How the railways deal with special classes of  traffic. No. 6. Whittlesea brick traffic. A.C. Chauncy 247-51.
On Great Eastern Railway near Peterborough: inwards traffic 23,000 tons of coal. Outwards: 108,000 tons of bricks.

North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway. W.M.J. Williams. 252-60.
In 1878 a Mr Macaulay promoted a railway from Clyderwen to Rosebush, but this became derelict. A later Act enabled this line to be reopened and extended to Letterston. At time article was being prepared an Act was going through Parliament to enable the Fishguard and Rosslare Railways and Harbours Company to be created to be owned by the GWR and Great Southern & Western Railway in Ireland. Includes gradient profile of original line.

The Forth and Tay Ferries, past and present. R. Cochrane 261-9.
History of the ferries used prior to the construction of the two great bridges and notes on the residual Granton to Burntisland ferry, the William Muir (illustrated). Thre is also an excellent of one of the former train ferries showig the moveable cradle for loading wagons.

Cheshire Lines: historic racing rendezvous. W. Hartley Bracewell. 270-6.
Horse-racing: the Chester Cup: in geneal Chester is perceived as a resort: bicycle vans were provided on key weekend trains. Plan of Northgate Station. Map. Gradient profile.

Time tables and train running: summer of 1899.W.J. Scott. 277-83.
MR, NER, the Scottish lines and SECR. Log of run on down Cornishman non-stop to Exeter behind Achilles class 4-2-2 3011 Greyhound. Also runs from Waterloo to Bournemouth with 701 class No. 703 and on 05.15 newspaper train from Marlebone to Leicester.

What the railways are doing. 284-7.
Great North of Scotland
"The Cruden Bay Hotel is a great success: it is so popular that all the visitors cannot be accommodated"
Great Western
Transverse sleepers had replaced longitudinal sleepers and bridge rails between Dorchester and Weymouth, although Barlow rails still being used at coaling stage in Weymouth.
South Eastern and Chatham and Dover. 287.
How Canterbury East and West came into existence (neither station is obviously to the east/west of the other). Also the creation of Margate Sands, etc.

London and South Western Railway Engine, No. 706. Facing page 288.
Coloured plate: four-wheeled coupled express passenger engine

Illustrated Interview No. 28. Mr. William Moffatt. General Manager, (Great North of Scotland Railway. 289-301.
Portrait facing page 289: See biographical section for Moffat.. Portraits of most senior officials including William Pickersgill, Locomotive Superintendent and of No. 112, his design of 4-4-0. Much emphasis on Cruden Bay Hotel and golf course. Gradient profiles of lines from Aberdeen to Elgin via Buckie and via Craigellachie, and the Deeside line.

To Manchester via Ashbourne: The London and North Western new line from Parsley Hay to Ashbourne). D.T. Timins. 302-11.
Construction of what was to become the Tissington Trail. Map. Gradient profile. Illus. of Hand Dale Viaduct, the Coldeaton Cutting near Hartington, the southern portal of Ashbourne Tunnel whilst under construction, and of the inaugural train crossing Hartington Viaduct. Also illus. of Webb 2-4-2T No. 1384 used on the services on the steeply graded route.

The Old Lady Passenger. 312.

Railway carriage building down-to-date: a description of the Furness Railway's new saloon. 313-14.
First class luxury saloon with Stone's electric lighting and leather seating designed by W.F. Pettigrew.

A run on the Wool Buyers' Special. A.G. Robins 321-30.
Special fast trains were run from Bradford to Bristol to enable wool buyers to attend sales at the corn market. These had to be fast enough to compete with those run by the MR. "Recent" footplate runs are described on the GWR portion of the journeys between Shrewsbury and Bristol (the North and West route) and back on the following day. The locomotive was Monarch, a member of the Barrington class of 4-4-0. The train was light: 126 tons, but the journey demanded fast running. Full logs. Gradient profiles.

Manchester South Junction and Altringham Railway. G.J. Wells 331-8.
Authorised 25 July 1849: jointly owned by LNWR and GCR. Heavy commuter traffic and for cricket matches at Old Trafford (illus. of crowds arriving for England vs Australia Test Match in July 1899. Notes on rolling stock and motive power provided by GCR (illustrated: 2-4-2T No. 600 and 2-4-0T No. 451). 1854 timetable.

The Platform Inspector. 338.

North Eastern Railway new express passenger engine. 339.
Wilson Worsdell 4-6-0 No. 2001.

Railway letter stamps. G.W.J. Potter. 340-4.
Had to conform to conditions imposed by Post Office and in addition to one penny Post Office stamp required a stamp issued by the railway companies (some of which are illustrated). They could either be delivered to a railway station to be called for, or sent to a railway station, and then posted. Some quite minor railways had their own stamps: e.g. Oldham, Ashton & Guide Bridge Rly.

Sheffleld and its railways. T. Booth. 345-54.
Diagram of widening by Midland Railway of southern approach from Dore and Totley. Illus. of extensions to platforms at Midland and at Victoria stations and view of LNWR Goods Offices at Bernard Road.

Fireproof constructions for railway building. 355-7.
Cunnah-Wright system of corrugated iron sheets.

How the railways deal with special classes of  traffic. No. 7. The London and North Western Railway and American meat. Victor L. Wliitechurch. 358-63.
Map shows LNWR facilities at Birkenhead. The cattle swere conveyed alive from the Americas and then after a period in lairage to recover from the voyage were slaughtered in abbatoirs (not to be read by squeamish). Following a brief period in cool store the carcasses are loaded for transit by railway to London, and elsewhere in Britain, in ventilated vans conveyed in "Green Cross Specials". The reader is not spared how the entrails are either salted and sold to the poor or converted into manure. There were even train loads of tripe.

The Father of railways, R.R. Dodds. 364-8.
Claim on behalf of William James made by his grandson H.B. James with assistance from some freemasons who considered that James had been slighted by the Stephensons, Committee was seeking to erect a statue in Liverpool with backing of William Pollitt, General Manager of the GCR, and his son Harry Pollitt, Locomotive Superintendent

Floral decoration of railway stations. 369.
Sleights (NER) first prize winner: was it a station, or was it a garden? Even West Runton would now be put into the shade.

World-famous trains. No. 1. The "Flying Dutchman", Great Western Railway. W.J. Scott. 370-7.
Historical evolution of Paddington to Exeter, and later Plymouth, train service which left Paddington at 11.45 and originated in broad gauge days.

The last journey. 377.

Great Central Railway and the Doncaster Race Traffic. 378.
Vast numbers conveyed by rail to the St Leger meetings.

Railway literature. 379.
Annals of coal mining and the coal trade. R.L. Galloway. Colliery Guardian.
Sub-titled The invention of the steam engine and the origin of the railway. Author considered Stephenson and Hedley to have been minor players.

What the railways are doing. 380-3.
Great Eastern. 380.
Special arrangements for bona fide workmen's (also included workwomen's) tickets from Edmonton whereby sets of tickets could be purchased in advance with the tickets being issued for one specific up train.
Great Northern. 381.
Widening of down lines: elimination of low platforms with the exception of Wood Green mainline.
North British. 383.
Lighting of trains by electricity whilst halted at Queen Street Low Level whereby coaches made contact with conductor placed between rails.

Caledonian Railway Engine, Dunalastair 2nd No. 766. Facing page 384
Coloured plate.

Illustrated Interview No. 29.— Mr. Henry Plews, General Manager, Great Northern Railway (Ireland). G.A. Sekon. 385-400.
Frontispiece portrait facing page 385. Mainly a history of the railway and its precurors: Dublin & Drogheda, Dublin & Belfast Junction Railway (from Drogheda to Portadown) and the Ulster Railway from Portadown to Belfast. The English Mail from Dublin to Belfast was of considerable significance. Biography of Plews. Illus.: 2-2-0T Londonderry & Enniskillen Railway (line drawing); gradient profile; Clifford 4-4-0 No. 134 Adonis (with leading dimensions). Royal Train for Duke of York in 1897.

Notable Railway Stations. No. 1. Liverpool Street, Great Eastern Railway. Scott Damant. 401-9.
Plan of station; large number of workmen's trains; arrival at 11.20 of restaurant car express from Cromer and departure at 16.55 of Cromer train reached in 2 hours 55 minutes, non-stop to North Walsham.

Special newspaper trains. Brunel Redivivus. 410-12.
The GCR ran a newspaper train for the Daily Mail from Marylebone to Manchester in 3h 28 min (making Virgin looking rather tardy) and in 1848 the budget speech of Lord John Russell was rushed to Glasgow leaving London at 05.30 and reaching Glasgow at 15.57 having travelled over 476 miles via Rugby, Normanton, Newcastle and Edinburgh and having being carted across the Tyne and Tweed as the bridges had not yet been built. Oh how much more fortunate are today's citizens of Glasgow to be able hear Gordon Brown's words virtually as they are spoken in the home of Parliamentary democracy.

Pertinent paragraphs. 413-16.
[GNR proposed agreement with Midland Railway]. 413-14.
To enable GNR express passenger and freight trains to travel to Manchester from Nottingham either via Ambergate or via Dore & Chinley.
[LSWR timetable: St Budeaux to Plymouth train times]. 415
Noted that during winter departures from St Budeaux became earlier or later to reflect the hours of daylight available.

Uniformity of gauge in Australia. 1 — the case for Queensland's 3 ft. 6 in. gauge. Rebus. 417-25.
The passenger and freight rates were lower in Queensland for its narrow gauge trains than in New South Wales (standard gauge) or Victoria (broad gauge): the last had the highest

Interlocking as it is and as it ought to be. George Mumford. 426-33.
Based on SECR practice: quite technical description of interlocking for points and signals. Diagrams.

Severn and Wye Joint Railway. E.A. Clark. 434-41.
Originated in 1809 as the Lydney and Lydbrook Railway, Act obtained in 1810 for Severn and Wye Railway and Canal Co. A tramway operated from 1810 to 1868. During the 1870s the tramroad was gradually converted to a locomotive-worked railway and passengers were carried. The Severn Bridge was opened on 17 October 1879 and this provided access to Sharpness Docks. The bridge was difficult to construct. Biographical notes on the major officials. In 1894 the railway was vested jointly in the MR and GWR. Illus.: Little John outside cylinder broad gauge 0-4-0T; Forester outside cyclinder broad gauge 0-6-0T and Robin Hood as previous; bridge girders under construction in Liverpool, and bridge shortly after completion

Railway literature. 441.
How to become a locomotive engineer. Randall McDonnell. Whittaker.
Badly received.

The ethics of pilotage. Geo. Skipton Eylot. 442-6.
Also includes banking: claimed that a broad gauge locomotive piloted a standard gauge train on the Somerset & Dorset Railway.

Through Norway by rail. E.E. Speight. 447-55.
At that time there were two lines from Christiana (Oslo) into Sweden but Bergen only had an isolated railway. There were only 1300 miles of railway.

The Oxford and Aylesbury Tramroad. F. Goodman. 456-60.
Formerly the Wotton Tramway, linked Quainton Road with Brill (from which on a clear day it was said one could see the mountains of Wales). Supported by Duke of Buckingham and originally worked by Aveling & Porter locomotives with flywheels, but then worked by Manning Wardle 0-6-0Ts No. 2 Brill (illustrated) and No. 1 Huddersfield (pity the poor searcher finding himself in remotest Bucks). At that time the tramway hoped to reach Oxford. Illus.: Wood Siding and Brill station.

Londonderry and Lough Swilly Railway. A.J. Chisholm. 461-4.
At that time the railway consisted of lines to Letterkenny and to Buncrana, although an extension to Carndonagh was under construction and another to Burtonport was envisaged. The locomotive livery was grass green and the carriages were paintd in LSWR style. Ther were four locomotives supplied by Black Hawthorn: 0-6-2Ts: 1 J.T. Macky (illustrated); 2 Londonderry, 3 Donegal and 4 Innishowen (illlustrated at Buncrana)

New Zealand Railways, their history, engines, and work. Charles Rous-Marten. 465-72.
Originally had three different gauges, but to Rous-Marten's dismay, had standardized on narrow gauge, n error compounded by the use of light rails. Long tunnel on Canterbury Railway between Christchurch to Lyttelton, many long bridges. Trunk line on North Island incomplete. Rimutaka incline employed single-boiler Fairlies and the Fell system for assistance. High winds caused derailments.

The why and the wherefore. 473-5.
Locomotive bogies.
Means for providing lateral movement via inclined slides, swing links, etc.
Bogie carriages.
Queried whether six-wheel bogies really did give a better ride.
Delivery arrangements for locomotives supplied by private builders. J.A. Ellis.
Charge made by railways traversed: about £160 for tender locomotive from Glasgow to Longhedge, London.
Advantages of dome. J.A. Ellis.
A dome provides drier steam, but weakens the boiler shell.
Reason for GCR rolling stock being marked "Property of Railway Rolling Stock Corporation". H.B. Nichol.
Corporation established to fund rolling stock for London Extension.
Movement of LSWR locomotive works from Nine Elms.
Not very probable.
Sharing of receipts between GWR & LNWR on Joint Railways. D. Macdermott.
Birkenhead Railway and Shrewsbury & Hereford Railway mentioned specifically. Receipts divided on basis of shares allotted. Also mentions GWR locomotives working through to Manchester via Warrington.
Fastest train in Britain. Charles Myers.
On basis of Bradshaw timing of Irish Day Express from Holyhead to Bangor appeared to be very fast, but was not supported by time in working timetable. Fastest run (59 mile/h) Forfar to Perth.
Reversing lever, and its effect upon speed.
Very brief account of effect of valve gear, and its effect upon locomotive speed.
Opening dates for GWR cut-off lines.
Stert to Westbury "shortly", South Wales will save ten miles, Acton to High Wycombe: "cannot be said"
Towcester and Olney branch closure. Salcey Forest.
Services ran at a loss.

What the railways are doing. 476-9.
Great Northern. 476.
Suburban coach with six-aside seating.
Great Western. 477.
Highworth branch trains worked to and from Swindon Works.
Highland. 477.
Progress on widening between Blair Atholl and County March.
London and North Western. 477-8.
Construction of new line at Pennington which would direct communication from Leigh to north.
London and South Western. 478.
Improvements to Clapham Junction station.
North Eastern. 479.
Accident on 2 October 1899 at [Stainmore] Summit when banking engine ran into rear of passenger train travelling towards Barnard Castle.
South Eastern and Chatham and Dover. 479.
New liveries for locomotives and rolling stock on SECR.

Great Central Railway Engine, No. 881. Facing page. 480
Coloured plate: locomotive had Belpaire firebox and piston valves.

Great Western Railway "Cornishman" Express. Facing page. 481
Folding coloured plate (nine colour lithography): train depicted as being hauled by 4-2-2 No. 3046 Lord of the Isles.

Illustrated Interview No. 30 —  Mr. Robert George Colhoun, Traffic Manager, Great Southern and Western Railway. G.A. Sekon. 481-93.
Significance of Queenstown (Cobh) to Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) mail train service to connect Trans-Atlantic services to Great Britain and mainland Europe. Tourist traffic, especially to Killarney (Killarney Express illustrated). Single line working used Webb & Thompson electric train staff. Map. Illustrations: 0-4-2 No. 101 and 2-2-2  No. 36 of 1848; 1st class corridor dining saloon; 2nd class dining saloon/carriage; Coey 4-4-0 No. 62

Notable railway stations. No. 2. York, North Eastern Railway. 494-503.
Attributed to "An Officer" of the NER. Makes much of the very large number of connections, into and out-of, trains running through York. The 05.15 ex-King's Cross "Newspaper" train is sued as an example: a diagram shows a multitude of connecting services. Sometimes difficulties experienced with lack of vacuum or Westinghouse brakes on rolling stock. Illus.: Flying Scotsman train departing northbound behind large 4-4-0; No. 1619 3-cylinder compound; interior of first-class refreshment room.

A railway journey forty years ago. J.S. Stuart. 504-7.
An account of a railway journey made in 1862 from Aberdeen to the Exhibition in London by an excursion train (cost £1). Up journey took two nights and writer returned to Aberdeen by sea.

Scottish Central Railway 2-2-2. 506-7.
Outside-cylinder: constructed Jones & Potts

Pertinent paragraphs. 508-12.
[Atherstone level crossing]
Warwickshire County Council had obtained an injunction against the LNWR which forced its trains not to exceed 4 mile/h over the crossing.
[Obituary of James l'Anson Cudworth].
See Cudworth
[Narrow gauge railway mileage in Great Britain and Ireland].
List with gauge.
[Yarmouth fish traffic].
20,000 tons forwarded. Destinations as far as Aberdeen. Rates to London quoted.

The new Overland Express. D.T. Timins. 513-20.
Bombay to Calcutta

The railway as a factor in theatrical entertainment. W.J. Lawrence. 521-7.
Portrayal on the stage of melodramatic railway events, such as crashes, ladies being tied to the tracks (to be run over), etc. Some of the more elaborate scenes were staged in the USA. Illustrated with reproductions of posters.

Platform Echoes. N.E. Stilus. 528.

The why and the wherefore. 529-31.
Limited Mail Belfast to Dublin
Limit on number of passengers carried as main function was to convey mail.
Great Central trains from Aylesbury via Princes Risborough
GCR crews ran freights through to West London Depot at Acton without pilots.
Widening GER passenger coaches to accommodate six-aside seating
To provide greater capacity
Confusion between locomotive seen: 721 Dunalastair and class as illustrated on colour plate.
Widening: South Croydon to Earlswood. F.W. Lambert.
Open as far as Stoats Nest, but no date for completion
Expenditure on rolling stock by MR. William Dobson.
Both NER and LNWR exceeded MR expenditure on carriage repairs.
Potteries, Shrewsbury and North Wales Railway (disused). A.K.B. Brendreth.
In receivership.
Surrey Side Street Rail Company. J. Hasler.
Tramway Company?
Track west of Bishopsgate Station to North.
Formed junction with GER in platforms 1 and 2 in LIverpool Street station
Railway from Willesden to south of Acton. H.Y. Edwards.
North and South West Junction Railway owned by LNWR, MR and NLR; thence to Richmond owned by LSWR.
Freight trains coupled together between Haverfordwest and New Milford.
Quite common practice on GWR to save line capacity.

A Uganda Railway pioneer. John Partington. 532-40.
Report by Sir Guilford Molesworth: problems with desert, great escarpments at Mau and Kikuyu and man-eating lions. Route to Lake Victoria from Mombasa.

Merrygo Junction. 541-9 .

Uniformity of gauge in Australia. 1 — the case for Queensland's 3 ft. 6 in. gauge. Rebus. 550-9.
Gives qualifications and biographies of several senior engineers on Queensland's railways.

Strength and economy. (The Leeds Forge Company, Limited). W. H. Hawley. 560-4.
Patent pressed steel bogies for bogie wagons.

"The Cornishman". T.I. Allen. 565-6.
Non-stop Paddington to Exeter

New Zealand Railways, their history, engines, and work. Part 2. Charles Rous-Marten. 567-73.
Highly critical of original narrow gauge designs as far less powerful than earlier standard and broad gauge designs. Criticised excessive variety in designs, even in double Fairlies which were not successful in New Zealand.

Volume 7 (July-December 1900)

Illustrated interviews. No. 33–Mr. Matthew Holmes. Locomotive Superintendent, North British Railway. 1-10.
This is one of the more disappointing members of this series: there is a very brief description of Holmes' office at Cowlairs Works, but this article amounts to little more than a very brief description of Cowlairs Works, and mainly that of its carriage and wagon activity. There are also brief notes on some of the major locomotive types. There is a portriat of Holmes and a view of a modified Crampton type locomotive (2-2-2) No. 58 Little Scotland at Cowlairs Junction in 1859. There is also a view of 4-4-0 No. 602 taken at Stirling after uncoupling froma special provided for the Prince of Wales.

Timins, D.T. The railway exhibits at the Paris Exhibition. II–The British exhibits. 11-15.
Very full description of Johnson 4-2-2 No. 2601 Princess of Wales; briefer descriptions of Webb compound 4-4-0 No. 4000 La France; Wilson Worsdell 4-6-0 for the NER; Holden's oil-burning 4-4-0 No. 1900 Claude Hamilton and a Neilson, Reid 4-4-0 constructed for the Central Netherlands Railway Koningen Wilhemina designed by J.W. Verloop and fitted with Serve tubes.

The Queen's visit to Ireland. 20.
Illus. of Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway 4-4-0 No. 55 Rathdown decorated for Royal journey from Kingsbridge station to Kingstown Pier: R. Cronin, Locomotive Superintendent is clearly identified.

Lord, S.S. The Furness Railway and its connection with Morecambe. 21-5.
By steamer from Barrow, or by train (mainly to the Lake District).

Redivivus, Beunel. Railway facilities for cyclists. 26-32.
Includes illus. of special van arrangements on Furness, North Eastern and Great Northern Railways (including the Ivatt patented arrangement). Text mentions arrangements on GWR and GER and the St Clair patented arrangement used on the NBR.

Cocks, Reginald H. World-famous trains. VI—The 5.40 vestibule express ex Marylebone. 33-9. 5 illus.
Great Central Railway's 17.40 Marylebone to Manchester luxury restaurant car express formed of carriages with with electric lighting and Gould automatic couplers.

Wade, George A. Railway goods traffic during the Queen's Reign. 40-5.
Growth in freight traffic carried in Britain between 1860 and 1900

Railway literature: railway parcels traffic. 45.
Hodgson's type-numbered debit label system. W. Hodgson. Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Author worked for North Eastern Railway.

Chisholm, A.J. A railway journey through Wales. 46-52.
Railways mentioned include the Cambrian, the North Wales Narow Gauge Railway whic linked Dinas Junction with Snowdon Ranger; the Corris Railway and the Mawddwy Railway (the latter reaching the "Switzerland of Wales"); Taff Vale, Rhymney and Barry Railways; Swansea and Mumbles Railway; Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway, etc.

Whitechurch, Victor L. The Rother Valley Railway. 53-7.
Describes the two original locomotives supplied by R. & H. Hawthorne Leslie: outside-cylinder 2-4-0Ts named Tenterden and Northiam painted in what is described as Great Eastern blue. The passenger rolling stock was supplied by Hurst Nelson

Cochrane, R. The Clyde steamboat trips of the Scottish railways. 58-67.
Includes the wee ferries (Cluthas) which were operated by the Clyde Navigation Trust between nine landing stages on the inner river as well as MacBraynes who operated from Glasgow Bridge Wharf to the more distant parts of the Firth, notably Ardrishaig: the paddle steam Columba is illustrated.

Dodds, R.R. How some celebreties occupy their time when travelling. 68-73.

Rake, Herbert. The new Great Western route to Weymouth. 74-81.
The new section between Sturt and Westbury via Lavington

The new Locomotive Superintendent, Great Central Railway. 82.
Portrait and brief account of career of John George Robinson, formerly of the Waterford, Limerick & Western Railway. Also notes the exits of his predecessors: Harry Pollitt, and in Ireland Henry Appleby..

The summer train services of 1900. 83-7.

August 1900

Illustrated interviews. No. 34–Mr. John Sylvester Hughes, General Manager Festiniog Railway. 97-110.
Portrait on facing page: mainly an account of th railway, its civil engineering works, traffic, motive power (ntably the Fairlies) and rolling stock. Brief details of Hughes who was a Civil Engineer wiith an interest in moutain railways to the summmits of Ben Lomond, Skiddaw, Snaefell and Snowdon.

Craik, C.H. My ride on a locomotive. 111-112.
Memories of footplate travel on the West Somerset Mineral Railway in 1898 from Watchet, through Washford, Roadwater to Coombe Row at the foot of the incline up into the Brendon Hills.

A modern mineral railway: the East and West Yorkshire Union Railway. 113-18.
Portrait of S.W. Meyer, General Manager. Map showing line from Stourton on MR to Lofhouse on GNR via Robin Hood where engine shed situated. Illus. of locomotive No. 2.

Bosham, John. The Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway: "a link with the past". 119-24.
Line opened 1 July 1834 (illustration of Camel hauling original train). Both of the original locomotives were supplied by Neath Abbey namely Camel and Elephant: both were 0-6-0s with 3ft 10in wheels. Former had 10½ x 20in cylinders; latter 12 x 24in. Photograph of one of original trains with locomotive. LSWR replaced with 5ft driving wheel 0-4-0s from Jones & Potts: Ajax and Atlas and later (with illus) Bodmin (Fletcher Jennings 0-4-0ST) and Jumbo (Manning Wardle 0-6-0ST). Also includes photographs of rolling stock (now in NRM)..

Anderson, Horace D. A further chapter of railway accidents. 125-30.
Collision at Pollokshaws station on 11 February 1899 due to defective signal locking mechanism; partial collapse of Cockett Tunnel due to mining subsidence on 18 June 1899;  Collisions in fog at Portobello Junction near Wolverhampton on 19 October, and another collison near Manchester Central station on 19 November. Further accidents caused by collapse of cuttins.

Heydeman, Harry. The Pretoria-Pietersburg Railway. 131-7.
Includes description of Beyer Peacock 4-6-0T for passenger work, and a 2-6-4T named President Kruger

Potter, G.W.J. The Whitby and Pickering Raiulway. 138-43.
Includes a gradient profile and account of original route which involved an inclined plane at Beck Hole.

Medcalf, J. Notable railway stations. No. 6. King's Cross. 144-51.
A rather sniffy account of its architecture: "but the clock tower and one or two other features are not what the dramatic critic would call 'convincing'". Portrait of Melson, the stationmaster. No mention of commuters, but emigrants, soldiers, tourists and milk traffic mentioned..

Walker, J. Ferguson. The Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railways: the shortest sea passage to Ireland. 153-62.
History of the harbours on both sides of the North Channel, including Portpatrick, Stranraer, Cairn Ryan (Cairnryan), Larne and Donaghadee and the involvement of the British Government in establishing routes for mail. In 1846 Captain George Evans recommended the Cairn Ryan to Larne route, but in spite of the very obvious difficulties (still clearly visible in 2007) of Portpatrick the short route to Donaghadee was pursued. In 1856 an Act was obtained for the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and in 1857 an Act was obtained for a Portpatrick Railway to extend beyond Castle Douglas (the Lancaster & Carlisle and Belfast & County Down Railways were empowered to subscribe to the latter). The Castle Douglas & Dumfries opened on 7 November 1860 and the line was extended to Stranraer in 1861. In 1862 the railway was extended from Carrickfergus to Larne. The Glasgow & South Western amalgamated with the Castle Douglas and Dumfries. The GSWR also reached Girvan. In 1867 the Government abandoned the Portpatrick to Donaghadee route. In 1870 an Act was obtained for the steeply graded Girvan & Portpatrick Junction Railway. This opened in October 1871 and was worked by the GSWR. The Wigtownshire Railway opened from Newton Stewart ro Whithorn and became part of the Portpatrick & Wigtownshire Railways purchased jointly by the Caledonian, GSWR, LNWR and Midland Railways in 1885 and was managed by William Cunning until 1894 when F.W. Hutchinson (portrait) took over. There is a map and a gradient profile.

Goodman, F. The Listowel and Ballybunion Railway. 163-8.
Lartigue monorail system ran on 3ft high trestles. Line opened in March 1888 and worked by three Hunslet 0-3-0Ts with twin boilers. Locomotive livery was dark green. Includes works photograph of one of locomotives. Notes visit by members of the International Railway Congress in 1895: party included F.B. Behr. Includes portrait of P. McCarthy, Manager of the line..

Wade, George A. What our railways pay in wages. 169-75.
Two sets of data are quoted: the total expenditure by British (presumably excluding Irish) railways on specific categories of staff; and the average wage per annum paid to these categories: ticket inspectors £60; stationmasters £75; booking clerks £60; inspectors £80; signalmen £65; guards £60; porters £45; platelayers £52; firemen £65 and drivers £130.

Whitechurch, Victor L. The British Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company at the Agricultural Hall Exhibition. 181-5.
Exhibits included the electro-magnetic brake; a full-size demonstration of a tramway conduit system, generating equipment and electric motors.

Timins, D.T. The railway exhibits at the Paris Exhibition. II–The British exhibits continued. 186-8.
Mainly an illustration of the NER 4-6-0 and notes on minor exhibits of models and photographs.

Pertinent paragraphs. 190-
J.F. Buckley resigned from chairmanship of Cambrian Railways
had been Chairman since 1886; replaced by A.C. Humphreys-Owen.
Presentation to Harry Pollitt. 191
Edward Chapman, Deputy Chairman GCR presented Pollitt with a beautifully engraved silver matchbox
Early journey on Liverpool and Manchester Railway. 191-2
Extracts from a journal kept by P.H. Rood during an excursion from London to the Lakes made in the summer of 1835. The journey was made first class (in a phaeton carried on a carriage truck on a mail train). The train was delayed by 40 minutes as the locomotive broke away from its train. Complained of oscillation, grinding and jarring (the latter on curves).

September 1900

Sekon, G.A. Illustrated interviews. No. 35–Mr. Henry J. Pryce, Locomotive Superintendent, North London Railway. 193-207.
Portrait and very brief biographical details of Pryce. Far more about the locomotives and Bow Works established in 1853. Locomotive construction at Bow started in 1863 with Adams' 4-4-0T No. 43 (illustrated). There were 1100 men in the locomotive department of whom 750 worked in the factory and offices. Pryce was also responsible for hydraulic pumps and for the cranes at Poplar Dock. There are illustrations of the Works interior, and of Pryce's office with its official photographs of locomotives lining one wall, and many leather-bound volumes in bookcases. Water softening apparatus had been installed at Poplar and at Broad Street. There is an illustration of a model of a Sharp Stewart (1855) 2-4-0T No. 17 (the model was kept at Bow Works).

Wade, George A. The horse department of a railway. 208-13.
The GNR employed 1000 horses at its King's Cross freight depot, plus a further 185 at the passenger station and 40 to haul omnibuses. Moscrop was in charge. The stables are illustrated.

Swindells, Ernest A. To Ladysmith by railway: a trip on the Natal Government Railway. 214-15.

The why and the wherefore. 216-
Chocolate and cream painted signal posts.
On NER's Central Division (Penrith to Darlington) intended to harmonize with colour used for station buildings

Cocks, Reginal H. Notable railway stations VII–Paddington. 225-31.
Includes a portrait of William Rowed, stationmaster; a plan; the exterior in 1845; the Royal Waiting Room; mention of the milk traffic, and Tim, the Royal station dog.

Bracewell, W. Hartley. Tourist travel in North Staffordshire from a railway point of view. 232-7.
Illustrations and leading dimensions of NSR 2-4-0 No. 54 John Bramley Moore and radial 0-6-2T No. 58; also third and first class tourist saloons, plus mention of tourist destinations, notably Trentham

The end of a locomotive. 238-41.
Three photographs of outside cylinder 0-6-0 or 0-6-0T and Crewe-type outside cylinder 2-4-0 or 4-4-0 being cut up for scrap with two-colour carriage in background. Does not state which railway, but possibly Caledonian Railway.

Potter, G.W.J. The Whitby and Pickering Raiulway. continued. 242-6.

Lowry, Ernest W. An Arctic Railway. 247-50.
Archangel to Moscow

Reynolds, Michael. An eminent locomotive engineer: the career of William Stroudley. 251-7.
Reynolds was the author of books about continuous brakes and about engine driving (both practical and anecdotal). He clearly influenced H.J. Campbell Cornwell. He mentions that whilst still at Peterborough the young Stroudley invented a re-railing ramp and developed a snowplough (before developing the latter still further on the Highland Railway. He also devised a shield and pinching screw for smokebox doors and a sliding door for fire holes. He argued that "owing to the condition of Mr Brown's health Mr Stroudley very soon had practically entire charge of building and repairing locomotives" at Cowlairs. He greatly improved the strength of draw-bars. Once on the LBSCR he sought to balance the valve gear to reduce wear on the slide valves; introduced one-piece casting for pairs of cylinders; introduced unshiftable eccentrics and preheated the boiler water by condensing the exhaust in the tanks. See also additional material on page 479 of this Volume..

Reid, J.A. Canine collectors in the cause of railway charity. 263-6.
Dogs collected for railway charities, notably orphanages: muts mentioned included London Jack, Basingstoke Jack, Southamton Gyp, Help (which ended up stuffed and placed in a glass case at Brighton station), and Tim of Paddington who was prsented with two Royal sovereigns by Queen Victoria and another one by the Prince of Wales.

Scott, W.J. Train running – summer of 1900. 267-72.

A high-speed electric railway. 274-7.
Detroit, Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor Railroad. A forty mile electric inter-urban tramway

A monster American locomotive. 278.
2-8-0 locomotive Bessemer built for the Pittsburgh, Bessemer & Lake Erie Raiilway with a total heating surface of 3805 ft2 and a grate area of 36.8 ft2.

Timins, D.T. The railway exhibits at the Paris Exhibition. III–The American and Canadian exhibits. 279-82.

October 1900

Cocks, Reginal H. Notable railway stations VIII–Temple Meads, Bristol. 289-95 + plate facing page
Run by a Joint Superintendent for the Midland and Great Western Railways: in 1900 this was C.W. Noble.

Scott, W.J. A new competitor. 296-306.
Travel opportunities opened up by the Great Central Railway. Page 305 illus of GWR train hauled by 2-4-0 No. 72 Exe at Leicester on train for Oxford via Banbury

Floyd, E.M. Electric signal locks. 308-13.
Authhor worked for Belfast & Northern Counties Railway

Hurst, E. The Clogher Valley (Light) Railway. 315-20
Map. Description of the line. Brief mention of its locomotives and rolling stock (some illuustrated)

Pearse, Ronald. The Mount Pilatus Railway. 321-4.

Kelly, Arthur. The Basingstoke and Alton Light Railway. 326-32.
Interesting for describing and illustrating the railway under construction: cement mixer driven by a portable steam engine; under bridge; deep cutting, embankment. Most of works were in chalk which illustrates well. Engineer: W.R. Galbraith. Contractor: J.T. Firbank. Gradient profile.

Rebus. Why Queensland adopted the 3 ft 6 in gauge. 333-9.
Queensland Government Railways

Eylot, George Skipton. The ethics of gravity applied to gradient railways. 342-7.
Refers to studies by Daniel Gooch and D.K. Clark on train resistance, and suggests some very far from practical gravity railways.

New six-wheeled coupled goods engine: South-Eastern and Chatham Railway. 348
Wainwright C class 0-6-0 with 5ft 2in coupled wheels and 18¾ x 26 in cylinders and a total heating surface of 1200 ft2

The why and the wherefore. 349-
LSWR locomotive No. 392. 352.
Locomotive purchased from Contractor (Relf) in July 1880. Originally Lady Portsmouth. Manning Wardle 0-6-0T (50/1862) with 3ft driving wheels.
Shed numbers LNWR. 354
Numbers affixed to back of cab: full list: 1, Camden; 2, Willesden; 3, Bletchley; 4, Nuneaton; 5, Northampton; 6, Bescot; 7, Netherfield and Colwick; 8, Rugby; 9, Walsall; 10, Ashton (Birmingham); 11, — 12, Burton; 13, Bushbury; 14, Stafford; 15, Crewe; 16, Longsight; 17, Farnley and Wortley; 18, Birkenhead; 19, Chester; 20, Huddersfield; 21, Bangor; 22, Holyhead; 23, Warrington; 24, Peasley Cross; 25, Spring's Branch (Wigan); 26, Edge Hill (Liverpool); 27, Preston; 28, Tebay; 29, Carlisle; 30, Shrewsbury; 31, Abergavenny; 32, Workington; 33, Swansea (Victoria Station); 34, Patricroft; 35, Speke Junction; and 36, Ordsall Lane.

Timins, D.T. The railway exhibits at the Paris Exhibition. III–The American and Canadian exhibits continued. 357-65.

Wade, George A. What a bank holiday means to London railways. 366-72.
Statistics of passengers and bicycles conveyed on August Bank Holiday: day trippers; extra trains; special excursions

The Cape of Good Hope Government Railways. 373-5.

Pertinent paragraphs. 377-81.
Falmouth: five hours from Paddington?
Record breaking run from Plymouth Docks following arrival of Deutschland caused editor to postulate Falmouth in just over five hours once cut-off lines opened and line through Cornwall doubled.

What the railways are doing. 382-4.
LNWR Spen Valley to open 1 October 1900.
New line: Leeds to Huddersfield
Record breaking run: Plymouth Docks to Paddinggton. 382-3
Arrival of record breaking Holland America line Deutschland on 10 September 1900 inspired GWR to run a special leaving Plymouth Docks at 04.32 and reaching Paddington at 09.12: 247 miles at an overall average of 52.8 mile/h. Motive power: 4-4-0 3351 Sedgemoor on first stage to Exeter; and 4-2-2s 3069 Earl of Chester to Bristol and 3014 Iron Duke thence to Paddington.
Eastleigh land acquired by LSWR. 383
NER luggage trucks. 383-4
The trucks (the term van was not used) were linked by hinged plates and folding iron gates to enable the guard to walk the length of the train. At junctions the trucks could be detached or attached to form through vehicles to convey the luggage forward.
Mallaig extension, West Highland Railway. 384
Inspection by NBR Board members and note that the civil engineering works nearly complete.

November 1900

Railway portrait gallery. Mr William Patrick. 385 + portrait on fp.
Born Strathaven in 1853. Educated at Hamilton Academy and St John's Grammar School in Hamilton. Worked in Hamilton Gasworks and when aged 15 joined the General Manager's office of the Caledonian Railway. Worked as a Parliamentary clerk. In 1889 became Assistant Traffic Superintendent; then Assistant General Manager in 1891 and General Manager from 1 February 1900. Lieutenant-Colonel in the Engineer & Railway Staff Corps.

French, H.V. Notable rail;way stations. IX. Carlisle Citadel. 386-94.
Station run by a Joint Station Committee: Secretary J. Thompson (Thomson in text) and Superintendent W. Haythornthwaite (portraits of both). Plan. Description of hectic activity during Railway Races of 1895 and of the mmore sedate passage of Royal Trains.

Bracewell, W. Hartley. World-famous trains. VI—The Midland Scotch Express. 395-9.

Wade, George A. The longest British railway tunnels. 401-7.
In 1900 there was one over four miles long (Severn); three in the next longest category (3-4 miles): [Dore and] Totley Tunnel, Woodhead Tunnel and what the writer calls the "Marsden Tunnel" (Standedge Tunnel). The Marsden portals are illustrated as is Marsden station. Other tunnel portals illustrated include Cowburn, Bramhope (extensive mention in text) and Sevenoaks. Box Tunnel is shown with what it would have looked like if not constructed for broad gauge.

Rees, J. The Port Talbot Railway. 409-15.
Includes a brief description of the railway and the docks; a map and a larger scale map of the dock lines in Port Talbot, plus details of locomotives: Sharp Stewart 2-4-2T No. 36 and American 0-8-2T No. 21 (both illlustrated). Gradient profile for the Llynvi and Gawr lines. Maesteg station and Lletty-Brongu viaduct illustrated.

Gwennet, W. Gunn. Artistic railway posters. 416-23.
Illustrated (to a higher standard of printing than normal at the time) by black & white reproductions of work by Lewis Baumer for the Midland Railway; poster advertising Bexhill-on-Sea (LBSCR) by Gunn Gwennet; posters by Tanconville and by Hugo D'Alesi for PLM and erotic Art-Nouveau poster by Privat-Livemont. Author makes a plea for a more artistic display of posters citing the clutter on Underground stations.

New Highland Railwy locomotives. 424. illus., diagr. (s. el.)
Peter Drummond Castle class

The why and the wherefore. 425-
GWR train at Leicester Great Central Railway.
See phototograph page 305: 2-4-0 No. 72 Exe on train for Oxford via Banbury.
Size of domes.
Reader wished to know why some locomotives had large domes whereas LYR 1400 class had small domes: reason stated to produce drier steam..
Running powers. 425-6
Cited Midland Railway's presence at Hereford (reached from Malvern via GWR) and LSWR at Exeter and Plymouth (where GWR traversed): payments routed via Railway Clearing House.
Tooting, Merton and Wimbledon Railway. 426
Owned LBSCR and LSWR
Tulse Hill to Herne Hill
Constructed and owned by LSWR as LCDR lacked finance to construct
West and Grimsby Railway, the Vale of Towy Railway and the Enderby Branch
West Riding and Grimsby was incorporated in 1862, to construct a railway between Wakefield snd Barnby-on-Don, and Doncaster, and various other branches. Vested in Great Northern and Great Central from 28 June 1867. The Vale of Towy was incorporated 10 July 10 1854, for line from Llandovery (Carmarthen) to Llandilofawr. In 1868 it was leased for 999 years to the Llanelly, the Knighton, the Central Wales, and the Central Wales Extension Railways. The LNWR ultimately became proprietors of the three last mentioned railways, and in 1889 the Great Western Railway took over the Llanelly: thus the LNWR and GWR became the leasees of the Vale of Towy Railway. The Enderby mineral branch is the joint property of the LNWR and the Midland, and is worked by the latter. The branch is from Narboro', on the Nuneaton and Leicester line.
Nottingham Suburban Railway Company. 427
Railway, about four miles long, from the Great Northern Railway, Nottingham to Daybrook, worked by the GNR which guarantees an income of £8,750 per annum, and also £300 per annum for expenses. It opened on 2 December 1889. .
Carriage livery on some London, Brighton and South Coast Railway trains
Some time ago, a LBSCR first-class carriage (No. 539) was painted with dark-green main panels and light-green upper panels, as an experiment.
Meaning of word "Limited"
When first introduced meant to indicate accommodation was limited, but in most cases merely an euphonism.
Widening: Adiwick to Manchester (London Road)
LNWR had obtained powers to widen the line
Liveries: carriages and engines of Irish railway companies
Great Northern Railway; locomotives, dark green; carriages, main line, oak; branch lines, purple brown. Great Southern and Western Railway: Locomotives, olive green; carriages, dark chocolate , but new tints — red & cream being introduced.
Stanmore branch and GCR approach to Marylebone
The Harrow and Stanmore Railway is an independent company, although worked and 'maintained by the London and North-Western Railway. Mr. F. Gordon is the chairman and principal proprietor of the railway. (2) The lines provided by the Metropolitan Railway for the use of the Great Central Railway from Harrow to Finch1ey Road run parallel with the main line. The continuation to Marylebone is property of the Great Central Railway) is not quite side by side.
Hackworth's Sanspariel No.2 (question from J.S. MacLean)
Locomotive bought by the York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway in 1855, then numbered 135. Previous to Sanspariel No.2 Hackworth built twenty express engines for LBSCR similar in construction to it, except the boilers were rivetted and they had common slide valves.
North British six-coupled tank goods engine, No. 801. 429
NBR have under construction forty tank engines of the class which you saw passing Piershill Station. They are intended for working short distance goods and mineral trains. Cylinders, 17in. by 26in.; wheels, 4ft. 6in. diameter; 1501b. steam pressure. NBR duplicate engines formerly numbered from 801 upwards, but, as the company has been adding considerably to its stock of locomotives during the last few years, 801 has now. been reached with the regular stock, and the duplicate engines' are numbered from 1001 on.

Fairman, John. A pilgrims' railway. 430-5
Quebec and St. Joachim Railway on north bank of St. Lawrence River in Canada conveyed pilgrims to St Anne's Church whhere many miracles have taken place.

Cooke, H.C. How to obviate the Cannon Street complication. 437-40.

Stokes, Gilbert. How fog-signals are made. 458-64.
Earliest mention claimed to be LNWR Book of Rules of 1847. Description of works (factory) owned by Thomas Jenkins & Co. of Birmingham. Many illus. Women were employed on stamping and in soldering. Filling with explosive was performed in huts.

Beddoes, W. The Waterford, Limerick and Western Railway. 465-72.
Map and gradient profile.

What the railways are doing. 473-6
Caledonian Railway locomotives
171 of the 0-6-0 freight engines "are fitted" with the steam brake and 122 0-6-0s had been fitted with Wesdtinghouse brake to enable them to be used to haul passenger trains. Locomotives fitted with condensing apparatus to work the Glasgow Central (Underground) Railway were: passenger tank engines: Nos. 1-12; 19-28; 92-103 and 152-166. 0-6-0Ts Nos. 29; 203-210, and 0-6-0s 583-587. All were also fitted with Westingghouse brake
Highland Railway/Great North of Scotland Railway working agreement
Comment suggested that comparable with SECR agreement
Stroudley's contribution. 479
Anonymous contributor added the following inventions to those considered by Reynolds on page 251: speed indicators, which in his time were fitted to all his locomotives; and his electric alarm, which gives adequate communication between the passengers and the guard and driver. All larger engines were reversed. by an ingenious and simple arrangement employing compressed air from the Westinghouse brake. Thanks to his pupil, Dugald Drummond, Stroudley left his individual mark on the Highland, Caledonian, North British, and the London and South-Western Railways (as well as on the London, Brighton and. South Coast Railway). The characteristics include the cab with one steel pillar; general arrangement of boiler mountings, notably the regulator handle without the external quadrant, the stops being where they should be — cast on the regulator itself; the fire-door with its cast-iron tray and deflector plate worked by a lever and ratchet; and the duplicate gauge glasses. The outside angle of the footplate and neat buffers are another point of family reseniblance.
Stroudley also always placed the driver on the left side of the foot-plate, which is no doubt the proper place, all signals being that side, and it being much easier to stop accurately as the engine runs along the platform. Even in the case of a tank engine going bunker in front, the view of the driver is much less obscured by the bunker than it would be by the whole length of the firebox and boiler. Another point which might be mentioned is that if anyone watches a guard on the Brighton line it is at once noticed how easily he gets into his van, and this is due to the fact that the door opens inwards, and so is out of the way as he gets on to the footboard; in addition the handles of the guard's van are 'set out' so as to give extra leverage should the door be shut.
Stroudley's low-note whistle is well known to users of the Brighton line, and is far reaching without upsetting the ears of those who have to hear it perforce.

December 1900

Midland Railway Morning Scotch Express. plate fp. 481
Folding colour plate based on oil-painting: Johnson sinle No. 2603 hauling clerestory carriages.

Illustrated interviews. No. 36. Mr John Audley Frederick Aspinall. [G.A. Sekon]. 481-93.
Article not actually signed by the Editor, although at the time Aspinall had just been made General Manager of the Company. There is some biographical material, but the bulk of the article is a richly illustrated account of the then recent Horwich Works including its Mechanics' Institute with a library of over 10,000 volumes (comparable with the National Trust's much vaunted library at Blickling in Norfolk). There was a small cottage hospital donated by one of the Directors. Some of the newer locomotives are described, but only two were illustrated 0-8-0 No. 500 and outside-cylinder 0-6-0T No. 1353. There are views of the erecting shop, boiler shop, steel foundry, telegraph shop, saw mill and carriage & wagon body shop.

Whitechurch, Victor. Notable railway stations. X— Victoria Station Nottingham. 494-500.
Includes a plan: more than anything else this feature shows the microscopic "intellect and predictive power" of the Conservative Party and people like Marples and Beeching: imagine if electric trains had been leaving for Leicester and London every half hour from its broad platforms in the heart of the City, instead of the city being served by a branch line down on the Trent flood plain.

Rous-Marten, Charles. A decade of expresses — British and foreign. 501-9.
Largely bemoans the lack of progress since the time of Foxwell and Farrer in the speed of British train services. The decline since the Railway Races of 1895 was especially marked.

Hopewell, York. How Jones discovered the murderer: a railway Christmas story. 512-19.

T.F.R. The pleasures of the dining car. 520-1.
As experienced on a Yarmouth train between Liverpool Street and Ipswich.

Stevens, W.J. What our railways earn. 528-33.
In transporting passengers (broken down by class), goods (freight), minerals and livestock.

Wade, George A. What race meetings mean to a railway. 534-8.
Earnings from carrying passengers to horse racing: mainly description of activity on LBSCR, especially to meetings at Epsom.

An old "Bury" locomotive. 539.
Probably one originally supplied to LBSCR and then acquired by Rhymney Iron Company.

Cochrane, R. The Edinburgh, Perth and Dundee Railway. 540-7.
Mainly a description of Scotland Street Tunnel which runs from near Edinburgh Waverley towards Granton. Includes a section of the tunnel (diagram) and noted that in 1900 tunnel was used for growing mushrooms.

The only "single" engine on the Waterford, Limerick and Western Railway. 547.
Kitson 2-2-2 which had been exhibited at the Dublin International Exhibition in 1865. It had 6ft driving wheels and 15 x 22in cylinders.

Heyderman, Henry. A railway incident in the Siege of Ladysmith. 548-9.
Attempt to use a locomotive to run into and derail a train operated by the Boers.

Redivivus, Beunel. How the South-Eastern and Chatham can be rejuvented. 550-2.

Ridge, W. Pett. The director's Christmas experiment. 553-9.

Pertinent paragraphs. 572-
Locomotive Engineering (American journal). 574
Responses to question in Locomotive Engineering," concerning the inventors of several major components of steam locomotive. The 'D' slide valve was invented by Matthew Murray, of Leeds; the blast pipe, in the chimney first used by William Hedley (The Puffing Billy); the link motion was invented by William Howe, a pattern-maker in the Stephenson Locomotive Works, Newcastle; and the steam whistle by Adrian Stevens of Merthyr: first steam whistle made from a piece of organ pipe, brought from London by a friend of the inventor.
Trains run for returning Boer War volunteers. 574-5
Trains conveying C.I.V.s from Southampton to London were hauled from Basingstoke to Paddington by Great Western Railway locomotives named: Pretoria, Roberts, Powerful (in commemoration of the Naval force at Ladysmith), and the fourth, containing invalids, was, in compliment to the American ladies who had sent out the hospital ship Maine.
Locomotive named Southport. 575.
Regarding the election of Mr. Marshall-Hall Q.C., as M.P. for Southport, a correspondent sent a newspaper cutting wherein Marshall-Hall stated :'l'he first coincidence happened just after he had been asked to stand. He was going a for a holiday and as the train steamed out of Liverpool Street he looked out of the window and,on another line of rails running in the same direction was an engine named Southport! As the express was passing Romford, he looked out of the window and saw a string of contractors' trucks, running parallel hauled by Southport, (big letters).

Volume 8 (1901 January-June)

January Issue

Great Eastern Railway express locomotive No. 1900 Claud Hamilton. facing page 1.
Coloured plate

Illustrated Interviews: No. 37. — Mr. William Frank Pettigrew, Locomotive Superinteudent, Furness Railway. 1-11. 14 illus. incl. port. and 2 drawings.
Includes a portrait of Pettigrew, notes experimental use of bogie wagons (one illustrated) for the coveyance of iron ore, the loss of a locomotive at Lindal on 22 September 1892 at Lindal, the then new 4-4-0 and 0-6-0 designs, and Pettigrew's responsibilty for steam yachts on Lakes Windermere and Coniston.

Bywell, E.M. Notable railway stations. XI — The Central Station, North-Eastern Railway, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 12-22. 8 illus. (incl. 2 ports.), 2 plans.
Includes portraits of J. Forsyth, District Superintendent, Northern Division and S. Holliday, Stationmaster.

Scott, W.J.  Plymouth as a railway centre. 23-9. 2 illus., 2 maps.
Mainly concerned with the then relatively recent arrival of the LSWR with its stations in Devonport (illustrated) and at Friary.

What the railways are doing. 30-2.
[Wainwright R1 0-4-4T]
Leading dimensions. Locomotives were fitted with condensing gear for operating over Metropolitan lines onto Midland and GNR lines.
[Great Western Railway Dean 2-6-0]
leading dimensions: illustration page 163.
[Reboilered single Worcester]. 31
7ft 8in single fitted with Camel-type boiler.

Tayler, H. Stanley. Some joys of railway travelling. 33-5.
"I can smoke, read (if my eyes are still good), eat, drink, or talk to my fellow travellers." Only the first is no longer possible.

Hartnell, H.W. The "intelligent foreigner" at Charing Cross Station [cartoon]. 36.

Nimrod. The Tay Bridge disaster. 36-43. 7 illus.
First to examine gap were Mr Smith stationmaster at Tay Bridge station and Mr Roberts district locomotive superintendent. Mail bags washed ashore at Broughty Ferry were further evidence of the disaster.  Barclay, signal man at St Fort and foreman surfaceman Watt were also aware that something had gone wrong. The Inquiry was led by Col. Yolland, Chief Inspector of Railways, W.H. Barlow President of the Institution of Civil Engineers and H.C. Rothery Commissioner of Wrecks. Illus.: original bridge (complete), wrecked bridge (drawing); Wheatley 4-4-0 No. 224 following removal from Tay; NBR watch recovered from body of Guard McBeath; tickets collected from passengers at St. Fort and mounted; restored No. 224 and "modern" Tay Bridge.

A.C.C. Turpin's ride to York — then and now [poem]. 43.

Henshaw, J.W. Railroad travelling in British Columbia. 44-53. 6 illus.
Canadian Pacific Railway route through the Kicking Horse Pass.

Types of passenger — "The unwilling one" [cartoon]. 53.
Attempt to load horse into horse-box.

Schloesser, H. and Napper, W.E. Railway goods depots: No. 5. — Marylebone Great Central Railway. 54-9. 7 illus.
The then new and "modern" freight handling terminus with its own power station; 25 ton hydraulic crane, electric overhead travelling crane and wharf on Regent's Canal.

Railway literature. 60-2.
The life of Sir John Fowler. Thomas Mackay. John Murray. G.A., Sekon.
Highly informative review, especially its observations on the limitations of the miltary railway inspectors.

Fowler's "Ghost". 63. diagr.
Diagram shows a broad gauge 2-2-2 fuelled by hot bricks.

Heydeman, Harry G. The Natal Government Railways and the Boer War. 64-9. 5 illus., table.

Brunel Redivivus. The Londonderry Railway.  70-5. 5 illus. (incl. port.), table.
Marquis of Londonderry owned Seaham Harbour and its associated railway (and judging by A1 motorway through County Durham most of that County).  The railway which was absorbed into the NER on 6 October 1900 had been started in 1828 by Charles William Stuart, the third marquis. Includes a list, with leading dimensions of the locomotives handed over to the NER, and a portrait of George Hardy, the Manager of the railway.

Hallthorpe. Enforcing the bye-laws [cartoon]. 76.

A "handsome" American locomotive, 83. illus.
Mother Hubbard 4-8-0 with cab above boiler on Chicago and Illinois Eastern Railroad.

Wade, George A. What season tickets mean to a railway. 84-9. 7 diagrs.

Hartnell, H.W. Railway speed [cartoon]. 96.

February Issue

North British Railway express locomotive No. 729. col. plate facing page 97
Holmes 4-4-0 in bronze livery. Alf Cooke printer

Illustrated interviews: No. 38. — Mr. Stephen Butler Cottrell, Engineer and General Manager, Liverpool Overhead Railway. 97-109. 8 illus. (incl. port.), 2 diagrs., map
Includes details of the automatic signalling and the engineering rerquired to fit the tunnel to Dingle alongside the Cheshire Lines Railway. Includes biography of Cottrell..

Floyd, Edward M. Electric "interference" on railway signalling. 110-12.
Source of stray electricity not in the Metropolis, but on the Belfast & Northern Counties Railway.

Scott, W.J.  Plymouth as a railway centre. 113-18. 3 illus., 2 tables.
LSWR approach over the Plymouth, Devonport and South West Junction Railway. lllus. include bridge over River Tavy, Devonport station (LSWR) and Mill Bay (GWR). Table shows comparitive train times over the two nroutes.

Newport Station, Isle of Wight Central Railway. 118. illus.

Hopewell, York. Some little-known railway stations. 119-24. 6 illus.
Includes Snow Hill, SECR (Holborn Viaduct); Borough Road (SECR); the Necropolis station at Waterloo; Waterloo Junction, and Gosport Station.

Timins, D.T. Destination boards. 125-34. 6 illus.
As applied to railway carriages.

Railway literature. 134-5.
Railway runs in three continents. J.T. Burton Alexanmder.
Fairly harsh review: Ottley 3876 states that seven of the 27 runs described were on British railways.

Dobbs, P. The amateur porter [cartoon]. 136.

Chambers, G.F. Some railway journeys in Portugal. 137-44. 8 illus.
Some State lines and some private lines including the Companhia Real main line from Lisbon to Oporto. Illus. include bridge over Douro at Oporto and English-built 0-6-0 and 2-4-0T (latter with outside cylinders.

Calder, J. Notable Railway Stations:  No. 12. — Queen Street (High and Low Level), Glasgow. 145-54. 9 illus. (incl. port.), plan.
Includes portrait of John Gilmour, Station Superintendent (with top hat). Source of two persistent stories: the Irishman bemused by the young lady asking at ticket window for Maryhill single, states Tim Fagan, married. Also gives source of quotation that "the traveller finds himself into an almost fairy place"; namely a guide-book by John Willox of 1842.

Rake, Herbert. Westward by the broad gauge: the construction of the Great Western Railway from Maidenhead to Bath. 155-63. 8 illus.
Opened to Twyford in July 1839, Reading on 30 March 1840; Steventon on 1 June 1840, Chippenham on 31 May 1841. This part concludes with the completion of Box Tunnel

No. 33 — the new type of mineral locomotive, Great Western Railway. 163. illus.
Dean 2-6-0: see also paragraph page 30.

Bennett, H. Douglas. The Royal Wuerttemberg State Railway. 164-70. 3 illus., diagr.
Part 2 page 213 A survey of the locomotives which included the D class compound 4-6-0, the Ac class mixed traffic 2-4-0 and the Serpollet steam railcar described as a motor car.

The Return of Earl Roberts. 170. illus.
LSWR 4-4-0 locomotive No. 300 with special train which regained time between Southampton and Basingstoke for handover to GWR 4-4-0 No. 3387 Roberts which regained further time between Basingstoke and Paddington.

Hartnell, H.W. Passenger types—"the idiotic one" [cartoon]. 175.

Goodman, F. How the railways deal with special classes of traffic. No.8. — Bedfordshire market-garden traffic. 176-81. 5 illus., map.
Mainly Great Northern Railway traffic from Biggleswade, although traffic handled at Potton on the LNWR is also mentioned.

What the railways are doing. 182-
[Duke of Portland sale of Troon Harbour to G&SWR]. 184.
[Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway]. 185
Sydney Woodley of Chesterfield circulated bond holders with suggestion aimed at removing railway from receivership. Editor suggested an azpproach to Furness Railway.
[Death of William Patrick]. 185
Died on 14 January 1901 from a heart attack. Portrait in November 1900.
[LSWR trial of pneumaticc aut omatic signalling]
General Manager announced trial of sytem at Grateley.

Pertinent paragraphs. 187-
[Death of Frederick G. Saunders]. 187
Secretary then Chairman of GWR died on 1 January 1901. Joined South Wales Railway as Assistant Secretary in March 1844, became Secretary-in-Chief in December 1849. When absorbed by GWR his uncle Charles Saunders retired and Frederick became Secretary of the GWR. In June 1886 he resigned as Secretary and joined the Board, becoming Chairman in October 1889. He retired in July 1895.
[Electrification of Metropolitan District Railway]. 188
Announcement by J.S. Forbes that railway would be elecctrified on the Ganz three-phase system.
[Laycock "either-side" railway wagon brake]. 189
Patented W.S. Laycock of Sheffield
{Central London Railway terminal loops]. 191
Parliamentary powers sought for teerminal loops under Old Broad Street and in Hammersmith. |
Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead (Electric) Railway. 191-2.
Seeking Parliamentary sanction for extensions to Golders Green, Highgate and to Victoria and to enter working agreements with the Central London Railway, Midland Railway, SECR and LBSCR.

March Issue

North Staffordshire Railway express locomotive No. 39. facing page 193
2-4-0 in dark red livery, designed by Luke Longbottom.

Illustrated interviews: No. 39. — Mr. Luke Longbottom, Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, North Staffordshire Railway. 193-202. 11 illus. (incl. port.).
In addition to describing his own career he noted the family's long links with engineering. He also mentioned previous engineers at the Stoke Works and the formation of the railway. He noted that tank engines appeared to be the most suitable motive power for most passenger and freight traffic.

Wade, Geoge A. The minor receipts of railway companies. 203-8. 6 diagrs.
The major contributor was the conveyance of Mail: the LNWR earned the most from this source. Other sources of income included excess baggage..

London and North-western Railway Widows and Orphans Fund. 209-11.

Types of railway passengers – season ticket holders [cartoon]. 212.

Bennett, H. Douglas. The Royal Wuerttemberg State Railway. 213-17. 4 illus., 3 tables.
Began on page 164.

Wyn, T.O. A study in (railway) natural history: the "Twopenny Tube" [poem]. 218.

Stoker, Gilbert J. Locomotive water supply: Ramsbottom's pick-up apparatus. 219-25. 3 illus. (incl. port.), 4 diagrs.
The troughs were originally made from cast iron in 6 foot lengths and were sealed with vulcanized rubber, but Webb made them from steel in a single length. Ice ploughs were used to clear the troughs from ice: in the USA steam was admitted to prevent freezing. At that time the Midland Railway did not use troughs.

A new form of workmen's weekly ticket. 226-7. illus.
Issued by the North Eastern Railway.

Clarke, F.J. The early history of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway. 228-35. 6 illus.
History of the development of the railway under John Chapman, G.T. Clark and Henry Conybeare. The railway was constructed under the authority of the East India Company and began in Bombay. One major civil engineering was the ascent of Bhor Ghat which required reversing stations, steep gradients and 0-8-0STs.

Types of railway passenger – the clumsy one [cartoon]. 235.

A.B.S. A knight of the footplate [poem]. 236.

Timins, D.T. The extension of the.Orleans Railway from the Quai d'Austerlitz to the Quai d'Orssay, Paris. 243-52. 5 illus., plan.

Hartnell, H.W. Habitues of railway stations: the one who knows all about the locomotives. [cartoon]. 253.

The new General Manager of the Caledonian Railway. 254-5. illus. (port.).
Robert Millar (born in Stirling in 1850).

E.M.B. An effective wagon tilt. 256-9. 5 illus.
Invention of J. Tilley of North Shields as applied to North Eastern Railway wagon No. 27137.

Brunel Redivivus. The Funeral of Queen Victoria. 260-3. 4 illus.
Journey of the courtege on 2 February involved the LSWR from Gosport, the LBSCR from Fareham where Sirdar class No. 54 Empress took over the train for the journey to Victoria; and on Sunday 3 February from Paddington to Windsor was hauled by Atbara 4-4-0 No. 3373 Royal Sovereign. (both main locomotives shown in decorated condition)

Stilus, N.E. In Memoriamn — Victoria [poem]. 264.

Cocks, Reginald H. Notable railway stations. XXX — Snow Hill, Birmingham. 265-71. 5 illus., plan.
Very intensive train services which included strong competition for the London traffic. There was a breakfast car corridor train to Paddington. Perishable traffic included 3 to 4 tons of flowers from the Scilly Isles, mackeral from Penzance and 10 tons of rabbits. Illustrations include Stationmaster H. Herring ( portrait); Dash the railway dog who collected for charity; and the voluntary fire brigade.

Matthews, Thomas J. A club on wheels: the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Club Train. 272-7.  4 illus.
Three club cars were provided which ran up to Manchester Victoria on trains leaving Lytham, St Anne's and Blackpool between 07.00 and 08.00, but all three returned on the 17.10 express. Although the text refers to bogie saloons the exterior view illustrated appears to show a six-wheeel vehicle. The club was organized by the Lytham, St. Anne's & Blackppol Travelling Club under its President, Harold Bowman and Secretary, C.R. Hardman. The Railway Comapny provided the vehicles and an attendant who provided teetotal refreshments. The interiors show buttoned leather.

Hartnell, H.W.  "Home rails dull". [cartoon]. 283.

April Issue

Cambrian Railways Engine, No. 81: colour plate. facing page 289.

Illustrated interviews: No. 40. — Mr. Herbert Edward Jones, Locomotive, Carriage and Wagon Superintendent, Cambrian Railways. 289-99. 10 illus., 2 diagrs., plan.
Alex Walker was the first Locomotive Superintendent of the amalgamated railway and he was replaced by Aston who died on 26 February 1901 Jones was his successor. At the time of the interview the Welshpool & Llanfair and Tanat Valley Railways were still uner construction and an electric railway was envisaged to run from Pwllheli to Nevin. There were lavatory corridor carriages for use on the through carriages to London (both Euston and Paddington) and to Manchester and Liverpool. Th stock included 88 locomotives, 282 carriages and over 2000 wagons. Jones claimed that locomotive names could lead to confusion and were difficult to pronounce!.

[Webb LNWR Jubilee class four-cylinder compound locomotives]. 299. 2 illus.
Illustrations of 4-4-0s Nos. 1501 Jubilee with double chimney and No. 1905 Black Diamond with single chimney.

Railway portrait gallery: Mr. William Fulton Jackson, General Manager, North British Railway. 300-1. illus. (port.)
Born Glasgow on 12 November 1855. Appointed General Manager in 1899; previously Rating Agent. Gave evidence for the Scottish railway companies to the Royal Commission on Rating and Valuation..

Husband, Fred J. The "Greater" Western Railway. 302-13. 5 illus., 4 maps, table.
New railway construction being undertaken by the GWR, begining with Stert to Westbury cut-off, and including most of the lines completed in the first decade of the twentieth century plus some lines which failed to materialise: Jordanston to St. David's; Pewsey to Upavon; Salisbury to Durrington; and Windsor to Ascot.

Stilus, N.E. The foot-warmer — a lament [poem]. 314.

Shepstone, Harold J. Mount Lowe and its railway. 315-20. 8 illus.
A mountain-climbing electric tramway and cable incline conveyed passerngers in the Los County in California from Altadena, north of Pasadena to the summit of Echo Mountain.

Fairman, John. World-famous trains: No.7 — The Alton, Limited, U.S.A. 321-6. 8 illus., map, 2 tables.
Chicago & Alton Railway.

Cocks, Reginald H. Some decorated locomotives. 328-33. 5 illus.
GWR broad gauge Lord of the Isles decorated to celebrate Declaration of Peace at end of the Crimean War; LBSCR 0-4-2 No. 188 Allen Sarle decorated for the Stationmasters' excursion; GER No. 714 decorated for Queen Victoria's Jubilee; Duke and Duchess of York's Royal special on the Belfast & County Down Railway hauled by decorated 2-4-0; City Imperial Volunteers, including that of Earl Roberts (illustrated GWR Roberts hauling LSWR stock en route from Basingstoke to Paddington).

MacFarlane, Harold. Original ways of railway travelling. 334-7. 4 illus.
Unconventional methods, mainly to avoid payment, but once by accident like the Danish Consul who survived the journey from Finsbury Park to Peterborough on the foorboard, and one railway employee who survived a journey under the coach on which he was working. Fare evasion included travellers on buffers and one on the roof (the fortunate survivor was arrested at Preston).

Stevens, W.J. Electricity v. steam for "underground" railways. 338-44. 3 diagrs., 4 tables.
The differences between the Metropolitan Railway and the Metropolitan District Railway. Also noted the success of the Central London Railway.

Hartnell, H.W.  Railway racing [cartoon]. 345.

Wade, Geoge A. What "accidents" cost the railway companies. 346-51. 4 diagrs.
Comparison of costs involved by the railways: the LNWR was involved in a high level of recompense for damage to freight (probably because of the high volume conveyed) and the LBSCR for high claims from passengers (probably because of their perceived high value).

Darling's Patent automatic railway coupling. 352-4. 2 diagrs/

A prosperous American electric railway, 367-70. 4 illus.
Newburgh near New York.

What the railways are doing. 371-5.
{Seaham & Sunderland Railway sale to NER]. 371.
NER paid the Marquis of Londonderry £387,020 for the line and £12,980 for the locomotives and rolling stock.

Hartnell, H.W.  An Easter holiday-maker of the nineteenth century [cartoon]. 376.
Passenger throwing beer bottle out of the window.

Pertinent paragraphs. 377-
Changes at Swindon. 378
H.G. Wright promoted to Assistant Manager Swindon Works in succession to G.J. Churchward who became Assistant Locomotive Carriage & Wagon Superintendent to William Dean.

May Issue (1901)

Midland Railway express locomotive "Princess of Wales" No. 2601. facing page 385 
Johnson 4-2-2

Illustrated Interviews: No. 41. — Mr. David Hunter, C.M.G., General Manager, Natal Government Railways. 385-99. 12 illus. (imcl. 5 ports.), diagr., 4 tables.
Includes biographical information about David Hunter, James McAlpine Hunter (Assistant GM), John Shores (Engineer-in-Chief)  and G.W. Reid, the Locomotive Superintendent. who was responsible for some large tank engines, including 4-8-2T and 4-10-2T designs, supplied by Dubs & Co. of Glasgow: the leading dimensions of these and smaller 4-6-0T and 2-6-0T designs supplied by Kitson, Stephenson and Beyer Peacock are tabulated. The effects of the Boer War upon traffic are considered at length.

Timins, D.T. The Mallaig Extension of the West Highland Railway. 400-10. 8 illus., diagr., amp.
Written to celebrate the opening; many of the illustrations show the line under construction including the extensive use of mass concrte cast in situ.. The contractor was Robert McAlpine & Son of Glasgow and the Engineers were Simpson & Wilson, also of Glasgow. The route was planned to include two tunnels, but eleven were needed. The rock was extremely hard. The works began with a swing bridge across the Caledonian Canal and included te Glenfinnan Viaduct. At Loch Ailort "the railway has been specially laid out at this point with the object of enabling travelers to obtain the best possible view of the wild and splendis scenery", The viaducts at Loch-Nan-Uamh and Morar are shown under construction.

Death of the railway king [Sir Edward William Watkin]. 411-16. illus. (port).
Calls him the "Railway Czar" in the text.

Fairman, John. World-famous trains: No.8 — The Pennsylvania, Limited, U.S.A. 417-24. 8 illus., diagr., 2 tables.

Houghton, John W.  The seaside excursion [cartoon]. 425.

Phillp, S.M. The use of our railways in the event of invasion or war. 426-37. 5 illus.
Several of the photographs show the armoured train operated by the 1st Sussex Artillery Volunteers in service on the London Brighton & South Coast Railway (LBSCR). Another photograph shows horses and stores being loaded at Southampton Docks en route to South Africa. Text cites paper by Sir George Findlay published in the United Service Magazine in April 1892; also notes Lord Roberts' criticisim of the restricted nature of the single-track Cape Town to Pretoria main line.

Coldrick, Lascelles. The "Neigh" of the "Iron Horse" [poem]. 438.

Fry, H.W. A railway of Brazil — the Sao Paulo Railway. 439-48. 8 illus., diagr., map.
The 1000-2000 feet high sharp escarpment, the Serro do Mar, formed a severe barrier for railways between the port of Santos and the coffee-growing hinterland around Sao Paulo and the railway up the escarpment involved stationery engines, cable working and reversing stations. Otherwise normal motive power was used. The illustrations include the incline, Sharp Stewart 4-4-0 and 2-8-0 locomotives and the engine sheds at Lapa. 

Rous-Marten, Charles. What Mr. Webb's compounds have done. 454-61. 4 illus.
The author had virtually nothing good to write about the three-cylinder compounds, and there is almost a reluctance to accept that some good performances were achieved by the four-cylinder compouns, especially those of the Dreadnought Class. No. 510 Leviathan hauling the Irish Day Mail which stopped at Bletchley  managed to reach Rugby before time. No. 643 Raven hauling the 190 ton 10.00 Stottish express passed Tring in 30 minutes 17 seconds from Willesden and ran the 75½miles from Rugby to Crewe in 85 minutes, reching Crewe 4 minutes early in spite of operating delays en route. The down Perth day train hauled by No. 511 Achilles ran the 901/8 miles from Preston to Carlisle in 110 minutes 3 seconds.

Saint Mungo. Five minutes at Ferryhill Junction with our Late Queen. 462-7. 5 illus.
On Queen Victoria's southbound journeys from Balmoral (Ballater) to Windsor when motive power was changed from that of the Great North of Scotland Railway to the Caledonian Railway ordinary mortals were permitted to gaze upon the Queen Empress whilst two kettles were taken on board to permit her Majesty to enjoy fresh afternoon tea.

Lost to the railway museum: the last of Connor's 8ft. 2in. singles scrapped. 474-5. 2 illus.
No. 1228, formerly No. 115A of the Caledonian Railway.

Hartnell, H.W. What does "onward" mean? [cartoon]. 480.
Comment on the de Glehn four-cylinder compounds.

June Issue (1901)

Great Southern and Western Railway express locomotive, No. 301. facing page 481
Coey 4-4-0 named Victoria: black livery

Matthews, Thomas J. Notable railway stations. XIV. Victoria, Manchester. 481-90. 8 illus. (incl. port), plan.
J.H. Sedgwick was the Station Superintendent. The overhead electric parcels transporter is illustrated.

The Golden Valley Railway. 491-5. 4 illus., diagr. (gradient profile), map.
Linked Pontrilas Junction with Hay.

Phillp, S.M. Some cross-crountry train services of the London and North-Western Railway. 496-501. 3 illus., map
Mainly on the North and West route, and what has become the Trans Pennine route to Newcastle, Scarborough and Hull. Also services from Birmingham to the East Coast at Yarmouth and Harwich, and over the Central Wales line to Swansea and to Tenby.

Hartnell, H.W. The M(onhoe) D(octrine) Railway. [cartoon].  502.
Play upon Metropolitan District Railway and its relationship with the Metropolitan Railway concerning electrification.

Scott, W.J. London-suburban train services. 503-10. illus., map, plan.
"Suburban" required definition: on the Midland Railway suburban services operated to Bedford, whereas the LBSCR considered its service to Brighton to be "main line". The Great Northern Railway services are considered herein and were restricted to those terminating at Potters Bar. There is a plan of the junction at Finsbury Park. One of the 4-4-2Ts is illustrated.

Railway literature. 511-12.
"Should our railways be nationalised?".
Pamphlet by William Cunningham (Ottley 4460: several editions, presumably 2nd published in Dunfermiline in 1901). The reviewer noted many historical inaccuracies, notably Brunel's involvement in the Great Eastern Railway. Cunningham claimed that nationalisation would eliminate duplicates stations: this is derided by the reviewer, but Beeching was eventually successful in closing most duplicate fascilities.
Railway medals and tokens. Mr. G.H. Potter.
Ottley 7439 (assuming that Ottley is correct should have been G.W. Potter), published by the Railway Club. Reviewer noted several errors and was critical of reproduction of illustrations.

Wade, G.A. Special trains on railways — what they cost, who use them, and why. 513-18. 3 illus., 2 diagrs.
Some special trains carried distinctive headlamp codes.

The West Australian Railways. 519-22.
R.B. Campbell, Locomotive Engineer's departure had been accompanied by srikes. He was replaced by Thomas F. Rotheram. There were both locomotive and water problems

Peters, M. The passing of steam [poem]. 522.

Hartnell, H.W. Types of railway passengers — cyclists [cartoon]. 523.

The Weston and Clevedon Light Railway. 524-9. 9 illus.
E.R. Wintour was the General Manager and former Furness Railway 2-2-2Ts Clevedon (illustrated) and Weston formed part of the motive power.

Cocks, Reginald H. A unique railway carriage window pane. 530-4. 6 illus.
Royal Saloon used in Denmark in which many European royalty had engraved their names on the window glass.

The first iron railway bridge. 534. illus.
Stockton & Darlington Railway bridge over the River Gaundless at West Auckland, erected in 1823 by T. Storey.

Stoker, G.J. Claims: the ethics of compensation for personal injury. 535-46. 8 illus.

Railway station in a wood.  547. illus.
Orwell station on the Felixstowe branch of the Great Eastern Railway.

Timins, D.T. The railway exhibits at the Glasgow Exhibition. 1, Locomotives and models. 554-8. 4 illus.,
Full-size exhibits included a Johnson MR 4-4-0 No. 2591 constructed by Neilson Reid and a Drummond LSWR 4-4-0 No. 773 constructed by Dübs. Also caustic comment about the Glasgow subway and tramway systems..

Modern types of British locomotives, 559-64. 4 illus.
The four illustrations are accompanied by extended captions. These cover a Wilson Worsdell 4-6-0  No. 2111; an Ivatt 0-8-0 No. 401, a Johnson 4-4-0 (No. 2608 illustrated: combined Belpaire firebox with large bogie tender) and Caledonian Railway  McIntosh 4-4-0 No. 901..

Houghton, John W. Railway nuisances — the Schoolboy [cartoon]. 569.
Incorrectly attribuited to Hartnell in Contents listing.

Pertinent paragraphs. 570-6.
To the Isle of Wight by rail. 572-3.
Proposed 2¼ mile tunnel which would have left the Lymington branch near Sway and emerged near Freshwater station. Electric traction might have been used to overcome the 1 in 40 gradients.

Volume 10 (1902 January-June)

Taff Vale Railway 0-6-2T No. 191. facing page 1.
colour frontispiece

Illustrated interviews. No. 44. Mr Tom Hurry Riches. G.A. Sekon. 1-11.
On slack days TVR had 50 engines in steam; on busy days, 170. Table shows main classes: A 0-6-0 few remaining; K class 0-6-0 85 in stock. 0-6-2Ts: M (41); O1 (30); O2 (9) and U1 (15). Coaching stock lit by Pintsch gas system; footwarmers; limited area available for locomotive repairs or for carriage & wagon work; domes enable a higher water level without wet steam; inside cylinders produce steadier engines than those fitted with outside cylinders. More from this source: Riches.

Some account of the London and North Western Railway working time-book and its compilation. J. Mallinson. 12-22.
Several pictures of McCorquodale & Co.'s works and facsimiles of timetables.

The Managership of the Great Central Railway. 23-5.
Notes on Sir William Pollitt and on Sam Fay.

British locomotive practice and performance. No. V. Charles Rous-Marten. 26-32.

The present position of the New Zealand Railways. 33-8.

Stations that are given to railways. George A. Wade. 39-44.
St. Margarets, LSWR: developer contributed £1000; Hither Green, SER: Mr Cameron Corbett of the St Germain's Estate improved the access; Linford, LTSR (planned station at 28 miles from Fenchurch Street): Messrs Shencer, Santo & Co. intended to develop housing for clerks to rent at £15 to £35 p.a.;  Strawberry Hill, LSWR: gift from Sir Thomas Freake; Kent House, LCDR, Cator family involvement.

The manufacture of "regulation" railway wagon wheels and axles. "AC". 45-9.
6 diagrams

The tail of the Cornwall Railway: Falmouth branch, GWR. L.H. Kirkness. 50-5.
map, gradient profile. Illus.: Penryn station, College Wood viaduct, 10.45 am up express hauled by Sedgemoor.

The Royal Train of the Canadian Pacific Railway. 56-66.

Signalling and interlocking: its growth and development. Part II. "Semaphore". 67-74.
Highly condensed. Power systems: all electric and pneumatic, includes Crewe system and involvement of Westinghouse

New express passenger engine, Great Central Railway. 74.
4-4-0 No. 1017

The world's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 79-81.
Considered the proceedings of the Arbitration Commission to decide the electrification system for the Inner Circle, especially the Hungarian Ganz system as advoated by the Metropolitan Railway and promoted by Colomon von Kando. The article also considers the advantages of the Yerkes system advanced by the District Railway, the proposed tube railway for Manchester to be a provide a circular service linking the major stations, and the London to Brighton high speed railway.

The Wrington Vale Light Railway. 82-5.
Opened 4 December 1901. map. timetable. Illus.: train hauled by 2-4-0T, Congresbury, Wrington and Blagdon stations.

Highland Railway express locomotive No. 140 [Taymouth Castle]. facing page 97
Colour plate

Illustrated interviews. No. 45 - Mr Peter Drummond. 97-107.
See Drummond entry in Engineers. 16 illus. including portrait. It should be noted that feature also describes the Lochgorm Works at Inverness in some detail.

British locomotive practice and performance. No. VI. Charles Rous-Marten. 108-15.
Considers the conversion of tender locomotives into tank engines and vice versa

The world's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 116-23.
Tubes, especially CLR, LCC tramways and Charles T. Yerkes.

A snowstorm in Derbyshire. 124.
12 - 15 December December 1901 blocked theBuxton to Ashbourne line of the LNWR.

The railways of Cuba.. 129-35.

The protection of engine drivers. 136-7.
Winn's patent water gauge and safety covering.

Some conceits of TransAtlantic railways. C. Willoughby. 138-43.
A somewhat light-hearted look at some railroad titles adopted in North America, and some of the devices associated with them.

The Bristol and Exeter Railway. Herbert Rake. 144-52.
Royal Assent 19 May 1836; reached Bridgwater 13 June 1841; Taunton 1 June 1842 and Exeter 1 May 1844. Whiteball Tunnel 1095 yards. Also describes other lines constructed by, or in asociation with, B&ER, notably Weston-super-Mare loop, Clevedon branch, Somerset Central (leased, but then acquired S&DR), Cheddar Valley Railway (originally S&DR) and Taunton & Chard. Absorbed into GWR in 1876. Notes on locomotives and rolling stock.

14,500 miles of express work on the Midland Railway. "Scrutator". 153-8.
3 tables and 4 illus, including US 2-6-0 on freight at Welsh Harp

A rebuilt locomotive. 158.
Illustration of Sharp 2-2-2T with cistern acting as tank, provided by J.W. Boulton for construction of High Barnet branch.

The present position of the New Zealand Railways. 159-63.
Statistics of traffic growth.

Notable railway stations. No. 13. St Enoch, Glasgow. Smellie Tarbet. 164-74.
Portrait of the Superintendent: H. Smith. Opened by Prince & Princess of Wales on 17 October 1876 (who had arrived from Renfrew). Completed in 1879, and enlarged under powers of 1898. Plan. Hotel with 200 beds. 26 arrivals between 8.25 and 9.25. Electro-mechanical signalling. Services to Coast with steamer connexions. Golfers. Anglo-Scottish services. 15 million passengers per annum. Head office of GSWR.

Westport to Achill by Midland Great Western Railway. T.J. Goodlake. 175-82.
Map, gradient profile; 8 illus.: including when very new: shore of Blacksod Bay, Achill station, Newport station, Mallaranny Hotel and locomotives: Leopard (0-6-0), Alert (2-4-0) and Fanny (2-2-2T).

A Japanese contemporary. 183.
Reproduction of title page from The Railway Times [of Japan]

London Tilbury and Southend Railway express locomotive, No. 51. facing page 193
Colour plate

British locomotive practice and performance. No. VII. Charles Rous-Marten. 193-202.
Considers the further conversion of tank engines into tender locomotives, notably the reboilering of the 3201 and 3501 classes on the GWR.; also the concept of mixed traffic locomotives.

Useful—but scarecly ornamental. 202.
Illustration of No. 590 of the Central Railroad of New Jersey: a 4-4-2 which was claimed to be the heaviest passenger locomotive yet built.

The world's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 203-9.
Trams worlwide. Chelsea (Lotts Road) generating station

Railway portrait gallery. Mr Charles Leonard Conacher, General Manager, Isle of Wight Central, etc Railways. 210-11.
Portrait. Had come to position via Cambrian Railways, various managerial positions on GNR, as Secretary of the London & South Wales Railway, following the collapse of which he returned to the GNR. Had held position since 1896.

Another "battle of the brakes". 212-19.
Quick release vacuum and Westinghouse improvements.

The railways of Cuba. 225-31.

Dairy produce on the railways. George A. Wade. 232-7.
Liquid milk in churns and butter and cheese (including imports of latter).

The English and American types of railway wagons compared. Ac. 238-43.
Includes some statistics of freight carried, and the wagon stock Private-owner and railway-owned at the beginning of the twentieth century and the consideration of larger capacity vehicles.

Extensive development of the Pennsylvania Railway. 244-6.

The South Wales and Bristol Direct Railway: the new main line of the Great Western Railway. Frederick J. Husband. 247-54.
Map, gradient profile, illustrations of Sodbury Tunnel and Winterbourne and Somerford Viaducts under construction.

Some conceits of Transatlantic railways. 255-9.
Some of the devices illustrated survived for a long time, usually with some simplication, such as the circular device associated with the Northern Pacific.

Power signalling. 260-1
Chronology: Bianchi and Servattaz hydraulic about 1886; Siemens and Halske electric about 1894; Webb and Thompson electric 1899-1901; Westinghouse hydro-pneumatic 1884-1891

The opening of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. G.J. Stoker. 262-75.
Facsimile illustrations: estimated cost, signed George Stephenson, share certificate, share transfer, opening tickets, timetable (not very well reproduced).

New six-coupled tank engine. Hull, Barnsley and West Riding Railway. 275
0-6-2T No. 103.

Great Central Railway engine No. 1017. facing page 289.
Colour plate

Illustrated interview. No. 46. Mr John George Robinson. 289-99.
Very brief historical sketch of the GCR; less brief survey of locomotive development thereon (Robinson had not long been appointed – in June 1900); covers mainly Pollitt designs. Line drawings of 4-4-2T, 0-8-0 and 4-6-0. Illustrations of Gorton workshops.

British locomotive practice and performance. No. VIII. Charles Rous-Marten. 300-6.
Notes the arrival of Dean's 4-6-0 express engine.

Record Royal railway runs. Brunel Redivivus. 307-11.
Visit by King & Queen to Kingswear for Dartmouth on 7 March and their return from Plymouth on 10 March 1902. Both journeys were performed non-stop and were hauled by Atbara class 3374 Britannia alias Baden-Powell. The journeys were made via Bristol and the line along the coast at Dawlish was still single.

The World's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 312-18.
Problems of vibration from the locomotives of the Central London Railway; problems of high voltage electrification

The Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway. A. Vale. 321-32.
Metre gauge line with very steep gradients

The South Wales and Bristol Direct Railway: the new main line of the Great Western Railway. No. 2. Frederick J. Husband. 333-9.
Advantages of shorter faster route. Contractors: S. Pearson. 17 Ruston & Proctor steam navviesIllustrations taken of line under constructin: entrance to Sodbury Tunnel, or recently completed – overbridge between Coal Pit Heath and Chipping Sodbury; steam navvy at work; Hackford Viaduct nearing completion, Winterbourne Viaduct as completed.

The Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway. H. Fayle. 340-5.
Written to celebrate the opening of the Poulaphouca (Pool of the Fairy) extension: the line formed an end-on extension of the tramway which had opened in 1887 to connect the City of Dublin tramways at Terenure with Blessington. The service was remarkably infrequent. Mr Guilfoyle was the Locomotive Superintendent. Tramway locomotives illustrated: No. 6 – 0-4-0T built at Falcon Engineering Works in Loughborough (Nos. 1-5 were similar); 2-4-2T (Thomas Green & Co., Leeds); No. 8 (0-4-2T also Thomas Green) and No. 9 (2-4-2T from Brush Electrical Engineering). Map.

The trials of an engine-driver abroad. India: the native "oiler". George Cecil. 346-7.
Contempt of the colonial sort for the indigenous work force.

A lengthy railway journey. Harold Macfarlane. 348-55.
Statistical analysis of passenger and freight traffic.making spurious comparisons with "butter mountains" and similar comparitors.

Some types of bridges on the Trans-Siberian Railway. L. Lodian. 356-62.

A London and North Western Railway locomotive and rolling stock in the United States. Brunel Rejuvivus. 363-8.
Exhibition of Webb compound locomotive 2-2-2-2 Queen Empress, sleeping saloon and composite coach at Chicago International Exhibition in 1893. In November the locomotive worked from Chicago to New York via Cleveland and Buffalo.

Avonmouth: its railways and docks. John L. Dunk. 363-70.
New dock opened by Prince and Princess of Wales on 5 March 1902. plan of dock and railways.

Furness Railway engine No. 126. Alf Cooke. facing page 385.
May 1902: painted red.

An 80-year old locomotive still at work. 385-7.
Built by George Stephenson in 1822 and still at work on the Hetton Colliery Railway when photographed in 1900. G.A. Sekon (Editor) reported an interview reported in the Daily News of 4 April 1902 for the need for a national railway museum possible to be situated at Alexandra Palace.

London and North Western expresses durng 1901. R.E. Charlewood. 388-95.
Loads of eighteen and nineteen coaches were frequently taken successfully by the four-cylinder compounds on the southern section. Criticises the slowness of the Manchester to London services which took over four hours; the service to Birmingham was much better.

The World's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 396-44.
Notes work had started on erecting power stations at Chelsea and at Neasden and on the electrification of the Metropolitan and District Railways. Forbes, the General Manager, of the LBSCR had committed the Company to electrify its mainline to Brighton. Also includes a precis of Mordey and Jenkins paper to Instsiution of Civil Engineers.

British, Belgian and American locomotives in Egypt. 402-9.
F.H. Trevithick , Locomotive Superintendent of the Egyptian States Railways, had compared British and American built freight and passenger locomotives in terms of coal consumption. The British freight locomotives burnt 49.4 lbs per mile whereas the American class burnt 62 lbs per mile. In the case of the passenger trials the British-built locomotives averaged 30.7 lbs per mile as against 46.3 lbs for the American locomotives.

British locomotive practice and performance. No. IX. Charles Rous-Marten. 410-16..
Notes the

The Viege-Zermatt Mountain Railway. H.G. Archer. 417-20.
Employs the Abt rack system.

Some special types of railway wagons. "J". 421-6.
With eight line diagrams showing wagons designed to carry girders, the carriage of boats, crocodile wagons for carriage of boilers, etc, the carriage of flywheels, plate glass, the by-products from town gas production, dyes and acids, marine armour plate.

London railways worked by tank engines. J.F. Gairns. 426-31.
Only extends to the Metropolitan, the District, NLR and LTSR.

The railway system of Queensland. 432-3.

The genesis of the Great Eastern Railway: the early history of the Eastern Counties Railway. 434-40.
On the 20 September 1834 a prospectus was issued for the Grand Eastern Counties Railway to link London with Norwich and Yarmouth. The Grand Northern proposed a direct line from London to Norwich with a further line to Cambridge, Peterborough, Lincoln and York. The Northern & Eastern proposed to branch off the ECR at Stratford and run via Bishops Stortford, Cambridge and Newmarket to Norfolk and Yarmouth. The Eastern Counties Railway experienced difficulties in raising capital, but its Act received the Royal Assent on 27 July 1838 and reached Romford (LT Zone 5?) on 18 June 1839.

World-famous trains. No. 10. The Black Diamond Express, Lehigh Valley Railroad, USA. 441-8.
High speed trains between Jersey City and Buffalo. Includes gradient profiles for railroad.

Railway brake trials. 449-60.
In July 1901 the North Eastern Railway conducted trials with three types of Westinghouse brake: ordinary, quick acting and high speed. Tests were made wth both passenger and freight trains. The article also mentions tests in Arlberg in Austria with the Westinghouse system. Many diagrams.

The railways of North Cornwall. John Bosham. 461-8.
The new railways to Padstow (opened in 1899) and to Bude are described. "Launceston is a clean and healthy town..." "The health and sanitary condition of the town is excellent". The timetable shows the coach connection to Newquay and the bus connection to Tintagel. The illustrations include both the old and the ne stations at Wadebridge, Meldon viaduct and the stations at Tresmeer and Launceston.

Great Northern Railway engine No. 262 4-2-2. Alf Cooke. facing page 481.
Colour plate

Notable railway stations. No. 19. St Pancras. D.T. Timms. 481-91
Six illus & plan

Railway portrait gallery: Mr John Henry Burns, Traffic Manager, Wirral Railway. 492-3.
Appointed Traffic Manager in 1898. Had begun his career on MSLR where he had gained wide experience. In 1889 he was appointed Accountant and Chief Assistant to the West Lancashire Railway.

The World's progress in electric traction. D.N. Dunlop. 494-501.
Involvement of Pierpont Morgan; Clifton Morgan, Manager and Engineer to London United, Yerkes and Westinghouse brakes.

The drama of life. Francis Harrison. 502-3.
"sad-faced girl in widow's weeds... the fat and rubicund farmer" etc

British locomotive practice and performance. No. X. Charles Rous-Marten. 504-11.

London and North Western expresses during 1901. R.E. Charlewood. 513-20.
Mainly north of Preston.

British, Belgian and American locomotives in Egypt. 521-6.

A railway rifle range. 527-8.
LSWR under arches near Waterloo

The genesis of the Great Eastern Railway: the early history of the Eastern Counties Railway. Herbert Rake. 529-34.
Notes the opening of the railway between Norwich and Yarmouth on 1 May 1844, whilst the "city" of Norwich still lacked communication with anywhere else. Coming from the London direction the extension from Chelmsford to Colchester was much delayed due to landslips at Lexden and elsewhere. An attempt to run a train for shareholders had to be ended at Mountnessing in February 1843, and it was not until 29 March that Colchester could be reached. The Eastern Union Railway opened from Colchester to Ipswich on 15 June 1846 and this was extended to Bury St Edmunds on 7 December 1846. Meanwhile the existing civil engineering works were failing on the Everlasting Crawl as the ECR had become known.

How big railways advertise. George A. Wade. 535-41.
Expenditure, time-tables, official guides, carriage panels.

Four cylinder compound double bogie tank locomotive. Chas. S. Lake. 542.
Proposed Vauclain compound 4-4-4T.

Some modern British goods and mineral locomotives. Edward Cecil Poultney. 543-9.
Two tables. LNWR 0-8-0 including 4-cylinder and 3-cylinder compound versions; L&YR 0-8-0 and GWR Atbara 2-6-0 as well as several designs of 0-6-0.

New steam ferry for the Furness Railway. 550-1.
Chain ferry to link Barrow with Walney Island, designed by W.F. Pettigrew.

The electric lighting of railway carriages. 552-7.
Stone's system as used on the LBSCR and SECR.

The funeral train of Cecil Rhodes. 558-60.
Cape Government Railways.

Corrugated fireboxes on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. 576.
H.A. Hoy 0-8-0

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